Bredagh

An Bhréadach

Roger Harrison

Irish Grid: M 73558 43646

 

Description:

(John O’Donovan 1806-1861)

Is the property of Lord Ffrench who holds it under a deed for ever. It contains a. r. p. all which is arable and in a state of cultivation. The houses are in middling repair. It pays £7. 4. 2½ Co. Cess.

 

Situation:

(John O’Donovan 1806-1861)

Lies in the eastern side of this parish in the barony of Kilconnel, bounded by Ticoolycarr, Lughanagh, Loughaunbwee Ffrench and Eskerballycahil in same barony and by Ticooly O’Kelly in the Barony of Tiaquin, in this parish by Killeen ad Lattoon townlands in the parish of Ahascragh and barony of Kilconnnel.

 

This is a list of townlands that share a border with Bredagh.

 

 

Census of Ireland (1821- 1911)

The first full population census of Ireland was taken in 1821 and the first four Irish censuses were arranged by county, barony, civil parish and townland.

 

1821:  Only some fragments for small parts of county Galway survive. There are no records      for Killosolan.

1831:  The only surviving records are from Counties Antrim and Derry.

1841:  There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1851:   There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1861:  Census records for 1861 and 1871 were deliberately destroyed by the government

1881:  The records for 1881 and 1891 were pulped as waster paper during the shortages of World War I.

1901:   Full Census records are available    See below.

1911:   Full Census records are available    See below.

 

1911 Census

Overview of townland

The 1911 census shows that there were a total of 9 houses in Bredagh and that they were all occupied and listed as being private dwellings. The houses were all constructed of stone, brick or concrete walls and house 3 had a slate, iron or tiled roof while all the others only had thatch, wood or other perishable materials for roofing. Houses 1 and 6 were 3rd class dwellings and the rest were all 2nd class. Houses 1, 3 and 6 had between 2 and 4 rooms and 2 windows in the front and the other houses all had between 2 and 4 rooms and 3 windows in the front. The out-offices and farm-steadings return shows that there were 39 out buildings consisting of 10 stables, 9 cow houses, 7 piggeries, 8 barns and 5 sheds. There were 54 people living in the townland, 26 males and 28 females. The enumerator for this area was James P. Dalton.

 

House 1: Kenny / Lyons

The head of the first house in Bredagh was Matt (67) and he was married to Nora (63) and had been for 31 years and in that time they had had 4 children and 2 of those had survived. They shared the house with their daughter, Bridget (30) and a nephew, Thomas Lyons (22). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Matt and Nora spoke both Irish and English and Bridget and Thomas spoke only English but the whole household could read and write. Both Matt and Thomas were listed as being farmer’s. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a barn and a shed. The landholder was Matt Kenny.

 

House 2: Ryan

James (36) was the head of this family and he had been married to Anne (38) for 11 years and had had 7 children with 6 of those surviving, Patrick (10), Magaret [sic] (9), Ellen (9), Daniel (7), Lizzie (5), Thomas Joseph (3). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Patrick spoke Irish and English but all could read and write. James was listed as being farmer. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a barn. The landholder was James Ryan.

 

House 3: Davis

Of the 7 members of this family, James (40) was listed as being the head and he had been married to Bridget (38) for 7 years and they had had 6 children, Mary Kate (6), Julia (3), Thomas Patrick (2), Norah (2) and James (5mths). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Only Bridget could speak Irish and English, Mary Kate could read only and the parents could read and write. James was listed as being a farmer. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and they had a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a barn and a shed. The landholder was James Davis.

 

House 4: McCormack

The head of this family in house 4 was Thomas (53) and he had been married to Norah (40) for 12 years and had 3 children, Michael (9), Maggie (8) and John (6). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Both parents spoke Irish and English. Norah could read only and Michael and Maggie could read and write. Thomas was a farmer and the children were all scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a stable, a cow house and a barn. The landholder was Thomas McCormack

 

House 5: Clarke

There were 7 members of this family and the head of this family was listed as being Michael (36) and he was married to Mary (32) and had been for 8 years and they had 4 children, Mary Ellen (7), Andrew Joseph (5), Michael Patrick (4) and Catherine (2) and also in the house at that time was Michael’s sister, Sarah (38). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. The adults could all speak both Irish and English and Michael, Mary, Mary Ellen and Sarah could read and write. Michael was a farmer and Mary Ellen was a scholar. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a stable, a cow house and a piggery. The landholder was Michael Clark.

