Caherroyn Townland

Civil Parish of Athenry

Mary Doherty, Athenry Active Retirement Association

Caherroyn Townland

Information from O’Donovan’s Field Name Books provides various spellings of this townland:

Caherroyn

Cathair Ruaidhin

Caherroyan B.S.Sketch Map

Carine Barony Map

Caherowen County Book

Cahirowen County Map

The halfe quarter of Carewin, Pt. of Nicholrow Gate quarter Down Survey

Caherryn Vestry Book 1826

Caheroyn Vestry Book 1827

Cahirroyn Vestry Book 1828

Cahirowen Vestry Book 1829.

Description

It is the property of Mrs Reddington, containing 269 statute acres, 3/4 of which is under cultivation, the remainder bog and furze. The road from Athenry to Monivea passes through its centre from South to North and it’s South bounds is part of the Old Town Wall of Athenry comprising  the North curtain and flanks of King John’s Castle. It’s general surface varies from 130 to 150 feet above the sea at low water of O.S.tides.

Situation

It is situated North and adjacent to the Town of Athenry, bounded on the North by Ballydavid South and Cahirtubber West, East by Monivea Parish , South by Athenry and West by Cullairbaun.

 

The  Down Survey of Landowners (1641 pre-Cromwell;1671 post Cromwell) 

The Down Survey Maps of 1641and 1670

1641 Caherroyn townland was owned by Martin Browne, Roman Catholic

1670 Caherroyn townland owned by Oliver Browne, Protestant.

Unprofitable Land:  349 plantation acres

Profitable Land: 256 plantation acres.

Forfeited: 256 plantation acres.

 

1821 census

This census recorded 22 houses, all single storey, in the townland of Caherowen.

House 1Bryan Gunning (60) was a parish clerk married to Mary, she was a flax and wool spinner occasionally employed. They had 2 children Mary (13) and Thomas (10).

House 2:  Andrew Monoughan (32) a labourer married to Bridget (30). She was a flax and wool spinner employed occasionally. They had a baby daughter Mary under 1 year old.

House 3Patt Reilly (75) pauper, his wife Bridget (53) and their grandson John Killeen (9) lived with them.

House 4:  John Kelly (33) labourer and his wife Bridget (31) a flax spinner, had 2 children Mary (11) and John (1). Catherine Kelly (21) a sister of John’s lived in the same house. She was a flax and wool spinner.

House 5:  Thomas Brenan (45) held 2 acres of land and he was a herd to W. Reddington. His wife Mary (38) was a wool and flax spinner. They had 2 children Patr. (7) and Catherine (13). The other occupants of the house were Thomas’s mother in law Mary Whelan (60) and his brother in law John Whelan (22) a labourer, Nelly Whelan (24) Thomas’s sister was a flax and wool spinner.

House 6:  Patt Cormican (55) a farmer and labourer held 2 acres and census noted “ holds 5 acres of Ballidavid townland in the parish”. Mary (50) his wife was a flax and wool spinner. They had a son Patt (22) a labourer and 5 daughters Catherine (20), a flax and wool spinner, Mary (15),Margaret (12), Honoria (10) and Judy (6). A niece Mary Kough (8) also lived in this house.

House 7: Bartholemew Lally (80) was the head of household, a labourer, married to Margaret (60), they had 1 son (24) who worked as a labourer. Michael Lally (7) a grandson lived with them. In the same house were 4 others; Bartholemews son in law Henry Walsh (40) a labourer, his wife Mary (30) a flax and wool spinner, their baby daughter Honoria under 1 year and Judy Mc Hugh (30) a flax and wool spinner.

House 8:  Hugh Hynes (50) was a farmer and labourer and he held 15 acres of land. Catherine (50), his wife, was a flax and wool spinner. Michael (20) a labourer,Martin (16) a labourer, Hugh (10),Thomas (8), Patt (2) were sons and 1 daughter Bridget (17) was a flax and wool spinner.

