Cahercon

Civil Parish of Killinny

Natalie Cyrkel / University of Galway / Galway County Heritage Office

Cathair Chonnaidh

In the northern region of the parish of Killogilleen is the townland Cahercon. Killogilleen is in the barony of Kiltartan in County Galway.

The Down Survey Map under ‘Carconagh’ listed Farro O’Hine, a Catholic, as the landowner in 1641 (pre Cromwell). There was no information listed for 1670 (post Cromwell). There was 156 plantation acres of unprofitable land, and 79 plantation acres of profitable land.

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books provided alternative spellings of Cahercon. These include: Cathair Con, Cahercun, Cahircony, Cahecon, Cahercona, and Cahercun. The listed proprietor was Richard Gregory, Esq., Cool, Gort, and the listed agent was Edward L. Hunt, Esq., Gort. The middleman was Edward Kilkelly. The lease was 20 shillings per acre for 21 years. The county cess or tax was 2 shillings 9.5 pence and the tithe, or church tax was withheld. The terrain of Cahercon was described as rocky, gravel, soil, and pasture. There were cattle, sheep, 3 forts, 1 cashel, and 2 caves recorded. Thomas Connelly was the authority.

Griffith’s Valuation 1855

Griffith’s Valuation reported the following landowners: John Kilkelly (Ned), William H. Gregory, John Fahy, and John Kilkelly. John Kilkelly (Ned) and William H. Gregory leased 2 holdings to John Fallon. These holdings were worth £4-0-0. The first holding of a house and land were 7 acres, 2 roods, 11 perches. The second holding was 6 acres, 1 rood, 32 perches.

William H. Gregory’s tennants consisted of: John Ward, Martin Cohen, John Fahy, Patrick Minnogue, John Kavanagh, Thomas Lally, John Kilkelly (Ned), Martin Higgins, John Diviny, Bartholomew Walsh and Bartholomew Hynes. John Ward leased land that was 4 acres, 1 rood, 16 perches and valued to be £2-0-0. Martin Cohen and John Fahy leased 2 holdings from William H. Gregory. These holdings were of a house, offices, and land of 79 acres, 2 roods, 22 perches. This holding was valued to be £0-10-0. Patrick Minnogue was leasing land of 10 acres, 0 roods, 6 perches. The Griffith’s Valuation estimated the value to be £2-0-0. Another occupant, John Kavannagh leased land of 23 acres, 3 roods, 25 perches and a herd’s house and land of 0 acres, 2 roods, and 20 perches. The value was £6-10-0. Thomas Lally also leased his holdings, his holdings were land and a house, offices, and garden. The land was 32 acres, 0 roods, 21 perches, the house, offices, and gardens were 0 acres, 1 rood, 20 perches. The value estimated for Thomas’s holdings was £10-18-0. John Kilkelly (Ned) was another occupant occupying the land on which William owned. John held an office and land of 201 acres, 0 roods, and 38 perches, valued to be £54-5-0. Martin Higgins leased a holding of land from William for £0-1-0, the area was 0 acres, 0 roods, 10 perches. John Diviny was also leasing land with an area of 0 acres, 0 roods, 10 perches, for £0-1-0. Bartholomew Walsh was leasing a holding of land with an area of 4 acres, 1 roods, 7 perches for £0-10-0. Another of William’s tennants, Bartholomew Hynes leased land for £1-5-0. The area was 7 acres, 0 roods, 0 perches. 

John Kilkelly (Ned) leased to the following tennants: John Kearns, Sarah Fahy, Denis Mullowney, Thomas Walsh, Thomas Tracey, Thomas Calligy, Martin Hynes, Patrick Walsh, Catherine Killilen, Lawrence Horan, and John Dooradin. John Kearns leased a house and land for £4-5-0. The holding was 7 acres, 3 roods, 33 perches. Sarah Fahy was recorded to be leasing only a house, there is no area data recorded. The estimated value was £0-5-0. Denis Mullowney leased a house and land of 1 acre, 2 roods, 20 perches for £1-0-0. Thomas Walsh was leasing 2 holdings: land of 12 acres, 2 roods, 25 perches and a house, offices and land with the area of 2 acres, 1 rood, 4 perches for the value of £6-0-0. Thomas Tracey rented a house and land on the area of 3 acres, 0 roods, 30 perches for the cost of £1-10-0. Thomas Calligy leased a holding valued at £2-10-0. The holding was of a house and land with the area of 4-1-9. Martin Hynes rented a land holding with an area of 4 acres, 0 roods, 6 perches for £1-10-0. Patrick Walsh leased a house and land with an area of 2 acres, 3 roods, 13 perches for £1-10-0. Catherine Killilen was also leasing a house and land from John, hers had an area of 2 acres, 1 roods, 22 perches. It was valued to be £1-5-0. Lawrence Horan was leasing a holding of house and land, the area was 3 acres, 3 roods, 3 perches. It was valued to be £1-15-0. John Dooradin was leasing only land. The value was £0-7-0 and the area was 0 acres, 3 roods, 0 perches. 

John Fahy owned the house in which Thomas Kelly was renting for £0-5-0. There is no area data for the house. John Kilkelly leased 3 holdings to John Halvey for £2-5-0.The land had an area of 3-0-34 and the garden had an area of 0-2-0.

The total annual valuation of rateable property paid overall in Cahercon was £136-17-0 for 427 acres, 0 roods, and 37 perches of house, offices, and land.

