Kinreask

Cionn Riasca

Roger Harrison

 

Kinreask / Cionn Riasca                                          Irish Grid M 64608 35922

Author: Roger Harrison

 

Kinreask is a townland in the Civil Parish of Ballymacward in the barony of Tiaquin and the County of Galway.

 

Situation:

Situated in the western side of the parish in the barony of Tiaquin bounded by Curskeagh Trench, Curskeagh Daly, Gortahultra, Creeraun, and Gortbrack in same barony, by Garrymore and Cave townlands in the barony of Kilconnel. The townland shares boundaries with the following townlands:

 

Description:

Is the property of Francis Davis who holds it under a deed for ever. It contains 259a. 1r. 6p. of a flat and middling good quality. Houses and roads are in good repair. Amount of Co. Cess £10. 18. 3d.

 

Census of Ireland 1821 – 1911

The first full population census of Ireland was taken in 1821 and every ten years thereafter and the first four were arranged by county, barony, civil parish and townland.

 

1821: Only some fragments for small parts of county Galway survive. There are no   surviving records for Ballymacward.

1831: The only surviving records are from Counties Antrim and Derry.

1841: There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1851:   There are no surviving records for County Galway.

1861: Census records for 1861 and 1871 were deliberately destroyed by the government

1881: The records for 1881 and 1891 were pulped as waster paper during the shortages of World War I.

1901: Full Census records are available. See below.

1911:   Full Census records are available See below.

 

1911 census

Overview of the townland

The 1911 census shows that there were a total of 10 houses in the townland and all were occupied and listed as being private dwellings. All were constructed of stone. Brick or concrete walls with houses 9 and 10 having slate, iron or tiled roofs and the others having thatch, wood or other perishable materials for roofing. Houses 1, 3, 4, 6 and 8-10 were 2nd class dwellings while the others were all 3rd class. House 7 had 1 room and 1 window, Houses 2 and 5 had 2 rooms and 2 windows and houses 1-4, 5 and 8-10 had 2 rooms and 3 windows. The out-offices and farm-steadings return shows that there were a total of 48 out buildings and they consisted of 9 stables, 10 cow houses, 5 calf houses, 8 piggeries, 4 fowl houses, 7 barns, 4 sheds and a forge. There were a total of 60 people in the townland, 31 males and 29 females. The enumerator for the area was Constable Peter Young.

 

House 1: Kilkenny

The Kilkenny family in house 1 had, as the head of the family, Thomas (56) and he had been married to Bridget (38) for 21 years and in that time they had had14 children and 13 of those had survived. They shared the house with 9 of those children and they were, Mary (16), Bridget (14), Hanna (13), Julia (9), Catherine (5), Rose (2), Thomas (10)[i], Martin (4) and William (6mths). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Thomas (56) and Bridget (38) spoke Irish and English but there was nothing entered for the others, which could indicate that they only spoke English. Apart from Rose, Martin and William, they could all read and write. Thomas (56) was a farmer and Hanna, Julia, Catherine and Thomas (10) were scholars. The house that they all lived in was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and they had a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a barn. Thomas Kilkenny was listed as being the landholder.

 

House 2: Hession

House 2 was home to the Hession family and the head of the family was listed as being Martin (41) and he had been married to Mary (40) for 21 years and in that time they had had 8 children but only 6 of those had survived. Those 6 children lived with them and they were, Patrick (20), Maria (15), Thomas (12), Norah (10), John (7) and Michael (2). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Martin spoke Irish and English but there was nothing entered for the others. With the exception of John and Michael, they could all read and write. Martin was listed as being a shepherd, Patrick was an agricultural labourer and Maria, Thomas, Norah and John were scholars. The house they all shared was a 2 roomed, 3rd class dwelling and they had a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a fowl house. Martin Hession was the landholder.

 

House 3: Egan / Larkin

The widow Bridget Larkin (70) was listed as the head of this family and she shared the house with her son-in-law, Thomas (33), her daughter-in-law[ii], Ellen (27) who had been married for 4 years and in that time they had had 3 children and all of those had survived, Those 3 children lived with her and they were Martin (3), Julia (2) and John (6mths). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Bridget, Thomas and Ellen spoke both Irish and English but only Thomas and Ellen could read and write. Bridget, Thomas and Ellen were all listed as being farmers. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and they had a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a barn. Bridget Larkin was the landholder.

 

House 4: Dwyer / Goulding

The head of the household in house 4 was Michael (76) and he had been married to Mary (74) for 35 years and they had ahd 5 children, all of whom had survived. They shared the house with their son, Mike (35) and their daughter, Sarah Goulding (30). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Michael and Mary spoke Irish and English but there was nothing entered for the other 2, which could indicate that they only spoke English. Michael, Mike and Sarah could read and write. Michael was a farmer and Mike was listed as being a farmer’s son. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class house and they had a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a fowl house. Michael Dwyer was the landholder.

