Clooncona – Cluan Cóna – Lawn of the Fire Wood – Cluain Cuanna

The first reference to this townland found in the Ordnance Survey Name Books, was during the reign of James I (1603-1625), and it was written as Clonconebeg and Clowncoana.  At the time of William III (1689-1702), it was referred to as Cluoanconabegg and Cloncona.   The Irish version of the name was given as Cluan Cóna, meaning lawn of the fire wood.  George D.H. Kirkaldy wrote the name as Clooncona and Rev. Francis Coghlan as Cluancona.  The OS Books perceived Clooncona to be the standard name.  It is now officially spelt as Cluain Cuanna.

Location

Research showed another distinct townland, named Cloonconabeg, situated east of this townland.   It was separated from Cloncona by the townlands of Caher, Coolbawn, Conor’s Park, Ardane and Cahir in the parish of Killimorbologue.   Cloonacusha, Cappachulla, Nutgrove, Kilmurray and Carhoon in the parish of Tynagh border Clooncona.  Described as a townland with a village of the same name, it had several houses, three limekilns, a lime stone quarry, nurseries, and a children’s burial ground (Lisheenduff fort).  The townland was arable with the exception of about twenty acres of bog.  A school house in this townland was shown on the Ordnance Survey Map 1838.

Census 1841, 1851

Census statistics recorded the population in 1841 as two hundred and three people living in thirty four houses.  1851 records showed a decline after the famine, to one hundred and twenty five people living in twenty five houses.

Griffith’s Valuation 1855

The Marquis of Clanricarde was the landowner at the time of Griffith’s Valuation, owning two hundred and fifty six acres and two roods, divided into fourteen holdings.  These holdings ranged in size from twenty six acres and ten roods, to fifteen acres and five roods, down to one acre and eighteen roods.  Thomas Mannion held offices (sheds).  A house, office and land, were held by Denis Mullin, John Mourne, Michael Head, Michael Horan, Edmond Costilloe, James Costelloe, Mary Costelloe (Jas.), Michael Hearne, Mary Mooney and Patrick Boughan.  Three tenants, Patrick Gormley, Mary Costelloe (Martin) and Laurence Mitchell each owned a house, office(s) and land on which was a cottier’s house.

Census 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891

Census statistics showed a decline in population between 1861 and 1871; in 1861 eighty nine people occupied seventeen houses, 1871 showed sixty seven people living in thirteen houses and in 1881 seventy three people resided in eleven houses.  In 1891 there were 64 people in 11 houses in the townland of Clooncona.

1901 Census

Thomas Mitchell

House No. 1 was recorded in form A as that of Thomas Mitchell, a 58 year old farmer and head of family in 1901.  He was married to Bridget, aged 56.  Their daughter Mary was aged 24, Annie was 22, Lucy was 18, Delia, 16, Josephine, 15, and all described as farmer’s daughters.  Their sons were Patrick, aged 14, Laurence 13, Thomas 11, James 9 and Ambrose 8.  Laurence, James and Ambrose were scholars and Thomas and Patrick were recorded as farmer’s sons.  All the family, except Thomas, could read and write and he was recorded as being dumb.  They were all Roman Catholic and all born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 – House and Building Return listed Thomas Mitchell as the landholder on whose land their 1st class private dwelling was built.  It had walls of stone/brick or concrete and the roof was slate/iron or tiles.  The house had 7 windows to the front and they occupied 6 rooms.  Their 5 out-offices, recorded on Form B 2 – Return of Out-Offices and Farm-Steadings were: a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a fowl house and a barn.

Thomas Mitchell signed the census form which was collected on April 1st.

Constable Patrick Mawn, was the Enumerator.

Patrick Bohan

Patrick Bohan and his family were the occupants of house 2 in Clooncona.  Patrick was head of family, a farmer, aged 50 and widowed.  He could read.  His daughter Anne Maria was 3.  His sister Cathern (sic), aged 30, could read and write and was described as farmer’s daughter and not married.

Form B 1 records Patrick Bohan as the landholder and his 2nd class private dwelling had walls of stone/brick or concrete and a roof of thatch or wood.  They occupied 3 rooms.  The house had 3 windows to the front.

Their 2 out-offices were a stable and a piggery.

Patrick’s mark x on the census form was witnessed by Constable Patrick Mawn, who was also the Enumerator and it was collected April 1st.

