Ballybuck North

Civil Parish of Killinny

Natalie Cyrkel / University of Galway / Galway County Heritage Office

Ballybuck North

Ballybock North / Bhaile Boic Thuaidh

townland, home, town, homestead

Ballybuck North is situated in the eastern region of the parish of Killinny. This parish is in the barony of Kiltartan in County Galway.

The Down Survey Map 1641 (pre Cromwell) and 1670 (post Cromwell) under the name ‘Ballibuck’ states that the owner was the Earl of Clanrickard who was a Protestant. There were no land specifications.

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books recorded alternative spellings for Ballybuck North such as Baile Buic. Richard Gregory, Esq., Coole, Gort was the proprietor, Edward L. Hunt, Esq., Gort was the agent, and John C. Lopdell, Derryowen, was the middleman on a lease the length of General Taylors Life. The 9 tenants of Ballybuck North were on a 21 year lease from 16 to 20 shillings per acre, farms ranged from 5 to 16 acres. The county cess or tax was 2 shillings 9.5 pence, the tithe was withheld. The land in Ballybuck North was recorded as soil with rock and stone, with wheat and potatoes as the main crops. There was no record of fuel. Walsh and Hynes were the primary family names at the time. There was one fort recorded in Ballybuck North. Bartholomew Walsh was recorded as the authority.

Griffith’s Valuation 1855

According to Griffith’s Valuation of 1855, William H. Gregory was the primary landowner in Ballybuck North. William leased to the following tennants: John Kilkelly, Bartholomew Walsh, Bartholomew Hynes, Daniel Hynes, Martin Higgins, Thomas Hynes, John Diviny, Thomas Lynch, Patrick Hynes, Michael Spelman, and Patrick M. Donagh. John Dooradin is leasing from Martin Higgins. William H. Gregory owns the property in which he occupies.

John Kilkelly leased 3 holdings of land, the first of 3 acres, 0 roods, 5 perches, the second of 1 acre, 2 roods, and 30 perches. The third holding was of 1 acre, 3 roods, 22 perches, all for £2-5-0. Bartholomew Walsh leased land of 25 acres, 3 roods, 14 perches and a house and garden of 0 acres, 1 rood, 25 perches for the price of £8-10-0. Bartholomew Hynes leased land, houses, and offices valued at £7-15-0. The land was of 15 acres, 2 roods, 33 perches. There was no information recorded for the area of the house and offices. Daniel Hynes rented a property consisting of houses, offices, and land, and another holding of land. The first holding was 12 acres, 4 roods, 0 perches, the second holding of land was 12 acres, 0 roods, 20 perches. This property was recorded to be worth £8-10-0. Martin Higgins also leased two holdings: land and house, office, land. The first holding was documented as 11 acres, 3 roods, 17 perches, and the second for 39 acres, 3 roods, 35 perches. These holdings were valued at £18-5-0. John Diviny’s two holdings were of house, office, and land, and the second was land. The first holding was 10 acres, 1 rood, 0 perches, and the second was 6 acres, 1 rood, 30 perches. John paid £6-5-0. Thomas Lynch leased property of £7-0-0, this was 14 acres, 1 rood, 38 perches of house, office, and land. Patrick Hynes rented two holdings: the first was land of 17 acres, 1 rood, 36 perches, the second was a house, offices, and land of 31 acres, 0 roods, 30 perches. These holdings were valued at £14-15-0. Michael Spelman’s leased holding of £13-15-0 was a house and land. This property was 40 acres, 0 roods, 24 perches. William H. Gregory was the occupier of his land, 38 acres, 2 roods, 3 perches. This land was recorded to value £17-0-0. Thomas Hynes was recorded to be leasing 58 acres, 1 rood, 0 perches of house, office, and land for £22-0-0. Patrick M. Donagh leased a house and land of 0 acres, 1 rood, and 25 perches for £0-10-0. John Dooradin leased a house from Martin Higgins, no area was recorded, John paid £0-5-0. 

The total annual valuation of rateable property paid overall in Ballybuck North was  £126-15-0 for 342 acres, 0 roods, and 1 perch of house, offices, and land.

1901 Census

In 1901, there were 8 households in Ballybuck North of 36 inhabitants. There were 17 males and 19 females. All inhabitants were Roman Catholic.  Houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roofs of the houses were made of thatch, wood, or other perishable material. All of the houses were built as private dwellings. The houses were of 2nd and 3rd class. The household heads were Deviney Patrick, Patrick Higgins, Mary Geoghegan, Bridget Hynes, Thomas Hynes, Patrick Joyce, Mary Spellman, and John Walsh. It is noted that there was no out-offices and farm steadings return form in the 1901 census for this townland, therefore the details of the out-offices and farm steadings is unknown.

