Garbally Demesne (Urban)

An Garbhaile

Roger Harrison

Garbally Demesne

 Irish Grid: M 82425 30171

 

DED: Ballinasloe Urban

 

Description:

(John O’Donovan 1806-1861)

This townland contains a. r. p. (637 acres, 1 rood and 9 perches), all Demesne. It is the property of the Earl Clancarty. Held by deed for ever. Houses and roads are in good repair. Pays £46.19.7½ County Cess.

 

Situation:

(John O’Donovan 1806-1861)

Is situated mostly in the eastern side of this parish, bounded by Iskerroe, Deer Park, Cleaghmore, Ballinasloe Town Parks, Dunlo, Brackernagh, Clancarty Mackney, Loughbound, Cah? and Glanavaddogue, Knocknagraina and Tubbergrillaan townlands.

 

This is a list of townlands that share a border with Garbally Demesne.

 

 

Census of Ireland (1821- 1911)

The first full population census of Ireland was taken in 1821 and the first four Irish censuses were arranged by county, barony, civil parish and townland.

 

1821:  Only some fragments for small parts of county Galway survive. There are no records      for Kilcloony.

1831:  The only surviving records are from Counties Antrim and Derry.

1841:  There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1851:   There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1861:  Census records for 1861 and 1871 were deliberately destroyed by the government

1881:  The records for 1881 and 1891 were pulped as waster paper during the shortages of World War I.

1901:   Full Census records are available    See below.

1911:   Full Census records are available    See below.

 

1911 Census

Overview of the townland

There were a total of 12 houses in the townland of Garbally Demesne and 9 were occupied, with houses 10, 11 and 12 being empty. House 12 was listed as being the Brackenagh national school and all the occupied houses were private dwellings. All the occupied houses were constructed of stone, brick or concrete walls and had slate, iron or tiled roofs. House 3 was a 1st class dwelling, house 6 was a 3rd class dwelling and the other houses were all 2nd class. House 6 had 3 rooms and 1 window in the front, house 5 had 5 rooms and 3 windows in the front, houses 2 and 8 had 4 rooms and 4 windows, houses 1, 4 and 9 had 4 rooms and 6 windows, house 7 had 6 rooms and 6 windows in the front and house 3 had 9 rooms and 12 windows to the front. There were a total of 22 out buildings according to the B.2 form return, consisting of 3 stables, 1 cow house, 4 piggeries, 8 fowl houses, 4 turf houses, a potato house and a shed. 33 people were in the townland at the time of this census, 16 males and 17 females. The enumerator for this area was Const. Timothy Kelleher.

 

House 1: Clancy

The head of the first family in Garbally Demesne was Thomas (72) who was married to Catherine (67) and had been for 42 years and during that time they had had 8 children, but only 4 had survived. They shared the house with 2 of those children, Mary Anne (28) and Margaret (26). All were listed as being Roman Catholics and Thomas was born in Co. Clare while the others were all born in Co. Galway. All could read and write and Thomas was an ex sergeant in the R.I.C. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and they also had a fowl house. The landholder was the Earl of Clancarty.

 

House 2: Rock

The sole occupant of this house was the widow, Jane (80) and she was Church of Ireland and was born in Dublin City. She could read and write and was listed as being a maternity nurse. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and she also had a fowl house. The landholder was the Earl of Clancarty.

 

House 3: Cunningham

Of the 4 members of this family in house 3, the head was listed as being Martin (46) who had been married to Mary (25) for 2 years and they had 2 sons, Michael (1) and Martin (3mths). They were all Roman Catholic and Mary was born in Co. Wexford while the others were all born in Co. Galway. Martin spoke Irish and English and both parents could read and write and Martin was a shepherd. The house was a 1st class dwelling with 9 rooms and they had a piggery and a fowl house. The landholder was the Earl of Clancarty.

 

House 4: Monaghan

James (36) lived in this house with his wife of 12 years, Mary (32) and during that time they had had 5 children, John (10), Bridget (7), Margaret (5), Thomas (3) and Elizabeth (6mths). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Apart from the 3 youngest children, they could all read and write. James was a coachman domestic servant and John, Bridget and Margaret were scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and they had a fowl house. The landholder was the Earl of Clancarty.

