Annagh

Eanach

Mike Kelly/Galway Rural Development

Annagh / Eanach                                            Irish Grid M 70208 37107

Author: Mike Kelly/Galway Rural Development

The townland of Annagh is in the civil parish of Ballymacward, in the barony of Kilconnell and the County of Galway.

Situation:

It belongs to Usher Esq., held by deed for ever. The North and South parts are wet, the centre dry, of a good quality. The country is flat. The houses and roads are in good repair. It contains 794 acres and 30 perches. The County Cess is £21. 19. 8½ for the summer half year of 1837.

The townland lies in the east of this parish in the barony of Kilconnel, bounded by Attyregan, Gortyroyan West, Lisskub East and Garrafine Usher in said barony and by Cloongouna and Alloonbaun in the Barony of Tiaquin in this parish, by Fohanagh and Lower Cloonlawn in the parish of Fohanagh and barony of Kilconnel. It is about 4 miles S.W. of Ahascragh.

This is a list of townlands that share a border with this townland.

 

Census of Ireland (1821- 1911)

The first full population census of Ireland was taken in 1821 and the first four Irish censuses were arranged by county, barony, civil parish and townland.

1821: Only some fragments for small parts of county Galway survive. There are no records for Ballymacward.

1831: The only surviving records are from Counties Antrim and Derry.

1841: There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1851: There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1861: Census records for 1861 and 1871 were deliberately destroyed by the government

1881: The records for 1881 and 1891 were pulped as waster paper during the shortages of World War I.

1901: Full Census records are available See below.

1911: Full Census records are available See below.

 

1911 Census

Overview of townland

There were 18 houses in total in this townland, which was built and are recorded as private dwellings. All the houses had stone or brick walls and a roof of thatch, wood or other perishable material with the exception of house numbers 6 and 4 which had a slated roofs. There were 15 2nd class and 2 3rd class dwellings. There was a total of 85 people living in the townland of which 44 were male and 41 were female. All were Roman Catholic and all were born in County Galway. There was a total of 66 out buildings listed which comprised of 12 stables 1 coach house, 1 harness room, 15 cow houses,5 calf houses, 12 piggeries, 2 fowl houses, 1 potato house, 8 barns, 8 sheds and one turf house. House number 18 was unoccupied and all the heads of household were also the landowners with the exception of number 15 (Kate Trayers), where the landowner is recorded as Patrick Hession of Garrifine.

House 1: Costello/McDonagh

The household was headed Timothy Costello, a 50-year-old married farmer. He lived with his wife, Kate (47) and family. They had been married for 22 years and had 5 children all still living – sons John (17), a farmer’s son, Thomas (11), Patrick (9) both scholars as well as daughters 19-year-old Maria for whom no occupation is given and scholar Margaret (15). Also in the house was Timothy Costello’s unmarried sister-in-law, Bridget McDonagh aged 50. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, had been born in County Galway and all could read and write. There is no information listed regarding languages spoken. The house is described as a 2nd class house that had two rooms with three windows. The roof of the house was thatch and the walls stone or brick. The head of household was also the landholder.

House 2: Hanlon

The head of this household was 48-year-old married farmer John D. Hanlon who lived with his wife Teresa (37) and their family. They had been married for 12 years and had 6 children, 4 of whom were still alive – sons John T. (7) and Matthew (6) both scholars as well as daughters Annie M. (10) and 4-year-old Teresa M. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, came from County Galway and could all read and write with the exception of the 4-year-old. The house is described as 2nd class private dwelling with walls of stone or brick, a thatched roof and had 2 rooms with 4 windows. There were 7 outbuildings consisting of a stable, cowhouse, calf-house, piggery, fowl-house bard and a shed.