House 9:  Patt Hynes (57) was a farmer and labourer, he held 12 acres of land. Mary (57) his wife was a flax and wool spinner. They had 2 sons and 3 daughters. Philip (24) and Patt (22) were labourers. Sally (20), Judy (18) Catherine (16) were all flax and wool spinners.

House 10:  Michael Hynes (35) and his wife Nelly(34) had 1 daughter Mary (1). He was a farmer and labourer, held 8 acres of land, and his wife was a flax and wool spinner.

House 11:  Philip Hynes (40) held 15 acres of land, he was a farmer and labourer. His wife Margaret (40)was a flax and wool spinner.Their elder sons John (19) and Michael (16) were both labourers. Hugh (10),Honoria (12) and Margaret (4) made up the remainder of the family.

House 12:  Michael Calinan (60) was a farmer and labourer and held 15 acres of land. He was married to Catherine (60) a flax and wool spinner. Their son John (30) was a labourer and he was married to Mary (21) who was a flax and wool spinner. Bridget Kain (32) pauper lived in the same house. John Calinan (26) labourer lived there too.

House 13:  Patt Melia (27) a farmer and labourer held 8 acres of land. Mary Mealia (20) his wife was a flax and wool spinner. Their 2 children were Margaret Mealia (2) and John Mealia (under 1yr). Living in that house was Patt’s sister Winnie Mealia (18) a flax and wool spinner, his brother Martin Mealia (20) a labourer and Catherine Royan (60) a wool spinner.

House 14:  Mary Flaherty (30) was a widow and did flax and wool spinning.She had 2 daughters Bridget (14) also a flax and wool spinner and Honoria (7).

House 15:  Catherine Clasby (60) widow and head of household was a flax and wool spinner. Her son John (26) was a labourer and his wife Winny (23) was a flax and wool spinner. Another son William (27) a farmer and labourer held 15 acres of land. Catherine (6) a daughter lived there also.

House 16:  Thomas Kenedy (60) was a farmer and labourer and held 15 acres of land. His wife Mary (60) was a flax and wool spinner. The others in the house were Patr (22) son and labourer; their daughters Sally (20) and Catherine (17) were flax and wool spinners.

House 17:  John Mahon (60) head of household was a farmer and labourer and he held 15 acres of land. Bridget (55) his wife was a flax and wool spinner. Their 3 sons Thomas (23), Roger (20) and Hugh (17) were labourers. Mary (10) a granddaughter, Sally Kenedy (92) John’s mother in law lived there also. Elenor Gleeson (35) widow ( noted on census “lived in parish of Roferry [sic] County Fermanagh” ), Mary Gleeson ( 17) daughter and Margaret Gleeson (9) all paupers lived in the house as well.

House 18:  Thomas Clasby (60) a farmer and labourer held 7 acres of land. Margaret (48) Thomas’s wife was a flax and wool spinner. They had 3 sons and 4 daughters.John (20), Hugh (16) were labourers and James (7). Catherine (22) was a flax and wool spinner, Mary (14), Bridget (13) and Catherine (10). The following statement was recorded on the page “ The ruined Church of Ballidavid and burying ground for children on this townland”.

House 19:  John Calinan (35) farmer and labourer held 7 acres of land. His wife Bridget (26) was a flax and wool spinner. They had 2 children Mary (3) and Michael (under 1 year).

House 20:  Michael Calinan (60) held 7acres of land, he was a farmer and labourer. Living with him was Denis (20) a son and farm labourer; Patt (18) taylor [sic]; Michael (15) farm labourer; Catherine (21) flax and wool spinner; Mary Kelly (25) a house servant.

House 21:  James Calinan (60) farmer and labourer held 7 acres of land. He was married to Mary (50) a flax and wool spinner. They had 1 son – Peter (17), a labourer, and 4 daughters- Margaret (21), Mary (19) both were flax and wool spinners; Bridget (14) and Catherine (12).

House 22:  John Calinan (47) head of household held 7 acres of land, he was a farmer and labourer. Winny (40) his wife was a flax and wool spinner. Hannah Mahon (22) was a house servant living there. Martin Hynes (8) a nephew of John’s.  A note from the observation column on this census page states “ The houses from No. 8 to No. 22 are in the Hamlet of New villages on this townland.”