 

House 5: Noble

The widow, Susan (65) was the head of this household and she lived in the house with her son, Thomas (30). They were both Church of Ireland and were born in Co. Galway. They could both read and write and Susan was a farmer and Thomas was a farmer’s son. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 5 rooms and they had a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a fowl house and a turf house. The landholder was the Earl of Clancarty.

 

House 6: Grealy

Mary (69), a widow, was the head of this family and she shared the house with her son, Patrick Joseph (25). Both were Roman Catholic and Mary was born in Kings Co[i] and Patrick Joseph was born in Co. Galway. Mary could read and write while Patrick Joseph could read only. Mary was a housekeeper and Patrick Joseph was listed as being a tailor. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a fowl house. The landholder was the Earl of Clancarty.

 

House 7: MacDonnell

John (52), who was a widower, was listed as the head of this family and he shared the house with his daughter, Maggie J. (22) and son, John Willie (13). They were all born in Co. Roscommon and were Roman Catholic. John Willie spoke both Irish and English and all could read and write. John was listed as being a pensioner (asylum) and John Willie was a scholar. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 6 rooms and they had a stable, a piggery, a fowl house, a turf house, a potato house and a shed. The landholder was the Earl of Clancarty.

 

House 8: Walsh

The head of this Walsh family was listed as being Mary (39), who had been married for 22 years, but there was no mention of a husband in this entry. She had had 8 children, of which 5 had survived and 4 of those were in the house at that time, Hanoria B. [sic] (18), Patrick (11), Richard J. (8) and Ellen M. (5). They were all Roman Catholic and Mary and Hanoria B. were born in Co. Roscommon while the other children were all born in Co. Galway. Apart from Ellen M., they could all read and write. Mary was a housekeeper and the 3 youngest children were all scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and they had a stable, a piggery and a fowl house. The landholder was the Earl of Clancarty.

 

House 9: Traynor

The head of the last family in Garbally Demesne was James Roy (50) who had been married to Selina E. (45) for 26 years and they had had 7 children, but only 3 had survived. Those 3 children were also in the house at that time, Wilhelimina E. [sic] (20), James Herbert (19) and Ernest Augustus (17). All were Church of Ireland and James Roy was born in Co. Antrim, Selina E. was born in Co. Armagh, Wilhelimina E. [sic] was born in Co. Kerry and James Herbert and Ernest Augustus were born in Co. Wicklow. They could all read and write and James Roy was a national school teacher and James Herbert and Ernest Augustus wre listed as being students. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and they had a turf house. The landholder was the Earl of Clancarty.

 

 

1901 Census

Overview of the townland

The 1901 census shows that there were 10 houses in the townland and that 8 of those were occupied at that time with houses 2 and 9 being unoccupied. The occupied houses were all listed as being private dwellings and were constructed of stone, brick or concrete walls and slate, iron or tiled roofs. House 1 was a 1st class dwelling, houses 3, 4, 6-8 and 10 were 2nd class dwellings and house 5 was a 3rd class. House 5 had 4 rooms and 1 window in the front, house 8 had 2 rooms and 3 windows, house 7 had 3 rooms and 3 windows, houses 3 and 4 had 4 rooms and 4 windows in the front, house 6 had 6 rooms and 6 windows and house 1 had 32 rooms and 16 windows in the front. There were a total of 37 people in the townland at that time, 16 males and 21 females. Seven females and 12 males were Catholic and 9 males and 9 females were Church of Ireland. The enumerator for the area was Andrew M. Mooney.

