Killinny East

Civil Parish of Killinny

Natalie Cyrkel / University of Galway / Galway County Heritage Office

Cill Eithne Thoir / East Kilkenny

Cell church

Killinny East is a townland located in the southeast region of the parish of Killinny in the barony of Kiltartan in County Galway.

The Down Survey Map under the name ‘Killinny,’ recorded Robert Linch (Catholic) as the owner in 1641 (pre Cromwell). Robert Baron Trimleston Barnewall (Catholic) was the owner in 1670 (post Cromwell). There were no land specifications.

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books recorded numerous spellings used for Killinny East: Kiliney, Killinhy, Killeanie, Killiny, Kilhenny, and Killenny. In Killinny East were ruins of an old abbey and graveyard, castle ruins, a fort, and a cave. The proprietor recorded was A. Lynch, Esq., Squareaven, Dublin, there was no agent recorded. There were 11 occupants leasing the length of 1 life or 21 years. The rent was 100 pounds per year. The soil was rocky, stony, and gravelly, growing wheat, oats, and potatoes as the main crops. The soil was rocky, stony, and gravel. The county cess or tax was 2 shillings 9.5 pence and the tithe was withheld by the tenantry. No authority was recorded.

Griffith’s Valuation 1855

James Stanley owned all the land in Killinny East in 1855. James leased to the following tenants: Patrick King, John, Burke, Patrick Tanehan, Thomas Rock, Michl [sic] Shaughnessy, Thomas Connolly, Patrick Connolly, Thos [sic] Shaughnessy, and Martin Monaghan, these 9 individuals each leased a holding of a house, office, and land. The land had an area of 26 acres, 3 roods, 36 perches, divided for the 9 individuals. However, Martin’s holding was only a house and land. The remaining tenants were William Ruane, Thomas Bourke, and Mary Keely. James Stanley was also recorded as the immediate lessor for the graveyard. Patrick Tanehan, Thomas Rock, Michl [sic] Shaughnessy, Thos [sic] Shaughnessy, and Martin Monaghan all paid £10-0-0. Patrick Klog’s holding was worth £11-0-0 and John Burke’s was worth £11-5-0. Thomas Connolly and Patrick Connolly’s holdings were of the value of £19-10-0. The remaining tenants: William Ruane leased a house and forge with a value of £0-10-0, there was no area information recorded. Thomas Bourke and Mary Keely each leased a house from James Stanley. The value for each was £0-5-0, there was no area information listed.

The total annual valuation of rateable property paid overall in Killinny East was £112-7-0 for 206 acres, 1 rood, and 6 perches of house, offices, and land, this is exempting the graveyard. The graveyard was 0 acres, 1 rood, and 10 perches with a value of £0-2-0. The annual valuation including the graveyard was £112-5-0 for 265 acres, 3 roods, and 36 perches.

 

1901 Census

The 1901 census of Killinny East documented 9 households of 20 males and 20 females. All inhabitants were Roman Catholic. Houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of the houses were made of thatch, wood, or other perishable material. All of the houses were built as private dwellings. The heads of the families were John Burke, Mary Kelly, Thomas Connolly, Bridget O’Dea, Bridget Shaughnesy, Michael Shaughnesy, Patrick Shaughnesy, Catherine Tannian, and Mathew Tracy. Seven of the nine household heads were widowed or unmarried. It is noted that there was no out-offices and farm steadings return form in the 1901 census for this townland, therefore the details of the out-offices and farm steadings is unknown.

John Burke (72) was a widowed farmer who lived with his two unmarried sons, Thomas Burke (37) and John Burke (35), and his unmarried, general domestic servant, Sarah Fahey (19). Both Burke brothers were listed as a farmer’s sons. All household members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Additionally, all spoke Irish and English and could read and write. The four resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 5 out-offices and farm- steadings. John Burke owned the land on which his house was situated.

Mary Kelly (65) was a widow and farmer who lived with her two sons, Peter Kelly (30), Patrick Kelly (26), and the two grandchildren, Mary Kate Burke (12) and Sarah Ellen Burke (7). The family also lived with their farm servant, William Cullanan (20). Peter and Patrick were listed as farmers. Mary Kate and Sarah Ellen were listed as scholars. All members of the household were born in County Galway and are Roman Catholic. Irish and English were listed for all individuals with the exception of Sarah Ellen that only had English listed. The house was a 2nd class house with 3 rooms, 4 front facing windows, and 4 out-offices and farm- steadings. Mary Kelly owned the land on which her house was situated.