House 3: Hession/Keighrey/Lohan/Morris/Raftery

The head of the household was 39-year-old unmarried farmer, William Hession who lived with his unmarried brothers Patrick (38) and John (37), both farmer’s sons as well as unmarried sister Grace aged 33. Also in the house were his cousins Mary Raftery (33) and James Morris (19). There are no occupations recorded for the women and James Morris is described as an undergraduate. The household had 2 female domestic servants, Bridget Lohan (36) and 24-year-old Mary Anne Keighrey. All occupants were Roman Catholic, could read and write and all came from County Galway. All were unmarried. The house is described as 2nd class with walls of stone or brick and a slated roof with 5 rooms and 5 windows. There were 15 outbuildings which consisted of 3 stables, a coach-house, 1 harness-room, 3 cowhouse, 2 calf-houses, a piggery, a fowl-house, a barn, turf-house and a potato shed.

House 4: Murry

The head of the household was Mary Murry, an unmarried farmer aged 70 who lived with her unmarried sisters Bridget (82) and Margaret (72). All three occupants were Roman Catholic and came from County Galway and none of the sisters could read or write. There is no language proficiency recorded. The house is described as 2nd class with walls of stone or brick and a thatched roof. The dwelling had 2 rooms and 3 windows and there were 2 outbuildings – a stable and a cow-house. The census form was signed by Mary Murry using her mark and was witnessed by constable P. Kyne. Mary Murry was also the landowner.

House 5: Madden/Groden

The head of the family was James Madden, a 44-year-old married farmer who lived with his wife Bridget (44) and family. They had been married for 22 years1 and had 5 children all still living. Also in the house were his 11 month old daughter Kate Madden as well as step-daughters Mary Anne (19) and Delia Groden (sic) (17) as well as step-son 21-year-old Patrick Groden, a farmer’s son. All three step-siblings were unmarried. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, all came from County Galway and all could read and write with the obvious exception of the 11-month old child. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with stone walls and a thatched roof. There were 2 rooms and 3 windows with 2 outbuildings – a cow-house and a piggery. The census form was signed by James Madden using his mark and was witnessed by constable P. Kyne.

House 6: Kelly

The head of the household was 40-year-old unmarried agricultural labourer, Thomas Kelly. Also in the house was his widowed mother Ellen Kelly aged 80. She had been married for 50 years and had 7 children, 5 of whom were still living. She could not read or write but son Thomas could do both. They were both Roman Catholic and originated in County Galway. The house is described as 2nd class with walls of stone and a rood of slate. The dwelling had 3 rooms and 7 windows as well as 1 outbuilding, a shed. The census return was signed by Thomas Kelly using his mark which was witnessed by constable Kyne.

House 7: Hessian

The head of the household was Patrick Hessian, a married farmer aged 42 who lived with his wife Bridget (30) and their children. They had been married for 4 years and had 4 children all still living, daughters Elizabeth (5), Annie (4), Mary Bridget (1) and 3-year-old son John Joseph. All occupants were Roman Catholic and all came from County Galway. Only the parents were able to read and write and there are no language proficiencies recorded for the children. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with stone walls and a thatched roof and had 3 rooms and 3 windows. There were 6 outbuildings made up of a stable, cow-house, calf-house, piggery, a barn and a shed. The form was signed by Patrick Hessian using his mark and was witnessed by constable P. Kyne.

House 8: Kelly/Geraghty

The head of the family was 73-year-old widow, Bridget Kelly. She had been married for 43 years and had 8 children with only 4 still living. She shared the house with her unmarried sons Martin (38), a farmer and 34-year-old John a farmer’s son as well as her daughter Annie (25) also unmarried and for whom no occupation is given. Also in the house was Bridget Kelly’s nephew James Geraghty aged 4. All occupants could read and write (except the child), all were Roman Catholic and all came from County Galway. The head of the family is recorded as being able to speak both Irish and English while English only is listed for the others. The house was 2nd class with walls of stone, thatched roof and had 2 rooms and 3 windows. There were 2 outbuildings, a cow-house and a piggery.