 

House 5: Mannion

The only two occupants of house 5 were the head of the household, Michael (34) and also in the house at that time was his niece, Mary (16). They were both Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway. Michael was listed as speaking Irish and English but there was nothing entered for Mary and both could read and write. Michael was a blacksmith. The house was a 2 roomed, 3rd class dwelling and they had a stable, a cow house, a calf house, a barn and a forge. Michael Mannion was the landholder.

 

House 6: Finn

The head of this family was the widower John (59) who was listed as having 5 surviving children. He shared the house with 4 of those children and they were, Patrick (35), Bridget (32), Thomas (28) and John (22). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. John (59), Patrick and Bridget were listed as speaking Irish and English but there was nothing entered for the other 2, which could indicate that they only spoke English. They could all read and write. John (59) was a farmer and Patrick, Thomas and John (22) were agricultural labourers. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling with a stable, cow house, calf house, piggery, a barn and a shed. John Finn was the landholder.

 

House 7: Kelly

The sole occupant of house 7 was Timothy (71) and he was born in Co. Galway and was a Roman Catholic. He spoke Irish and English but could not read. Timothy was listed as being a farmer and the house he lived in was a 1 roomed, 3rd class dwelling with a cow house. He was the landholder.

 

House 8: Larkin

The head of this family was Simon (72) and he was married to Delia (56) and they had been married for 20 years and they had had 9 children but only 6 of those had survived. They lived with 4 of those children and they were Patk. (24), Margaret (23), Annie (15) and Martin (13). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Simon, Delia, Annie and Martin spoke Irish and English and all the family could read and write. Simon was a farmer, Patk was a farmer’s son and Martin was a scholar. The house was a 2 roomed, 3rd class dwelling and they had a stable, a cow house, a calf house, piggery, a fowl house, a barn and a shed. Simon Larkin was the landholder.

 

House 9: Kilkenny

The head of the family in house 9 was Martin (60) and he had been married to Mary (44) for 25 years and they had had 13 children but only 9 of those had survived. Seven of those children lived with them in the house and they were, John (22), Mary Anne (17), Julia (15), Bernard (13), Martin (11), Norah (7) and Patrick (1). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Martin (60) and Mary were listed as speaking Irish and English but there was nothing listed for the others. Martin (60) and Patrick could not read but the others could all read and write, Martin (60) was a farmer, John was a farmer’s son and Bernard, Martin (11) and Norah were scholars. The house they all lived in was a 3 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and they had a stable, a cow house, a calf house, piggery and a barn. Martin Kilkenny was the landholder.

 

House 10: Flannery

The head of the last house in Kinreask was Patrick (50) and he was married to Ellen (32) and they had been married for 13 years and had had 8 children and 6 of those had survived. Those 6 children also lived in the house and they were Mary (12), Winnie (10), Bridget (9), Margaret (6), John (7) and Thomas (1). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All of the family could speak both Irish and English except baby Thomas. All the family were listed as being able to read and write. Patrick was a farmer and Mary, Winnie, Bridget, Margaret and John were scholars. The house they all loved in was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and they had a stable, a cow house, a calf house, a piggery, a fowl house, a barn and a shed. Patrick Flannery was the landholder.

 

1901 Census

Overview of the townland

The 1901 census shows that there were a total of 12 houses in Kinreask at that time. All the houses were listed as being private dwellings and were all occupied. They were all built of stone, brick or concrete walls and thatch, wood or other perishable materials for roofing. Houses 2-4, 6-10 and 12 were 2nd class dwellings, houses 1 and 11 were 3rd class and house 5 was a 4th class dwelling. House 5 had a single room with no windows, houses 1 and 11 were 3rd class dwellings and all the others were 2nd class. The enumerator’s abstract return (form N) shows that there were a total of 59 people living in the townland consisting of 30 male and 29 female.

 

House 1: Manning

The head of the first house in Kinreask was Thomas (64) and he was married to Mary (62) and they shared the house with their son Michael (26) and their granddaughter Mary (6). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Thomas was listed as speaking Irish and English. Only Michael and Mary (6) could read and write. Thomas and Michael were recorded as being black smyths (sic) and Mary (6) was a scholar. The house was a 2 roomed, 3rd class dwelling and Thomas Manning was the landholder.

 

House 2: Larkin

The head of the Larkin family in house 2 was Michael (53) and he was married to Bridget (51) and they shared the house with their daughter Ellen (17). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All of the family could speak both Irish and English and Bridget could read only while Michael and Ellen could read and write. Michael was listed as being a farmer and Ellen was a farmer’s daughter. The house they all lived in was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and Michael Larkin was the landholder.

