Ardnagno

Civil Parish of Killinny

Natalie Cyrkel / University of Galway / Galway County Heritage Office

Ardnagno/ Ard na gCnó

High, height, high

Ardnagno is situated in the centre of the civil parish of Killinny, in the barony of Kiltartan in County Galway. 

The Down Survey Map recorded no information for the townland of Ardnagno.

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books provides an alternative spelling of this townland: Ard na gCno [sic]. The proprietor was John Martin, Esq., Tullira, Ardrahan [sic]. There were 5 occupying tenants on a lease of 61 years. The annual rent was 90 pounds. The county tax was 2 shillings 9.5 pence. The tithe, or church tax was withheld by the tenantry. The land was characterised by rocky soil, stones, and gravel. The common crops grown were wheat, oats, and potatoes. The primary family names were Diviny and Conor. There was one fort in Ardnagno. The provider of this information was authority Michl. [sic] Diviny.

Griffith’s Valuation 1855

According to Griffith’s Valuation of 1855, John Martyn leased to Thomas Connors, Patrick Kavanagh, and Michael Diviny. Michael also leased a home to Michael Connolly. Thomas Connors rented one holding of land of 39 acres, 0 roods, and 29 perches. Additionally, he rented 7 acres, 1 rood, and 23 perches of house, offices, and land. Thomas Connors paid £14-10-0. Also renting from John Martyn, Patrick Kavanagh paid £10-0-0 for 13 acres, 3 roods, and 30 perches of houses and land and 4 other land holdings: two with an area of 2 acres, 0 roods, and 0 perches, one with 8 acres, 0 roods, and 0 perches, and a final land holding of 20 acres, 2 roods, and 13 perches. The valuation recorded Michael Connolly renting 2 roods and 30 perches of land, and 20 perches of house and garden. The holdings Michael Connolly was leasing were worth £0-16-0 in rent. Michael Diviny was leasing from John Martyn. He was leasing land of 29 acres, 0 roods, and 14 perches, and a holding of house and land that was 22 acres, 2 roods, and 0 perches, and a final piece of land of 23 acres, 1 rood, and 10 perches. This was valued at £22-4-01.

The total annual valuation of rateable property paid overall in Ardnagno was  £47-10-0 for 168 acres, 3 roods, and 9 perches of house, offices, and land.

1901 Census

Ardnagno in 1901 consisted of 3 households. The total population was 20 inhabitants, 12 males and 8 females. All occupants were born in County Galway and listed as Roman Catholic. Houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of the houses were made of thatch, wood, or other perishable material. All of the houses were built as private dwellings. The heads of the households were Bridget Cavanagh, Sara Connors, and Edward Connors. It is noted that there was no out-offices and farm steadings return form in the 1901 census for this townland, therefore the details of the out-offices and farm steadings is unknown.

Bridget Cavanagh (48) was a farmer. She was a widow and had 4 unmarried children, Patrick Cavanagh (24), Michl [sic] Cavanagh (22), James Cavanagh (19), and Bridget Cavanagh (16). Patrick, Michl, and James recorded their occupations as farmer’s sons. Bridget was a scholar. All of the Cavanagh family were born in County Galway and spoke Irish and English. All of the family listed their religion as Roman Catholic. The Cavanagh family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows front windows, 5 people occupied 3 rooms. There were 5 out-offices and farm- steadings. Bridget Cavanagh owned the land on which her house was situated.

Sarah Connors (40) was a married farmer. She had 3 daughters, 4 sons, and 1 step son, all unmarried. All children were born in County Galway and Roman Catholic. Anne Connors (19) and Catherine Connors (18) were listed as farmer’s daughters. Michl Connors (16) was listed as a farmer’s son. John Connors (14), Margt Connors (13), Patrick Connors (6), James Connors (4), were listed as scholars. There was no occupation listed for the stepson, Edward Connors (30). All of the Connors family could read and write, except James, who could only read, and Edward, who could not read. The entire family spoke Irish and English, there was no language listed for Patrick and James. The 9 family members occupied 3 rooms. The house was a 2nd class house with 3 front windows. There were 4 out-offices and farm- steadings. Sara Connors owned the land on which the house was situated.

Edward Connors (70) was a farmer married to Bridget Connors (65). The pair had 4 unmarried children, Bridget Connors (28), Patrick Connors (27), John Connors (25), and Edward Connors (21). All children were listed as the farmer’s daughter or son. The Connors family were all born in County Galway, spoke Irish and English, and were Roman Catholic. Edward (70) and Bridget (65) could not read, all of the children could read and write. The 6 family members occupied 3 rooms in their 2nd class house. The house has 3 front windows and 6 out-offices and farm- steadings. Edward Connors owned the land in which the house was situated.

1911 Census

In 1911, the townland of Ardnagno consisted of 3 households. The total population was 14 inhabitants, 11 males and 3 females. All occupants were born in County Galway and listed as Roman Catholic. Houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of the houses were made of thatch, wood, or other perishable material. All of the houses were 2nd class and built as private dwellings. The heads of the households were Bridget Connors, Patrick Kavanah, and John O’Connor.

Bridget Connors (39) was the head of the Connors household. She was unmarried and lived with her three unmarried brothers, Patrick Connors (38), John Connors (36), and Edward Connors (32). There was no occupation listed for Bridget. Patrick, John, and Edward were all farmer’s sons. All four siblings were able to read and write, and spoke Irish and English. The Connors were all born in County Galway and identify as Roman Catholic. The Connor house was a 2nd class house with 4 rooms and 3 front facing windows. The house was situated on John Connor’s land. The property consisted of 2 stables, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. 

Patrick Kavanah 2 (37) was a farmer who lived with his two unmarried brothers, Michael Kavanah (36) and James Kavanah (35). The two brothers were listed as farmer’s brothers. All three brothers were able to read and write, and spoke Irish and English. The Kavanahs were all born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. The house was a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 3 front facing windows. The property consisted of 2 stables, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Michael Kavanagh owned the land on which Patrick’s house was situated.

John O’Connor (73) was a farmer married to Sarah O’Connor (56). As of 1911, they were married 33 years and had 7 children, all of which were still alive. The couple lived with five of their unmarried children, Michael O’Connor (27), John O’Connor (25), Margaret O’Connor (23), Patrick O’Connor (18), and James O’Connor (15). All children were listed as farmer’s sons/ daughters, with the exception of James, who was listed as a scholar. John (73) and Sarah spoke Irish and English. The entire O’Connor family, with the exception of Sarah, could read and write. There were no language specifications for the children. All 7 family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. The O’Connor family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 4 rooms, 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn, and 1 shed. John O’Connor owned the land on which his house was situated.

 

1 It is difficult to decipher on the original document the pence amount of the valuation, but it seems to be 0.

2 It is noted that the Kavanah family was recorded in the 1901 census under the last name Cavanagh.

 

 

 

 

This page was added on 13/03/2024.

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