Kilmore – Kylemore – Coill Mór – Great Wood – An Choill Mhór

There are variations of the spelling of this townland name. The standard name, as recorded in the Ordnance Survey Name Books was Kuilemore and Kilmore, and the Irish version as Coill Mór, meaning great wood.  George D.H. Kirkaldy spelled the name Killmore, while Rev. Francis Coghlan used Kilemore.  The Placenames Commission records it today as An Choill Mhór.  Hely Dutton’s Survey of 1822 denotes the presence of Chalybeate wells  in Ireland.  He lists many of them including ‘another at Killimor much used’.  This presumably was the now disused well at Spa in Kylemore.

In the 1830s the townland contained a few farmhouses and limekilns, two Danish forts, a trigl. station, a portion of bog, the remainder of the land being arable and pasture.  The Ordnance Survey Map denoted the presence of a souterrain.

Location

Kilmore is bordered by Derradda, Lisaniska South, Heathlawn and Garryad and Garryduff in Killimorbologue and by Muingbawn South and Cloonkelagh in Kilquain.

Census 1841, 1851

Census statistics showed one hundred and twenty four people in twenty two houses in 1841, and by 1851 one hundred and thirteen people occupied twenty one houses.

Griffith’s Valuation 1855

The total acreage at the time of Griffith’s Valuation, was three hundred and forty nine acres, one rood and twenty six perches.  Lord Dunsandle owned all of the land, and held only thirty seven perches for himself, on which was a cottier’s house and garden.  James Hanny, Malachy Curley, Michael Curley, Patrick Madden and Edward Walsh, between them, held fifty six acres, three roods and five perches of bog, at a total annual valuation of £0.5s.0d.  A separate area of bog, containing eight acres two roods and sixteen perches, was leased out to Patrick Moran, Anne Callanan, Michael Carey, James Carey, Thomas Carey and Peter Hanny.  Tenants holding land only were Patrick Guilfoyle and Thomas Hobbs, who between them, rented four acres three roods and twenty four perches.  Patrick Guilfoyle held a separate plot of four acres, two roods and twenty four perches.   Patrick Moran, Anne Callanan, James Carey and Michael Hanny held a house and land each.  Tenants of the holdings containing a house, offices (sheds) and land were: Michael Carey who also held four gardens, James Hanny, Thomas Carey, Peter Hanny, Malachy Curley, Patrick Flanagan, Michael Curley, Patrick Madden, John Egan and Edward Walsh.

Census 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891

Census statistics showed that in 1861, one hundred and twenty five people lived in twenty one houses; 1871 statistics showed a decline to one hundred and one people occupying twenty houses.  This trend continued with seventy five people in fourteen houses by 1881 and sixty nine people residing in fourteen houses in 1891.  Statistics recorded that this decrease was principally attributed to emigration.

1901 Census

Fourteen houses were listed for Kilmore in the 1901 census, thirteen of which were occupied.

John Callanan

Form A of the census showed that John Callanan was an agricultural labourer, aged 57.  He was single, Roman Catholic, born in Co. Galway and could read and write.

Form B 1 – House and Building Return – recorded Pat Hanney as the landholder on whose holding John’s 2nd class house stood.  The house had 2 rooms, 3 front windows, a thatch or wood roof, and stone, brick or concrete walls.

No out-offices were listed for house 12 on Form B 2 – Return of Out-Offices and Farm – Steadings.

The census form, signed by John Callanan, was collected on 8th April.  Jno. E. Harte, Constable, was the Enumerator.

Kieran Curley

Form A recorded Kieran Curley, his wife Mary and their 4 children as residents of house 13.  Kieran, a farmer, was aged 65 and Mary was 50.  The daughter, Bridget, was 21, the older son, Kieran, was 18, next was Patrick who was 13 and the younger son, James, was 9 years.  All family members were born in Co. Galway and could read and write.  Bridget and Kieran’s occupation were given as farmer’s daughter and farmer’s son.  Patrick and James were scholars.

Form B 1 showed that Kieran’s house and out-offices stood on his own holding.  The 2nd class house had a thatch or wood roof, stone, brick or concrete walls, 3 front windows and 3 rooms were occupied by the family.

The 5 out-offices listed on Form B 2 were a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a barn and a shed.

Jno. E. Harte, Constable, was the Enumerator.  The census form, signed by Kieran Curley, was collected on 8th April.

James Moran

James Moran, aged 43, was a farmer and head of family.  His wife, Bridget, was 40.  Their children were: John, who was 19 and listed as a farmer’s son, Bridget, aged 12 and Ellen, 10.  Both girls were scholars.  All family members were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.  James, Bridget, (daughter) and Ellen could read and write, whereas John and his mother, Bridget, were unable to do so.

