Moat

An Móta

Emma Ruane/Heritage Office, Galway County Council

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Moat

Civil Parish of Kilbegnet

An Móta, earthen embankment

Moat is situated in the civil parish of Kilbegnet, Barony of Ballymoe, County Galway. Moat can be found at the Western boundary of Kilbegnet parish, joining the parish of Ballynakill.

The Down Survey Map provides no available information on the townland of Moat when accessed on the 11th of May 2020.

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books states there are 4 villages in the townland on Moat. A portion of bog and lough can be found in the South Eastern part of Moat. Another portion of bog is located at the North Western boundary. The road travelling from Dunmore to Creggs passes from West to South East. It is joined by roads on both the North and South side. The remaining land is made up of tillage and pasture.

Census 1841-1851

According to the 1851 census Moat consists of 454 acres, 0 roods and 9 perches. The 1841 population was 380 people, 188 of whom were male and 192 were female. There were 71 houses, all of which were occupied. By 1851 the population had decreased to 200 people, 91 were male and 109 were female. In 1851, there was a total of 40 houses and all were occupied. The poor law valuation rate paid in 1851 was £112-10-0.

Griffith’s Valuation 1847-1864

According to Griffith’s Valuation Allen Pollock was the immediate lessor of the land. Rodger McCormack, Thomas McCormack, Patrick Tiernan and Pat Tiernan (surveyor) rented on the holding of 46 acres, 1 rood and 23 perches. Rodger paid £4-15-0 for house, office and land. Thomas paid £4-10-0 for house, office and land. Patrick paid £6-0-0 for house and land. Pat paid £3-0-0 for house office and land.

Laurence Tiernan (Con), John Scott, Martin Scott and Michael Ryan rented on the same holding of 45 acres, 0 roods and 22 perches. Laurence paid £6-0-0 for house, office and land. John paid £3-15-0 for house and land. Martin paid £5-5-0 for house, office and land. Michael paid £3-5-0 for house and land.

Thomas Mulligan rented house, office and land measuring 16 acres, 1 rood and 38 perches for £6-10-0. Patrick Finan paid £1-5-0 for 3 acres, 0 roods and 3 perches of house and land. Mary Breheny paid £0-15-0 for house and land measuring 1 acre, 3 roods and 1 perch.

Pat Tiernan (surveyor), Thomas Mullen, Owen Crohan, Patrick Tiernan, Bridget Tiernan, John Feeny, Michael Tiernan, Thos & Jas. Corbett, Luke Corbett and William Naughton rented on the same holding measuring 76 acres, 2 rood and 4 perches. Pat paid £1-0-0 for land. Thomas paid £0-12-0 for land. Owen paid £3-7-0 for house and land. Patrick paid £9-0-0 for house, office and land. Bridget paid £0-10-0 for house and land. John paid £3-10-0 for house, office and land. Michael paid £4-8-0 for house, office and land. Thos & Jas. paid £8-10-0 for house, offices and land. Luke paid £4-8-0 for house, office and land. William paid £2-0-0 for house, office and land.

Michael Ryan, Thomas Mulligan, Luke Tiernan, Patrick Ward, Martin & Patk. Crowe, Thomas Cunniffe, Roger and Honoria McCormack, Thomas Mullins, Malachy & Ml. Connor, Patrick Cuddy, Daniel Cunniffe, John Mullins, Michael Wallace, Patrick Mullins, Denis Cuddy, James Keane, Thomas Crohan, Bryan Cunningham, Michl. Cunningham and Martin Cuddy all rented on the same holding that measured 235 acres, 0 roods and 30 perches.

Michael Ryan paid £3-10-0 for house, office and land. Thomas Mulligan paid £3-8-0 for house and land. Luke Tiernan paid £5-10-0 for house, office and land. Patrick Ward paid £5-5-0 for house, office and land. Martin & Patk. Crowe paid £10-5-0 for house, office and land.

