Garryad and Garryduff – Garraidh Fada agus Garraidh Dubh

The standard name of this townland, as given in the Ordnance Survey Name Books, was Garryad and Garryduff, the Irish version was given as Garraidh Fada, meaning long garden, and Garraidh Dubh translated as black garden.  George D.H. Kirkaldy referred to the townland as Garryad and Garryduff, while Rev. Francis Coghlan spelled the name as Garryarde.   The official Irish names of the placenames today are An Garraí Ard and An Garraí Dubh.

Location

It is bounded by Magheramore, Derradda, Kilmore, Heathlawn, Treananearla, Ballycahill, Garrynasallagh and Killimor and Boleybeg.  The townland contained part of the town of Killimor, several farmhouses, limekilns, a Roman Catholic Chapel (named as St. Joseph’s R.C. Ch. on the Ordnance Survey Map), a smithy, several sand pits, two Danish forts, some planting in hedge rows and a very small portion of bog.  The remainder of the land was described as arable and pasture.  The Ordnance Survey Map 1838, showed Trinity Church, St. Imor’s Cottage, the parochial house, a cross, Petty Sessions Court House and a school house in this townland.

Census 1841, 1851

Census statistics showed the population in 1841 was two hundred and thirty four people living in forty eight houses.  By 1851, the population had dwindled to one hundred and fifty five people occupying twenty six houses.  This constituted a major drop in both population and houses.

Griffith Valuation 1855

Griffith’s Valuation showed the total acreage of Garryad and Garryduff, including the town of Killimor and Exemptions, as three hundred and forty six acres and four perches.  The main landowner was Lord Dunsandle, who held two small plots for himself.  The smaller plot of one rood and ten perches, had a cottier’s house and garden.  Lord Dunsandle leased out plots of land to John Horsman, John Coghlan, John Goode, Stephen Stewart, Thomas Carey, and Michael Burke, ranging in size from nineteen acres, three roods and twenty one perches, down to two acres, two roods and eight perches.  Michael Sughley and Thomas Carey shared two acres, three roods and nine perches of land.  Another tenant, Michael Carroll, rented two plots totalling eighteen acres and two roods, while Michael Costelloe held two plots, totalling twenty nine acres, two roods and two perches. Two tenants, Patrick Calagy and Michael Madden, held a house each on the one plot of twenty five acres, one rood and six perches.  The prevailing names of tenants holding a house, office(s) (sheds) and land were: Patrick Kilfoyle, Thomas Horan and Michael Dolan.  Fifty acres, two roods and thirty two perches of land, were shared by John Enwood, who had a herd’s house, John Hanrahan and Patrick Hanrahan, who each held a house and office on the land.  Thomas Hobbs held two plots of land and a cottier’s house.  John Hanrahan held a separate plot of thirteen acres and twenty perches, which contained offices.  Martin Hoolaghan (sic) had a house and office, and a cottier’s house and office, on three roods and twenty perches of land.  James Coughlan held a house on twenty one acres, three roods and fourteen perches of land, as well as a plot of thirty five perches, on which were two cottiers’ houses, offices and a garden.

Census 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891

A great reduction in population and houses was noted in the census statistics: sixty nine people occupied seventeen houses in 1861, while fifty eight people lived in fourteen houses in 1871.  The population dwindled from fifty six people in 1881 to forty people in 1891 while the number of houses was given as eight in both instances.

1901 Census

 Andrew Dolan

Form A showed that Andrew Dolan was head of family in house 1 in Garryad and Garryduff in 1901.  He was a 51 year old farmer and was married to Bridget, aged 42.  They both could read and write.  Their 2 sons, listed as scholars, were Daniel aged 11 and Michael 7.  Daniel could read and write and Michael could read.  Also in the house was William Lynch, aged 21, a servant and listed as farm labourer and he would read and write.  All the occupants were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 – House and Building Return listed Andrew Dolan as the landholder where his 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The roof was thatch or wood and the walls were stone/brick or concrete.  It had 3 front windows and 3 rooms were occupied.