House 9: Lydon

The head of the household is recorded as 93-year-old Michael Lydon, a widowed farmer. Also in the household was his son Martin (58), a married farmer’s son and daughter-in-law Bridget (50) who had been married for 22 years and had 5 children, 3 of whom were still living, grandsons John (19) and Mark (17) as well as granddaughter Delia (12). The boys are described as farmer’s sons while Delia was a scholar and all three were unmarried. The only language proficiency recorded is for the head Michael Lydon who spoke both English and Irish. All the occupants could read and write, all came from county Galway and all were Roman Catholic. The house is described as 2nd class with walls of stone or brick and a roof of thatch and had 2 rooms and 3 windows. There were 4 outbuildings consisting of a stable, cow-house, piggery and a barn.

House 10: McDonagh

Fergus McDonagh a 59-year-old married farmer was the head of this household. He lived with his wife Catherine (67) and their family. They had been married for 30 years and had six children all of whom were still living in 1911. They are both listed as speaking both English and Irish. Also in the house were their unmarried children James (20), Mary Ellen (18) and 13-year-old Margaret. James is described as a farmer’s son, Margaret as a scholar and no occupation is recorded for 18-year-old Mary Ellen. All occupants were Roman Catholic, came from county Galway and all could read and write with the exception of head Fergus. Both parents are recorded as speaking English and Irish while the proficiency of the children is not recorded. The house was 2nd class with walls of stone or brick, a thatched roof with 3 rooms and 6 windows. There were also 5 outbuildings – a stable, calf-house, piggery, barn and a shed. The census return was signed by Fergus McDonagh using his mark and was witnessed by Constable Kyne.

House 11: O’Neill

The household was headed by Owen O’Neill, a married farmer aged 44. He shared the house with his wife Anne (45) and family. They had been married for 11 years and had 4 children all still living in 1911. Their family consisted of scholar sons John (14), Michael (12), Patrick (9), William (7½) as well as 5 month old daughter Sarah. Head Owen is described as speaking English and Irish and no language details are recorded for the others. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, came from County Galway and all could read and write with the obvious exception of five month old Sarah. The house is described as 2nd class with walls of stone or brick and a roof of thatch and there were 2 rooms and 3 windows. The 2 outbuildings were a stable and a cow-house.

House 12: O’Neill/ Tooneyi

The head of the household was James O’Neill (69), a married carpenter who lived with his wife Mary (67). They had been married for 40 years and had no children. Both could speak English and Irish. Also in the house was a boarder William Tooney (sic) aged 12. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, all came from County Galway and aa could read and write. The house is recorded as 2nd class dwelling with stone or brick walls and a thatched roof and the house had 2 rooms and 3 windows. There were also 4 outbuildings consisting of a stable, cowhouse, piggery and a barn. The form was signed by James O’Neill using his mark which was witnessed by Constable P. Kyne.

House 13: O’Neill

House number 13 was occupied by head of household Patrick O’Neill (38), an unmarried farmer’s son and his 34-year-old brother John, a farmer’s son and also unmarried. Both brothers were Roman Catholic, could read and write and came from County Galway, there is no language proficiency recorded for either. The house is listed as 2nd class with walls of stone or brick and a roof of thatch. The house had 2 rooms and 3 windows and there were 4 outbuildings made up of a stable, cow-house, piggery and a barn. The census form was signed by Patrick O’Neill which was witnessed by Constable Kyne.

House 14: Coffey

The head of this household is recorded as 62-year-old widow Mary Coffey who had been married for 25 years and had 9 children all of whom were still living. In the house with her were her unmarried children, sons Henry (30) and Richard (21) as well as daughter Agnes aged 24. Henry is listed as a farmer’s son but no occupations are given for the other 2 and all three siblings were unmarried. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, all could read and write and all came from County Galway. They are also all recorded as speaking English only. The house was a 2nd class dwelling with stone or brick walls and a thatched roof. It also had 2 rooms and 3 windows as well as 3 outbuildings – a cowhouse, piggery and shed.

