Whitepark

An Pháirc Bhán

Roger Harrison

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Whitepark / An Pháirc Bhán                                   Irish Grid M 68588 35801

Author: Roger Harrison

 

Whitepark is a townland in the Civil Parish of Ballymacward in the barony of Kilconnell and the County of Galway

 

Situation:

(John O’Donovan 1806-1861)

Whitepark has boundaries with the townlands of Alloonbaun to the north, Annagh, Cloongawna, Liscune lower and liscune Upper to the east, Ballymacward and Carrownea Lower to the west and Tullawicky to the south.

 

 

Census of Ireland 1821 – 1911

The first full population census of Ireland was taken in 1821 and every ten years thereafter and the first four were arranged by county, barony, civil parish and townland.

 

1821: Only some fragments for small parts of county Galway survive. There are no   surviving records for Ballymacward.

1831: The only surviving records are from Counties Antrim and Derry.

1841: There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1851:   There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1861: Census records for 1861 and 1871 were deliberately destroyed by the government

1881: The records for 1881 and 1891 were pulped as waster paper during the shortages of World War I.

1901: Full Census records are available. See below.

1911: Full Census records are available See below.

 

1911 Census

Overview of the townland

The 1911 census shows that there were 8 houses in the townland of Whitepark. All the houses apart from house 8 were occupied and were listed was being private dwellings. All the occupied houses were constructed of stone, brick or concrete walls with houses 2 and 3 having slate, iron or tiled roofs and the others had only thatch, wood or other perishable materials for roofing. They were all 2nd class dwellings with 2 rooms and 3 windows in the front. The landholder for house 8 was listed as Patrick Kyne of Alloonbaun and he was the owner of forge which is placed in the unallotted ground. The out-offices and farm-steadings return (form B.2) shows that there were a total of 23 out buildings in the townland and they consisted of 5 stables, 7 cow houses, 3 piggeries, 5 barns, 2 sheds and a forge. The enumerator’s abstract return shows there were a total of 25 people in the townland at the time of the census. There were 10 male and 15 female. The enumerator for the area was Const. P. Kyne.

 

House 1: Lyons

House 1 was home to the widow Catherine (68) and she shared the house with her son, Thomas (30). Catherine had been married for 41 years and she had had 7 children and all of those had survived. Both Catherine and Thomas were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway. Catherine spoke Irish and English and both could read and write. Thomas was a shepherd. The house they lived in was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling with a stable, a cow house and a barn. The landholder was listed as Patrick Raftery of Carrowmore.

 

House 2: Daly

Michael (30) was the head of the family and he had been married to Mary (35) for 12 years and they had had 1 child but that child did not survive. They were both Roman Catholic and born in Co. Westmeath and both could read and write. Michael was a railway signalman and Mary was a maternity nurse. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling with a cow house. Michael Daly was the landholder.

 

House 3: Leech

The sole occupant of house 3 was the widow Catherine (70) and she had been married for 40 years and had had 9 children, but only 6 of those had survived. She was born in Co. Galway and was a Roman Catholic. She could read and write, but there was no occupation listed for her. She lived in a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and had a cow house and a piggery. Catherine Leech was the landholder.

 

House 4: Naughten

The head of the household in house 4 was James (47) and he was married to Kate (34) and had been for 9 months and they had had 1 child that lived with them and she was Catherine (7 days). Also in the house was James’ sister, Norah (53). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. There was nothing entered under the language heading for any of them. All, apart from baby Catherine, could read and write. James was listed as being a farmer. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class house with a cow house, a piggery and a barn. James Naughton was listed as the landholder.

 

House 5: Feeney

The head of the family in house 5 was Michael (70) and he had been married to Catherine (53) for 29 years and in that time they had had 5 children and all of those children had survived. They shared the house with 2 of their daughters, Maggie (17) and Sarah (12). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. There was no entry under the Language heading but, apart from Michael, they could all read and write. Michael was a farmer and Sarah was a scholar. The house was a stable, cow house, barn and a shed. The landholder was Michael Feeney.

