Kilbegnet

Cill Bheagnait

Emma Ruane/Heritage Office, Galway County Council

Kilbegnet Townland Stone
Carmel O'Rourke
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Kilbegnet

Civil Parish of Kilbegnet

Cill Bheagnait, Begnat’s church

Kilbegnet is situated in the civil parish of Kilbegnet, Barony of Ballymoe, County Roscommon. Located at the North Eastern boundary of this parish, the townland of Kilbegnet borders the parish of Dunammon.

The Down Survey Map provides no information on the townland of Kilbegnet.

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books states three roads meet in a junction in the Eastern part of Kilbegnet, close to which is Kilbegnet Graveyard. A monument with no discernible detail is located on the North East side of one of the three roads which travels close through the centre of Kilbegnet. The remining land is made up of tillage and pasture.

Census 1841-1851

According to the 1851 census the townland of Kilbegnet consisted of 400 acres, 3 roods and 14 perches. The 1841 population was 213 people, 103 were male and 110 were female. There were 33 houses in 1841, 30 of which were occupied. By 1851 the population had decreased to 105 people, 60 were male and 45 were female. There was a total of 19 houses, 18 of which were occupied. The poor law valuation rate paid in 1851 was £170-7-0

Griffith’s Valuation 1847-1864

According to Griffith’s Valuation St. George Caulfield owned the land and leased to several tenants. Michael Ward, Patrick Ward (of Rosmoylan), Martin Conry (of Rosmoylan) and Michael Cuddy (of Shanballyeden) jointly rented 2 acres, 2 roods and 0 perches of land. Michael Ward paid £0-18-0, Patrick Ward paid £0-1-0, Martin Conry paid £0-4-0 and Michael Cuddy paid £0-2-0.

Michael Ward paid £3-5-0 for land measuring 5 acres, 1 rood and 5 perches. Dominick Keane paid a total of £16-10-0 for land measuring 2 acres, 2 roods and 10 perches, another lot of land measuring 6 acres, 2 roods and 35 perches and house, office and land measuring 14 acres, 1 rood and 37 perches. Michael Keane rented 12 acres, 3 roods and 15 perches of house, office and land and 11 acres, 0 roods and 20 perches of land on the same holding for £16-0-0.

Timothy McDonagh paid a total of £10-15-0 for house, office and land measuring 8 acres, 2 roods and 32 perches, land measuring 3 acres, 1 rood and 27 perches and another lot of land measuring 3 acres, 1 rood and 7 perches. Timothy McDonagh and Patrick McDonagh jointly rented 1 acre, 3 roods and 24 perches of land and each paid £0-15-0.

Martin Ward paid £4-5-0 for 5 acres, 3 roods and 13 perches of house, office and land. Patrick Moylan rented house and land measuring 4 acres, 0 roods and 11 perches for £3-5-0. Thomas Brogan paid £6-15-0 for house, office and land measuring 8 acres, 2 roods and 17 perches. Patrick Gaffey rented 1 acre, 2 roods and 4 perches of land for £1-0-0.

Patrick McDonagh paid a total of £21-0-0 for house, offices and land measuring 22 acres, 2 roods and 20 perches and 6 acres, 3 roods and 28 perches of land on the same holding. John Coyne and James McDonagh rented 11 acres, 1 rood and 5 perches on the same holding. John paid £2-15-0 for house and land, while James paid £5-5-0 for house, office and land.

James Keane rented house, office and land measuring 23 acres, 1 rood and 18 perches for £16-10-0.  John White paid £13-10-0 for 18 acres, 3 roods and 17 perches of house, office and land. John Sheil paid £137-10-0 for house, offices, herd’s house and land measuring 130 acres, 2 roods and 30 perches. There was a vacant house on this holding worth £0-10-0.

John Shiel paid £27-5-0 for land measuring 2 acres, 0 roods and 4 perches and another 36 acres, 3 roods and 16 perches of land on a separate holding. There was a vacant house and offices on this holding worth £3-10-0. Patrick Shiel rented herd’s house and land measuring 34 acres, 0 roods and 32 perches for £24-0-0.

