Carnmore

Civil Parish of Athenry

Anna Bourke/Galway County Council Heritage office

Carnmore

An Carn Mór, Great/ big pole of rocks, Carnmore

Carnmore is situated 4 ½ miles w.N.W. of Athenry. Bounded on the North by Lisheenasala S. in Lackagh Ph. E. by Claregalway Parish, South by Palmerstown and Lisheenkyle West and east by Barretts Park and Cashla.

The Down Survey map provides no record of this townland and indicates the map of the barony of Athenry was destroyed in 1711.

 

O’Donovan’s Field Name books provide various spellings of this townland: Carnmore
Carn Mór, Carnmore B.S. Sketch Map, Carranmore Barony Map, Carrenmore Co. Book, Carnmore Inq. Temp. Eliz. Carnmore Inq. Temp. Gul. III, Carnanmore Inq. Temp. Gul. III, Carnanmore Inq. Temp. Jac. I, Pron. thereof called Cloughashaun, Cloughashamor Vestry Book 1826.

 

Tithe Applotment Books

The Tithe Applotment books show that Richard Culkeen occupied 101 ½ acres of land. He paid £3 18s 3d in tax. Patt Harnny [SIC] paid £1 10s 10d in tax for his 40 acres of terrain. Fras [SIC] Hanily occupied 176 acres of land and paid a tax of £5 19s 8 ½d. The tithes were calculated using pounds, shillings, and pence.

 

Griffith’s Valuation

According to Griffith’s Valuation 1855, Valentine Blake leased tenements to Ambrose Rush. Ambrose Rush paid £ 18-15-0 in tax for 160 acres, 2 roods, and 38 perches of land.

 

1901 Census

There were 2 households in Carnmore in 1901. 2 individuals were listed as head of household. A total of 9 inhabitants were recorded, 5 males and 4 females. All the residents in this townland were from County Galway and Roman Catholic. The census forms which were collected on the 3rd of April showed that all the houses were inhabited and were private dwellings. All of the walls of the houses were made from stone, brick, or concrete. The roofs were made from thatch, wood, or another perishable material.

 

Patrick Cunningham [SIC] (60) was a farmer. Both Patrick and his sister Bridget (58) were unmarried and could not read. They could also both speak Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Patrick owned the land his house, stable, and piggery all resided on.

 

Patrick Rabbitt [SIC] (50) was a married farmer. Patrick and Mary (44), his wife lived with their 3 sons Thomas (16), Patrick (14), and Timothy (6) along with their daughter Ellen (13). At the time of the census, they had a visitor staying with them Bridget Lyneky [SIC] (80), she was unmarried. All 4 children could read and write unlike the three adults staying in the house. Everyone spoke both English and Irish. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Patrick also owned the holding his house resided on along with a cow house and a piggery.

 

1911 Census

There were 3 households in Carnmore in 1911. There were 12 inhabitants, 4 were male and 8 were female. All the occupants were Roman Catholic and originated from County Galway. The heads of households were: Patrick Cunningham, Mary Rabbitt and Patrick Kenny. The census forms, which were collected on the 4th April 1911, showed that all the houses were listed as private dwellings. Each house roof but Patrick Kenny’s were made of thatch, wood, or another perishable material, while all of the walls were made from stone, brick, or concrete.

 

Patrick Cunningham [SIC] (73) was a single farmer. He resided with his single sister Bridget (75). They both spoke Irish and English and could not read or write. They lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Pat owned the land his house and piggery were situated.

 

Mary Rabbitt [SIC] (55) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her 2 sons Patrick (25) and Timothy (17). Both were listed as farmer’s sons in the census. They also resided with their daughter Margaret (21). Although Mary could not read or write her three single children could do both.  Everyone in the house could speak both Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front-facing windows. Mary owned the terrain in which her piggery, fowl house, and house resided on.

