13. An Galar Dubh

Black Death

An Galar Dubh

Aicíd uafásach a bhí sa Ghalar Dubh a mharaigh na milliúin. Thosaigh sé i Lár na hÁise sa 13ú Céad. Fuair tuilleadh bás leis nuair a tháinig sé chomh fada le ceantar in aice le Issyk Kul in oirthear na Cirgeastáine. Nuair a d’athraigh saighdiúirí na Mongóile siar, níorbh é sléacht na cogaíochta amháin a thug siad leo. Réab ráig den Ghalar Dubh trí Chathair Chonstaintín agus maraíodh na milliúin ann an-tobann. Ba í an chathair sin an tairseach isteach sa domhan thiar freisin rud a d’fhág gur scaip an galar ar feadh na mbealaí móra trádála.

Nuair a tháinig an Galar Dubh chomh fada leis an bhFrainc ag deireadh na bliana 1347, cuireadh lán a raibh ina gcónaí i sráidbhailte éagsúla den saol. Tháinig long as Gascogne na Fraince le caladh i Weymouth Shasana an 7 Iúil 1348 le saighdiúirí ar bord a raibh an Galar Dubh orthu. Scaip an galar ar fud na Breataine taobh istigh de bhliain.

Black Death

The Black Death was a horrible disease that killed millions of people. It began in Central Asia in the 13th century. It claimed more lives when it arrived in an area by Issyk Kul in Eastern Kyrgyzstan. When Mongolian soldiers moved West, war was not the only thing they took with them. In 1347, The Black Death spread through Constantinople quickly killing millions of people. The city was also the gateway to the Western World meaning the disease spread along important trade routes.

When the Black Death reached France at the end of 1347; whole villages were wiped out. A ship from Gascony, France carrying infected soldiers docked in Weymouth, England on July 7th 1348, from here the Black Death spread across the country in less than a year.

This page was added on 25/08/2016.

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