Holding 19 was the graveyard of the townland. The national school house and yard measuring 0 acres, 0 roods and 15 perches, as well as the graveyard measuring 1 acre, 0 roods and 12 perches were exempt from charges. The total of exemptions was £4-0-0. The total annual valuation of rateable property, excluding exemptions was £316-5-0.

Census 1901

There were 14 households in Kilbegnet in 1901, 13 of which were occupied. The total population was 62 people, 33 were male and 29 were female. The heads of the households were as follows: John Ward, James Coghlan, Martin Hughes, John Keone, Michael White, William Keane, William McDonnagh, Malachy Keane, John Brogan, William McDonnagh, Michael McDonnagh, John McDonnagh and James Ward. Each inhabitant was born in County Galway and each were Roman Catholic. John Shiel was the landholder of the land on which the Kilbegnet National School was situated.

All houses were listed as private dwellings. There were 48 farm steadings: 9 stables, 4 coach houses, 1 harness house, 12 cow houses, 2 calf houses, 1 dairy, 5 piggeries, 1 fowl house, 1 boiling house, 6 barns, 1 potato house, 1 workshop, 2 sheds, 1 store and 1 laundry. The census forms were collected on the 11th of April.

John Ward (35) lived with his wife Anne (32), their 6 sons, Pat (13), James (11), John (9), Thomas (7), William (4) and Michael (2), their 3 daughters, Anne (6), Mary (3) and Catherine (3 months) and his widowed mother-in-law Anne Mulvihill (75). John worked as a shepherd, while Pat, James, John, Thomas, Anne and William were scholars. John, his wife, mother-in-law and children Pat, James and John could read and write. Thomas, Anne (6) and William could read only, while Mary, Michael and Catherine were naturally too young to read at the time of the census. Only Anne Mulvihill spoke Irish and English, while the others spoke English only.                                                                                                         The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the roof was constructed using perishable material. There was also 1 stable and 1 cow house. John Shiel of Kilbegnet was the landholder.

James Coghlan (23) was an unmarried domestic servant/gardener who lived alone. James could read and write, yet there was no language listed suggesting he spoke English only. James occupied a 1st class house with 6 front windows and 13 rooms. Both the walls and the roof of the house were made of permanent material. There were also 2 stables, 2 coach houses, 1 harness house, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 dairy, 1 fowl house, 1 boiling house, 1 barn, 1 potato house, 1 workshop, 2 sheds, 1 store and 1 laundry. John Shiel of Kilbegnet was the landholder.

Martin Hughes (32) was a married shepherd. He lived with his wife Maggie (26), his unmarried sister Maria (30) and unmarried brother James (26). Both Maggie and Maria were seamstresses, while James was also a shepherd. All members of the family could read and write, except Maria who could read only. Each person in the family spoke Irish and English. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Permanent material was used for the walls of the house, while the roof was made of perishable material. There was also 1 cow house and 1 piggery. John Shiel of Kilbegnet was the landholder.

John Keone (44) lived with his wife Bridget (42), their 3 daughters, Anne (17), Mary (15) and Maggie (14), their 5 sons, Patrick (12), Thomas (10), James (8), Dominick (6) and William (3) and his widowed mother Anne (85). John worked as a farmer and Anne (17) was a farmer’s daughter. Each of the other children were scholars, except William who was too young at the time of the census. All members of the family could read and write, except William and Anne (85). John and Bridget spoke Irish and English, while the rest of the family spoke English only. The Keone family occupied a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the roof was constructed using perishable material. John owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house and 1 barn.

Michael White (69) was a married farmer who live with his wife Bridget (58) and their 2 unmarried children John (27) and Lizzie (22). John was listed as a farmer’s son, while Lizzie was a farmer’s daughter. All members of the family could read and write. Michael and Bridget spoke both Irish and English, while their children spoke English only. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Permanent material was used for the construction of the house walls, while the roof was made using perishable material. Michael owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house and 1 barn.