 

The Tithe Applotment Books of 1827

Thos Reddington held 122 acres on which he paid an annual tax of £7-4-10

James Blake held 21 1/4 acres on which he paid an annual tax of £1-13-9 1/2

Patt Cormican held 2 acres on which he paid an annual tax of £0-2-1.

Marty Lynsky held 1/2 acre on which he paid an annual tax of £0 – 0 – 9 1/2 d.

Tithes were calculated using pounds, shillings and pence ( £ s d )

 

Griffith’s Valuation 1855

Stephen Roche and Timothy Kinneen were immediate lessors of land and buildings to John O’Connor and Patrick Hennelly respectively Martin Hanly was an immediate lessor of 2 houses to Catherine Cohen and Stephen Qualter.

John Cohen, James Bradley,Thomas Ward,Judith Staunton, Mary Daly, Thomas Whelan, Patrick Mahon, Patrick Newell occupied houses identified as “Free” and Thomas Whelan had an office identified as “Free”( not paying rent to anyone) M.G.W.Railway Co. owned 285 linear perches and there was a police lodge also on their property.

The total land area was 269 acres 1 rood and 2 perches and total annual valuation of rateable property was £179-15-0.

 

1901 Census

There were 12 households in Caheroyn townland recorded on 1901 census and 15 families. Total inhabitants was 59 people, 31males and 28females.

Dr Patrick J Quinlan (30),head of household was a medical doctor, was not married and born in County Tipperary.  He had three servants , Honor Laffey (35), a cook born in  County Galway,  Anne Kilkenny(29), a housemaid born in County Galway, Owen Brein (26), a gardener, born in County Wicklow. All of the residents could read and write. This house was a1st class house with 10 windows to front of house and 10 rooms. There were 13 out-offices .Census collected on 11th April 1901.

Stephen Qualter, (70) head of household, was an agricultural labourer. Living in the same house were Michael Newell (70) Stephen Qualter’s brother in law, an agricultural labourer and widower; Mary Newell (75) widow and charwoman who was Stephen’s sister;  Patrk Newell (30) Stephen Qualter’s nephew was not married,  he worked as a railway porter on M.G.W Railway. They were all from Galway county, Roman Catholic and all spoke Irish and English. Stephen, Michael and Mary could not read or write but Patrk Newell could read and write.  Landlord was M.G.W.Railway. The house was 3rd class and it had 2 windows to the front of house and 2 rooms.

Bridget Niland (64) a widow, head of household could not read, spoke Irish and English. Her son Thomas (26)was not married, he worked as labourer in a saw mill and lived with her. He could read and write. Both of the Nilands were Roman Catholic and from Galway county.The house was 4th class, it had no window to front of house and 1 room . Landlord was M.G.W. Railway.

Thomas Collins (41) head of household was a builder and a stone mason. He could read and write. He was married to Mary (33) she could not read. Both of them spoke Irish and English.They had 5 children Michael (13) John (9) Annie (7) all scholars and they could read and write and the two younger children Bernard (4) and Mary B (2). The  family were Roman Catholic and born in Galway county. Living in 1 room in the same house were John Murray (50) who was a  shoemaker and his sister Mary (52). Neither of them were married. Mary worked as a general servant domestic. Both were born in County Galway, were Roman Catholic and they could read and write and spoke Irish and English. Landlord was M.G.W.Railway.

The house was 2nd class, it had 6 windows to front of  house and 3 rooms.

Hugh Hanly (50), head of household, a widower, general labourer, born in County Roscommon. Mary Anne (18) a daughter, born in County Roscommon was a housekeeper and she was not married. Lizzie (13), Ellen (9),Thos.(11) were all scholars and born in County Galway. All were Roman Catholic and all of them could read and write.They had a 2nd class house with 4 windows to front of house and 1 room.

Michael A Ward (42) head of household, not married, was an exporter of stock. He was born in County Galway, a Roman Catholic, he could read and write and spoke Irish and English. The house was 3rd class, it had 1window to front of house and 1room.