 

House 1: Le Poer Trench / Jackson / McDonald / Moran / Mayne / Cross

The head of this household was William Frederick Le Poer Trench (Earl of Clancarty) (32) who was married to Isabel Maud (Countess of Clancarty) (32) and lived with 3 of their children, Richard Frederick John (9), Roderic [sic] Charles (5) and Beryl (7). Also in the house at that time were a visitor, Edward Jackson (43) and 5 servants, Margaret McDonald (28), Bridget Gorman (18), Alice Moran (17), John Mayne (21) and Mary Cross (22). Bridget and Alice were Roman Catholic, Mary was listed as being Protestant and the others were all Irish Church Protestants. William Frederick, Alice and John were born in Co. Galway, Isabel Maude, Roderic [sic] Charles and Beryl were born in London, Richard Frederick John was born in Cambridge, Edward was born in Stafford, Margaret was born in Glasgow, Bridget was born in Dublin and Mary was born in Norfolk. They could all read and write. William Frederick was a nobleman, Edward was a land agent, Margaret was a cook, Bridget and Alice were housemaids, John was a footman and Mary was a governess. The house was a 1st class dwelling with 32 rooms and the landholder was the Lord of Clancarty.

 

House 2: Unoccupoied

 

House 3: Craddock

Thomas (63) was the head of this family and he was married to Eliza (55) and they shared the house with 2 of their daughters, Mary Anne (16) and Emily (12). They were all Roman Catholic and Thomas was born in Co. Galway, Eliza was born in Co. Antrim, Mary Anne was born in Co. Donegal and Emily was born in Co. Cavan. They could all read and write and Thomas was a pensioned head constable in the R.I.C. and the daughters were both Scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and the landholder was the Lord of Clancarty.

 

House 4: Comber

The sole occupant of house 4 was Ellen (30) who was a Roman Catholic and was born in Co. Galway. She could read and write and was listed as being a gate keeper. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and the landholder was the Lord of Clancarty.

 

House 5: Galbraith

John (31) lived in this house with his wife, Debrah [sic] (30) and 2 of their children, William (4) and Edith (2). They were all Church of Ireland and Debrah [sic] was born in Co. Clare and the other members of the family were born in Co. Galway. Both parents could read and write and John was a land agent’s clerk. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 4 rooms and the landholder was the Lord of Clancarty.

 

House 6: Lynskey / Donohue / Connor / Shortall [sic]

There were 12 members of this household and the head was John (50), who was married to Mary (39) and they lived with 6 of their children, John Joseph (9), Annie May (7), Edward M. (6), Gertrude (5), Evelan [sic] (3) and William (1). Also in the house were 4 servants, Pat Donohue (26), Matt Donohue (22), Kate Connor (14) and Alice Shortall [sic] (45). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic, with the exception of Alice, who was born in Dublin. John, Pat and Matt spoke Irish and English and Annie May and Kate could read only and John, Mary, John Joseph, Pat and Alice could read and write. John was a timber dealer, Pat and Matt were labourers, Kate was a nurse, Alice was a housekeeper and the 4 eldest children were scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 6 rooms and the landholder was the Lord of Clancarty.

 

House 7: Elliott / Holloway

There were 2 widows living in house 7, Matilda Elliott (80) and a boarder, Elizabeth Holloway (91). Both were Church of Ireland and Matilda was born in Co. Down and Elizabeth was born in Co. Clare. Both could read and write and Matilda was a housekeeper. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and the landholder was the Lord of Clancarty.

 

House 8: Archibald / Clayton

There were 2 people in house 7, William Archibald (40) and his step daughter, Sarah Clayton (19). They were both Church of Ireland and William was born in Co. Antrim and Sarah was born in Co. Galway. Both could read and write, William was a general labourer and Sarah was a scholar. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and the landholder was the Lord of Clancarty.

 

House 9: Unoccupied

 

House 10: Cerltan [sic]

The sole occupant of the last house in Garbally Demesne was Charles (35). He was a member of the Protestant Irish Church and was born in England. He could read and write and was a general servant. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and the landholder was the Lord of Clancarty.

 

Griffith’s Valuation

The owner of the land in Garbally Demesne was the Earl of Clancarty and he had in fee, 1028 acres, 1 rood and 17 perches of land with a house, offices and gate houses that had an annual ratable valuation of £650 for the land and £150 for the buildings. There was a graveyard that the Earl was liable for half the rent of £2 10s but there was an exemption of £2 for that. There were also 11 acres, 3 roods and 11 perches of water.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[i] Co. Offaly

This page was added on 27/09/2021.

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