Kilcrow – Coill Chró – Wood of the Fold or Enclosure

The Ordnance Survey Name Books gave the standard name as Kuilecrow and Kilcrow and the Irish form as Coill Chró, meaning the Wood of the Fold or Enclosure.  George D.H. Kirkaldy spelled the name as Killcrow while Rev. Francis Coghlan wrote Kilecro.  It should be noted that the current official spelling in Irish is still Coill Chró.

Location

Kilcrow is bordered by Claremadden and Killadoolisk in the parish of Kilquain and by Loughile, Killiane, Aughinney and Derrew in Killimorbologue.  This townland contained a few farmhouses, two limekilns and a trigl. station on its western boundary.  Intersected with ditches and trees in hedgerows, it was about one sixth bog, the remainder of the land was recorded as being arable and pasture.

Census 1841, 1851 

The pre-famine population, according to census statistics, was sixty people and nine houses in 1841, reduced in 1851 to fifty four people residing in six houses.

Griffith’s Valuation 1855

The townland contained two hundred and fifteen acres, three roods and twenty eight perches, according to Griffith’s Valuation. The principal landowner was John Eyre, who retained thirty six acres and thirty nine perches of land, in four lots for himself.  Lord Clonbrock owned three acres and sixteen perches of land, which he leased out to John Kirwan, who did not live on the land.  Tobias Coughlan and others (not named) rented forty seven acres and nineteen perches of bog from John Eyre.  The other tenants were Michael Lyons and Tobias Coghlan, who each held a house and offices (sheds) on forty six acres of land; Patrick Larkin held a house, offices and three plots of land, at a total annual valuation of £9.10d. 0d; William Coghlan held a house, offices and two holdings, totalling fifty nine acres and thirty perches of land.

Census 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891

Census statistics listed forty five people in eight houses in 1861, a decline to thirty four people occupying seven houses in 1871, and a further decline to twenty eight people in   five houses by 1881.

1901 Census

The 1901 census recorded four private dwellings in Kilcrow. The landholder and head of each family were listed as Michael Lyons, Mary Coughlan, Lawrence White and James Fahey.  Each house had three windows in front and a thatched roof.

Mary Coughlan

Mary Coughlan, her 2 children and a servant were residents of house 2.  Mary was 40 years, listed as a farmer, married and head of family.  William, the son, was a 12 year old scholar; Annie, also a scholar, was 9; the servant was John Whyte, a widow, aged 60.  All occupants were Roman Catholic; born in Co. Galway and could read and write.

Coughlan’s private dwelling, listed as a 2nd class house, was built on Mary’s holding.  Three rooms were occupied; there were 3 front windows, a roof of thatch or wood, and walls of stone/brick or concrete.

Four out-offices were listed: a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a barn.

Mary Coughlan signed the census form which was collected on April 6th 1901.  The Enumerator was Michl. Mulligan, Constable.

James Fahy 

James Fahy was a 60 year old farmer.  He was married to Anne, who was 50.  Living with them was James’s sister-in-law, Bridget Larkin, who was 40, unmarried, and listed as farmer’s daughter.  All 3 were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.  James was unable to read but Anne and Bridget could read and write.

James was the landholder on whose holding the Fahy’s 2nd class house was built.  It had a thatch or wood roof, concrete, stone or brick walls, 3 front windows and 3 rooms.

There were 5 out-offices on the holding which included 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 1 shed.

James Fahy’s mark x on the census form was witnessed by the Enumerator Michl. Mulligan, Constable.  The form was collected on April 6th.

Michael Lyons

Michael Lyons was a 79 year old widower.  He was a farmer and head of family.  His son, William and his daughter-in-law Mary were in the house with him.  William was 48 years of aged and listed on Form A as not married.  Mary was recorded as a farmer’s wife and married.  All 3 were born in Co. Galway, were Roman Catholic and were able to read and write.

Their 2nd class house had 3 rooms, 3 windows in front, a thatch or wood roof and brick/stone or concrete walls.

The house and 5 out-offices stood on Michael’s own holding.  The out-offices were a shed, a barn, a piggery, a cow house and a stable.