House 15: Trayers

Widow Kate Trayers (45) is listed as the head of this household. She had been married for 16 years and had 3 children all still living, sons John (15) and Thomas (14) as well as daughter Katie aged 13 all described as scholars. All the family were Roman Catholic, came from County Galway and all could read and write with the exception of head Kate. The house is listed as 3rd class with stone or brick walls, a thatched roof, one room and 2 windows. The census form was signed by Kate Trayers using her mark and witnessed by Constable Kyne. The landowner is recorded as P. Hessian.

House 16: Dillon

The head of the household was 69-year-old widow Mary Dillon. She had been married for 42 years and had 8 children all still living at the time of the census. Also in the house were her two unmarried sons Andrew (31) and 29-year-old Charles both recorded as agricultural labourers. All the occupants were Roman Catholic and came from county Galway. The brothers could read and write while their mother could not and no language proficiency is recorded for any of them. The house was 2nd class with walls of stone or brick and a roof of thatch or other perishable material. The dwelling had 2 rooms and 3 windows. The family also had 2 outbuildings, a cowhouse and a piggery. The forms were signed by Mary Dillon using her mark which was witnessed by P. Kyne.

House 17: Kelly

Fifty-year-old married farmer John Kelly was head of this household and was married to his wife Bridget (34) for 12 years. They had 5 children and all were still living at the time of the census. John is described as an agricultural labourer. Their family consisted of sons Patrick (10), Michael (7), James (3) and John 1 year and 3 months as well as daughter Mary aged 5. The elder 2 children as recorded as scholars. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, came from county Galway and all could read and write except the 3 youngest children. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with walls of stone or brick and a thatched roof. It had 2 rooms and 2 windows as well as 2 outbuildings, a piggery and a shed.

House 18: Unoccupied

The only details recorded are that the landowner was Patrick Hessian of Garrifine and that there was one outbuilding, a shed.

 

1901 Census

Townland Overview

There were 17 houses in total in this townland, which was built and are recorded as private dwellings. All the houses had stone or brick walls and a roof of thatch, wood or other perishable material with the exception of house number 6 which had a slated roof. There were 13 2nd class and 4 3rd class dwellings. There was a total of 85 people living in the townland of which 40 were male and 45 were female. All were Roman Catholic and all were born in County Galway. There was a total of 51 out buildings listed which comprised of 7 stables 1 coach house, 11 cow houses, 12 piggeries, 1 fowl house, 1 potato house, 9 barns, 8 sheds and one store. House number 8 was unoccupied and all the heads of household were also the landowners with the exception of numbers 9 (John Kelly), 14 (Pat O’Neill) and 16 (Mary Dillon) where the landowners are recorded as William Hession, John O’Neill and William Arnold Usher respectively.

House 1: Costello/McDonagh

The household was headed Timothy Costello, a 40-year-old married farmer. He lived with his wife, Kate (35) and their family which consisted of John (7), Maria (9), both scholars as well as younger children Margaret (5) and 2-year-old Thomas. Also in the house was Timothy Costello’s unmarried sister in-law Bridget McDonagh a 39-year-old housekeeper. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, had been born in County Galway and all could read and write with the obvious exception of the two youngest children. There is no information listed regarding languages spoken. The house is described as a 2nd class house that had two rooms with three windows. The roof of the house was thatch and the walls stone or brick. The head of household was also the landholder.

House 2: Doyle / Barrett / Lally / O’Hanlon

The head of the household was 75-year-old unmarried farmer Patrick Doyle. Also in the house was his widowed sister Kate Lally (65) a housekeeper, nephew John O’Hanlon (38) a married farmer, niece-in-law Teresa O’Hanlon (28), niece Kate O’Hanlon an unmarried housekeeper (30) and grand-niece one week old Annie O’Hanlon. The household was completed by James Barrett (16) who is described as a servant with an occupation of farm labourer. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, all came from County Galway and all could read and write with the obvious except of baby Annie O’Hanlon. Patrick Doyle is listed as speaking both English and Irish while the other adults as speaking English only. The house was a 2nd class dwelling that had 3 rooms and 4 windows.