James Keary

Residents of house 3, which were recorded on Form A, were James Keary and his family.  James was head of family and was aged 75 years and was widowed.  He spoke Irish and English.  His sons, Martin, aged 50 and Thomas, aged 40, were described as farmer’s sons.  His daughter Catherine was 30 and she and Martin were recorded as married.  All the family could read and write.  They were all Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 listed James Keary as a landholder and his 2nd class private dwelling had 3 front windows.  The walls were of stone/brick or concrete and the roof was thatch or wood.  The family occupied 3 rooms.

Their 5 out-offices, listed on Form B 2 were a stable, a cow house, a calf house, a piggery and a barn.

James Keary signed the census form which was collected on April 1st.  Patrick Mawn, Constable, was the Enumerator.

John Moran

House No. 4 was the residence of John Moran who was head of family.  He was a 40 year old farmer and married to Mary, 32.  They both could read and write.  Their 4 daughters, Winifred 3, Anne 2, Bridget 1 and 11 month old Josephine could not read.  A visitor named Cathern Joint, aged 22, and listed as farmer’s daughter, would read and write and was not married.  They were all Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

James Moran was the landholder and his 2nd class home was of stone/brick or concrete with thatch or wood roof.  It had 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Their 3 out-offices consisted of 1 stable, 1 cow house and 1 barn.

Constable Patrick Mawn, was the Enumerator and James Moran signed the census form which was collected 1st April.

John Gormally

Form A of the 1901 census shows John Gormally as a 60 year old farmer, head of family and was married to Margaret who was also 60.  They both could read.  Their son John, 27, a farmer’s son, could read and write and their daughter Anne 15, a scholar, could also read and write.  They were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 shows John Gormally was the landholder on whose land their 2ndclass private dwelling was built.  It had walls of stone/brick or concrete and a thatch or wood roof with 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Recorded on Form B 2 were their 2 out-offices which were a stable and a barn.

John Gormally signed the census form and Patrick Mawn, Constable, was the Enumerator.  It was collected 1st April.

Martin Costello

House 6 in Clooncona in 1901 and recorded on Form A of the census return was that of Martin Costello, and he was listed as head of family.  He was a 73 year old farmer who was married to Sarah who was 65.  Their sons were Michael 36, a shoemaker, John 33, listed as farmer’s son, as was Patrick, aged 30.   The boys were not married.  All could read and write.  They were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 – House and Building Return listed Martin Costello as the landholder and their 2nd class private dwelling was of stone/brick or concrete with a thatch or wood roof.  It had 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Their 4 out-offices were given in Form B 2 as a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a barn.

Michael Costello signed the census form which was collected on April 1st.

Patrick Mawn, Constable, was the Enumerator.

John Hearne

Form A of the census returns shows John Hearne as head of family, 38, a widower, and a farmer in house 7 in 1901.  His sister Margaret, aged 34, was not married and listed as farmer’s daughter.  William Moran was a 17 year old, farm servant, not married, and could read.  Edward Moran, aged 13, was also a farm servant and could not read.  All were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 shows that house 7 was built on John Hearne’s own land.  It was 2ndclass with walls of stone/brick or concrete and wood or thatch roof with 3 windows to the front.  The family occupied 3 rooms.

Listed on Form B 2 were their 7 out-offices: a stable, a cow house, a calf house, a piggery, a fowl house, a barn and a turf house.

The Enumerator was Patrick Mawn, Constable.  The census form, which was collected on April 1st, was signed by John Hearne.

James Costelloe

In house 8 in Clooncona in 1901 James Costelloe was listed as head of family.  He was a 60 year old farmer who was not married and could read and write.  His brother Peter, 58, was also listed as farmer, was also not married and he could not read.  They were both born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic.

Form B 1 – House and Building Return shows that James Costelloe was the landholder where his 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The roof was thatch or wood and the walls were stone/brick or concrete.  The house had 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

A stable, a barn, and cow house were given as their out-offices on Form B 2.

Patrick Costelloe signed the census form which was collected on April 1st.  Patrick Mawn, Constable, was the Enumerator.

Denis Horan

Form A, lists Denis Horan, aged 34, as head of family in house 9 in 1901.  His occupation was given as farmer and he was not married.  His sister, listed as farmer’s daughter, was 36 and she was not married.  His niece, Frances Josephine Rock, aged 13, and a scholar, was born in Queens County.  The others were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic.  They could all read and write.