Margaret Coniffe (75) head of household was a widow and charwoman She could not read but spoke Irish and English. Martin her son (35) was not married and he was a wool weaver. He could read and write and spoke Irish and English. The house was 4th class, had no window to front of house and 1 room.

Bridget Duffy (70) head of household was a widow, had no employment and she could not read or write but spoke Irish and English. Michael Duffy (28) her son could read and write, spoke English and was not married. He was an R.Postman GPO Dept. The  Duffys were Roman Catholic and born in County Galway. The house was 4th class, it had no window to front of house and 1 room.

John Coniffe (38) head of household was married and a wool weaver. He lived with Mary (32) his wife.  Both of them could read and write and spoke Irish and English. They had 5 children: Bridget (11), Lizzie (9), Patrick (7),all of them were, scholars, could read and write and spoke Irish and English;  Michael ( 5), John (2). All of the family were born in County Galway and were Roman Catholic. John and his family lived in 1 room. Mary Stenson (65), lived in 1 room of the Coniffe family house. She was a milk contractor, who could not read but spoke Irish and English and was a Roman Catholic. She was born in County Galway.They lived in a 3rd class house, it had 2 windows to front of house and 2 rooms.

On form B1 1901 census for the families:Stephen Qualter, Newells, Bridget Niland, Thos. Collins, John Murray, Hugh Hanly, Michael Ward,Margaret Coniffe, Bridget Duffy, John Coniffe, Mary Stenson, the following was recorded by the enumerator “Note These houses and out-offices are situated on the old Court Lane outside the ancient boundary wall in the townland of Caheroyn”

A total of 6 out-offices was recorded.

 

John Mc Keon (34), head of household, a Carriage Inspector on M.G.W. Railway, born in County Westmeath, his wife Bridget (35) also born in County Westmeath. They had 6 children: Helena Maria (13) and John (11) both born in County Westmeath. Mary Elizabeth (8), Rose Anne (6), Peter Joseph (5) were born in the city of Dublin. Their youngest child Michael Augustina (2) was born in County Galway. The parents, and their 4 eldest children could read and write. All were Roman Catholic. They lived in a 2nd class house, it had 3 windows to the front of house and 3 rooms. There were 2 out-offices.  Landlord was M.G.W. Railway.

John Daly (46) head of household, was a railway porter, could read and write and spoke Irish and English. Margaret (45), his wife, was a housekeeper. They had 5 children John (18), James (17) a monitor N.S., Margaret (15)a scholar, Martin (13) a scholar, Elizabeth (10) a scholar. They were all born in County Galway, all could read and write and they were all Roman Catholic.Their house was 2nd class, it had 3 windows to front of house and 3 rooms. There was 1 out-office.  Landlord was M.G.W. Railway.

James Treacy (48), head of family, a railway ganger and  his wife Mary (28). Both of them could read and write and spoke Irish and English.They had 2 sons and 3 daughters. Their 3 eldest children John (10), Bridget (8) and James (6), were scholars and they could read and write. Their youngest children were Mary (4), and Annie(1) .This house was 3rd class it had 1window to front of house and 2 rooms. The landlord was M.G.W.Railway.

 

1911 Census

1911 census recorded 98 people in the townland, 56 males and 42 females.

House 1:  John Keating (58) head of household was a car driver and his wife Mary (64) were married 35 years,7 children born and 3 living,  Brigid (25) Patrick (22) general labourer, William (15) a scholar. They were all born in County Galway, Roman Catholic and they could read and write. They lived in a 2nd class house, it had 2 windows to front of house and 4 rooms. 1out-office which was a piggery.

House 2:  Michael Kilkelly (39) head of household, was a farm labourer married to Ellen (42) for10 years. Michael and Ellen could read and write and both spoke Irish and English. They had 6 children, 4 of whom were alive. Delia (9), Patrick (7) were scholars and they could read and write; Michael (4) and Francis (8 months).  The Kilkelly’s kept 3 lodgers Matthew McDonagh (51) a shop assistant, John Murphy (55) a blacksmith and John Lee (64) a labourer. None of the lodgers were married. All of the household were Roman Catholic and were born in County GalwayThe house was 2nd class, it had 2 windows to front of house and 4 rooms. 1 out-office was  piggery.