The Moran’s private dwelling, a 2nd class house, was built on James’s holding.  It had a thatch or wood roof, stone, brick or concrete walls, 2 windows in front and 2 rooms occupied by the family.

Form B 2 recorded that there were 2 out-offices on the holding: a piggery and a cow house.

James Moran signed the census form which was collected on 8th April.  The Enumerator was Jno. E. Harte, Constable.

James Keating

James Keating, an unmarried farmer, was aged 56.  In the house with him were his nephew, John, 26, John’s wife, Mary, who was 24 and John’s and Mary’s son, 1 year old Pat.  All were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.  James and John were unable to read but Mary could read and write.

Form B 1- House and Building Return – showed that the Keating’s private dwelling, a 2nd class house, was built on James’s holding.  The house had a thatch or wood roof, stone, brick or concrete walls, 3 front windows and 3 rooms.

Five out-offices stood on the holding and they included a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a barn and a shed.

The Enumerator, Jno. E. Harte, Constable, witnessed James Keating’s mark x on the census form.  The form was collected on 8th April.

John Keary

John Keary and his wife, Mary, were residents of house 3 according to Form A of the 1901 census for Kilmore.  John, a farmer, was 55 and Mary was aged 52.  Both were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.  Neither person was able to read.

Their house, listed as 2nd class, was built on John’s holding.  It had 3 rooms, 3 front windows, a thatch or wood roof and stone, brick or concrete walls.

The 3 out-offices on the holding were a stable, a cow house and a piggery.

John Keary’s mark x on the census form was witnessed by the Enumerator, Jno. E. Harte, Constable.  The form was collected on 8th April.

Thomas Keary

Form A showed that Thomas Keary was a 45 year old farmer.  With him in house 4 were his wife, Mary, their 8 children and Thomas’s mother, Bridget.  Mary was aged 40 and Bridget was 78.  The children were: Bridget aged 16, Thomas who was 14, next was 12 year old Mary, Pat was 10, the 3rd son John was 8, the next girl, Kathleen, was 5, James was 3 and the younger daughter, Margaret, was 2 months old.  All family members were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic.  Thomas, Mary, Bridget, Thomas (son), Mary (daughter) and Pat could read and write.  John and Kathleen were able to read.  Bridget (senior) was unable to read but spoke Irish and English as did her daughter-in-law, Mary.  Bridget’s occupation was given as farmer’s daughter and her siblings, Thomas, Mary, Pat, John and Kathleen were scholars.  One person in the house was documented as being sick on 31st March.

Thomas Keary’s 2nd class house had 3 rooms occupied by the family, 3 front windows, a thatch or wood roof, and brick, stone or concrete walls.

Their private dwelling and 5 out-offices were situated on Thomas’s holding.

Among the out-offices were a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a barn and a shed.

Thomas Keary signed the census form which was collected on 8th April.  The Enumerator was Jno. E. Harte, Constable.

James Hanney 

James Hanney, his wife Maggie, their 3 children and a visitor, named Denis Hanney, were residents of house 5.  James, a farmer, was 55 and Maggie was 53.  John, the elder son, was 18, Bernard was 16 and the daughter, Anne, was 13.  Denis was aged 24 and was an agricultural labourer.  John and Bernard were listed as farmer’s sons and Anne was a scholar.  All the occupants could read and write, were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

James Hanney’s private dwelling, a 2nd class house, had stone, brick or concrete walls, a slate/iron or tile roof, 3 front windows and 3 rooms.  James’s own holding was the site on which his house and 3 out-offices stood.

The out-offices recorded on Form B 2 – Return of Out-Offices and Farm-Steadings – were a stable, a cow house and a piggery.

The census form, signed by James Hanney, was collected on 8th April.  The Enumerator was Jno. E. Harte, Constable.

Ellen Tierney

Ellen Tierney was a 45 year old widow and listed as head of family.  Her son, Patrick, was 14 and her widowed mother-in-law, Catherine, was aged 80.  All 3 were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.  Catherine could read and spoke Irish and English; Ellen and Patrick were able to read and write.

James Hanney was the landholder on whose holding Ellen’s house was situated.  The house, listed as 3rd class, had 2 rooms, 2 front windows, a thatch or wood roof, and stone/brick or concrete walls.

No out-offices were recorded.

Ellen Tierney signed the census form which was collected on 8th April.  Jno. E. Harte, Constable, was the Enumerator.