 

Patrick Kenny (36) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Margaret (38) and 4 daughters Mary (7), Norah (6), Bridget (2). and Julia (2 months). Patrick, Margaret, and Mary could read and write while Norah could read-only and the other 2 could do neither. Patrick and his wife could speak Irish and English, while no language was listed for the children suggesting they spoke English only. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Patrick owned the holding his house was situated on along with his stable and cow house.

 

Carnmore West 1901 Census

There were 65 households in West Carnmore in 1911. There were 606 inhabitants, 310 were male and 296 were female. All the occupants were Roman Catholic and originated from County Galway but John O’Brien and his brother Eddie and sister Ellen originated from County Clare and Mary Gaffney and Bridget Lallot [SIC] who were from County Mayo. The heads of households were: Peter Fahy, Peter Flaherty, Bridget Lalley, Patrick Lally, Mary Grealish, Michael Lynskey, James Grealish, Mathew Donohoe, Pat Higgins, john Patrick Carr, Norah Cooney, James Grealish, James Grealish, Stephan Ruane, James Grealish, Patrick Grealish, Michael Grealish, John Carr, Michael Sherridan, Peter Grealish, Martin Beatty, Thomas Connelly, Patrick Carr, Bartle Moran, Honoria Fahy, Connor Morris, Stephan Walsh, Patrick Quirk, John Moran, Mary Morris, Thomas Collins, Patrick Hanley, Barthly Lally, Michael Kenny, Hubert Hanley, Thomas Fox, Michael Fox, Michael Commins, John Hanley, john Hynes, Patrick Hanley, John Bane, Michael Rooney, Peter Rooney, Thomas Collins, Patrick Kenny, John Conneely [SIC], Mark Kelly, Mary Hynes, Michael Fox, Margaret Hanley, Mary Hanley, John O’Brien, Mary A Gaffney, Patrick Walsh, Edward Clarke, Thomas Rooney, Michael Silke, Michael Kelly, Hubert Lardner, and Mary Rooney. The census forms, which were collected on the 9th, 11th and 12th of April 1901, showed that all the houses were listed as private dwellings. Each house roof but John O’Brien’s was made of thatch, wood, or another perishable material, while all of the walls were made from stone, brick, or concrete.

 

Peter Fahy (60) was a retired farmer. He was married to Nooney (75) and they lived with their son John (29) a farmer and daughter-in-law Mary (28). John could read and write; Mary could read and both Peter and Nooney could do neither. Everyone spoke both Irish and English but Nooney who spoke Irish only. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Peter owned the land his house, stable, cow house, piggery, fowl house, and barn resided on.

 

Peter Flaherty (40) was a married farmer. He resided with his wife Sarah (40), son John (12), and 5 daughters Bridget (10), Mary (8), Margaret (5), Sarah (4), and Winnie (5 months). All the children but Winnie were listed as scholars. The eldest 4 children could read and write while Sarah (4) could only read and both parents could not read or write. Everyone in the family could speak both English and Irish except for the baby. All 8 lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Peter Grealish owned the holding his house and barn were located.

 

Bridget Lalley [SIC] (70) was a widow who lived with her single sister Margaret Connor (68). Neither could read and although Margaret could speak both Irish and English, Bridget spoke Irish only. They lived in a 1 roomed, 3rd class house with 1 front window. James Grealish was the landholder whose holding her house was situated.

 

Patrick Lally (42) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Maggie (43), 3 daughters Bridget (22), Mary (18), and Maggie (5) along with his 7 sons Patrick (20), Martin (16), Michael (13), Tom (11), John (9), Peter (7) and Ned (3). Everyone in the house could read and write but Patrick (42), Maggie, and Ned. Also, Peter could only read. Everyone spoke Irish and English but Ned. All 12 inhabitants lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. James Grealish also owned the land his house resided on along with a stable, cow house, piggery, fowl house, and barn.