Form B 1 shows that their private dwelling was built on Denis’s holding and was described as 2nd class, with walls of stone/brick or concrete and a slate/iron or tiled roof.  The house had 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Their out-office was a barn given on Form B 2.

Denis Horan signed the census form which was collected on 1st April.  Patrick Mawn, Constable, was the Enumerator.

James Costello

Listed in the census return, Form A, for house 10 in Clooncona was James Costello who was head of family.  He was a 65 year old farmer and was married to Mary, 55, who could speak Irish and English.  James’s niece, Honoria Caecy, was a 15 year old farmer’s daughter, and they all could read and write.  They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic.

James Costello was the landholder on whose land his 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The walls were of stone/brick or concrete and the roof was thatch or wood, with 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Form B 2 shows their 2 out-offices were a stable and a cow house.

James Costelloe signed the census form and the Enumerator was Constable Patrick Mawn.  It was collected on 1st April.

Anne Head

House 11 in Clooncona in 1901 was listed as that of Anne Head who was head of family.  She was a widowed, 48 year old, farmer.  Her son Michael, 19, a farmer’s son, was not married.  Her daughter, Bridget 17, a farmer’s daughter was also not married.  Cathern 13, and John 10, were both scholars.  They all could read and write, were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

Anne Head was the landholder on whose land her 2nd class private dwelling was built with walls of stone/brick or concrete and thatch or wood roof.  Their house had 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Form B 2 lists their 3 out-offices as a stable, a cow house and a piggery.

Constable Patrick Mawn was the Enumerator.  Anne Heade signed the census form and it was collected on 1st April.

1911 Census

Thomas Mitchell

Form A of the 1911 census return for the townland of Clooncona, in the Moat electoral division, shows Thomas Mitchell, in house 1, as head of family.  He was a 68 year old farmer and his wife Bridget was 66.  They were married 33 years, had 12 children, with 10 living.  They had 5 sons who were not married.  Patrick aged 24, Lawrence, 23, Thomas, 20, James, 19 and Ambrose 17 were all recorded as farmer’s sons.  His daughter Delia, aged 22, a farmer’s daughter, was single.  They could all read and write except Thomas who was listed as dumb.  They were all Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 – House and Building Return lists Thomas Mitchell as the landholder on whose land their 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The walls were of stone/brick or concrete and the roof was of iron/slate or tiles.  It had 5 front windows and the family occupied 6 rooms.

Form B 2 lists their 9 out-offices as: a stable, a cow house, a calf house, 2 piggeries, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 2 sheds.

Constable William Pender was the Enumerator.  Thomas Mitchell signed the census form and it was collected 4th April.

John Costilloe

Form A shows John Costilloe as head of family in house 2.  He was 40, a farmer and married for 6 years to Eliza, aged 35.  Their children were, Martin Joseph, aged 5, Edward, aged 3, Mary 2 and Thos Michael was 3 months old.  John’s mother Sarah was an old-age-pensioner and widowed.  Only the 3 adults could read and write.  They were Roman Catholic and all were born in Co. Galway.

John Costilloe was the landholder on whose land their 3rd class private dwelling was built.  The walls were of mud/wood or other perishable material with thatch or wood roof with 3 front windows.  They occupied 3 rooms.

Form B 2 shows their 7 out-offices were: a stable, a cow house, a calf house, 2 piggeries, a fowl house, a barn and 2 sheds.

John Costello signed the census form which was collected on April 4th.

Constable William Pender was the Enumerator.

Martin Keary

House 3, in Form A, of the 1911 census was occupied by Martin Keary who was head of family.  He was a 55 year old farmer who was married for 11 years to Catherine who was 36.  They had 1 child born alive but none still living.  They both could read and write.  John Whelan, aged 56, a farm servant, was single.  He could not read.  They were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 records Martin Keary held the land where his 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The walls were of stone/brick or concrete and the roof was thatch or wood.  It had 3 front windows and they occupied 4 rooms.

Their 3 out-offices were a stable, a cow house and a piggery.

Martin Keary signed the census form.  It was collected April 4th.  Constable William Pender was the Enumerator.

John Hearne

Head of family in house 4 in 1911 was John Hearne.  He was a 47 year old farmer and was married to Mary, aged 40.  They were 7 years married and had 2 living children – James Stephen, aged 6, and Mary, aged 4.  They were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 – House and Building Return shows John Hearne held the land on which his 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The walls were of stone/brick or concrete and a thatch or wood roof, with 3 front windows.  They occupied 3 rooms.