William Keane (43) lived with his wife Mary (50), their 3 daughters, Maria (22), Annie (13) and Ellie (10) and their son William (17). William worked as a farmer and Maria was listed as a farmer’s daughter, while William was a farmer’s son. Annie and Ellie were scholars. All members of the family could read and write. No language was listed for any member of the family, suggesting they spoke English only. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while perishable material was used for the roof of the house. William owned the land on which his house was located along with 1 cow house and 1 piggery.

William McDonnagh (44) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Kate (32), their 3 daughters, Mary (10), Anne (9) and Bridget (4), their 3 sons, William (6), Tim (2) and John (2 months) and his mother widowed mother Bridget (73). Mary, Anne and William (6) were scholars. All members of the family could read and write, except the 3 youngest children, Bridget (4), Tim and John. No language was listed for any member of the family, suggesting they spoke English only. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the roof was constructed using perishable material. William owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Malachy Keane (50) lived with his wife Ellen (45), their 4 sons, Martin (18), Malachy (17), John (12) and Pat (1) and their daughter Mary (6). Malachy worked as a farmer, while his 2 eldest sons Martin and Malachy (17) were listed as farmer’s sons. John and Mary were scholars. All members of the family could read and write, except Pat who was naturally too young to read at the time of the census. Malachy and his wife spoke Irish ad English while their children spoke English only. The family occupied a 2nd class dwelling with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Permanent material was used to build the walls of the house, while the roof was made using perishable material. William owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

John Brogan (68) was a widower who lived with his son-in-law Martin Raftery (37) and daughter-in-law [sic] Mary (39). John was a farmer and Martin worked as a general labourer. All members of the family could read and write. No language was listed for any member of the family, suggesting they spoke English only. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the roof was built using perishable material. John owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable and 1 cow house.

William McDonnagh (50) lived with is wife Mary (38) and their 3 children, Mary E. (13), Lizzie Jane (9) and John (8). William worked as a farmer, while each of his children were scholars. All members of the family could read and write. No language was listed for any family member, suggesting they spoke English only. The McDonnagh family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows ad 2 rooms. Permanent material was used for the construction of the house walls, while the roof was made using perishable material. William owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable and 1 cow house.

Michael McDonnagh (45) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Sebina (31) and their 4 children, Bridget (8), Edward (5), James (4) and Thomas (1). Bridget and Edward were scholars. All members of the family could read and write, except the 2 youngest children James and Thomas who were too young to read at time of the census. No language was recorded for any member of the family suggesting they spoke English only. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made using permanent material, while the roof was made using perishable material. Michael owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 cow house.

John McDonnagh (73) was an unmarried farmer who lived alone. John could not read and as no language was recorded, it is likely he spoke English only. John lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 2 rooms. Both the walls and the roof of the house were made of permanent material. John owned the land on which his house was situated.

James Ward (41) lived with his wife Norah (32), their 3 sons, Martin (6), Thomas (5) and Michael (3) and their daughter Ellen (1). James was a farmer and Norah was recorded as a farmer’s wife. Martin and Thomas were listed as scholars. All members of the family could read and write, except the 2 youngest children Michael and Ellen, who naturally could not read at the time of the census. No language was listed for any member of the family, suggesting they spoke English only. The Ward family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the roof was made of perishable material. James owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Census 1911

There were 12 houses in Kilbegnet in 1911, all of which were occupied. The total population was 77 people, 44 were male and 33 were female. The heads of the households were as follows: John Shiel, John Ward, Martin Hughes, John Keane, John White, William Keane, William McDonagh, Malachy Keane, James Ward, Martin Raftery, William McDonagh and Michael McDonagh. All inhabitants were Roman Catholic. Kilbegnet National School was listed as being uninhabited.

Each house was listed as a private dwelling. There were 71 farm steadings: 15 stables, 1 coach house, 1 harness house, 12 cow houses, 5 calf houses, 14 piggeries, 2 fowl houses, 1 boiling house, 8 barns, 1 turf house, 1 workshop, 8 sheds and 2 stores. The census forms were collected on the 10th of April.