 

House 6: Morgan

House 6 was home to the Morgan family and the head of the family was Joseph (67) and he lived with his twin brother, Thomas (67). Both were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Both spoke Irish and English and could read and write. Both of them were listed as being farmer’s. They shared a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and they had a stable, cow house, piggery and a barn. The landholder was Joseph Morgan.

 

House 7: Groden

The last house in Whitepark was the Groden family and they had, as their head of the family, Patrick (50) and he had been married to Mary (40) for 15 years and in that time they had had 8 children and all of those children had survived. Those 8 children also lived in the house with them and they were, Michael (14), Delia (12), Mary (11), Patrick (9), John Thos. (7), Katie (5), Norah (3) and Evlyn (1). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Only Patrick (50) was listed as being able to speak both Irish and English but there was nothing entered for the other members of the family under the language heading. Apart from the 3 youngest children, Katie, Norah and Evlyn, they could all read and write. Patrick was listed as being a farmer and Michael, Delia, Mary (11), Patrick (9) and John Thos. Were scholars. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and they had a stable, a cow house, a barn and a shed. Patrick Groden was the landholder.

 

1901 Census

Overview of the townland

The 1901 census shows that there were a total of 9 houses in the townland of Whitepark and that they were all occupied apart from house 5, which had as it’s landholder, Catherine Leech and was in the process of being built. All the houses were constructed of stone, brick or concrete walls and house 5 had slate, iron or tiles for roofing while the others all had thatch, wood or other perishable materials for roofing. Houses 2 and 3 were 3rd class dwellings while the others were all 2nd class. Houses 2 and 3 had 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front, houses 1, 4, 6, 7 and 9 had 2 rooms and 3 windows in the front, house 5 had 2 rooms and 4 windows and house 8 had 3 rooms and 3 windows. There were 27 out-offices, but no indication as to what types they were. The enumerator’s abstract return (form N) shows that there were a total of 29 people in the townland and they consisted of 13 male and 16 female. The enumerator for the area was Const. William Byrne.

 

House 1: Lyons

The head of the first family in Whitepark was Michael (60) and he was married to Catherine (55) and they shared the house with 2 of their sons, Thomas (19) and John (12). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Michael and Catherine spoke both Irish and English and all the family could read and write. Michael was a shepherd, Catherine was a housekeeper, Thomas was a farm labourer and John was a scholar. They all lived in a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and the landholder was Patrick Raftery.

 

House 2: Scarry

The only occupant of house 2 was Thomas (67). He was a Roman Catholic and was born in Co. Galway. He could speak both Irish and English but could not read. His occupation was listed as being a shoemaker. The house was a 2 roomed, 3rd class house and the landholder was William Forde.

 

House 3: Duane / Owens

The head of the household in house 3 was the widow, Mary (55) and she shared then house with 2 of her daughters, Agnes (25) and Maggie (24) and also in the house at that time was Mary’s sister, Margaret Owens (63). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Mary and Margaret spoke Irish and English and all the family could read and write. Mary was listed as being a housewife, Agnes and Maggie were dressmakers and Margaret was a general servant domestic. The house was a 2 roomed, 3rd class dwelling and the landholder was Lord Clancarty (sic).

 

House 4: Leech

The widow Catherine (60) was the head of this family and she shared the house with 2 of her sons, Thomas (22) and Thady (20). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Only Catherine could speak Irish and English but there was nothing entered for the 2 sons. All the family could read and write. Catherine was a housekeeper, Thomas was a garden labourer and Thady was a railway porter. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and Catherine Leech was the landholder.