 

House 6: Gill

James (35) was the head of this family and he lived in the house with his wife of 1 year, Mary (28) and they had 1 Magaret [sic] (3mths) and James’ brother, Patrick (24). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Mary spoke Irish and English and all, apart from baby Magaret [sic], could read and write. James was a farmer and Patrick was a labourer. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a barn. The landholder was James Gill.

 

House 7: Kelly

The widower, James (50) was listed as being the head of this family and he had been married for 8 years and had 6 children. He lived in the house with his mother, Margret (74), who was a widow and had been married for 38 years and had had 8 children but only 4 had survived. Also in the house were his sister, Mary Ellen (31) and his 6 children, Mary Elizabeth (14), Bridget (12), Patrick (11), James (10), Michael John (8) and Margret (7). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All of the family could speak both Irish and English and all could read and write. James was a farmer and all the children were scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had 2 stables, a cow house, a piggery, a barn and a shed. The landholder was James Kelly.

 

House 8: Davis

The head of this family was the widow Catherine (69) and she had been married for 16 years and had had 10 children, but only 7 of those had survived. She shared the house with her son, Michael (49) who had been married his wife, Julia (36) for 10 years and they had 5 children, Kathleen (9), Thomas Michael (7), Patrick Joseph (5), Mary Magaret [sic] (4) and John Jaret(?)[i] (1). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Catherine and Michael spoke Irish and English and, apart from Catherine, they were all listed as being able to read and write. Both Catherine and Michael were listed as being farmers. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a barn and a shed. The landholder was Catherine Davis.

 

House 9: Ryan

The head of the last family in Bredagh was John (55) who was married, and had been for 28 years, but there was no wife mentioned in this entry. He lived in the house with his sister, Kate (29) They were both born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. They could read and write and John was listed as being a farmer. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a stable, a cow house, a barn and a shed. The landholder was John Ryan.

 

1901 Census

Overview of the Townland

There were a total of 9 houses in the townland of Bredagh and all were recorded as being private dwellings. They were all constructed of stone, brick or concrete walls and had thatch, wood or other perishable materials for roofing. House 6 was a 4th class dwelling, houses 2 and 8 were 3rd class dwellings and the other houses were all 2nd class. House 6 had 1 room and no windows, house 2 had 2 rooms and no windows, house 8 had 3 rooms and 2 windows and the others had between 2 and 4 rooms and 3 windows in the front. There were a total of 33 out buildings, 8 stables, a coach house, 7 cow houses, a calf house, 5 piggeries, 3 fowl houses, 4 barns and 4 sheds. There were 38 people in the townland at that time, 18 males and 20 females. The enumerator for the area was Patrick McCann.

 

House 1: McCormack

The widower, Michael (70) was the head of the first family in Bredagh and he lived in the house with his son, Thomas (30) and daughter-in-law, Norah (28). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Thomas and Norah spoke both Irish and English but they could read only while Michael could read and write. Michael was listed as being a farmer and Thomas was a farmer’s son. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and had a stable, a cow house and a shed. The landholder was Michael McCormack.

 

House 2: Gill

The widow Margaret (50) was the head of this household and she shared the house with 2 sons, James (24) and Patt (17) and a daughter, Mary (15). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Margaret spoke Irish and English and she could read only while the children could read and write. Margaret was a farmer, James and Patt were farmer’s sons and Mary was a farmer’s daughter. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 2 rooms and had a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a fowl house and a shed. The landholder was Margaret Gill.

 

House 3: Clarke

The widow, Mary (61) was the head of this household and she lived with her son, Michael (26) and daughter, Sarah (27). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Mary could speak both Irish and English and she could read only while Michael and Sarah could read only. Mary was a farmer, Michael was a farmer’s son and Sarah was a farmer’s daughter. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and had a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a fowl house. The landholder was Mary Clark.

 

House 4: Kelly

There were 9 members of this Kelly family and the head of the family was James (35) and he was married to Margret (28). Also in the house at that time was James’ mother, Margaret (57), his brother, Patt (30), sister, Mary E (24) and 4 children, Mary E. (4), Delia (3), Patrick (2) and James (4mths). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. James, Margret (28), Margret (57), Patt and Mary E (24) could read and write. James (35), Margret (57) was a farmer’s mother, Patt was a tea agent, Mary E. (24) was a farmer’s sister, Mary E. (4) and Delia were farmer’s daughters and Patrick and James (4mths) were farmer’s sons. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and had a stable, a cow house, a calf house, a piggery and a barn. The landholder was James Kelly.