Form B 2 – Return of Out-Offices and Farm-Steadings listed their 9 out-offices as 2 stables, 2 cow houses, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 barn, 1 shed and 1 fowl house.

Constable Jno. E. Harte was the Enumerator.  Andrew Dolan signed the census form and it was collected on April 10th.

Patrick Madden

Form A showed house 2 was the residence of Patrick and Mary Madden.  Patrick was head of family, aged 28, and a farmer.  His sister, Mary, was 30 and they were both not married in 1901.  They could read and write, were born in Co. Galway and their religious profession was given as Roman Catholic.

Form B 1 showed that Pat Madden was the landholder where their 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The walls were stone/brick or concrete and the roof was thatch or wood and it had 3 windows in front.  The family occupied 3 rooms.

Form B 2 showed their 5 out-offices were: 1 stable, 1 piggery, 1 cow house, 1 barn and 1 shed.

Patrick Madden signed the census form which was collected on April 10th.  The Enumerator was Jno. E. Harte, Constable.

Michael Hanrahan

Michael Hanrahan was listed on Form A as a farmer, aged 65 and was head of family in house 3.  His wife Anne was 60.  Their 2 sons, listed as farmer’s sons, were Michael, 22, and William, 18, and their daughter Celia, 23, was given as farmer’s daughter. They were all born in Co. Galway and their religious profession was given as Roman Catholic.

Form B 1 showed Michael Hanrahan as the landholder and his 2nd class private dwelling had a thatch or wood roof.  It had 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Form B 2 listed their 6 out-offices as: 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 1 shed.

The census form, signed by Michael Hanrahan, was collected on April 10th.  Jno. E. Harte, Constable, was the Enumerator.

Thomas Callagy

Form A of the 1901 census showed Thomas Callagy was a farmer, aged 45, and his wife Margaret was 43.  They both could read and write, were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 showed their 2nd class private dwelling was built on Thomas’s own holding.  The roof was thatch or wood and the walls were of stone, brick or concrete; it had 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Form B 2 showed that house 4 had 3 out-offices and listed them as a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a shed.

Thomas Callagy, as head of family, signed the census form which was collected on April 10th.  Constable Jno. E. Harte was the Enumerator.

Peter Hanney

Residents of house 5 in Garryad and Garryduff in 1901 were the Hanney family recorded on Form A. Peter Hanney was listed as head of family.  He was a 32 year old farmer and could not read.  His wife, Jane, was 42 and she could read and write and they had a son and daughter.  Their daughter, Anne, was 3 and their son Francis was 2.  They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic.

Peter Hanney owned the land where his 3rd class private dwelling was built.  The roof was thatch or wood and the walls were stone/brick or concrete.  They occupied 2 rooms and it had 2 front windows.

Their 2 out-offices consisted of a stable and a cow house.

Peter Hanney’s mark x on the census form was witnessed by Jno. E. Harte, Constable, who was also the Enumerator and it was collected on April 10th.

Pat Hanrahan

Head of family in house 6 was Pat Hanrahan, a 63 year old farmer who could read.  His wife, Mary, was 60 and she could not read.  Their daughter, Delia, was 19 and was listed as farmer’s daughter.  Their son, Joseph, 15, was listed as farmer’s son, and they both could read and write and were not married.  They were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 House and Building Return, showed that Pat Hanrahan was the owner of the holding where their 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The roof was thatch or wood and the walls were stone/brick or concrete.  It had 3 front windows and they occupied 3 rooms.

Form B 2 – Return of Out-Offices and Farm-Steadings listed their 3 out-offices as a stable, a cow house and a piggery.

The census form was collected on April 10th.  Pat Hanrahan’s mark x, on the form, was witnessed by Jno. E. Harte, Constable, who was also the Enumerator.

