Rosmoylan

Ros Maoláin

Emma Ruane/Heritage Office, Galway County Council

Carmel O'Rourke
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Rosmoylan

Civil Parish of Kilbegnet

Ros Maoláin, Moylan’s point or wood

Rosmoylan is situated in the civil parish of Kilbegnet, Barony of Ballymoe, County Roscommon. Rosmoylan is located at the Norther boundary of Kilbegnet parish and borders the parishes of Ballynakill and Dunamon.

The Down Survey Map provides no available information on the townland of Rosmoylan.

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books states there are two loughs located at the Northern boundary of Rosmoylan, and a portion of each lough is situated in this townland. Almost half of this townland is bog, with portions of bog land in the North, South and Western boundaries. A portion of planting can be found close to the centre. Approximately 15 chains West of the Eastern boundary is a large Danish fort. The remaining land is tillage and pasture.

Census 1841-1851

According to the 1851 census, Rosmoylan consists of 464 acres, 2 roods and 15 perches. The 1841 population was 49 people, 22 were male and 27 were female. There were 9 houses, and each were occupied. The population had decreased by 1851 to 39 people, 20 were male and 19 were female. There were 8 houses in 1851, all of which were occupied. The poor law valuation rate paid in 1851 was £192-0-0

Griffith’s Valuation 1847-1864

Reps. John Shiel paid St. George Caulfield £151-0-0 for 400 acres, 1 rood and 33 perches of herd’s house, offices and land. Mary Priest (Pat) and Mary Priest (Owen) each occupied a house on this holding, each paying £0-5-0.

Mary Priest (Pat) and Mary Priest (Owen) jointly rented land from Reps. John Shiel, measuring 1 acre, 3 roods and 5 perches, each paying £0-5-0. Patrick Rattican paid £1-0-0 for 1 acre, 2 roods and 22 perches of house and land. Bridget Hoare rented garden measuring 0 acres, 2 roods and 22 perches for £0-5-0. Patrick Gaffey paid £2-10-0 for house, office and land measuring 4 acres, 2 roods and 7 perches. John Kinnealy rented house, office and land measuring 6 acres, 0 roods and 36 perches for £3-0-0.

Michael, Ward, Martin Conry, Hugh Gaffey, Judith Lally, Patrick Ward and Michael Cuddy each rented on the same holding measuring 40 acres, 1 rood and 32 perches. Michael Ward paid £8-5-0 for office and land. Martin Conry paid £2-15-0 for house and land. Hugh Gaffey paid £5-0-0 for house and land. Judith Lally paid £1-5-0 for house and land. Patrick Ward paid £4-0-0 for land. Michael Cuddy paid £1-5-0 for land.

Also, on Holding 7, James Keane rented garden measuring 1 acre, 2 roods and 10 perches for £0-10-0. Patrick Breheny paid £0-10-0 for garden measuring 1 acre, 2 roods and 12 perches. Mary Gaffey paid £0-10-0 for 1 acre, 2 roods and 10 perches pf garden. Thomas Keane paid £0-10-0 for garden measuring 1 acre, 2 roods and 9 perches.

Michael Ward, Martin Ward and Dominick Keane each rented on Holding 8. Michael Ward rented land measuring 1 acre, 1 rood and 13 perches for £0-15-0. Martin Ward paid £0-3-0 for 0 acres, 0 roods and 25 perches of land. Dominick Keane paid £0-2-0 for land measuring 0 acres, 0 roods and 24 perches. The total annual valuation of rateable property was £184-5-0.

Census 1901

There were 9 houses in Rosmoylan in 1901 and all were occupied. The total population was 34 people, 17 were male and 17 were female. The heads of the household were as follows: John Coghlan, Margaret Gaffey, Michael Conneran, Denis Timothy, Mary Keane, Pat Croghan, Margaret Connelly, Catherine Gaffey and Bridget Barlow. All residents of Rosmoylan were born in County Galway and all were Roman Catholic.

Each house was listed as a private dwelling. There was a total of 21 farm steadings comprising of 3 stables, 8 cow houses, 6 piggeries, 3 barns and 1 shed. The census forms were collected on the 10th of April.