Michael Lyons signed the census form which was collected on April 6th.  The Enumerator was Michl. Mulligan, Constable.

Laurence Whyte

Laurence Whyte, a widower, lived in house 3 in Kilcor together with his unmarried sons and

daughters.  Laurence was aged 60, a farmer and head of family.  The older son, William was 26, next was Delia A who was 24, Margaret C was 22 and the younger son, Patrick J was 20.  They were listed as farmer’s sons and farmer’s daughters.  Laurence could read and the others could read and write.  All family members were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

Whyte’s house, described as 2nd class and 7 out-offices were built on Laurence’s holding.  The house walls were stone, brick or concrete, the roof was thatch or wood, there were 3 windows in front and 3 rooms were occupied.

The out-offices consisted of 2 stables, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 2 sheds.

The census form was collected on April 6th and was signed by Laurence Whyte.  Michl. Mulligan, Constable, was the Enumerator.

1911 Census

The surnames remained the same in the 1911 census, but the name Lawrence White was replaced by William White, and the name Michael Lyons by that of Mary Lyons.

Mary Lyons

Mary Lyons, aged 39, was a farmer.  She was married for 10 years and had 1 child named Michael MJ, who was a scholar, aged 9.  Two others were also in the house; Mary’s brother-in-law, William Lyons, a 67 year old single farm servant; and a male cousin, Thomas Downey, who was 17 and a farm assistant.  All the occupants were Roman Catholic, born in Co. Galway and could read and write.  Michael MJ spoke Irish and English.

Mary’s private dwelling was listed as a 2nd class house and stood on her own holding.  The house had a thatch or woof roof, stone/brick or concrete walls, 3 front windows, and 3 rooms.

There were 6 out-offices on the holding: a stable, a cow house, a calf house, a piggery, a fowl house and a barn.

Mary Lyons signed the census form which was collected on 4th April.  The Enumerator was J. M. Mullooly, Constable.

William Whyte 

William Whyte and his wife, Margaret, were married 1 year and had 1 child, Laurence, who was 1 month old.  William was a 35 year old farmer and Margaret was 27.  Two other people were in the house: William’s brother, Patrick, aged 30 and a 15 year old farm servant named Michael Keogh.  The residents were born in Co. Galway, were Roman Catholic and could read and write.

William’s 2nd class house was built on his own holding.  The house had 4 rooms, 3 front windows, a thatch or wood roof and stone/brick or concrete walls.

Three out-offices stood on the holding according to Form B 1 but 7 are listed on Form B 2; they include a stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house and 1 barn.

Form A, was signed by William Whyte and was collected on 4th April.  J. M. Mullooly, Constable, was the Enumerator.

James Fahy

James Fahy and his wife, Anne, were married for 40 years.  James was a 70 year old farmer and Anne was 64.  Also in the house was James’s single sister-in-law, Bridget Larkin, aged 54.  All 3 were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.  James could not read but spoke Irish and English.  Anne and Bridget could read and write, and in addition, Anne spoke English and Irish.

Fahy’s house, described as 2nd class, and 2 out-offices stood on James’s own holding.  The private dwelling had a thatch or wood roof, stone, brick or concrete walls, 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupied by the family.

The out-offices were 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 fowl house.

The Enumerator, J. M. Mullooly, Constable, witnessed James Fahy’s mark x on Form A which was collected on 4th April.

Mary Coughlan

Mary Coughlan, head of family, lived in house 4 in Kilcrow.  Mary was married for 27 years, had 3 children, 2 of whom were living.  Her son, William, aged 22, was described as a farm labourer.  Annie, her daughter, was a 19 year old seamstress.  William and Annie were both single.  The 3 family members were Roman Catholic, born in Co. Galway and could read and write.

Mary was the landholder on whose holding the Coughlan 2nd class house and out-offices were situated.  The house had stone, brick or concrete walls, a thatch or wood roof, 3 front windows and 3 rooms were occupied by the family.

The 4 out-offices were a barn, a cow house, a calf house and a stable.

The census form, signed by Mary Coughlan, as head of family, was collected on 4th April. J. M. Mullooly, Constable, was the Enumerator.

This page was added on 17/02/2017.

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