Deviney Patrick (64) was a farmer married to Winefred Patrick (63). Both were born in County Galway. The couple both spoke Irish and English and could not read. Deviney (64) and Winefred (63) lived with their nephew in law, Joseph Forde (30), and niece in law, Ellen Rorde (28). Joseph was a farmer married to Ellen. Both were born in County Galway. The couple both spoke Irish and English and could read and write. The 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. There were 5 out-offices and farm- steadings. Deviney Patrick owned the land on which his house was situated.

Patrick Higgins (50) was a farmer married to Bridget Higgins (27). The couple had 3 unmarried children,  Bridget Higgins (4), Katie Higgins (3), and Martin Higgins (2 months). The children were listed as farmer’s sons/ daughters. Patrick and Bridget (27) spoke English and Irish and could read and write. Daughters Bridget Higgins (4) and Katie Higgins spoke only English, there is no language listed for Martin. All the children could not read. Patrick’s brothers, John Higgins (43) and Martin Higgins (35) lived in the house, along with Patrick’s niece, Katie Furey (22). John and Martin were listed as farmer’s brothers. Katie was a milliner. John, Martin, and Katie Furey all spoke Irish and English, and could read and write. All 8 family members were born in County Galway and were Roman Catholic. The Higgins family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 6 out-offices and farm- steadings. Patrick Higgins owned the land on which his house was situated.

Mary Geoghegan (62) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her son, Martin Geoghegan (30), his wife, Catherine Geoghegan (35), and Mary’s unmarried daughter Margt [sic] Geoghegan (22). All 4 family members were born in County Galway, spoke Irish and English, and identified as Roman Catholic. Mary and Martin could not read, Catherine and Margt could read and write. Martin was listed as a farmer’s son. There was no occupation listed for Catherine or Margt. The Geoghegan family resided in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms, 2 front windows, and 3 out-offices and farm- steadings. Mary Geoghegan owned the land on which her house was situated.

Bridget Hynes (60) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her unmarried son, Martin Hynes (20). Bridget spoke Irish and English and could not read. Martin was listed as a farmer’s son and could both read and write. Both were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms, 2 front windows, and 2 out-offices and farm- steadings. Bridget Hynes owned the land on which her house was situated.

Thomas Hynes (47) was a farmer married to Delia Hynes (38). They lived with Thomas’s unmarried sister Mary Hynes (48), and their three children, Patrick Hynes (7),  Mary Hynes (5), and John Hynes (2). Mary was listed as a farmer’s sister, there was no occupation listed for Delia, Mary, or John. Patrick was listed as a scholar. Thomas, Delia, and Mary all spoke Irish and English and could read and write. Patrick was only able to read. There were no language specifications for Patrick, Mary, and John. All 6 family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 2 out-offices and farm- steadings. Thomas Hynes owned the land on which his house was situated.

Patrick Joyce (50) was a farmer married to Mary Joyce (50). The couple lived with their two children, James Joyce (20) and Catherine Joyce (17). James (20) was listed as a farmer’s son and Catherine (17) was listed as a farmer’s daughter. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members spoke Irish and English and were able to read and write. The family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 3 out-offices and farm- steadings. Patrick Joyce owned the land on which his house was situated.

Mary Spellman (70) was a widowed farmer who lived with her 5 unmarried children, Edward Spellman (38), Bridget Spellman (37), Patrick Spellman (36), Mary Spellman (29), and Sarah Spellman (25). All of the children were listed as the son or daughter of a farmer. The entire family was born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Additionally, they were all able to read and write and spoke English and Irish. The family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 5 out-offices and farm- steadings. Mary Spellman owned the land on which her house was situated.

John Walsh (80) was an unmarried farmer. He lived with his unmarried brother Thomas Walsh (78). John (80) and Thomas (78) spoke Irish and English and could not read. Thomas was listed as a farmer’s brother. Both were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms, 2 front windows, and 4 out-offices and farm- steadings. John Walsh owned the land on which his house was situated

1911 Census

Ballybuck North had a population of 43 inhabitants according to the 1911 census. There were 20 males and 23 females. There were 9 households, all individuals were Roman Catholic.  Houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of the houses were made of thatch, wood, or other perishable material. All of the houses were built as private dwellings. The houses were of 2nd and 3rd class. The household heads were Joseph Forde, Patrick Farrell, Martin Lynch, Patrick Higgins, Delia Hynes, Patrick Joyce, Edward Spellman, and Thomas Walsh.