 

House 5: Unoccupied

 

House 6: Naughten

James (32) was listed as the head of the family in house 6 and he lived with 2 of his sisters, Norah (37) and Bridget (35). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. There was nothing entered under the language heading for any of them but they could all read and write. James was a farmer, Norah was a housekeeper and Bridget was a teacher. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and James Naughten was the landholder.

 

House 7: Feeney

The head of the family in house 7 was Michael (50) and he was married to Catherine (40) and they shared the house with 3 of their daughters, Kate (8), Margaret (4) and Sarah (2). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Only Michael was listed as speaking Irish and English. Margaret could read only and Catherine and Kate could read and write. Michael was a farmer, Catherine was a housekeeper and Kate and Margaret were scholars. The house they all lived in was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and Michael Feeney was the landholder.

 

House 8: Mongan

The head of the family in house 8 was Joseph (40) and he shared the house with his brother, Thomas (40) and his sister, Kate (46), all of whom were unmarried. They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All of the family could speak both Irish and English and could read and write. Joseph and Thomas were farmers and Kate was a housekeeper. The house they all lived in was a 3 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and Joseph Mongan was the landholder.

 

House 9: Groden

The last house in Whitepark was home to the Groden family and the head of that family was widower Edward (70) and he lived with his son, Patrick (35), his daughter-in-law, Mary (25), his grandson, Michael (4) and 2 granddaughters, Delia (2) and Mary (1). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Only Edward could speak Irish and English and there was nothing entered for the others in the family. Only Edward, Patrick and Mary (25) could read and write. Edward and Patrick were farmers and Mary (25) was a housekeeper. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and Patrick Groden was the landholder.

 

 

Griffith’s Valuation

The Primary Valuation of Ireland in 1855 was a survey involving a detailed valuation of every taxable holding of agricultural or built property on the island of Ireland. It was completed between 1864 and 1865.

 

Griffith’s Valuation shows that the land in the townland of Whitepark was owned by Lord Clancarty and he leased a number of tenements to people in the townland. Joseph Mongan leased a house, offices, a corn-mill and a kiln on 82 acres and 28 perches of land from Lord Clancarty for £28 for the land and £4 for the buildings. Mary Doherty leased a house from Joseph Mongan for £1 per annum, Michael Lally leased a house and offices on 19 acres and 28 perches of land from Lord Clancarty for £5 10s for the land and 15s for the buildings and Timothy Groden leased a house and offices on 19 acres, 1 rood and 25 perches of land from Lord Clancarty for £5 10s for land and 15s for the buildings. Patrick Naughten leased 2 tenements from Lord Clancarty, 18 acres, 3 roods and 21 perches of land for £5 15s and another of a house and offices on 16 acres, 2 roods and 24 perches of land for £5 15s for the land and £1 for the buildings. Bridget Naughten leased a house from Patrick Naughten for 15s annually, Catherine Lawless leased a house with a 1 rood and 10 perches garden from Lord Clancarty for 3s for the garden and 12s for the house and Michael Finey (sic) leased a house on 36 acres, 2 roods and 12 perches of land from Lord Clancarty for £11 10s for the land and £1 for the house. Timothy Scarry leased a house and offices on 3 acres, 1 rood and 7 perches of land from Lord Clancarty for 15s for the land and £1 for the buildings, Daniel Naughten leased a house on 1 acre, 1 rood and 4 perches of land from Lord Clancarty for 10s for the land and 10s for the house and John Farrell leased a herd’s house and offices on 77 acres, 2 roods and 15 perches of land from Lord Clancarty for £36 for the house and £1 10s for the buildings. John Mooney leased a house on 1 acre, 1 rood and 24 perches of land from Lord Clancarty for 15s for the land and 10s for the house, Catherine Morgan leased 11 acres, 3 roods and 1 perch of land from Lord Clancarty for £5 15s and there were also 35 acres, 1 rood and 37 perches of bog land belonging to Lord Clancarty for which it had a annual ratable valuation of £1.

 

 

 

 

This page was added on 31/12/2019.

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