John Coghlan (62) was a widower. He lived with his 3 sons, John (37), Dan (17) and Martin (15) and his daughter Margt [sic] (18). John (62) listed his occupation as carpenter master. His sons John and Dan were also carpenters. Margt was a dressmaker and Martin was a scholar. All members of the family could read and write. John spoke Irish and English, no language was listed for any of his children, suggesting they spoke English only. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Permanent material was used to build the walls of the house, while perishable material was used for the roof. John owned the land on which his house was situated on along with 1 cow house.

Margaret Gaffey (40) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her 4 sons, Martin (16), Peter (14), Thomas (12) and Michael (10) and her daughter Mary (6). Each of her children were scholars. All members of the family could read and write, except Mary who could not read. Margaret spoke Irish and English. No language was listed for any of her children, suggesting they spoke English only. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were made using permanent material, while the roof was constructed using perishable material. Margaret owned the land on which her house was situated along with 1 stable and 1 cow house.

Michael Conneran (68) lived with his wife Ellen (57) and their 2 unmarried children, Martin (24) and Annie (21). Michael worked as a farmer and Martin was listed as a farmer’s son. Annie was a dressmaker. Neither Michael or Ellen could read or write, yet both of their children read and write. Michael and Ellen spoke Irish and English, while their children spoke English only. The family occupied a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were constructed using permanent material and the roof was made using perishable material. Michael owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Denis Timothy (96) lived with his wife Hanora (79), their 2 unmarried sons Denis (48) and Michael (38) and their unmarried daughter Margaret (36). Denis worked as a farmer and his 2 sons were listed as farmer’s sons. Margaret was a farmer’s daughter. Neither Denis (96) or Hanora could read or write, yet each of their children could read and write. All members of the family spoke Irish and English, except Margaret who spoke English only. The Timothy family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Permanent material was used for the walls of the house, while the roof was made using perishable material. There was also 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 1 shed. Hugh Jones of Fairfield was the landholder.

Mary Keane (42) was an unmarried farmer who lived with her unmarried sister Bridget (48). Bridget was listed as a farmer’s sister. Neither Mary or Bridget could read or write. No language was listed for any member of the family suggesting they spoke English only. The sisters lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. The walls of the house were constructed using permanent material, while perishable material was used for the roof. Mary owned the land on which her house was situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Pat Croghan (45) lived with his wife Anne (40) and their daughter Maggie (18). Pat was a farmer and Maggie was listed as a farmer’s daughter. Only Maggie could read and write. Pat spoke Irish and English, while his family spoke English only. The Croghan family occupied a 3rd class dwelling with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Perishable material was used to construct the walls and the roof of the house. Pat owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 piggery.

Margaret Connelly (72) was a widow who lived with her 2 unmarried children, Mary (30) and James (35). Margaret worked as a farmer. Mary was listed as a farmer’s daughter and James was a farmer’s son. All members of the family could read and write. Margaret spoke Irish and English, while no language was listed for her children, suggesting they spoke English only. The family lived in a 3nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Permanent material was used for the construction of the house walls, while the roof was made using perishable material. Margaret owned the land on which her house was situated along with 1 cow house.

Catherine Gaffey (60) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her unmarried son Thomas (36) and her 2 daughters, Winifred (22) and Kate (19). Thomas was a farmer’s son and both Winifred and Kate were farmer’s daughters. Catherine could not read or write, but she spoke Irish and English. Each of her children could read and write. No language was listed for her children, suggesting they spoke English only. The Gaffey family lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 2 rooms. Both the walls and the roof of the house were made of perishable material. Catherine owned the land on which her house was situated along with 1 cow house and 1 piggery.

Bridget Barlow (65) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her unmarried son John (45). John was listed as a farmer’s son. Bridget could read only. While John could both read and write. Bridget and John spoke Irish and English. The family lived in a 3rd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Perishable material was used to construct the walls and the roof of the house. Bridget owned the land on which the house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house and 1 piggery.