Thomas Cunniffe paid £3-0-0 for house and land. Rodger and Honoria McCormack paid £9-0-0 for house, office and land. Thomas Mullins paid £3-15-0 for house, office and land. Malachy & Ml. Connor paid £6-15-0 for house, office and land. Patrick Cuddy paid £3-10-0 for house, office and land. Daniel Cunniffe paid £2-15-0 for house and land. John Mullins paid £3-10-0 for house and land. Michael Wallace paid £3-10-0 for house, office and land. Patrick Mullins paid £3-10-0 for house and land.

Denis Cuddy paid £3-15-0 for house, office and land. James Keane paid £4-5-0 for house, office and land. Thomas Crohan paid £4-5-0 for house, office and land. Bryan Cunningham £4-0-0 for house, office and land. Michl Cunningham paid £4-0-0 for house, office and land. Martin Cuddy paid £3-0-0 for house, office and land. Allen Pollock kept five cottier houses and garden in fee worth £1-3-0. The total annual valuation of rateable property was £178-16-0.

Census 1901

There were 6 houses in Moat in 1901, 5 of which were occupied. The total population was 34 people, 23 were male and 11 were female. The heads of the households were as follows: Timothy Gannon, Michael Kenny, William Neary, Peter Naughton and Robert Saul. All residents of Moat were born in County Galway, except Thomas P. Brennan, James I. Brennan, Henry C. O’Malley and Michael F. O’Malley in House 3 who were born in County Roscommon. All inhabitants were Roman Catholic.

Each of the houses were listed as private dwellings. There was a total of 24 farm steadings, comprising 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 harness house, 6 cow houses, 1 calf house, 1 dairy, 2 piggeries, 3 fowl houses, 1 boiling house, 1 barn, 1 turf house, 1 workshop, 1 shed, 1 store, 1 forge and 1 laundry. The census forms were collected on the 7th of April.

Timothy Gannon (60) lived with his wife Mary (50), their 4 sons, Michael (18), Patrick (16), Timothy (11) and John (8) and their daughter Sarah (13). Timothy worked as a farmer, his eldest son Michael was a general domestic servant and Patrick was an agricultural labourer. Sarah, Timothy (11) and John were scholars. All members of the family could read and write, except Timothy (60) who could not read. Timothy and his wife spoke Irish and English, while their children spoke English only. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the roof was constructed using perishable material. There was also 1 cow house and 1 piggery. William Neary was the landholder.

Michael Kenny (56) lived with his wife Mary (54), their 3 sons, Thomas (29), James (22) and Alexander (20) and their 3 daughters, Mary (16), Bridget (12) and Agnes (9). Michael was an agricultural steward, while his eldest son Thomas worked as a shop assistant in a drapers. Both James and Alexander were agricultural labourers. Mary, Bridget and Agnes were scholars. All members of the family could read and write. Michael and his wife spoke Irish and English, while their children spoke English only. The Kenny family lived in a 2nd class house with 2 front windows and 3 rooms. Permanent material was used to build the walls and the roof of the house. William Neary was the landholder.

William Neary (61) was an unmarried magistrate and farmer. He lived with his 3 nephews Thomas P. Brennan (29), James I. Brennan (25) and Thomas I. Neary (24) and 2 servants, housekeeper Mary Bermingham (45) and general domestic servant Mary Brennan (18). Also in the house on the night of the census were 3 visitors, Henry C. O’Malley (45), Lizzie O’Malley (37) and Michael F. O’Malley (6). Thomas P., James I., Thomas I., Henry C. and Lizzie were farmers. Michael F. was listed as a student. All members of the household could read and write. No language was listed for any member of the household, suggesting they spoke English only. Thomas P. Brennan, James I. Brennan, Henry C. O’Malley and Michael F. O’Malley were born in County Roscommon, while the rest of the household were born in County Galway. The house was a 1st class dwelling with 5 front windows and 18 rooms. Both the walls and the roof were made of permanent material. William owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 harness house, 3 cow houses, 1 calf house, 1 dairy, 2 fowl houses, 1 boiling house, 1 barn, 1 turf house, 1 workshop, 1 shed, 1 store, 1 forge and 1 laundry.