Thomas Murphy 

Thomas Murphy, a farmer, aged 53, lived with his wife, Anne, and his widowed mother, also named Anne.  His wife was 52 and his mother was 78 years.  The 3 residents were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic.  Anne (wife) could read but neither Thomas nor his mother could do so.

Thomas Murphy’s private dwelling and 4 out-offices were built on his own holding.  The 2nd class house had brick, stone or concrete walls, a thatch or woof roof, 3 windows in front and 3 rooms occupied by the family.

The out-offices included a shed, a cow house, a piggery and a stable.

Thomas Murphy’s mark x on the census form was witnessed by the Enumerator, Jno. E. Harte, Constable.  The form was collected on April 8th.

Catherine Goode

Catherine Goode, a farmer, lived with her son and daughter.  Catherine was aged 68; her unmarried son, Thomas, was 38 and her unmarried daughter, Mary A, was 25 years.  The children’s occupation was given as farmer’s son and farmer’s daughter.  The 3 family members were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.  Catherine spoke Irish and English but was unable to read; Thomas could read and Mary A could read and write.

Catherine owned the holding on which her private dwelling was built.  The 2ndclass house had 3 rooms occupied by the family, stone, brick or concrete walls, a thatch or wood roof, and 3 windows in front.

She also had 4 out-offices on the holding: a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a calf house.

The Enumerator, Jno. E. Harte, Constable, witnessed Catherine Goode’s mark x on the census form.  The form was collected on 8th April.

Patrick Hanney

Patrick Hanney, aged 57, was a farmer, widower and head of family.  His unmarried sons and daughter and a visitor were in the house with him.  The older son, Edward, was 21, Patrick was 20, and daughter, Winifred, was 18 and the visitor, Agnes White who was Patrick’s niece, was aged 16.  The 5 residents were Roman Catholic, born in Co. Galway and were able to read and write.

Hanney’s private dwelling, a 2nd class house, was built on Patrick’s holding.  The walls were of stone, brick or concrete, the roof was thatch or wood, there were 3 front windows and 3 rooms were occupied by the family.

Four out-offices were recorded: 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Patrick Hanney signed the census form which was collected on 8th April.  Jno. E. Harte, Constable, was the Enumerator.

James Egan 

James Egan, his wife, Honor, his daughter, Mary, and his sister Margaret, were residents of house 11.  James, a farmer and head of family, was 40, Honor was 35, Mary was 1 year old and Margaret was 30.  All were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.  James could read and Honor and Margaret were able to read and write.  In addition, Honor spoke Irish and English.

James owned the holding on which his 2nd class house and out-offices were situated.  The house had 3 rooms, 3 front windows, a thatch or wood roof and stone/brick or concrete walls.

The 4 out-offices were a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a barn.

The Enumerator, Jno. E. Harte, Constable, witnessed James Egan’s mark x on the census form.  The form was collected on 8th April.

Dinah Walsh

Dinah Walsh and her unmarried sons and daughters were residents of house 12 in Kilmore.  Dinah was a 73 year old farmer who was listed as a widow and head of family.  The older son, Thomas, was 35, Kate was 32, the second son, Edward, was 30, and the younger daughter, Anne, was 24.  Their occupation was recorded as farmer’s sons and farmer’s daughters.  All family members were Church of Ireland, born in Co. Galway and could read and write.

Dinah’s private dwelling, a 2nd class house, and 7 out-offices were situated on her own holding.  The house had brick, stone or concrete walls, a thatch or wood roof, 3 front windows and 4 rooms occupied by the family.

The out-offices listed were 1 shed, 1 barn, 1 fowl house, 1 piggery, 1 cow house and 2 stables.

Dinah Walsh signed the census form which was collected on 8th April.  Jno. E. Harte, Constable was the Enumerator.

No. 14

Form B 2 showed 2 out-offices, a cow house and a piggery on a holding which named Catherine Goode as the landholder.

1911 Census

The 1911 census recorded fourteen houses, thirteen ‘Built’ and one ‘Building’.  The name Dinah Walsh no longer appeared.

Thomas Walsh

Thomas Walsh, aged 44, was an unmarried farmer.  His brother, Edward, and his sister Katie, were in the house with him.  Edward was 42 and single; Katie was 40 and also single.  The 3 family members were born in Co. Galway, belonged to the Irish Church and could read and write.

The Walsh’s private dwelling, a 2nd class house, was built on Thomas’s holding.  Four rooms of the house were occupied by the family; the walls were stone, brick or concrete, the roof was thatch or wood and there were 3 windows in front.

