Sruhaunfusta

Sruthán an Phosta

Roger Harrison

Irish Grid: M 73944 41739

 

Description:

(John O’Donovan 1806-1861)

Is the property of Lord Clonbrock held by deed for ever. It contains 104 acres, 1 rood and 20 perches, all of which is flat and dry and of a middling good quality, and the houses and roads are in good repair, and there is about 25 acres of bog in the South East of this townland. Pays for County cess £3. 4s. 9d.

 

Situation:

(John O’Donovan 1806-1861)

Lies in the S. East of the parish in the barony of Kilconnel, is bounded by Lurgan townland in this parish and by Lattoon and Clonbrock in the parish of Ahascragh in same barony.

 

This is a list of townlands that share a border with Sruhaunfusta.

 

 

Census of Ireland (1821- 1911)

The first full population census of Ireland was taken in 1821 and the first four Irish censuses were arranged by county, barony, civil parish and townland.

 

1821:  Only some fragments for small parts of county Galway survive. There are no records      for Killosolan.

1831:  The only surviving records are from Counties Antrim and Derry.

1841:  There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1851:   There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1861:  Census records for 1861 and 1871 were deliberately destroyed by the government

1881:  The records for 1881 and 1891 were pulped as waster paper during the shortages of World War I.

1901:   Full Census records are available    See below.

1911:   Full Census records are available    See below.

 

1911 Census

Overview of the townland

There were 10 houses in the townland and 9 of those were occupies and listed as private dwellings. House 10 was unoccupied and the landholder was Bridget Mannion. Houses 3 and 7 were 3rd class dwellings with all the other occupied houses were 2nd class. The occupied houses were all constructed of stone, brick or concrete walls and house 6 had slate, iron or tiled roof and all the others had thatch, wood or other perishable materials for roofing. Houses 2 and 7 had between 2 and 4 rooms and 2 windows in the front, houses 2, 5, 6, 8 and 9 had between 2 and 4 rooms and 3 windows and houses 1 and 4 had 5 rooms and 3 windows in the front. There were 23 out-buildings, a stable. 6 cow houses, a calf house, 4 piggeries, 2 fowl houses, 5 barns and 4 sheds. There were a total of 45 people, 25 males and 20 females. The enumerator for the area was Const. James Glynn.

 

House1: Delaney

Patrick (54) was the only occupant of the first house in Sruhaunfusta and he was a Roman Catholic and was born in Co. Galway. He could speak both Irish and English, could read and write and was listed as being a farmer. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 5 rooms and had a fowl house. The landholder was Patrick Delaney.

 

House 2: Mannion / Costello

The head of this family was Malachy (75) and he had been married to Margaret (74) for 46 years and they had 1 daughter. That daughter also lived in the house and she was Maria Costello (45) who had been married to Michael Costello (45) for 10 years and they had had 8 children, of which 7 had survived. Those 7 children also lived in the house and they all had the surname Costello and were, Margaret (9), James (8), Mary Delia (8), Michael (7), Ellen (6), John (5) and Thomas (3). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Malachy, Margaret (74) and Michael (45) spoke Irish and English and the others spoke only English. James and Mary Delia could read only and Maria, Michael (45) and Margaret (9) could read and write. Malachy was a retired farmer, Michael (45) was a farmer and the children were all scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and had a cow house, a piggery, a barn and a shed. The landholder was Malachy Mannion.

 

House 3: Mannion

The widow, Bridget (79) was listed as being the head of this family and she lived in the house with her son, John (38) and he had been married to Margret (26) for a year but had no children and she also lived in the house. They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Bridget spoke Irish and English while John and Margret spoke only English. Bridget could read only and John and Margret could read and write. Bridget was a farmer and John was a farmer’s son. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 4 rooms and had a cow house, a piggery and a barn. The landholder was Bridget Mannion.

 

House 4: Lyons

The head of the Lyons family in house 4 was Martin (71) who was married to Margaret (56) and had been for 33 years and in that time they had had 8 children, of which 7 had survived. They lived in the house with Martin’s sister, Ellen (70), his brother, John (59) and 3 children, James (26), Mary (20) and Catherine (20). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Margaret spoke Irish and English, Ellen could read only and the others could read and write. Both Martin and John were farmers and James was a farmer’s son. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 5 rooms and had a stable, cow house, a calf house, a piggery and a barn. The landholder was Martin Lyons.