Lawrence (sic) Kelly

Form A showed Laurence Kelly was head of family in house 7 in 1901.  He was aged 50, a general labourer and was married to Mary, aged 48.  They had 2 sons and 2 daughters.  Their son, also named Laurence, was given as a general labourer, aged 20 and was not married.  Lizzie, their daughter, aged 14, and Mary, 12, were listed as scholars, as was their other son Christy, aged 4.  They could all read and write and their religion was given as Roman Catholic and were all born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 recorded Patrick Larkin owning the land where Laurence Kelly’s 3rdclass house was built.  It had 1 front window and the family occupied 2 rooms.  The walls were stone/brick or concrete and the roof was thatch or wood.

No out-offices were given on Form. B 2 for house 7.

The Enumerator was Jno. E. Harte, Constable.  Laurence Kelly signed the census form which was collected on April 10th.

1911 Census

Names mentioned in the 1911 census as landholder and head of family were: Rev. John C. Callanan, Andrew Dolan, Patrick Madden, Martin Hanrahan, Michael Hanrahan, Andrew Madden and Michael Gallagher.  Patrick Curley was named as landholder on whose holding was a house, in which John Callanan was named as head of family.

John B. Callanan

Form A, of the 1911 census, listed 3 people residing in house 1 and John B. Callanan was given as head.  He was a 45 year old clergyman and was single.  His aunt, Margaret Kelly, 68, was a widow.  They both could speak Irish and English.  Also in the house was Annie Duffy, 26, a servant and her occupation was given as domestic servant and she was single.  They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic and could read and write.

Form B 1 House and Building Return listed Rev. John B. Callanan as the landholder and his 2nd class house had a slate/iron or tiled roof.  The walls were of stone/brick or concrete.  It had 3 front windows and 8 rooms were occupied.

Form B 2 listed 6 out-offices on this holding: a stable, a coach house, a harness room, a cow house, a fowl house and a barn.

Rev. J.B. Callanan signed the census form which was collected on April 18th.  Constable William Pender was the Enumerator.

Andrew Dolan

In house 2, Andrew Nolan was listed as head of family.  He was a 62 year old farmer and was married for 23 years to Bridget who was 50 in 1911.  They had 2 children with 1 living.  Their son, Michael, aged 16, was given as farmer’s son and was single.  They all could read and write.  Their religious profession was given as Roman Catholic and they were born in Co. Galway.

Their 2nd class private dwelling was built on Andrew Dolan’s holding.  It had a thatch or wood roof and the walls were stone/brick or concrete.  There were 4 front windows and 5 rooms occupied.

Six out-offices were listed on Form B 2: a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a fowl house, a barn and a shed.

William Pender, Constable, was the Enumerator and the census form was signed by Andrew Dolan and collected on April 18th.

Patrick Madden

Form A of the 1911 census showed Patrick Madden, a 40 year old farmer, as head of family in house 3.  He was married to Celia, aged 35, for 7 years and they had 6 living children.  Three of their children were listed as scholars: Andrew, aged 6, Mary A, 5 and Delia 3.  They had 2 other sons Patrick, 2, and Michael, 1 and Agnes, their youngest daughter was 10 months old.

They were Roman Catholics and they were born in Co. Galway.  The parents, and eldest child, Andrew, could read and write.

Form B 1 showed that Patrick Madden held the land where his 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The family occupied 3 rooms and it had 3 windows to the front.  The walls were stone/brick or concrete and the roof was thatch or wood.

Their 4 out-offices included a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a barn.

Patk Madden signed the census form which was collected on April 18th.  William Pender, Constable, was the Enumerator.

Martin Hanrahan 

Martin Hanrahan, his wife, his children, his father and brother were the residents of house 4 in 1911.  Martin was head of family and was a 32 year old farmer.  He was married for 6 years to Margaret, aged 30, and they had 3 living children.  Their daughter, Mary A, listed as a scholar, was 5.  Their son, Michael, was 3 and the youngest son was aged 2.  With them in the house was Martin’s father, Patrick, aged 74 who was listed as old-age-pensioner and was widowed.  Martin’s brother, Joseph, a farm labourer, was single.  They were all born in Co. Galway.  The parents and eldest child and Joseph could read and write.