Seven out-offices stood on the holding: a barn, a piggery, a cow house, a calf house, a coach house and 2 stables.

Thomas Walsh signed the census form which was collected on 20th April.  The Enumerator was J.M. Mullooly, Constable.

Mary Curley 

Mary Curley, her 2 sons and her daughter were residents of house 2 in 1911.  Mary was a 60 year old widow and head of family.  The 2 sons were farmers; John was 31 and Patrick was 23 and both were single.  Bridget, the daughter, was 29 and she too was single.  All the Curley family were Roman Catholic, born in Co. Galway and could read and write.

Mary Curley’s private dwelling and out-offices were on her own holding.  The 2nd class house had a thatch or wood roof, stone, brick or concrete walls, 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupied by the family.

The 5 out-offices were a stable, a cow house, a calf house, a piggery and a barn.

The census form, signed by Mary Curley, was collected on 20th April.  The Enumerator was J.M. Mullooly, Constable.

Honoria Egan 

Honoria Egan was a widow, aged 40, and was listed as head of family.  In the house with her were her 11 year old daughter, Mary, a scholar, and her sister, Catherine Shiel, who was 37 and single.  All 3 were born in Co. Galway, were Roman Catholic, could read and write and spoke Irish and English.

Honoria was the landholder on whose holding her private dwelling, a 2nd class house, stood.  The house had 3 rooms, 3 windows in front, a thatch or wood roof and stone, brick or concrete walls.

There were 4 out-offices on the holding and they included a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a barn.

Honoria Egan signed the census form which was collected on 20th April.  J.M. Mullooly, Constable, was the Enumerator.

Edward Hanney

Edward Hanney, a farmer, his wife, Mary, and his daughter, Mary Catherine, were residents of house 4.  Edward, aged 33, and Mary who was 31, were married over a year and Mary Catherine was 4 months old.  Parents and child were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic.  Edward and Mary were both able to read.  On Form A Edward was named as head of family while on Form B 1 Patrick Hanney, with the letter x beside his name, was recorded as being the head of family.

Patrick Hanney was the landholder on whose holding Edward’s 2nd class house and out-offices were situated.  The house had stone, brick or concrete walls, a thatch or wood roof, 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupied by the family.

The 6 out-offices were a stable, a cow house, a calf house, a piggery, a fowl house and a barn.

The census form, signed by Edward Hanney, was collected on 20th April.  The Enumerator was J.M. Mullooly, Constable.

Thomas Goode

Thomas Goode was aged 42 and single.  His occupation was given as farmer.  He was born in Co. Galway and was Roman Catholic.  Thomas was unable to read.

His private dwelling, a 2nd class house, was built on his own holding.  It had 3 rooms, 3 front windows, a thatch or wood roof and stone, brick or concrete walls.

There was 1 out-office, a stable, on the holding.

Thomas Goode’s mark x on the census form was witnessed by the Enumerator, J.M. Mullooly, Constable.  The form was collected on 20th April.

Honoria Murphy

Honoria Murphy was a 71 year old widow.  With her in the house was her son, Michael Treacy, who was a farmer, aged 20 and single.  Honoria was unable to read while Michael could read and write.  Mother and son were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic.

Honoria’s 2nd class house and 3 out-offices stood on her own holding.  The private dwelling had brick, stone or concrete walls, a thatch or wood roof, 3 windows in front, and 3 rooms.

Included in the out-offices were a stable, a piggery and a fowl house.

The census form was collected on 20th April.  Honoria Murphy’s mark x on the form was witnessed by J.M. Mullooly, Constable, who was also the Enumerator.

John Hanney

John Hanney, his brother Bernard, and his mother Margret (sic) were residents of house 7.  John, a farmer and head of family, was aged 28, Bernard, a carpenter, was 26 and Margret, a widow, was 67 years.  All 3 persons were Roman Catholic, born in Co Galway and could read and write.

John Hanney owned the holding on which his house was situated.  This 2ndclass house had 5 rooms, 4 front windows, a slate, iron or tile roof and stone, brick or concrete walls.

Three out-offices were listed on the holding: a stable, a coach house and a barn.

John Hanney signed Form A which was collected on 20th April.  The Enumerator was J.M. Mullooly, Constable.

Thomas Keary

Thomas Keary was 56 in 1911 and his wife, Mary, was 50.  They were married for 29 years and had 6 children all of whom were living.  The older son, Thomas, was 24, John was 18, the older daughter, Kate, was 16, James was 13, the second daughter, Margret (sic) was 10 and the younger son Joseph, was 8 years.  Thomas, Mary, Thomas (son), John and Kate were recorded as farmers and the 3 younger children were scholars.  All family members were born in Co. Galway, were Roman Catholic and could read and write.  In addition, James and Margret spoke Irish and English.