 

House 3: Dwyer

The head of the Dwyer family was Michael (65) and he was married to May (53) and they shared the house with 2 of their children, Michal (sic) (26) and Sarah (21). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All of the family could speak both Irish and English. Apart from May, the family could all read and write. Michael was a farmer, Michal (sic) was a farmer’s son and Sarah was listed as a farmer’s daughter. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and Michael Dwyer was the landholder.

 

House 4: Kilkenny

The Kilkenny family lived in house 4 and the head of the family was Thomas (43) ad he was married to Bridget (27) and they lived with 8 their children[iii], John (15), Patrick (14), Liza (8), Mary (7), Honor (5), Bedelia (sic) (4), Margaret (2) and Thomas (7mths). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Only Thomas (43) and Bridget could speak Irish and English as there was nothing entered for the others. The 3 youngest children could not read, Honor could read only and the rest of the family could all read and write. Thomas (43) was a farmer and John, Patrick, Liza, Mary and Honor were scholars. The house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and Thomas Kilkenny was the landholder.

 

House 5: Dwyer

The sole occupant of house 5 was the unmarried Patrick (70). He was a Roman Catholic and was born in Co. Galway and he could speak Irish and English but could not read. He was listed as being an agricultural labourer. His house was a single roomed, 4th class dwelling and the landholder was listed as John R. Parker.

 

House 6: Hession

Of the 5 members in the Hession family the head of the family was Martin (32) and he was married to Mary (30) and they shared the house with 3 of their children, Patrick (10), Maria (5) and Tomas (2). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Only Martin and Mary spoke both Irish and English and there was nothing entered for the others. Only Mary and Patrick could read and write. Martin was a shepherd and Patrick was a scholar. The house they all shared was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and the landholder was John R. Parker.

 

House 7: Flannery

The head of this Flannery household was Thomas (84) and he was married to Weniford[iv] (sic) (83) and they shared the house with their son, Patt (45), their daughter-in-law, Ellon (sic) (25) and 2 granddaughters, Mary (2) and Wenefrid (sic) (1). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Thomas and Weniford (sic) spoke only Irish and Patt and Ellon (sic) spoke Irish and English. Thomas, Patt and Ellon (sic) could read and write. Thomas was a farmer, Patt was a farmer’s son and Ellon (sic) was a farmer’s daughter-in-law. The house they lived in was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and Thomas Flannery was the landholder.

 

 

House 8: Kilkenny

There were 9 members of the Kilkenny family in house 8 and the head of this family was Martin (50) and he was married to Mary (35) and they shared the house with 7 of their children and they were Bartly (sic) (15), John (11), Bridget (9), Mary Anne (7), Julia (5), Bernard (4) and Martin (1). They were all born in Galway and were Roman Catholic. Julia, Bernard and Martin (1) spoke only English and the others all spoke Irish and English. Julia, Bernard and Martin (1) could not read and the other members of the family could all read and write. Martin was a farmer and Bartly (sic), John, Bridget and Mary Anne were scholars. They all shared a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and Martin Kilkenny was the landholder.

 

House 9: Larkin

The head of this Larkin family was Simon (60) and he was married to Delia (42) and they shared the house with Simon’s sister, Kate (63) and 6 of their children, Marg (19), John (17), Patk (15), Margaret (13), Annie (5) and Martin (2). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All of the family could speak both Irish and English except Annie and Martin, who only spoke English. Apart from Annie and Martin, they could all read and write. Simon was a farmer, Kate was a farmer’s sister, Marg was a farmer’s daughter, John was a farmer’s son and Patk and Margaret were scholars. The house they all lived in was a 2 roomed, 2nd class house and Simon Larkin was the landholder.

 

House 10: Finn

The head of the Finn household was John (48) and he was married to Catherine (50) and they shared the house with 4 of their children, Patt (27), Bridget (25), Thomas (18) and John (12). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All of the family could speak both Irish and English and Catherine could read only while all the others could read and write. John was listed as being a farmer, Patt and Thomas were farmer’s sons, Bridget was a farmer’s daughter and John was a scholar. The house they all lived in was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and John Finn was the landholder.

 

House 11: Flaherty

The widower John (78) was listed as the head of the family in house 11 and he lived with his son, Patrick (11). They were both Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. James was listed as speaking Irish and English. Only Patrick could read and write. John was an agricultural labourer and Patrick was a scholar. The house they lived in was a 2 roomed, 3rd class dwelling and the landholder was John R. Parker.

 

House 12: Kelly

The sole occupant in the last house in Kinreask was Timothy (50) and he was a Roman Catholic and was born in Co. Galway. He spoke Irish and English but could not read. His occupation was listed as being a farmer. The house he lived in was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and Timothy Kelly was the landholder.