Peter Naughton (52) was a married shepherd. He lived with his wife Margaret (51) and their 5 sons, John (19), Thomas (17), Peter (15), Michael (10) and Edward (6). John also worked as a shepherd, while both Thomas and Peter (15) were listed as shepherd’s sons. Michael and Edward were scholars. All members of the family could read and write, except Margaret and Edward who could read only. Peter, Margaret and John spoke Irish and English, while the others spoke English only. The Naughton family occupied a 3rd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Perishable material was used to build the walls and the roof of the house. There was also 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 fowl house. William Neary was the landholder.

Robert Saul (70) lived with his wife Bridget (70) and their unmarried son Pat (29). Both Robert and Pat were agricultural labourers. Neither Robert or Bridget could read or write, but Pat could read and write. No language was listed for any member of the family suggesting they spoke English only. The family lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 2 rooms. The walls of the house were constructed using permanent material, while the roof was made of perishable material. There was also 1 cow house. William Neary was the landholder.

Census 1911

In 1911 there were 3 houses in Moat, all of which were occupied. The total population was 14 people, 10 were male and 4 were female. The heads of the households were as follows: Michael Francis Neary, Peter Naughton and Mary Gannon. All inhabitants of Moat were born in County Galway, except Eliza Jane Kelly, Jane Kelly and Denis Igoe in House 1 who were born in County Roscommon. All residents were Roman Catholic.

Each house was listed as a private dwelling. There were 23 farm steadings consisting of 2 stables, 1 coach house, 1 harness house, 5 cow houses, 1 calf house, 1 dairy, 3 piggeries, 2 fowl houses, 1 boiling house, 1 barn, 1 potato house, 1 workshop, 1 shed, 1 store and 1 forge. The census forms were collected on the 13th of April.

Michael Francis Neary (62) was a widower. He lived with his widowed niece Eliza Jane Kelly (44) and 3 servants, widow Jane Kelly (40), Bernard McGovern (13) and widower Denis Igoe (64). Michael worked as a farmer and Eliza was a housekeeper. Jane was a general servant, Bernard was listed as an indoor servant boy and Denis was a shepherd. All members of the household could read and write. Michael spoke Irish and English, no language was recorded for any other member of the household, suggesting they spoke English only. Eliza Jane, Jane Kelly and Denis Igoe were born in County Roscommon, while Michael and Bernard were born in County Galway. The house was a 1st class dwelling with 6 front windows and 13 rooms. Both the walls and the roof of the house were made using permanent material. Michael owned the land on which his house was situated along with 2 stables, 1 coach house, 1 harness house, 3 cow houses, 1 calf house, 1 dairy, 1 piggery, 2 fowl houses, 1 boiling house, 1 barn, 1 potato house, 1 workshop, 1 shed, 1 store and 1 forge.

Peter Naughton (63) lived with his wife Margaret (62) and their 4 sons, John (29), Peter (26), Michael (21) and Edward (17).  Peter and Margaret had been married for 39 years and had 9 children 7 of whom were living at the time of the census. Both Peter and John worked as shepherds. Peter (26), Michael and Edward were agricultural labourers. All members of the family could read and write, except Margaret who could read only. Peter and his wife spoke Irish and English, while their children spoke English only. The family lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 2 rooms. The walls of the house were made of permanent material, while the perishable material was used for the roof. There was 1 cow house and 1 piggery. Michael F. Neary was the landholder.

Mary Gannon (52) was a widow who lived with her 2 sons, Pat (24) and John (18). Mary had been married for 34 years and had 10 children before being widowed. 8 of her children were living in 1911. Pat and John worked as agricultural labourers. All members of the family could read and write. Mary spoke Irish and English, while her sons spoke English only. The Gannon family occupied a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 2 rooms. Permanent material was used to construct the walls of the house, while the roof was made of perishable material. There was 1 cow house and 1 piggery. Michael F. Neary was the landholder.

This page was added on 10/07/2020.

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