Keary’s private dwelling, a 2nd class house, was built on Thomas’s holding.  The walls were brick, stone or concrete, the roof was thatch or wood, there were 3 windows in front and 3 rooms were occupied by the family.

There were 6 out-offices on the holding and they included a stable, a coach house, a cow house, a calf house, a fowl house and a barn.

The Household Return, Form A, was signed by Thomas Keary and was collected on 19th April.  The Enumerator was J.M. Mullooly, Constable.

John Keary

John Keary, aged 64, and his wife, Mary, 70, were married for 17 years.  They were documented on Form A as not having any children.  With them in the house were Francis Mitchell, 26 and Kate Mitchell, 32, who were recorded on Form A as son-in-law and daughter –in-law.  Francis and Kate were married for 5 years and had 3 children: Mary, 4, John aged 3 and 1 year old Sarah.  John Keary and Francis Mitchell were farmers and Mary was a scholar.  All the residents were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.  John and Mary Keary were unable to read whereas Francis and Kate Mitchell could read and write.

John Keary was head of family and his private dwelling, a 2nd class house, and 2 out-offices stood on his own holding.  The house had 3 front windows, stone, brick or concrete walls, a thatch or wood roof, and 3 rooms occupied by the residents.

John Keary’s mark x on the census form was witnessed by the Enumerator, J.M. Mullooly, Constable.  This form A was collected on 19th April.

John Keating

John Keating, his wife, Mary, their 4 children, and John’s uncle, James, were residents of house 10 in Kilmore.  John, a 38 year old farmer, and Mary, aged 35, were married for 12 years and had 4 children, all of whom were living.  The first son, Patrick, was 11 (not quite clear on Form A), Mary was 6, Bridget was 3, and the youngest, Joseph, was 6 months old.  James was 80 years in 1911, and described as a farm servant.  Patrick and Mary were scholars.  All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.  John, Mary and Patrick could read and write and 6 year old Mary was able to read, while James could not do so.

Keating’s 2nd class house was built on John’s holding.  The walls were stone, brick or concrete, the roof was thatch or wood, there were 3 windows in front and 3 rooms were occupied by the family.

There was 1 out-office, a cow house, on the holding.

John Keating, as head of family, signed the census form, which was collected on April 20th.  J.M. Mullooly, Constable, was the Enumerator.

James Moran

James Moran was a 54 year old farmer who was married to Bridget Moran, aged 53.  During their 32 years of marriage they had 9 children, 6 of whom were living.  One son and 2 daughters were in the house with them: John, 29, Mary, 26, and Elley who was 19.  Bridget and children were listed as farm servants.  As yet, John, Mary and Elley were single.  The family members were born in Co. Galway and were Catholic.  The siblings could read and write as could their father but Bridget was unable to read.

The Moran’s 3rd class house had 2 rooms occupied, 2 front windows, a thatch or wood roof and brick, stone or concrete walls.  James Moran was the landholder on whose holding his private dwelling stood.

There were 2 out-offices on the holding: a piggery and a barn.

The census form, signed by James Moran, was collected on 20th April.  The Enumerator was J.M. Mullooly, Constable.

John Callanan

John Callanan and his 2 cousins, John Egan and Margaret Egan were residents of house 12.  John Callanan, recorded as head of family and a farm servant, was aged 71.  John Egan, also a farm servant, was 50 and Margaret was 51.  All 3 were single, Roman Catholic, born in Co. Galway and could read and write.

Patrick Hanney was the landholder on whose holding John Callanan’s 3rd class house was built.  The house had 2 rooms, 2 front windows, a thatch or wood roof and stone, brick or concrete walls.

There was 1 out-office, a fowl house, on the holding.

John Callanan signed the census form which was collected on 20th April.  J.M. Mullooly, Constable, was the Enumerator.

Joseph White 

Joseph White, aged 35, and recorded as a farm servant, was alone in house 13.  He was single, Roman Catholic and was born in Co. Galway.  Joseph was unable to read.

The landholder on whose holding Joseph’s house was built, was named as Thomas Goode.  This private dwelling, a 2nd class house, had 4 rooms, 3 front windows, a roof of slate, iron or tile and brick, stone or concrete walls.

The 1 out-office listed on the holding was a piggery.

J.M. Mullooly, Constable, was the Enumerator and he witnessed Joseph White’s mark x on the census form.  The form was collected on 20th April.

This page was added on 17/02/2017.

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