 

Mary Grealish [SIC] (70) was a retired, widowed farmer. She lived with her farmer son James (50), his wife Bridget (40), their 2 sons Martin (8), Patt (6) and daughter Mary (4). Martin and Patt could read and write, James could read and everyone else could do neither. Everyone spoke both Irish and English but Mary (70) who spoke Irish only. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. James Grealish owned the terrain her house, stable, cow house, piggery, fowl house, and barn.

 

Michael Lynskey [SIC] (60) was a single farmer. He lived with his sister Margaret (64), neither of them could read or write. They both spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 1 roomed, 3rd class house with 1 front window. Michael owned the land his house and piggery were situated.

 

James Grealish [SIC]  (65) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Mary (45), his sister-in -law Margaret Allen (25) and son John (4). No one in the house could read or write. Margaret was a single farm servant. James and Margaret spoke both Irish and English, while Mary spoke Irish and John only English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 3rd class house with 1 front window. James owned the land his house, piggery and fowl house situated on.

 

Mathew Donohoe [SIC] (50) was an agricultural labourer. He was a widow and could read and write and speak both Irish and English. Lived in a 7 roomed, 3rd class house with 1 front window. Mathew owned the land his house and piggery resided on.

 

Pat Higgins (67) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Ellen (56) and single son John (18) who was an agricultural labourer. Both Pat and his wife were unable to read but john could read and write. Patt only spoke Irish while Ellen and John spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 1 front window. Pat owned the terrain his house, cow house and piggery resided.

 

John Patrick Carr (52) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Margaret (53) and 3 sons Patrick (25), Martin (21), and John (18). All three sons were listed as farmer’s sons and all were single. Everyone in the house spoke both English and Irish. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 2 front windows. John Carr owned the land his house resided on, along with a stable, cow house, 2 piggeries, and a barn.

 

Norah Cooney [SIC] (58) was a widowed farmer. He resided with his single son Patt (30) who was listed as a farmer’s son, and unmarried daughter Kate (21) who was listed in the census as a farmer’s daughter. Everyone could read and write and spoke both Irish and English. They inhabited a 3 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Norah owned the holding her house, stable, cow house, piggery, fowl house and barn resided.

 

James Grealish (60) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Catherine (40), 4 sons Michael (23), James (20), Peter (18), and Roger (16), and 4 daughters Catherine (19), Maggie (17), Bridget (15), and Nooney (13). Everyone in the house was able to read and write all the children were listed as farmer’s sons and daughters but Nooney, who was listed as a scholar. All but the 3 youngest children spoke both Irish and English. No language was listed for the youngest 3 suggesting they spoke English only. The 10 inhabitants lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. James owned the land his house resided on along with a stable, cow house, piggery, fowl house, barn, potato house, and shed.

 

James Grealish (60) was a farmer. He resided with his wife Katie (55), 2 sons Pat (25) and Michael (20) and 4 daughters Mary (22), Julia (18), Catherine (14), Ellie (7). James could not read and Pat could only read while the rest of the family could both read and write. All the children were listed as farmer’s sons and daughters but Ellie, who was listed as a scholar. Everyone spoke both Irish and English but the youngest child who spoke English only. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. James owned the terrain in which his house, stable, coach house, cow house, calf house, 2 piggeries, 2 fowl houses, a barn, and potato house.

 

Stephen Ruane (51) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Sarah (42), 4 sons Thomas (18), Michael (15), James (13), John (8) and 3 daughters Maggie (11), Kate (9), and Norah (5). Everyone but Norah could read and write and all spoke Irish and English but the 4 youngest children. Thomas was listed in the census as a farmer’s son while the rest of the children were scholars. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Stephen owned the holding his house, stable, cow house, calf house, piggery, fowl house, barn, and potato house.