Thomas Connolly (45) was an unmarried farmer who lived with his unmarried brother Patrick Connolly (42) and their two unmarried sisters, Norah Connolly (30) and Bridget Connolly (28). Patrick was listed as a farmer, there were no occupations listed for Norah or Bridget. All siblings were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Additionally, they all spoke Irish and English and were able to read and write. The Connolly siblings resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 5 out-offices and farm- steadings. Thomas Connolly owned the land on which her house was situated.

Bridgt O’Dea (60) was a widow who lived with her son, Owen O’Dea (35), and her two grandchildren, Jane Mulkerin (8) and John Joe Mulkerin (4). Owen was a bootmaker, Jane and John Joe were scholars, however there was no occupation listed for Bridgt [sic]. Jane and John Joe were born in the United States, Owen and Bridgt were born in County Galway. Bridgt was the only one with Irish and English listed. Bridgt and John Joe were unable to read. Jane was able to read and Owen could only write. All family members identify as Roman Catholic. They lived in a 2 room, 3rd class house, with 2 front facing windows and 3 out-offices and farm- steadings. Patrick Shaughnessy owned the land in which Bridget O’Dea lived. 

Bridget Shaughnesy (55) was a widowed farmer who lived with her son, Martin Shaughnessy, daughter-in-law, Margt [sic] Shaughnessy, and three grandchildren, Mary Shaughnessy, Bridgt [sic] Shaughnessy, Ellen Shaughnessy, and Patrick Shaughnessy. No ages were listed for the Shaughnessy family. Martin was listed as a farmer’s son, no other occupations were listed. All Shaughnessy family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Martin and Margt could read and write, Bridgt could only read. The Shaughnessys resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 4 out-offices and farm- steadings. Bridgt Shaughnessy owned the land on which her house was situated.

Michael Shaughnesy (66) was a farmer who lived with his wife Mary Shaughnessy (60), and two unmarried sons Patrick Shaughnessy (30) and Michl [sic] Shaughnessy (22). Patrick and Michl were listed as a farmer’s sons. All Shaughnessy family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All four were able to read and write. The Shaughnessys resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 3 out-offices and farm- steadings. Michael Shaughnessy owned the land on which his house was situated.

Patrick Shaughnesy (53) was an unmarried farmer who lived alone. He spoke Irish and English and was able to read and write. Patrick was born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Patrick’s 3rd class house had 1 room with 1 front facing window and 1 out-office or farm- steading. Patrick owned the land in which he lived.

Catherine Tannian (50) was a widowed farmer who lived with her four unmarried children, Mary Tannian (18), Bartley Tannian (16), John Tannian (12), and Catherine Tannian (8).  All Tannian children were listed as farmer’s sons/ daughters. All family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Additionally, they were all able to read and write. Irish and English were listed for Catherine, Mary, and Bartley. The Tannian family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 3 out-offices and farm- steadings. Catherine owned the land on which her house was situated.

Mathew Tracy (45) was a farmer married to Catherine Tracy (45). They lived with their three unmarried children, Patrick Tracy (20), Margt [sic] Tracy (17), and Norah Tracy (13). Patrick and Margt were listed as a farmer’s sons/ daughter. Norah was a scholar. There was no occupation listed for Catherine. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Parents Mathew and Catherine could not read, all three children were able to read and write. All of the Tracy family spoke Irish and English. The family resided in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows, 2 rooms, and 4 out-offices and farm- steadings. Mathew Tracy owned the land on which his house was situated

 

1911 Census

The 1911 census of Killinny East documented 8 households of 18 males and 19 females. All inhabitants were Roman Catholic. Houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of the houses were made of thatch, wood, or other perishable material. All of the houses were built as private dwellings. The heads of the families were Thomas Burke, Mary Kelly, Thomas Connolly, Bridget Shaughnesy, Michael Shaughnesy, Patrick Shaughnesy, Kate Tannian, and Mathias Tracey. 