House 3: James Burke (45) head of household, was an agricultural labourer, born in County Galway was married to Julia (33) who was born in County Tipperary. James could not read but his wife could read and write. They were married 16 years and had 9 children. Mary (15), Patrick (14), Sarah (13), Honora (9),Walter (8), James Thomas (5), John (4), Julia Francis (2) and Joseph (6 months). The 6 eldest were scholars and could read and write. John was also a scholar. The children were born in County Galway and all were Roman Catholic. They kept 2 boarders Martin Cooley (60) a general servant and Terence Grealish (26) a railway porter. The boarders were born in County Galway, Roman Catholic, were not married and both of them could read and write. Martin Cooley spoke Irish and English. The house was 2nd class, it had 2 windows to front of house and 4 rooms.1 out-office which was a fowl shed.

House 4:  James Rooney (56) head of household, was a general labourer lived with his wife Ann (50) they could speak Irish and English and could read and write. They had 7 children and 6 living. Joseph (26) was a hide and skin merchant, Patrick (22) was a general labourer, John (20) was an assistant postman,Bridget (19), Mary(16) a scholar and Katie (12) also a scholar. There was 1 sick person in the house. Their house was 2nd class, it had 2 windows to front of house and 4 rooms. There was 1 out – office and was used as a piggery.

House 5: 1 building – intended dwelling house.

House 6:  Michael Tierney (27) head of household, was a general labourer was married to Margaret (26) for 2 years. Michael could not read , his wife could read and write and she also spoke Irish and English. They had 2 children, 1living, Thomas (3 months). They were born in County Galway and were Roman Catholic. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows to front of house and 4 rooms. There was 1 out-office.

House 7:  Martin Donohoe (74) head of household, a widower was a railway pensioner. Living with him were his son Martin (40) a labourer and daughter Marg (36). They were not married. They all could read and write and all of them spoke Irish and English. The house was 2nd class it had

3 windows to front of house and 4 rooms. They had 1 shed.

House 8:  Joseph Ryan (60) head of household, a tailor was born in County Dublin. He was married to Mary (53) born in County Galway. Joseph could read and write, Mary could not read but spoke Irish and English. They were married 9 years. On Form A the records show 1child born and 1child living –  Martin (8) a son and scholar and he could read and write. William (17) is also recorded as a son, a general tailor, not married and he could read and write.Michael Mulkerrins (23) was a stepson, not married. He could read and write and spoke Irish and English. There was 1lodger in the house, Michael Heavey (40), he was married and could read and write. Other than Joseph himself they were all born in County Galway and all in the household were Roman Catholic. The house was 2nd class, it had 3 windows to front of house and 4 rooms. They had 1 shed.

House 9:  Charles White (30) head of household, a skilled labourer was married to Catherine (33). They were married  2 years and had1child Mary Bridget (10 months) Charles could read and write, Catherine could read and write and spoke Irish and English. They were born in County Galway and were Roman Catholic. The house was 2nd class and it had 3 windows to front of house and 4 rooms. There was1fowl shed.

House 10:  Alexander Keady (75) head of household, was a retired labourer married to Catherine (70). Neither of them could read but both spoke Irish and English. They were married for 45 years, had 12 children and 10 of them still living. Patrick (39) son and general labourer, not married and Agnese (22) a daughter resided in the house. Patrick could read and write and spoke Irish and English.  Agnese could read and write and spoke English. John (2) a grandson of Alexander also lived in this house. They were all born in County Galway and were Roman Catholic. Their house was 2nd class, it had 3 windows and 4 rooms. 1 out-office was a piggery.