Census 1911

In 1911, there were 9 houses in Rosmoylan and each were occupied. The total population was 28 people, 15 were male and 13 were female. The heads of the households were as follows: James Connelly, Thomas Gaffey, Patrick Croghan, Bridget Keane, John Barlow, Denis Timothy, Margret Gaffey, John Coughlan and Ellen Conneran. All residents of Rosmoylan were born in County Roscommon, except Margret Barlow in House 5 who was born in County Galway. All inhabitants were Roman Catholic.

Each house was listed as a private dwelling. There were 26 farm steadings comprising of 2 stables, 7 cow houses, 3 calf houses, 9 piggeries, 1 fowl house, 2 barns and 2 sheds. The census forms were collected on the 10th of April.

James Connelly (51) was an unmarried farmer. He lived with his unmarried sister Mary (65). Mary was listed as a farmer’s sister. James could read only, while Mary could not read or write. No language was listed for James or Mary, suggesting they spoke English only. The siblings lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. James owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 cow house, 1 calf house and 1 piggery.

Thomas Gaffey (48) lived with his wife Maria (50). Thomas and Maria had been married for 7 years and did not have any children. Thomas worked as a farmer. Thomas could read and write, while Maria could read only. Maria spoke Irish and English, while no language was listed for Thomas, suggesting he spoke English only. The family lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 2 rooms. Thomas owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house and 1 shed.

Patrick Croghan (70) lived with his wife of 40 years Anne (71) and their unmarried daughter Margaret (36). Patrick and Anne had 9 children, 7 of whom were living at the time of the census. Patrick worked as a farmer and Margaret was listed as a farmer’s daughter. Only Margaret could read and write. No language was listed for any member of the family, suggesting they spoke English only. The Croghan family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Patrick owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 piggery.

Bridget Keane (70) was an unmarried farmer. She lived with her unmarried sister Mary (60). Neither Bridget or Mary could read or write. No language was listed for either sister, suggesting they spoke English only. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 2 rooms. Bridget owned the land on which her house was situated along with 1 cow house and 1 piggery.

John Barlow (54) lived with his wife Margret (40), their daughter Bridget (8) and their 3 sons John (7), Michl (5) and William (1). John and Margret had been married for 9 years and 4 children at the time of the census. John worked as a farmer. The 3 eldest children were scholars. John, Margret, Bridget and John (7) could read and write. Michl could read only. Margret spoke Irish and English, while her family spoke English only. Margret was born in County Galway, while the others were born in County Roscommon. The Barlow family occupied a 2nd class dwelling with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. John owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 cow house and 1 piggery.

Denis Timothy (60) was an unmarried farmer. He lived with his 2 unmarried siblings, Michael (52) and Margret (37). Michael listed his occupation as a herd. Each member of the family could read and write. No language was listed for any member of the family, suggesting they spoke English only. The siblings lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 4 rooms. There was also 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 barn and shed. Anne Jones was the landholder.

Margret Gaffey (55) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her 2 sons James (21) and Michael (20) and her daughter Mary Kate (17). James and Michael were listed as farmer’s sons. Mary Kate was a farmer’s daughter. All members of the family could read and write. Margret spoke Irish and English, while no language was listed for her children, suggesting they spoke English only. The Gaffey family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Margret owned the land on which her house was situated along with 1 cow house and 1 piggery.

John Coughlan (74) was a widower. He lived with his 2 unmarried sons, John (42) and Daniel (27) and his unmarried daughter Bridget (40). John and his 2 sons each worked as carpenters. All members of the family could read and write. No language was listed for any member of the family, suggesting they spoke English only. The family occupied a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. John owned the land on which his house was situated along with 1 cow house and 1 piggery.

Ellen Conneran (75) was a widow who lived with her unmarried son Martin (35). Ellen was listed as a farmer’s wife, although there does appear to be a line through ‘wife’. Martin was a farmer’s son. Ellen could not read, but Martin could read and write. No language was listed for Ellen or Martin, suggesting they spoke English only. The family lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms. Ellen owned the land on which her house was situated along with 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

This page was added on 10/07/2020.

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