Thomas Burke (48) was a father and farmer married to his wife of two years, Lena Burke (25). The couple had 2 children, both were living in 1911 according to the census. They lived with their two unmarried daughters, Mary Christina Burke (1), Margaret Burke (4 months), a visitor, Lizzie Cahill (18), and their servant, Patrick Dooly (25). Mary and Margaret were scholars, Lizzie was a farmer’s daughter, and Patrick was an agricultural labourer. All household members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Additionally, all could read and write, with the exception of Patrick and Margaret. Irish and English was listed for Thomas, Lena, Mary Christina, and Lizzie. The house was a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 4 rooms. On Thomas’s property was 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Thomas Burke owned the land on which his house was situated.

Thomas Connolly (59) was an unmarried farmer who lived with his unmarried brother Patrick Connolly (52) and their unmarried two sisters, Norah Connolly (50), Bridget Connolly (45), and Thomas’s nephew, Patrick Murray (21). Both Patricks were agricultural labourers, there were no occupations listed for Norah or Bridget. All family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Additionally, they all spoke Irish and English and could read and write. The family lived in a 2nd class, 4 bedroom house with 3 front windows. On the land was 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, and 1 barn. Thomas Connolly was the land owner.

Mathias Tracey 1  (68) was a farmer married to his wife of 40 years, Kate Tracey (67). The couple had 8 children, 6 of which were still alive. They lived with two of their unmarried children, Patrick Tracey (30)  and Norah Tracey (23). Patrick and Norah were listed as a farmer’s sons/ daughter. There was no occupation listed for Kate. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Parents Mathew and Catherine could not read, Patrick and Norah could read and write. All of the Tracey family spoke Irish and English, with the exception of Norah, who had no language listed. The family resided in a 2nd class house of 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The Tracey property consisted of 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Mathias Tracey owned the land on which his house was situated.

Peter Kelly (41) was a farmer married to Ellen Kelly (36), his wife of 4 years. They lived with Peter’s step son, Edmond Connolly (14), Peter’s niece, Bridget Mansfield (10), and the family servant, Thomas King (37). Edmond and Brigid were scholars, Thomas was an agricultural labourer. All members of the household were born in County Waterford and are Roman Catholic, with the exception of Peter and Thomas, who were born in County Galway. Irish and English were listed for all individuals with the exception of Edmond and Bridget. All members of the house were able to read and write. The house was a 2nd class house with 4 rooms, 3 front facing windows, 2 stables, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, and 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Peter Kelly owned the land on which his house was situated.

Bridget Shaughnesy (76) was a widower and a farmer who lived with her son, Martin Shaughnessy (49) and Martin’s wife, Margret Shaughnessy (45). According to the 1911 census, the couple had been married 15 years, and produced 9 children, 8 of which were still alive, 7 of these children lived in the Shaughnessy house. The children were, Bridget Shaughnessy (13), Ellie Shaughnessy (12), Patrick Shaughnessy (11), John Shaughnessy (10), Martin Shaughnessy (9), Katie Shaughnessy (6), and Margret Shaughnessy (1 month). All of the children were recorded as scholars, with the exception of Margret (1 month). All Shaughnessy family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All of the family could read and write, except Bridget (76), Katie, and Margret (1 month). The Shaughnessys resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, and 1 piggery. Bridget Shaughnessy was the land owner.

Michael Shaughnesy (78) was a farmer who lived with his wife of 53 years, Mary Shaughnessy (75). The two had 11 children, 5 of which were still living in 1911. They lived with their unmarried son Michael Shaughnessy (30). Michael was a farmer’s son. All Shaughnessy family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Both Michaels were able to read and write, Mary could not. The Shaughnessys lived in a 2nd class, 3 bedroom house with 3 front windows. On the property was 1 stable, 1 coach house, and 1 fowl house. Michael Shaughnessy owned the land on which his house was situated.

Kate Tannian (67) was a widowed farmer who lived with her two unmarried children, Bartley Tannian (27) and Kate Tannian (18).  Bartley and Kate (18) were listed as farmer’s sons/ daughters. All family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Additionally, they were all able to read and write. Irish and English were listed for Kate (67) and Bartley. The Tannian family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn. Kate Tannian was the landowner.

Patrick Shaughnesy (69) was an unmarried farmer who lived alone. He spoke Irish and English and was able to read and write. Patrick was born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Patrick’s 4th class house had 1 room, no front facing window, and no out-office or farm- steading. Patrick owned the land in which he lived.

 

1 It is noted that in the 1901 census, Mathias Tracey was recorded as Matthew Tracey.

This page was added on 13/03/2024.

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