 

James Grealish (62) was listed in the census as a widowed farmer. He resided with his widowed daughter Margaret (30), granddaughters Mary (10), Annie (8), grandsons James (5), Martin (3), John (1) and 2 servants Martin Sheridan (21) a farm servant and Bridget (25) general domestic servant. All 4 adults spoke Irish and English while there were no languages listed for any of the children suggesting they spoke English only. They lived in a 4 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. James owned the land his house resided on along with a stable, cow house, calf house, piggery, fowl house, barn, Potato house, and shed.

Patrick Grealish (87) was a farmer. He lived with his son John (42), a farmer, daughter -in-law Julia (40), grandsons Martin (12), Harry (4) and 2 granddaughters Mary (9) and Kate (5). All spoke Irish and English but the 3 youngest children. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Patrick owned the land his house resided on.

 

Michael Grealish (61) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Norah (59), and 2 sons James (29) and John (25). No one could read and all spoke both Irish and English. Both sons were listed as a farmer’s sons. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Michael owned the terrain his house dwelled upon.

 

John Carr (63) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Mary (50), daughter Bridget (15), and 5 sons James (28), John (26), Michael (20), Timothy (18), and William (10). All in the house could read and write but John (63) and James. Everyone in the house could speak both Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 2 front windows. John Carr owned the land his 8 farm steadings and house resided on.

 

Michael Sheridan (33) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Mary (45), 2 stepdaughters Rose (20) and Catherine Holmes (12), step-sons Patrick (18) Thomas (12), and Michael Holmes (10) along with his two biological children Bridget (9) and James (4). Everyone in the house could read and write. Everyone in the house spoke both Irish and English but James. They lived in a 3 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Michael owned the holdings his 4 out offices/ farm steadings and house were situated on.

 

Peter Grealish (62) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Maggie (55), 2 sons Martin (23), and James (20), and 3 daughters Ellen (18), Kate (14), and Julia (7). Everyone in the house spoke both Irish and English and was able to read and write. Kate and Julia were listed in the census’s as being scholars and the older children were farmer’s sons and farmer’s daughter. They lived in a 4 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. He owned the land his house resided on along with his 10 farm steadings.

 

Martin Beatty [SIC] (60) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Margaret (50), single son Patt (21), and unmarried daughter Norah (23). Neither Martin or Margaret could read or write but their children could. Everyone could speak both Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. He owned the terrain his house and 7 farm steadings resided on.

 

Thomas Connelly (63) was a married farmer. He resided with his wife Margaret (61). They both spoke English and Irish, and neither could read or write. They lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 1 front window. He owned the land his house resided on.

 

Patrick Carr (53) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Bridget (50), 3 sons John (28), Laurence (26), and Patrick (19), he also lived with his 3 daughters Ellen (24), Kate (17), Vera (16), and granddaughter Katie Caulfield (5). Everyone in the house could read and write but Katie who could not read. All of Patrick and Bridget’s children were listed as farmer’s sons and daughters. Everyone is listed as being able to speak Irish and English but Katie who has no language given. This normally means she can speak English only. All 9 lived in a 5 roomed, 2nd class house with 5 front windows. Patrick owned the land his house resided on along with 11 farm-steadings.

Bartle Moran (60) was an agricultural labourer. He was married to his wife Norah (40) and had 2 daughter Mary (12) and Maggie (8) and 2 sons Patrick (5), and William (1). A single border, Kate Carty (50) also lived with them. 3 of the children were listed as scholars in the census while Kate was listed as having no occupation. Kate, Maggie and Mary were the only inhabitants who were able to read and write and all, but baby William spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a single room. They had a 4th class house with 0 front windows.

 

Honoria Fahy (58) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her son Thomas a farmer’s son (22), daughter Norah a dress maker (21), granddaughter Anne Bridget Nulty [SIC] (10) and grandson Samuel Morris (8) 2 scholars. Honoria was the only one in the family who was unable to read and write. Everyone spoke both English and Irish. They lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Honoria owned the land her house was situated on along with 4 farm steadings.

