Cahererillan

Civil Parish of Killinny

Natalie Cyrkel / University of Galway / Galway County Heritage Office

City of Orleans/ Chathair Oirealláin 

Cahererillan is located in the centre of the parish of Killinny. Killinny is in the barony of Kiltartan in County Galway.

The Down Survey Map 1641 (pre Cromwell), under the name ‘Drumon,’ listed Edmund O’Hene (Catholic) as the land owner. There was no information listed for 1670 (post Cromwell). There were 363 plantation acres of unprofitable land and 106 plantation acres of profitable land.

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books reported alternative spellings such as Cathair Eirioláin, Caherurlan, Caherurlan,Cahircona, Cahererlane, and Caherurlan. James O’Hara, Esq., Raheen, Gort was the proprietor, and Barry O’Hara, Esq., Galway was the agent. Thos. [sic] Ward, Esq., of Gort was the main tenant who was on the lease of his own life. He sublet to 8 other tenants, these tenants’ divisions were worth 5 to 66 pounds each. The county cess or tax was 2 shillings 9.5 pence per acre, the tithe was 1 shilling 0 pence per acre. The primary crops were wheat and potatoes. The soil was characterised by soil, rock, and gravel. There was no fuel listed, i.e timber. In Cahererillan was also the ruins of the old castle. It is noted that Caher Errilan, a square castle, is said to have belonged to O’Hayne. The prevailing names were Killeen and Shaughnessy. Thomas Killeen was recorded as the authority.

Griffith’s Valuation 1855

According to the Griffith’s Valuation of 1855, Patrick M. Lynch leased to the tenants John Kavanagh, John O’Dea, Martin Shaughnessy, and Thomas Killeen. John Kavanagh leased a house to Michael Cooney, the final holding was owned by John O’Dea and was vacant. John Kavanagh was leasing a holding of a house, offices, and land from Patrick for £38-5-0. The area was 268 acres, 3 roods, 4 perches. John O’Dea was also leasing a similar holding from Patrick for £38-0-0. The area of this holding was the same as the previous. Michael Cooney was leasing a house for  £0-5-0. There was no information listed for the area. Martin Shaughnessy an occupier of a house, offices, and land of Patrick. The area was 130 acres, 0 roods, and 17 perches. Thomas Killeen was leasing the same holding, the estimated value was £18-0-0. John O’Dea’s vacant property was of houses and offices. The area information was not listed. The value was £0-10-0. The total annual valuation of rateable property paid overall in Cahererillan was £113-0-0 for 468 acres, 3 roods, and 21 perches of house, offices, and land.

1901 Census

The 1901 census of Caherillan recorded 8 households. There were 27 males and 17 females with a total of 44 inhabitants. All inhabitants were Roman Catholic.  Houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of the houses were made of thatch, wood, or other perishable material. All of the houses were 2nd or 3rd class and built as private dwellings.  It is noted that there was no out-offices and farm steadings return form in the 1901 census for this townland, therefore the details of the out-offices and farm steadings is unknown.

Thomas Cavanagh (65) was a widowed farmer. He lived with his unmarried son William Cavanagh (32) and servant Bridget Mogan (20). William was listed as a farmer’s son.  All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members spoke Irish and English, Thomas and William were able to read and write, Bridget could not read. The family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 3 out-offices and farm- steadings. Thomas Cavanagh owned the land on which his house was situated.

Margt Hession (80) was a widow who lived with her unmarried son Martin Hession (35). No occupation was listed for Margt [sic], Martin was listed as a farm labourer. Both were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Both spoke Irish and English and could not read. The family resided in a 3rd class house with 1 front window, 1 room, and 1 out-office and farm- steading. Thomas Cavanagh owned the land on which the house was situated.

Patrick Kavanagh (50) was a farmer who lived with his wife Mary Kavanagh (47), and their six unmarried children, Patrick Kavanagh (24), John Kavanagh (22), Margaret Kavanagh (20), Michael Kavanagh (18), Annie Kavanagh (18), and Bartholomew Kavanagh (14). All children were listed as farmer’s daughter/ son with the exception of Michael, who was listed as a shop boy. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members were able to read and write and spoke Irish and English. The Kavanagh family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 5 out-offices and farm- steadings. Patrick Kavanagh owned the land on which his house was situated.

Patrick Killeen (70) was a farmer who lived with his wife Margt [sic] Killeen (40), and their six unmarried children, Patrick Killeen (27), Michl [sic] Killeen (16), Timothy Killeen (14), Martin Killeen (11), Stephen Killeen (11), and Catherine Killeen (9). All children were listed as scholars with the exception of Patrick (27) and Michl listed as farmer’s sons. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members were able to read and write except for Patrick (70), Margt, and Patrick (27) who could not read. Irish and English were the languages listed for all family members except for Martin, Stephen, and Catherine. The family of eight resided in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows, 2 rooms, and 3 out-offices and farm- steadings. Patrick Killeen owned the land on which his house was situated.

Michael O’Dea (38) was a farmer who lived with his wife Winifred O’Dea (38), their six unmarried children, Mary O’Dea (11), John O’Dea (10), Patrick O’Dea (9), Michl O’Dea (9), Margt [sic] O’Dea (5), Daniel O’Dea (3), and Michael’s sister Bridgt [sic] O’Dea (26). All children were listed as scholars with the exception of Daniel. Bridget was listed as a farmer’s sister. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members were able to read and write except for Margt, Daniel, and Bridgt, who could not read. Irish and English were the languages listed for all family members except for Margt and Daniel.The family home was a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 6 out-offices and farm- steadings. Michael O’Dea owned the land on which his house was situated.