House 3: Murray

The head of the household was unmarried farmer Patrick Murray aged 65 who lived with his three unmarried sisters Bridget (60), Margaret (58) and Mary (56) Murray, all housekeepers. All of the siblings were Roman Catholic, all came from County Galway and all spoke English and Irish. No family member could either read or write. The census form was signed by Patrick Murray using his mark which was witnessed by Constable William Byrne. The house is described as a 2nd class private dwelling which had 2 rooms and 3 windows and the landowner was Patrick Murray.

House 4: Groden

The head of the family was 70-year-old Mary Groden, a widowed farmer. Also in the house were her widowed daughter-in-law Bridget Groden (32) a housekeeper as well as grandchildren James (12), Patrick (10), Mary (8) and Delia (6) Groden all described as scholars. All the occupants were Roman Catholic and all came from County Galway. With the exception of head of household Mary Groden could read and write. The house is described as a 2nd class private dwelling with 2 rooms and 4 windows. Mary Groden was also the landowner and she signed the census form using her mark which was witnessed by Constable Byrne.

House 5: Kelly

The household was headed by Ellen Kelly, a 60-year-old widow who lived with her farm labourer sons, John (39) and Thomas (33) as well as her daughter-in-law Bridget Kelly aged (22) whose occupation is given as a housekeeper. Also in the house was her 2-week old grandson Patrick Kelly. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, came from County Galway and all the adults spoke both English and Irish. Bridget Kelly was the only occupant who could read and write. The census form was signed by Ellen Kelly using her mark which was witnessed by Constable Byrne. The house is described as a 3rd class dwelling which had 2 rooms and 2 windows. Ellen Kelly was also the landowner.

House 6: Burke / Connolly / Glynn / Hession / Raftery

The head of the household was 31-year-old unmarried farmer William Hession who lived with his brothers Patrick (29) and John (27) both farmers and also unmarried. Also in the household was his cousin Mary Raftery (26), an unmarried housekeeper. The household also comprised of servants Mary Connolly (75) described as a cook and general servant who was a widow as well as Margaret Glynn (17) and Mary Burke (16), both unmarried and whose occupations as listed as general servant. All the occupants were Roman Catholic, came from County Galway and all could read and write with the exception of Mary Connolly who could, however, speak both English and Irish. The house is described as a 2nd class dwelling which had a slated roof, 4 rooms and 5 windows.

House 7: Carr / Clancey / Hession

The head of the family was 30-year-old unmarried farmer Patrick Hession who shared the house with his unmarried sister Lizzie (27), a housekeeper. The household was completed by unmarried servants Norah Clancey and Patrick Carr who were both 17. All occupants were Roman Catholic, could read and write and all came from County Galway. There is no language proficiency recorded for anyone. The house was listed as a 2nd class dwelling with 2 rooms and 4 windows and the landowner was also Patrick Hession.

House 8: Uninhabited and listed as a store owned by Patrick Hession

House 9: Kelly

The head of the family was 61-year-old shepherd John Kelly who lived with his wife Bridget (58), a housekeeper and sons Martin (26), a farm labourer, John (19), a farm servant as well as daughter Annie (15) and described as a scholar. All the siblings were unmarried. The entire family was Roman Catholic and came from Galway. The three siblings could read and write while John could not read and his wife could read only. It is recorded that the head of the family spoke both English and Irish while the others spoke English only. John Kelly signed the census form using his mark which was witnessed by Constable Byrne. The house was 2nd class with 2 rooms and 3 windows and the landowner was William Hession.