 

House 5: Davis

The head of this family in house 5 was the widow, Catherine (60) and she shared the house with his son, Michael (28), daughter-in-law, Julia (24), son, James (25) and daughter, Julia (18). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Catherine, Michael and Julia (24) spoke Irish and English and all the family could read and write. Catherine was a farmer, Michael and James were farmer’s sons and Julia (18) was a farmer’s daughter. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and had a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a fowl house and a shed. The landholder was Catherine Davis.

 

House 6: Kelly

Bridget (40) was the head of this family and she was married but there was no mention of a husband in this entry. She shared the house with 2 of her children, Francis (9) and Catherine (8). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Bridget spoke Irish and English and could read only while Francis and Catherine could read and write. Bridget was a cook domestic servant. And Catherine and Francis were scholars. The house was a 4th class dwelling with 1 room. The landholder was James Kelly.

 

House 7: Ryan

Ellen (60), a widow, was listed as the head of the family in house 7 and she shared the house with her son, James (28), daughter-in-law, Anne (28) and a grandson, Patrick (1mth). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Ellen spoke both Irish and English and only James and Anne could read and write. Ellen was a farmer and James was a farmer’s son. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a stable and a barn. The landholder was Ellen Ryan.

 

House 8: Kenny / Lyons

The head of this household was Mathew (50) and he was married to Hanoria [sic] (50) and they lived in the house with their son, John (30) and a nephew, Thomas Lyons (12). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Mathew and Hanoria [sic] spoke both Irish and English and all could read and write. Mathew was a farmer, John was a farmer’s son and Thomas was a scholar. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a stable, a coach house, a cow house, a piggery and a barn. The landholder was Mathew Kenny.

 

House 9: Ryan

John (42) was the head of the last family in Bredagh and he was married bur there was no mention of a wife in this entry. He shared the house with his sister, Bridget (50) and a niece, Catherine (25). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All of the family could speak both Irish and English and John and Catherine could read and write and Bridget could read only. John was a farmer. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and they had a stable, a cow house and a barn. The landholder was John Ryan.

 

Griffith’s Valuation

Robert Ridge was the immediate lessor of all the tenements in Bredagh. John Loughnane leased a house and offices on 25 acres and 3 roods of land for £12 5s for the land and £1 5s for the buildings, Patrick Ryan leased a house and offices on 37 acres, 1 rood and 17 perches of land for £19 for the land and £1 5s for the buildings and Michael Ryan paid £6 10s for 12 acres and 2 roods of land and 10s for a house. Daniel Cruise paid £50 for 88 acres, 3 roods and 11 perches of land, there was a vacant house, belonging to Robert Ridge, with an annual ratable valuation of 3s, John Murphy and William Kelly each paid 3s for houses, Bridget Ellis paid 5s for a house and Hugh Dolan leased a house on 4 acres, 3 roods and 34 perches of land for £2 10s for the land and 10s for the house. Edmund Kilduff paid £5 for 8 acres, 1 rood and 35 perches of land and 8s for a house, Patrick Geraghty paid £5 5s for 11 acres and 20 perches of land and 15s for a house and Thomas Geraghty paid 8s annually for a house. John Davis leased 2 tenements, the first was land of 6 acres, 1 rood and 22 perches for £3 and the second was a house on 5 acres of land for £2 5s for the land and 10s for the house. Thomas Quigley leased 4 acres, 3 roods and 14 perches of land for £2 5s and Patrick Kelly leased 2 plots, the first, a house and offices on 8 acres 1 rood and 25 perches of land for £4 5s for the land and 15s for the buildings. Mary Quigley leased a house with 3 acres, 2 roods and 15 perches of land for £2 for the land and 5s for the house and Michael Kelly paid 8s for 2 roods and 20 perches of land and also 1s for 10 perches of land. Patrick Quigley leased a house on 2 acres 2 roods and 30 perches of land for £1 15s for the land and 3s for the house, Simon Larking paid £5 for 8 acres and 35 perches of land and £1 for a house and James Gill leased a house and office on 13 acres and 2 roods for £8 10s for the land and £1 for the buildings. Margaret McCormack leased a house with 9 acres, 2 roods and 5 perches for £5 for the land and 10s for the house and, finally, James Rourke leased a house on 4 acres, 3 roods and 36 perches of land for £2 15s for the land and 10s for the house.

 

[i] Difficult to read on the original census return.

This page was added on 03/03/2021.

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