Form B 1 showed Martin Hanrahan was the landholder and his 2nd class private dwelling had walls of stone/brick or concrete and the roof was thatch or wood.  They occupied 3 rooms and the house had 3 front windows.

Their 4 out-offices, listed on Form B 2, were a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a barn.

The census form was signed by Martin Hanrahan and collected on April 18th.

Constable William Pender, was the Enumerator.

Michael Hanrahan

House 5, in 1911, was the residents of Michael Hanrahan and his family.  Michael was head of family and was married for 7 years to Bridget, aged 41.  They had 5 children with 4 still living.  Their daughter, Mary A, was 6 and their 3 sons were John, aged 5, William, 2 and Michael 6 months.  Also in the house was Annie, aged 73, who was Michael’s (snr.) mother.  She was widowed and listed as old-age-pensioner and she spoke Irish and English and could read and write.  The parents and eldest child, Mary A, could also read and write while the others could not read.  They were listed as Roman Catholics and were born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 showed that Michael Hanrahan was the landholder where his 3rdclass house and 6 out-offices were built.  The house had 1 window in front, a thatch or wood roof and the family occupied 3 rooms.

Listed on Form B 2 for house 5 were a stable, a cow house, a calf house, a piggery, a barn and a shed.

Constable William Pender, was the Enumerator and the census form, signed by Michael Hanrahan, was collected on April 18th.

John Callanan

Head of house 6 in 1911 was John Callanan, aged 50 and given on Form A as farm labourer.  He was married to Mary, aged 39, for 13 years and they had 4 children still living.  They had 3 daughters and 1 son.  Their 2 eldest were given as scholars: Mary, aged 10 and Margaret, 8.  Another daughter, Catherine, was 6 and Francis, their son, was 3.  The parents and 2 scholars could read and write.  They were all born in Co. Galway and their religious profession was given as Roman Catholic.

Form B 1 showed that Patrick Curley was the landholder where John Callanan’s 2nd class private dwelling was built.  The roof was slate/iron or tiles and it had 2 front windows.  The walls were stone/brick or concrete and they occupied 3 rooms in the house.

Their 1 out-office, listed on Form B 2, was a piggery.

John Callanan signed the census form which was collected on April 18th and William Pender, Constable, was the Enumerator.

Andrew Madden

Andrew Madden, 42, a stone mason, was head of family in house 7 in 1911.  Residing with him were his wife and 4 of their children.  He was married to Maria for 17 years and they had 9 children with 7 still living.  Their 2 sons were Patrick J aged 10 and Michael F aged 1.  Their 2 daughters were Kathleen, 6 and Annie who was 2 months.  The 2 eldest were given as scholars and they, along with their parents, could read and write.  They were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic.

Form B 1 showed that Andrew Madden was the owner of the holding where his 2nd class house was built.  The roof was slate/iron or tiles and the walls were stone/brick or concrete.  It had 2 front windows and the family occupied 4 rooms.

Form B 2 showed their 2 out-offices were a cow house and a piggery.

The census form, signed by Andrew Madden, was collected on April 18th and William Pender, Constable, was the Enumerator.

Michael Gallagher

Michael Gallagher, his wife, 4 sons and 1 daughter resided in house 8.  Michael, aged 40, was head of family and listed as farm labourer.  He was married to Mary, aged 30, for 9 years and they had 5 living children in 1911.  Their eldest son and daughter were listed as scholars.  Michael, 8, and Mary A, 7, along with their parents, could read and write.  Their 3 other sons were Patrick aged 5, James 3 and Francis 2.  They were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway.

Form B 1 showed Michael Gallagher was the landholder where their 2nd class private dwelling was built.  They occupied 4 rooms. The house had 2 front windows, the walls were stone/brick or concrete and the roof was slate/iron or tiles.

Form B 2 showed house 8 had a piggery as an out-office.

William Pender, Constable, was the Enumerator and the census form was collected on April 18th and was signed by Michael Gallagher.

This page was added on 17/02/2017.

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