Joseph Forde (38) was a farmer who lived with his wife of 1 year, Bridget Forde (32) and their five unmarried children1, Katie Forde (8), Peter Forde (8), Martin Forde (7), Patrick Forde (5), and John Forde (2 months)  The family also lives with Joseph’s father-in -law, Patrick Diviney (73) and mother-in-law, Winifred Diviney (74). All children were listed as scholars. Patrick (73) was an agricultural labourer. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Only Joseph, Bridget, Katie, and Peter were able to read and write. Joseph, Bridget, Patrick (73), and Winifred have Irish and English recorded as languages. The family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The land had 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Joseph Forde owned the land on which his house was situated.

Patrick Farrell (45) was the son of a farmer who lived alone. Patrick was born in County Galway. He spoke Irish and English and was able to read and write. Patrick identified as Roman Catholic. Patrick lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front-facing window. There were no out-offices or farm- steadings. Thomas Farrell owned the land on which the house was situated.

Martin Lynch (41) was a farmer married to Katie Lynch (35). The couple had been married 8 years, with 2 surviving out of 4 children. They lived with their two unmarried children, Mary Lynch (7) and Michael Lynch (6). The Lynch family also lived with Martin’s mother, Mary Geoghan (74). Mary (7) and Michael were scholars. Martin and Mary (74) spoke Irish and English, there were no languages listed for the other family members. No members of the household were able to read nor write. All 5 family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. The Lynch family lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows, 3 rooms, 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, and 1 barn. Martin Lynch owned the land on which his house was situated.

Patrick Higgins (64) was a farmer married to Bridget Higgins (38). The couple was married 15 years and bore 8 children, 7 of which were living, The pair lived with their 6 unmarried children, Bridget Higgins (14), Katie Higgins (13), Martin Higgins (10), Annie Higgins (7), Mary Higgind (4), and Margaret Higgins (1). The Higgins family also lived with Patrick’s brother, John Higgins (63). The children were listed as scholars, John (63) was listed as a farmer’s son. Patrick, Bridget (38), John, and Bridget (14) spoke English and Irish. The entire family could read and write, with the exception of Mary and Margaret. All family members were born in County Galway and were Roman Catholic. The Higgins family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Patrick Higgins owned the land on which his house was situated.

Delia Hynes (55) was a widowed farmer. Delia lives with her 4 unmarried children and her unmarried sister-in-law, Mary Hynes (69). The children were Patrick F Hynes (17), Mary Hynes (14), John Hynes (12), and Kate Hynes (9). Patrick was listed as a farmer’s son, there was no occupation listed for Mary (14) or Mary (69). John and Kate were listed as scholars. Delia was the only individual with Irish and English recorded. All family members could read and write, except Mary (69) and Mary (14). It was noted that Mary (14) was medically affected, there was no further specification. The Hynes family were all born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, and 1 barn. Delia Hynes owned the land on which the Hynes house was situated.

Patrick Joyce (68) was a farmer married to Mary Joyce (68) for 37 years as of 1911. Of the 10 children born, 3 were living. The couple lived with two of their unmarried children, James Joyce (32) and Kate Joyce (28). James (32) was listed as a farmer’s son, Mary and Kate had no occupation listed. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Only Patrick and Mary had Irish and English listed. All Joyce family members were able to read and write, with the exception of Mary. The family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. On the land was 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Patrick Joyce owned the land on which his house was situated.

Edward Spellman (54) was a single farmer who lived with his mother and siblings. Edward’s siblings were all unmarried, Bridget Spellman (46), Patrick Spellman (40), Mary Spellman (36), and Sarah Spellman (34). Bridget and Patrick were listed as the son or daughter of a farmer. The entire family was born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Additionally, they were all able to read and write and spoke English and Irish. However, there was no language listed for Patrick and Sarah. The family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The property had 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Edward Spellman owned the land on which her house was situated.

Thomas Walsh (82) was an unmarried farmer who lived alone.Thomas spoke Irish and English and could not read. He was born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Thomas lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms, 2 front windows, 1 coach house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, Thomas Walsh owned the land on which his house was situated.

1 It is noted that the 1911 census recorded Bridget and Joseph had 1 child, it also states that they lived with their 5 children. 

 

This page was added on 13/03/2024.

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