John Shiel (43) lived with his wife Mai (32) and 2 servants, Julia Kenna (23) and Annie Hunt (20). On the night if the census, there was a visitor Charlotte Shiel (72) who was a widow. John and Mai had been married 13 years and had 1 child, who was still living, although there is no record of a child here. John was a magistrate and grazier. Julia was a parlourman/domestic servant, while Annie worked as a cook/domestic servant. All members of the household could read and write. No language was listed for any member of the household suggesting they spoke English only. John and Charlotte were born in County Roscommon, while Mai was born in County Longford. Julia was born in Queens County and Annie was born in Kings County. The family lived in a 1st class house with 7 front windows and 20 rooms. Permanent material was used for the construction of both the walls and the roof of the house. John owned the land on which his house was situated along with 8 stables, 1 coach house, 1 harness house, 1 cow house, 2 calf houses, 4 piggeries, 1 fowl house, 1 boiling house, 1 barn, 1 turf house, 1 workshop, 2 sheds and 2 barns.

John Ward (46) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Anne (42), their 7 sons, Patrick (22), James (20), John (19), Thomas (18), William (15), Michael (12) and Martin (8) and their 2 daughters, Anne (16) and Mary (14). John and Anne had been married for 23 years and had 10 children, 9 of whom were living in 1911. John worked as a shepherd, while his 4 eldest sons were farm labourers. William, Mary, Michael and Martin were scholars. All members of the family could read and write, except Martin who could read only. No language was listed for any member of the family, suggesting they spoke English only. All family members were born in County Galway, except the youngest Martin who born in County Roscommon. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the roof of the house was made using perishable material. There was also 1 cow house. John Shiel was the landholder.

Martin Hughes (47) lived with his wife Annie (26), their 4 children, James (6), Patrick (5), Tommy (4) and Katie (2) and his brother-in-law Bernard Eardley (14). Martin and Annie had been married for 7 years and had 4 children. Martin’s occupation was recorded as a herd. James, Patrick and Bernard were scholars. Martin, Annie and Bernard could read and write. James and Patrick could read only, while Tommy and Katie could not read. No language was listed for any member of the family, suggesting they spoke English only. All members of the family were born in County Roscommon, except Bernard who born in County Galway. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Permanent material was used to construct the walls of the house, while the roof was made of perishable material. There was also 1 cow house and 2 piggeries. John Shiel was the landholder.

John Keane (56) lived with his wife of 33 years Bridget (54), their 5 sons, Patrick (22), Thomas (20), James (17), Dominick (15) and Willie (12) and their 2 daughters Maggie (23) and Sarah (10). John and Bridget had 12 children, all of whom were living in 1911. John worked as a farmer, Maggie was a farmer’s daughter, while both Patrick and Thomas were farmer’s sons. James. Dominick, Willie and Sarah were scholars. No language was listed for any member of the family, suggesting they spoke English only. All members of the family were born in County Roscommon. The family occupied a 2nd class dwelling with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the roof of the house was made of perishable material. John Keane owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 2 piggeries, 1 barn and 1 shed.

John White (40) lived with his wife Mary Ellen (24), their 3 children Michael (3), Mary (2) and Thomas (6 months) and his widowed mother Bridget (70). John and Mary Ellen had been married for 5 years and had 3 children by 1911. John worked as a farmer. John, Mary Ellen and Bridget could each read and write. Bridget spoke Irish and English, while the rest of the family spoke English only. All members of the family were born in County Roscommon, except Bridget who was born in County Galway. The White family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 4 rooms. Permanent material was used for the construction of the house walls, while the roof was made of perishable material. John White owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house and 1 barn.

William Keane (55) lived with his wife of 34 years Mary (68) and their 2 children, Patrick (30) and Ellen (20). William and Mary had 7 children, 6 of whom were living in 1911. William worked as a farmer, Patrick was a farmer’s son and Ellen was listed as a farmer’s daughter. All members of the family could read and write. William, Mary and Ellen spoke Irish and English, while Patrick spoke English only. All members of the family were born in County Roscommon. The Keane family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while perishable material was used to construct the roof. William owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 barn and 1 shed.