 

Connor Morris (48) was a widowed farmer. He resided with his 5 daughters Anne (15), Catherine (12), Mary (10), Delia (7), and Sabrina (4) along with his son James (5) and Nephew James (14). Everyone was able to read and write and Connor, Anne, Catherine and James (14) spoke both Irish and English, while the rest spoke English only. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Connor Morris owned the holding his house and 9 farm steadings resided on.

 

Stephan Walsh (50) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Bridget (36), 3 daughter Mary (15), Delia (8), and Annie along with his 4 sons Henry (14), John (12), Patrick (10), and Stephen (1). Everyone in the house but Stephan could read and write, and all spoke both Irish and English except for the 3 youngest who spoke English only. They inhabited a 4 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. He owned the land his house and 6 farm steadings resided on.

 

Patrick Quirk [SIC] (60) was an agricultural labourer. He lived with his wife Mary (60). Neither of them could read or write but both were able to speak Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. James Grealish owned the terrain Patrick’s house and 2 farm steadings resided on.

 

John Moran (65) was an agricultural labourer. He resided with his wife Bridget (60) son Thady [SIC], daughter-in-law Honor (30), granddaughters Margaret (12), Bridget (9), Mary (3) and Ellie (1) and grandsons Tom (10), and John (6). Only Honor, Margaret, Tom and Bridget were able to read the rest were unable to. All but the youngest two children could speak both Irish along with English.  They inhabited a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows.  Stephen Walsh owned the land John’s house and 3 farm steadings were located.

 

Mary Morris (50) was a widowed farmer and shop keeper. He dwelled with his daughters Lizzie (18) and Bridget Carr (20), Son-in-law Timothy (30), and grandson Patrick Carr (6 months). All 4 adults were able to read and write and speak Irish and English. Lizzie was an assistant shop keeper and Timothy a farmer in the census. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house and had 3 front windows. She owned the terrain that her house, stable, cow house, piggery, fowl house, and barn resided on.

 

Thomas Collins (66) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Mary (55), son Michael (21) and relative Michael Gill (15). No one in the house was able to read or write and everyone spoke both Irish and English. Both Michaels were listed under farmer’s sons in the census. They lived in a 4 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Thomas owned the holdings his house resided on along with a stable, cow house, piggery, and barn.

 

Patrick Hanley (56) was a widowed farmer. He lived with his sons Thomas (20), John (17), Musty (14), and Michael (10), along with his daughters Maggie (12) and Kate (7). Only Patrick couldn’t read, and everyone spoke Irish and English but the youngest 3 children. The youngest 2 children were listed in the census as scholars while the others were farmer’s sons and daughter respectfully. They lived in 6 roomed, 2nd class house with 6 front windows. He owned the land his house, shed, Potato house, barn, fowl house, piggery, 2 cow houses and 2 stables resided.

 

Barthly Lally (65) was a widowed farmer. He lived with his 2 single daughters Sarah (28) and Julia (26). Sarah and Julia were able to read and write but their father was not. All three spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows.

 

Michael Kenny (60) was listed in the 1901 census as a farmer. He dwelled with his wife Julia (50), single son John (23) and Niece Mary Nestor [SIC](15).John and Mary could read and write but Michael and Julia were unable to. All of the Kenny’s could speak Irish and English but Mary could speak English only. They lived in a 4 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Michael owned the land his house, stable, cow house, piggery and barn.

 

Hubert Hanley (62) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Maggie (40). Neither could read or write and both spoke Irish and English. They lived in a 4 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. He owned the land his house, stable, cow house, piggery, barn, potato house and shed resided on.

 

Thomas Fox (60) was a widowed farmer. He lived with his 2 sons John (28) and Pat (26), daughter Winifred (20) and niece Mary Mulroyan [SIC](16). Only Winifred and Mary could read and write and everyone in the house spoke both Irish and English. They loved in a 4 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Thomas owned the land his house, stable, 2 cow houses, piggery, fowl house, barn, potato house and shed resides on.