1901 Census

In Cahercon, 7 households and 24 inhabitants were recorded in 1901. There were 14 males and 10 females. All inhabitants were Roman Catholic.  Houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of the houses were made of thatch, wood, or other perishable material. All of the houses were built as private dwellings. The heads of the households were Honor Callagy, Patrick Fahy, John Fahy, John Fallon, Matthew Killeen, Mary Lally, and John Lyons.  It is noted that there was no out-offices and farm steadings return form in the 1901 census for this townland, therefore the details of the out-offices and farm steadings is unknown.

Honor Callagy (57) was a farmer. She identified as Roman Catholic and was born in County Galway. Honor spoke Irish and English and was not able to read. Honor resided in a 3rd class house with 1 front window, 1 room, and 2 out-offices and farm- steadings. Patrick Fahy owned the land on which Honor’s house was situated.

Patrick Fahy (50) was a married farmer who lived with his five children,  Eliza Fahy (34) who was married, Bridget Fahy (17), Margt [sic] Fahy (15), Maria Fahy (12), and James Fahy (10). All children were listed as farmer’s daughter/ son with the exception of Eliza. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members were able to read and write, only Patrick and Eliza were listed with Irish and English as languages. The family resided in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows, 2 rooms, and 3 out-offices and farm- steadings. Patrick Fahy owned the land on which his house was situated.

John Fahy (65) was a married farmer who lived with his wife Margaret Fahy (63) and their five unmarried children, Margaret Fahy (19), Thomas Fahy (36), John Fahy (30), Patrick Fahy (24), and William Fahy (21). All children were listed as farmer’s daughter/ son with the exception of Maragret (19). All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All children were able to read and write, John (65) could not read and Maragret (63) could only read. All family members have Irish and English as languages, with the exception of Maragret (19). The family resided in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows, 3 rooms, and 4 out-offices and farm- steadings. John Fahy owned the land on which his house was situated.

John Fallon (55) was an unmarried farmer. He lived with his two brothers, Michl [sic] Fallon (53) and Martin Fallon (45). Both were listed as a farmer’s brothers. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members spoke Irish and English and were able to read and write. The family resided in a 3rd class house with 1 front window, 3 rooms, and 4 out-offices and farm- steadings. John Fallon owned the land on which his house was situated.

Matthew Killeen (66) was a farmer married to Ellen Killleen (50). They lived with their unmarried son Thomas Killeen (30), who was listed as a farmer’s son. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members spoke Irish and English, Thomas was able to read and write, Matthew and Ellen could not read. The family resided in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows, 2 rooms, and 3 out-offices and farm- steadings. Matthew Killeen owned the land on which his house was situated.

Mary Lally (80) was a widowed wool spinner born in County Galway. She could not read and spoke Irish and English. Mary identified as Roman Catholic. She lived in a 3rd class, 1 bedroom house with 1 front facing window, and 1 out-offices and farm- steadings. Patrick Fahy owned the land on which Mary’s house was situated.

John Lyons (60) was a herd married to Mary Lyons (57). They lived with their unmarried son Martin Lyons (20), who was listed as a farmer labourer. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members spoke Irish and English, Martin was able to read and write, John and Mary could not read. The Lyons resided in a 3rd class house with 1 front window, 1 room, and 4 out-offices and farm- steadings. John Lyons owned the land on which his house was situated.. 

1911 Census

In Cahercon, 5 households of 16 inhabitants were recorded in 1911. There were 12 males and 4 females. All inhabitants were Roman Catholic.  Houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of the houses were made of thatch, wood, or other perishable material. All of the houses were built as private dwellings. The household heads were Patrick Fahey, John Fahey, John Fallon, Mathias Killeen, and John Lyons.

Patrick Fahey (71) was a widowed farmer who lived with his two unmarried children, Margret Fahey (25) and James Fahey (22). James (22) was an agricultural labourer, Margret did not have an occupation listed. All of the Fahey family was born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. They could all read and write, only Patrick (71) had Irish and English as languages. The family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, and 1 piggery. Patrick Fahey owned the land on which his house was situated.

John Fahey (78) was a married farmer who lived with his wife of 46 years, Margaret Fahey (75). 9 of their 10 born children were still alive as of 1911. The 1911 census recorded the couple lived with five of their unmarried children, Thomas Fahey (45), John Fahey (40), Patrick Fahey (32), William Fahey (28) and Margaret Fahey (24). All children were listed as farmer’s daughter/ son with the exception of Maragret (24). All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members were able to read and write with the exception of John (78). All family members have Irish and English as languages, with the exception of Maragret (24). The family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The property had 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 dairy, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. John Fahey owned the land on which his house was situated.

John Fallon (70) was an unmarried farmer. He lived with his brother, Martin Fallon (60). Martin was listed as a farmer’s son. Both were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. The two spoke Irish and English and were able to read and write. The Fallon brothers resided in a 3rd class house with 1 front window, 2 rooms, 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, and 1 barn. John Fallon owned the land on which his house was situated.

Mathias Killeen 1 (77) was a farmer married to Ellen Killleen (50) for 48 years, at the time of the census. The pair had 7 children, 4 of which were living. They lived with their unmarried son Thomas Killeen (40), who was listed as a farmer’s son. All were born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. All family members spoke Irish and English, and none could read. The family resided in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows, 3 rooms, 1 coach house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, and 1 barn. Mathias Killeen owned the land on which his house was situated.

John Lyons (60) was a widowed herd who lived alone. He was born in County Galway and identified as Roman Catholic. He spoke Irish and English and could not read. John Lyons lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows, 2  rooms, and no out-offices and farm- steadings. John Lyons owned the land on which his house was situated.

1 In the 1901 census, Mathia Killeen was recorded as Matthew Killeen.

This page was added on 13/03/2024.

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