 

 

Griffith’s Valuation:

The Primary Valuation of Ireland in 1855 was a survey involving a detailed valuation of every taxable holding of agricultural or built property on the island of Ireland. It was completed between 1864 and 1865.

 

Griffiths Valuation (1847-1864) shows there were a number of tenements in the townland and that George Marsh was the main immediate lessor. Michael Larkin leased 6 plots of land of varying sizes, one with a house and offices, from George Marsh. They were, a plot of 1 acre, 1 rood and 28 perches for 8s, a plot of 2 acres and 30 perches for 16s, a plot of 3 acres, 1 rood and 20 perches for £1, a plot of 1 acre, 3 roods and 32 perches for £1 2s, houses and offices on 10acres, 1 rood and 35 perches of land for £5 8s for the land and 15s for the buildings and, finally, a plot of 2 acres, 2 roods and 5 perches for 15s. John Larkin, in turn, leased houses and offices from Michael Larkin for 15s annually.

 

John Finn leased 11 plots of land, one with houses and offices, from George Marsh and they consisted of, land of 2 roods for 5s, 1 acre and 20 perches of land for 8s, 1 acre and 2 roods of land for 10s, 7 acres and 15 perches of land for £3 and 4 acres, 3 roods and 23 perches of land for £2. 2 acres and 13 perches of land for £1, 3 acres and 2 roods of land for £1 10s, 3 roods and 22 perches of land for 8s, 2 roods and 10 perches of land for 4s, houses and offices on 3 roods and 22 perches of land for 8s for the land and 15s for the buildings and 4 acres, 3 roods and 5 perches of land for £2. He paid in total £10 10s per annum.

 

Michael Kilkenny leased 5 plots of land, one with a house, from George Marsh. Those plots were 2 acres, 2 roods and 3 perches of land for 15s, 3 acres, 1 rood and 4 perches of land for 15s, 2 acres, 1 rod and 34 perches of land for £1 10s, a house on 3 roods and 20 perches of land for 10s for the land and 15s for the house and 5 acres and 32 perches of land for £2 15s. In total he paid £7 annually.

 

John Kelly leased 4 plots of land, one with a house and offices, from George Marsh and they were, 15 acres and 12 perches of land for £7 5s, 2 acres, 1 rood and 2 perches of land for 15s, a house and offices on 1 acre, 1 rood and 22 perches of land for 10s for the land and 15s for the buildings and 2 acres, 1 rood and 25 perches of land for 15s. In total he paid £10 per annum.

 

Bartholomew Kilkenny leased 4 plots, one with a house and offices, from George Marsh and they consisted of 2 acres, 1 rood and 22 perches of land for 15s, 8 acres, roods and 10 perches of land for £3 10s, 8 acres, 1 rood and 36 perches of land for £4 5s and a house and offices on 1 acre and 3 roods of land for 15s for the land and 15s for the buildings. In total he paid £10 annually.

 

Patrick Flannery leased 4 plots from George Marsh that consisted of 1 acre and 1 rood of land for 8s for the land and 15s for a house and offices on that land, 2 acres and 4 perches of land for £1 2s, 9 acres and 36 perches of land for £4 and “acres, 1 rood and 4 perches of land for 15s. In total he paid £7 annually.

 

Michael Dwyer, Owen Dwyer Sen., Owen Dwyer Jun. and John Kilkenny jointly leased houses and offices on a total of 59 acres, 3 roods and 23 perches of land and each paid the following: Michael Dwyer paid £8 for land and 10s for a house and offices, Owen Dwyer Sen. paid £4 15s for land, Owen Dwyer Jun. paid £5 5s for land and 15s for a house and offices and John Kilkenny paid £5 15s for land and 10s for a house and offices.

 

Judith Kelly leased a house from John Kilkenny for 5s. Margaret Dwyer leased 1 acre and 30 perches of land from Owen Dwyer for 8s and a house, office and garden on 20 perches of land from Thomas Woods for 2s for the land and 5s for the buildings.

 

Simon Larkin leased house on 3 acres and 8 perches of land from Thomas Woods for £1 15s for the land and 1os for the house. Thomas Woods leased a herd’s house on 68 acres and 19 perches of land from George Marsh for £37 10s for the land and 5s for the herd’s house. Patrick Smyth leased a house on 2 acres, 3 roods and 7 perches of land from Thomas Woods for £12 5s for the house and 5s for the house. Patrick Kelly leased a garden of 1 rood and 25 perches from Thomas Woods for 4s and James Flaherty leased a house on 2 acres, 2 roods and 16 perches of land from Thomas Woods for £1 for the land and 5s for the house.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[i] Age is difficult to read, but looks like 10

[ii] Possible a mistake and should be daughter?

[iii] Possibility that the 2 older children might be from an earlier marriage given Bridget’s age?

[iv] Most Likely Winifred

This page was added on 31/12/2019.

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