James Shaughnesy (38) was a farmer who lived with his wife Mary Shaughnessy (30). The couple lived with their two children, Mary Shaughnessy (6) and John Shaughnessy (4). All Shaughnessy family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. James and Mary (30) spoke Irish and English and could read and write. Mary (6) could only read, there was no language listed for the two children. The family of four lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, and 4 out-offices and farm- steadings. James Shaughnessy owned the land on which the house was situated.

 

1911 Census

The townland of Cahererillan in 1911 had a population of 37 people, 20 males and 17 females. There were a total of 8 households. All inhabitants were Roman Catholic. Houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of the houses were made of thatch, wood, or other perishable material. All of the houses were built as private dwellings. The heads of the households were Thomas Kavanagh, Patrick Kavanagh, Michael O’Dea, Winifred O’Dea, James Shaughnessy, Margret Killeen, John Killeen, and Martin Hessian.

Thomas Kavanagh 1 (73) was a widowed farmer who lived with his son, William Kavanagh (41), William’s wife of 8 years, Katie Kavanagh (39), and their five unmarried children, Mary Agnes Kavanagh (7), Thomas J Kavanagh (6), Catherine Kavanagh (4), Bridget Kavanagh (3), and Margret Mary Kavanagh (1). The Kavanagh family also lived with a visitor, Bridget Donohue (30), who was a farmer’s daughter. William was listed as a farmer’s son. All of the grandchildren were recorded as scholars, with the exception of Katie and Margret Mary. Thomas (73), William, Katie, and Bridget (30) were able to read and write. The rest of the Kavanagh family could not read nor write. Thomas (73) and William were the only individuals with Irish and English listed. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. The Kavangh family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. On the land was 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Thomas Kavanagh owned the land on which his house was situated.

Patrick Kavanagh (68) was a farmer who lived with his wife of 47 years, Mary Kavanagh (70). The couple had 11 children, 8 of which were still alive in 1911. They lived with five of their unmarried children, Patrick Kavanagh (32), John Kavanagh (28), and Margaret Kavanagh (27). All children were listed as farmer’s daughters/ sons. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members were able to read and write and spoke Irish and English. The Kavanagh family lived in a 2nd class, 3 room house with w front windows. Patrick Kavanagh owned the land on which his house was situated. On Patrick’s land was1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Michael O’Dea (30) was a single farmer who lived with his sister, Jane O’Dea (24) and his niece Maria Kielly (8). They also lived with a visitor, Thomas Mullins (65). Thomas was a widowed farmer, born in County Clare. Jane was recorded as a farmer’s daughter and Maria as a scholar. All family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All individuals in the house were able to read and write, Thomas could not. Irish and English were listed for Michael and Thomas. The family home was a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Michael O’Dea owned the land on which his house and out-offices were situated.

Winifred O’Dea (62) was a widower and a farmer who lived her six unmarried children, Mary O’Dea (20), John O’Dea (18), Patrick O’Dea (17), Margret O’Dea (14), Dan O’Dea (11), and Peter O’Dea (7). All children were listed as farmer’s sons/ daughters with the exception of Dan and Peter, who were scholars. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members were able to read and write except for Winifred. Winifred was the only family member with Irish and English recorded.The family home was a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Winifred’s land had 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, and 1 fowl house. Winifred O’Dea owned the land on which his house was situated.

James Shaughnesy (56) was a farmer who lived with his wife of 18 years, Mary Shaughnessy (39). The couple lived with their daughter, Mary Shaughnessy (14) who was a scholar. They also lived with James’s brother, John Shaughnessy (73), a farm labourer. All Shaughnessy family members were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic, except Mary (39) who was born in County Clare. Irish and English were recorded for all family members, with the exception of Mary (14). John (73) was the only Shaughnessy member that could not read or write. The family of four lived in a 2nd class, 4 bedroom house with 3 front windows, 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, and 1 barn. James Shaughnessy owned the land on which the house was situated.

Margret Killeen (64) was a widowed farmer who lived with her four children, Patrick Killeen (39) who was a widower and general labourer. Michael Killeen (26), also a widower and a farmer’s son. Martin Killeen (20) and Kate Killeen (16) were both farmer’s son/ daughters. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members spoke Irish and English. Michael, Martin, and Kate were able to read and write, Margret could only read, Patrick could not read. The family of five lived in a 3rd class house with 3 rooms and 3 front windows. The land had 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, and 1 barn. Margret Killeen owned the land on which his house was situated.

John Killeen (49) was an unmarried farmer who lived with his brother Bartley Killeen (32), also unmarried. Bartley was a general labourer. Both were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. Both spoke Irish and English, John could not read, Bartley could read and write. The two resided in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. The brothers had 1 coach house and 1 barn. John Killeen owned the land on which his house was situated.

Martin Hessian (50) was a single farmer born in County Galway. He was Roman Catholic and spoke Irish and English. Martin could read and write. He lived alone in a 1 room, 3rd class house with 1 front window, and no out-offices and farm- steadings. Martin Hessian owned the land on which his house was on.

 

1 It is noted that in the 1901 census, the Kavanah family was recorded under the last name Cavanagh.

This page was added on 13/03/2024.

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