House 11:  Patrick Newell (42) head of household was a labourer, born in County Galway, not married, he could read and write and spoke Irish and English. He kept 2 lodgers Lawrence Spellman (32) a railway porter born in County Cavan, and his wife Mary (23) born in County Galway. They could read and write and were married for less than 1 year. All of the occupants were Roman Catholic. The house was 2nd class and had 3 windows to front of house and 4 rooms. They had 1 fowl shed.

House 12:  Thomas Reilly (30) head of household, a general labourer was married to Mary Anne (29) Thomas could write and spoke English and Mary Anne could read and write. They were married  8 years and had 5 children with 4 living. Their daughters Mary Ellen (7) and Annie (5) were scholars, Mary Ellen could read and write.  Their sons were Thomas (3) and Michael John (7 months). They were all born in County Galway and were Roman Catholic.The house was 2nd class and it had 3 windows to the front of the house and 4 rooms. They had 1 out-office a turf house.

House 13:  Bridget Kenny (45) head of household was a widow and servant. She had1daughter Mary Anne (23) and 1son Patrick (19) a general labourer. Both could read and write and were not married. Bridget kept lodgers: Michael Barrett (24) a house painter was married for 3 years to Rose (20).They had 3 children, Joseph (3), Teresa (2) and Christopher (1) Kate Grace (28) a lodger, was a cook and domestic servant, she was married for 6 years and had no children. The Barrett adults and Kate Grace could read and write.  The occupants of the house were born in County Galway and were Roman Catholic. The house was 2nd class and it had 3 windows to front of house and 4 rooms.

House 14:  A building, intended dwelling house.

House 15:  Patrick Kennedy (30) head of household, a farm labourer was married 1 year to Margaret (28), both born in County Galway and they were Roman Catholic.

They could read and write and spoke Irish and English.  The house was 2nd class and it had 3 windows to front of house and 4 rooms. There was 1 shed.

House 16:  Patrick J Quinlan (40) head of household was a medical doctor born in County Tipperary and he was married less than 1 year to Maud (24) who was born in County Kilkenny.  Margaret Cory (47) a domestic servant, not married, born in County Cavan and Hannah Laughton (23) a domestic servant, not married, born in County Limerick resided in this house.  They were all Roman Catholic and all of them could read and write. The house was 1st class, it had 8 windows to front of house and 7 rooms. There were 6 out-offices: 1 stable,1 coach house, 1 harness house, 1 cow house, 1 barn and 1shed.

House 17:  James Treacy (61) head of household was a railway ganger, married to Mary (39). They were married 22 years and had 7 children. John (21) an assistant plumber, Bridget (19) a dressmaker, James (18) a farm labourer, Annie (11) a scholar, Michael (9) a scholar, Mary Kate (14) a scholar and Patrick (1month). With the exception of Patrick they could all read and write and the parents spoke Irish and English. None of their children were married. They were all born in County Galway and were Roman Catholic. The house was 2nd class, it had 2 windows to front of house and 3 rooms.

House 18:  John Daly (57) head of household, a railway porter, was born in County Westmeath. Mary (56) his wife born in County Galway. They were married 30 years,6 children were born to them and 6 children alive. Maggie (24) and Lizzie (20) their daughters lived with them and had not married. John spoke Irish and English. The family could all read and write. They were Roman Catholic and daughters were born in County Galway. The house was 2nd class, it had 2 windows to front of house and 3 rooms. There was 1 fowl house. The landlord was recorded as the railway company.

House 19:  John McKeon (43) head of family was a railway rolling stock inspector married 24 years to Bridget (40) and they had 6 children. John (21) was an apprentice to a blacksmith. Both John and his parents were born in County Westmeath, and they spoke English. Rose Anne (17) a scholar was born in the city of Dublin; Peter Joseph (15) a scholar was born in County Galway; Michael Agustin (11) a scholar was born in County Galway.

All of the family could read and write and the 3 youngest spoke Irish and English. They were Roman Catholic. The house was 2nd class and it had 2 windows to front of house and 3 rooms. There was 1 turf house. The landlord was recorded as the railway company.

House 20:  A building: The Pavilion. It was not inhabited. Landlord was  J. M. Meldon.

This page was added on 07/06/2022.

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