Their 5 out-offices listed on Form B 2 were: 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 1 shed.

John Hearne signed the census form which was collected on April 4th.

Constable William Pender was the Enumerator.

John Moran

Census return for house 5 in Clooncona lists John Moran as head of a family of 11 people.  He was 55, a farmer, and married to Mary for 17 years with 10 children still living.  Nine of the children are listed and all were scholars.  They were: Winifred 14, Annie 13, Lilly 12, Josephine 11, Kathleen 10, Eliza 9, Ellen 8, Gretta 7, and Elena 6.  All could read and write except the 3 younger children.  All were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

John Moran was the land holder and his 2nd class private dwelling was of stone/brick or concrete with a thatch of wood roof, 3 front windows and 3 rooms were occupied by the family.

A stable, a cow house, a piggery, and a fowl house were listed in Form B 2 for house 5.

John Moran signed the census form.  It was collected on 4th April.  William Pender, Constable, was the Enumerator.

John Gormally

Head of family in house 6 was John Gormally.  He was a 71 year old farmer and his wife Margaret was 70.  They were married 42 years and had 7 children with 5 still living.  Their son, John, 36, was single and his occupation was given as farmer’s son.  Their daughter, Anne, aged 23, was single and a farmer’s daughter.  The 3 youngest children listed were: Ambrose 9, Margaret 11, Mary 7, and all were scholars and were born in America.  All the others were born in Co. Galway.  The 2 girls were listed as nieces and Ambrose as a son.

Form B 1 shows John Gormally held the land on which their private dwelling was built.  The walls were of stone/brick or concrete with a thatch or wood roof.  They had 3 front windows and occupied 3 rooms.

Their 6 out-offices were: 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 1 shed.

Constable William Pender was the Enumerator and John Gormally signed the census form which was collected on 4th April.

Patrick Bohan

The Bohan family resided in house 7 in Clooncona in 1911.  Patrick Bohan, listed as head of family, was a 60 year old farmer, could not read, and was widowed.   His 15 year old daughter Anne Maria, a scholar, along with Patrick’s sister, Catherine, aged 43, were single.  They both could read and write.  Anne Maria spoke Irish and English.  They were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway.

Patrick Bohan was the landholder and his 2nd class private dwelling was built on his holding.  The walls were of stone/brick or concrete and it had a thatch or wood roof with 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Form B 2 shows they had a cow house, a fowl house, a barn and a shed as out-offices.

Patrick Bohan signed the census form which was collected on April 4th.

Constable William Pender was the Enumerator.

James Costilloe

Head of family in house 8 in Clooncona was James Costilloe, a farmer, aged 73 and single.  His brother Peter, 72, was also a single man, and a farmer.  Both men could not read.  Michael Broderick, 20, a farm labourer could read and write and was also single.  They were all Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 shows that James Costilloe owned the land on which his 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The walls were of stone/brick or concrete with a thatch or wood roof.  They occupied 3 rooms and the house had 3 front windows.

Their 5 out-offices were: a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a fowl house and a shed.

James Costilloe’s signature is on the census form which was collected on April 4th.

William Pender, Constable, was the Enumerator.

Denis Horan

House 9 was the residence of the Horan family.  Denis Horan, 60, was a farmer and head of family.  He was married to Margaret, 45, for 6 years.  They had 2 children with 1 still living.  Michael John, their son, was aged 3 in 1911.  The parents could read and write and were Roman Catholic.  They were all born in Co. Galway.

Denis Horan was the landholder and his 2nd class private dwelling had walls of stone/brick or concrete and a roof of slate/iron or tiles.  The house had 3 front windows and they occupied 4 rooms.

Form B 2 shows they had a cow house and a piggery as out-offices.

Constable William Pender was the Enumerator.  Denis Horan signed the census form which was collected on April 4th 1911.

Annie Hedd

Form A of the census lists Annie Hedd as a 62 year old widow, a farmer and head of family.

Her daughter, Bridget, 26, was single and her occupation was given as farmer’s daughter, and she could read and write.  Her son, John, 18, was single and his occupation was farmer’s son.  All 3 could read and write.  They were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

Annie Hedd was the landholder on whose land her 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The walls were of stone/brick or concrete and the roof was thatch or wood with 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Form B 2 shows her 3 out-offices consisted of 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 fowl house.

Annie Heade signed the census form and William Pender, Constable, was the Enumerator.  It was collected on April 4th.

This page was added on 17/02/2017.

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