 

House 5: Lyons

Michael (60) was listed as the head of this household and he was married to Mary (50) and had been for 20 years and they had 10 children and 7 of those had survived. Those 7 children also lived in the house with them, Martin (19), Bridget (18), John (15), William (13), Mathew (10), Peter (8) and Michael (6). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Only William could speak Irish and English but all could read and write. Michael (60) was a farmer, Martin and John were farmer’s sons and William, Mathew, Peter and Michael (6) were scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and had a barn and a shed. The landholder was Michael Lyons.

 

House 6: Tully

There were 4 members of the Tully family in house 6 and the head of that family was Laurence (68) and he lived in the house with his wife of 27 years and their 2 children, Mary Kate (26) and John (24). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Laurence spoke Irish and English and could read only while the others could all read and write. Laurence was a farmer and John was a farm labourer. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and had a cow house, a piggery and a shed. The landholder was Laurence Tully.

 

House 7: Hardiman

Bridget was listed as being the head of this family and she had been married for 23 years and had no children but there was no mention of a husband in this entry. She shared the house with her stepson, Patrick (24). They were both born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Bridget spoke Irish and English and could read only, while Patrick could read and write. Bridget was a farmer and Patrick was a farmer’s son. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 3 rooms and had a fowl house and a shed. The landholder was Thomas Hardiman.

 

House 8: Devine

The widower, John (55) was the head of this family and he shared the house with his son, Pat Joe (10) and 2 daughters, Margaret (8) and Mary (7). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. John spoke Irish and English and the children spoke only English but all could read and write. John was a farmer and the children were all scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and had a stable and a barn. The landholder was John Devine.

 

House 9: Ryan

The head of the last occupied house in Sruhaunfusta was Mary (66), who was a widow and she lived in the house with 3 of her children, John (33), Nony [sic] (25) and Thomas (21). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. John and Mary spoke Irish and English and the children could all read and write. Mary was a farmer and John and Thomas were farmer’s sons. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 4 rooms and had a stable. The landholder was Mary Ryan.

 

 

1901 Census

The 1901 census shows that there were a total of 10 houses in the townland of Sruhaunfusta and all were occupied and listed as being private dwellings. The houses were all constructed of stone, brick or concrete walls and house 7 had a slate, iron or tiled roof while all the others had only thatch, wood or other perishable materials for roofing. Houses 4 and 8 were 3rd class dwellings and the others were all 2nd class. House 4 had 1 room and 1 window, houses 8 and 10 had 2 rooms and 2 windows and all the others had between 2 and 4 rooms and 3 windows in the front. There were a total of 21 out buildings consisting of 6 stables, 6 cow houses, 4 piggeries, 3 barns and 2 turf houses. There were 45 people in the townland, 23 males and 22 females. The enumerator for the area was Const. Patrick Raftery.

 

House 1: Delany

The head of the first household in Sruhaunfusta was Bessie (88), who was unmarried and she shared the house with her nephew, Patt (44). They were both Roman Catholic and Bessie was born in Queens County[i] and Patt was born in Co. Galway. Patt could read and write and Bessie was a farmer and Patt was an agricultural labourer. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and had a stable. The landholder was Bessie Delany.

 

House 2: Mannion / Costello / Noone

Malachy (60) was the head of this household and was married to Margaret (58) and they lived in the house with their son-in-law, Michael Costello (29) and his wife, their daughter, Maria Costello (27) and also a niece Bridget Noone (14). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All of the family could speak both Irish and English with the exception of Bridget. Michael, Maria and Bridget could read and write. Malachy was a farmer, Margaret was a farmer’s wife, Michael was an agricultural labourer and Bridget was a scholar. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and had 2 stables, a piggery and a turf house. The landholder was Malachy Mannion.

 

House 3: Mannion

The widow, Bridget (68) was listed as the head of this family and she shared the house with her daughter, Catherine (32) and her son, John (30). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Bridget spoke Irish and English and could read only while both children could read and write. Bridget was a farmer, John was a farmer’s son and Catherine was a farmer’s daughter. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 2 rooms and had a cow house, a piggery and a barn. The landholder was Bridget Mannion.

 

House 4: Mannion

The sole occupant of house 4 was Mary (76), who was unmarried. She was a Roman Catholic and was born in Co. Galway. She could read and write, speak Irish and English and was listed as being a farmer. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 1 room. The landholder was Mary Mannion.

 

House 5: Lyons

There were 8 members of this household and the head of that family was Margaret (47), who was married but there was no mention of her husband in this entry. She shared the house with her sister-in-law, Ellen (50), brother-in-laws, Patt (51) and John (49) and 4 children, James (16), Michael (13), Catherine (10) and Mary (10). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Margaret spoke Irish and English and, apart from Patt, they could all read and write. Margaret was a farmer, Patt and John were agricultural labourers James was a farmer’s son and Michael, Catherine and Mary were scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and had a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a barn and a turf house. The landholder was Margaret Lyons.