William McDonagh (56) lived with his wife Catherine (42), their 6 daughters, Mary (20), Annie (19), Bridget (13), Catherine (8), Elizabeth (6) and Margaret (8 months) and their 4 sons, William (15), Timothy (11), John (9) and Michael (2). William and Catherine had been married for 21 years and had 12 children, 10 of whom were living in 1911. William worked as a farmer and both Mary and Annie were listed as farmer’s daughters. William (15), Bridget, Timothy, John, Catherine (8) and Elizabeth were scholars. All members of the family could read and write, except Elizabeth who could read only and Michael and Martin who could not read as they were too young at the time of the census. William (56), Mary, Annie, William (15), Bridget and Timothy spoke Irish and English, while the others spoke English only. All members of the family were born in County Roscommon. The McDonagh family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the roof of the house was made of perishable material. William owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 1 shed.

Malachy Keane (67) lived with his wife of 34 years Ellen (57) and 3 of their children, Malachy (27), Mary (16) and Patrick (11). Malachy and Ellen had 11 children, unfortunately only 8 were living in 1911. Malachy worked as a farmer and his eldest son was listed as a farmer’s son. Mary and Patrick were scholars. All members of the family could read and write. Ellen spoke Irish and English, while the rest of the family spoke English only. Each member of the family was born in County Roscommon. The Keane family occupied a 2nd class dwelling with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Permanent material was used to construct the walls of the house, while the roof was made of perishable material. Malachy owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 1 shed.

James Ward (51) lived with his wife Hanoria (45), their 6 sons, Martin (16), Thomas (15), Michael (13), James (9), John (2) and Patrick (6 months) and their 3 daughters, Ellen (11), Hanoria (7) and Mary (4). James and Hanoria had been married for 19 years and had 10 children and each are stated to be living in 1911. James was a farmer and both Martin and Thomas were recorded as farmer’s son. Michael, Ellen, James and Hanoria were scholars. All members of the family could read and write, except for the 3 youngest children. Hanoria (45) spoke both Irish and English, while the rest of the family spoke English only. All members of the family were born in County Roscommon. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front rooms and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while perishable material was used to construct the roof of the house. James owned the land on which his house was located along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Martin Raftery (47) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife of 15 years Mary (54) and his widower father-in-law John Brogan (80). Martin and Mary never had any children. Both Martin and John were farmers. All members of the family could read and write. John spoke Irish and English, while Martin and Mary spoke English only. Each member of the family was born in County Roscommon. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the roof of the house was made of perishable material. Martin owned the land on which his was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house and 1 shed.

William McDonagh (65) lived with his wife Mary (52) and their 2 children Elizabeth (20) and John (18). William and Mary had been married for 28 years and had 5 children, 4 of whom were living in 1911. William worked as a farmer, Elizabeth was a farmer’s daughter and John was a farmer’s son. All members of the family could read and write. Each spoke Irish and English, except Mary, who spoke English only. All members of the family were born in County Roscommon. The family occupied a 2nd class dwelling with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Permanent material was used fort he construction of the walls, while the roof of the house was made using perishable material. William owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Michael McDonagh (54) lived with his wife Sabina (41), their 2 daughters Bridget (18) and Maria (8), their 4 sons, Edward (15), James (13), Thomas (11) and Michael (10) and his cousin John (81). Michael and Sabina had been married for 19 years and had 8 children, 6 of whom were living in 1911. Michael and John both worked as farmers. Edward, James, Thomas, Michael (10) and Maria were scholars. All members of the family could read and write. Sabina and John spoke Irish and English, while the others spoke English only. Each member of the family was born in County Roscommon. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while perishable material was used for the construction of the roof. Michael owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 shed.

 

 

 

 

This page was added on 10/07/2020.

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