House 10: Lydon

The head of the family was Martin Lydon (78), a married farmer who lived with his housekeeper wife Anne (65) and son Michael (47) and daughter – in-law Bridget Lydon (36). Michael’s occupation is given as farmer and Bridget was a housekeeper. Also in the house were grandchildren John (7), a scholar as well as Mark (5) and 1 year old Delia. All could read and write with the exception of the 2 youngest children, all were Roman Catholic and all came from County Galway. Martin and wife Anne are recorded as speaking both English and Irish. The house was a 2nd class dwelling and had 2 rooms and 3 windows and Martin Lydon was also the landowner.

House 11: O’Neill

The sole occupant on the night of 31st March was 30-year-old Anne O’Neill – a married housekeeper. She was Roman Catholic, could read and write and originated in County Galway. No language proficiency is recorded for her. The house was a 2nd class dwelling which had 2 rooms and 3 windows and the landowner is listed as Owen O’Neill.

House 12: McDonagh

The head of the family was Fergus McDonagh a 50-year-old married farmer who lived with his wife Catherine, a housekeeper aged 42 and their family consisting of farm labourer Michael (18) and scholars John (14), James (11), Mary Ellen (9) and 4-year-old Margaret. All were Roman Catholic and all came from County Galway. All could read and write except head Fergus who could do neither and 4-year-old Margaret who could read only. Fergus and Catherine are recorded as speaking both English and Irish. The census form was signed by Fergus McDonagh using his mark and the house described as 2nd class and had 2 rooms and 3 windows.

House 13: Burke / Gately / O’Neill

The head of the family was 56-year-old carpenter James O’Neill who lived with his wife Maria, a housekeeper aged 50. Also in the household were lodger Michael Burke (22), a farm labourer as well as 8-year-old Michael Gately described as a servant and a scholar. All occupants were Roman Catholic, came from County Galway and all could read and write. James and his wife Maria spoke both English and Irish. The house was a 2nd class dwelling and had 2 rooms and 3 windows. The head of the household was also the landowner.

House 14: Burke / O’Neill

The head of the house was Patrick O’Neill (25), an unmarried farmer. Also in the house were his unmarried brothers Michael (23), James (20) and John (18) – all farm labourers as well as 11-year-old lodger Martin Burke, a scholar. All occupants were Roman Catholic, all could read and write and all came from County Galway. The house was a 2nd class dwelling and had 2 rooms and 3 windows. The landowner is recorded as John O’Neill.

House 15: Coffey

The head of the family was Roger Coffey, a married farmer aged 60 who lived with his wife Mary (50), a housekeeper and their family, sons Jon (23) and Patrick (19) both farmer’s sons as well as 10-year-old scholar Michael and daughters Lizzie (16) and Agnes (14) also a scholar. All could read and write with the exception of Roger and 23-year-old John who is described as an idiot. Head of the family Roger spoke both English and Irish while the others spoke only English. The house was 3rd class and contained just one room and one window.

House 16: Dillon

The head of the family was Mary Dillon, a widowed housekeeper aged 45 who lived with her unmarried family, sons William (29), a farm labourer, farm servants Andrew (20) and Charles (18) as well as scholar daughter 15-year-old Bridget. All could read and write with the exception of Mary Dillon and all were Roman Catholic and came from County Galway. The house was a 3rd class dwelling with 2 rooms and 4 windows and was owned by William Arnold Usher. Mary Dillon signed the census return using her mark which was witnessed by Constable Byrne.

House 17: Lyons

The head of the household was 68-year-old widowed housekeeper Bridget Lyons who lived with her unmarried children Michael (33) a carpenter and 22-year-old housekeeper Bridget. All were Roman Catholic and all came from County Galway. Both siblings could read and write while mother Bridget could not. The house was described as a 3rd class dwelling and had 2 rooms with 2 windows. Bridget Lyons was also the landowner and she signed the census form using her mark and witnessed by Constable Byrne.

1 The 22 years likely refers to a prior marriage given her age.

i Possibly Toomey.

This page was added on 20/11/2019.

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