 

House 6: Lyons

Michael (50) was the head of this Lyons family and he was married to Mary (40) and they shared the house with 6 of their children, Patt (14), Martin (9), Bridget (8), John (5), William (3) and Matthew (1mth). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Mary could speak both Irish and English and Mary and Patt could read only and Michael could read and write. Michael was a farmer, Mary was a farmer’s wife, Patt was a farmer’s son and Martin, Bridget, John and William were scholars. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 3 rooms and had a barn. The landholder was Michl Lyons.

 

House 7: Tully

Laurence (40) was the head of this household and he was married to Mary (40) and they lived with their daughter, Mary (13) and son, John (12). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Laurence spoke Irish and English and all could read and write. Laurence was listed as being a farmer, Mary (40) was a farmer’s wife, Mary (13) was a farmer’s daughter and John was a scholar. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 2 rooms and had a stable and a cow house. The landholder was Laurence Tully.

 

House 8: Hardiman

Of the 4 members of this household, Thomas (40) was the head and he was married to Bridget (50) and they lived in the house with their son, Patrick (14) and Thomas’ widowed mother, Sabina (65). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Thomas, Bridget and Sabina all spoke Irish and English. Bridget and Sabina could not read, Patrick could read only and Thomas could read and write. Thomas was listed as being a farmer, Bridget was a farmer’s wife and Patrick was a farmer’s son. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 2 rooms and had a cow house. The landholder was Thos Hardiman.

 

House 9: Devine

John (40) was the head of this Devine family and was married to Catherine (35) and they shared the house with their son Patrick (1mth) and John’s widowed mother, Margaret (60). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. John and Margaret spoke Irish and English. Patrick and Margaret could not read, Catherine could read only and John could read and write. John was a farmer and Catherine was a farmer’s wife. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with 2 rooms and had a stable, a cow house and a piggery. The landholder was John Devine.

 

House 10: Ryan

The widow, Mary (50) was listed as being the head of the last household and she shared the house with 5 of her children, John (20), Patrick (18), Honoria (16), Bridget (14) and Thomas (12). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Mary spoke Irish and English but only John and Patrick could read and write. Mary was a farmer, John and Patrick were farmer’s sons, Honoria and Bridget were farmer’s daughters and Thomas was a scholar. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 2 rooms and had a cow house. The landholder was Mary Ryan.

 

Griffith’s Valuation (1847-1864)

Lord Clonbrock was the immediate lessor for all the tenements in Sruhaunfusta and leased tenements to the following:

 

John Ryan leased a house on 4 acres, 2 roods and 5 perches of land for £1 15s for the land and 10s for the house, Mary Raftery leased a house and office on 4 acres, 1 rood and 5 perches of land for 31 15s for the land and 10s for the buildings and Mark Foley leased a house with 1 acre, 2 roods and 5 perches of land for 15s for the land and 10s for the house. Laurence Raftery leased 2 tenements, the first was a house and office on 5 acres, 1 rood and 38 perches of land for £2 5s for the land and 15s for the buildings, and the second was 3 roods and 25 perches of land for £1 15s and Michael Lyons leased a house with 5 acres of land for £2 for the land and 10s for the house. Thomas Lyons leased a house and offices on 10 acres and 30 perches of land for £4 15s for the land and 12s for the buildings and also 13 acres and 26 perches of land for £3 10s. Michael Mannion Jnr paid £3 10s for 8 acres, 3 roods and 28 perches of land and 10s for a house and office, Bridget Ratigan [sic] paid 4s for a garden of 1 rood and 12 perches and 5s for a house and Bridget Mannion paid 6s for a garden of 2 roods and 25 perches. Michael Mannion leased a house and office on 5 acres and 30 perches of land for £2 for the land and 15s for the buildings and Matthew Delaney leased a house and 7 acres and 35 perches of land for £3 for the land and 12s for the house. John P. Gilmore paid £1 for 2 acres and 10 perches of land and also £1 12s for another plot of land of 5 acres and 27 perches, Michael Gilmore also leased 2 plots, the first was 2 acres, 3 roods and 15 perches of land for 17s and £1 10s for 5 acres and 17 perches of land and John W. Gilmore leased 5 acres, 2 roods and 8 perches of land for £1 12s. Michael and John Carr leased 1 acre, 2 roods and 33 perches of land for 5s and Lord Clonbrock had 31 acres 2 roods and 37 perches of land that had an annual ratable valuation of £1 10s.

[i] Co. Laois

This page was added on 06/05/2021.

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