 

Michael Fox (36) was a farmer. He dwelled with his mother Anne (60) a retired farmer, wife Margaret (28), sons Martin (3), Thomas (2), Michael (6 months), brother-in-law Thomas Feeney (22) a farm servant and servant Owen Allen (18). Everyone was able to read and write but his 3 young sons. Everyone spoke both Irish and English except his 3 young sons. They lived in a 4 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Michael owned the land his house resided on along with his stable, cow house, piggery, fowl house, barn, potato house, and shed.

 

Michael Commins [SIC] (50) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Bridget (40), sons Ned (22), James (20), Patrick (18), John (7), and Michael (3) and daughters Bridget (6), Mary (18), Julia (18), Sabrina (16), and mother-in-law Sabrina Kasty [SIC](84) a retired farmer. Bridget, Michael (3), Sabrina (84), and Michael (50) were unable to read and write while the rest in the house could. Everyone but Michael (3), Bridget (6), and John (7) spoke Irish and English while they only spoke English. All 12 lived in a 4 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Michael Commins owned the land his house stable, cow house, piggery and barn.

 

John Hanley (60) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Ellen (50), sons Michael (27), Patrick (20), and daughters Julia (23), and Winnie (17). They all were listed as farmers sons and daughters. Everyone spoke Irish and English and only John and Michael could not read or write. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. He owned the terrain his house, stable, cow house, piggery, fowl house, and barn resided to.

 

John Hynes (60) was a farmer. He resided with his wife Ellen (58), sons Thomas (28), and John (19) and daughter Maggie (17). Only Maggie was able to read and write and everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. He owned the land his house, stable, piggery, fowl house and shed resided on.

 

Patrick Hanley (50) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Ellen (40), daughters Mary (17), Ellie (15), Delia (11), Sarah (9), Annie (7), and Winifred (1) and Sons James (3), Pat (6), and John (13). All were able to read and write but the youngest 2 children James and Winifred. Everyone in the house also spoke Irish and English except for baby Winifred. They lived in a 3 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Patrick owned the terrain his house was situated on along with 3 farm steadings.

 

John Bane (40) was a farmer he lived with his wife Ellen (33), daughters Mary (8), Katie (4) and Delia (2 months) along with his son Patrick (9). Only Ellen, Patrick and Mary were able to read and write and all spoke Irish and English but the 2 youngest children. They lived in 2 rooms, within their 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Richard Rooney owned the land John’s house and 2 farm steadings resided.

 

Michael Rooney (35) was a farmer. He was married to Kate (25) and lived with his daughter Anne (4), single brother John (30) an agricultural labourer, and unmarried sister Mary (28). Only Kate and Mary were able to read and write as the rest could do neither. Everyone but Anne spoke both Irish and English and as there was no language listed for Anne it is suspected she spoke English only. They lived in a 3 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Richard Rooney owned the land John’s house and 3 farm steadings resided.

 

Peter Rooney (50) was a labourer. He lodged with his wife Bridget (30), daughters Catherine (5) and Margaret (3) and son Michael (2). No one in the house could read or write and the ability to speak Irish and English was only listed for the 2 parents suggesting the 3 children spoke English only. They lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Richard Rooney owned the land John’s house and 3 farm steadings resided.

Thomas Collins (40) was a farmer. He stayed with his wife Bridget (30), mother Sarah (60), sons John (9) and Patt (1), daughters Sarah (7), Anne (6), and Nora (4), along with a farm servant Michael Costello (20). Michael, Sarah (7), John, and Bridget were all able to read and write while Anne could read only, and the rest could do neither. Only Michael, Thomas, Bridget and Sarah (60) were able to speak both Irish and English. No language was listed for the children suggesting they spoke English only. All 9 lived in a 4 roomed,2nd class house with 2 front windows. Thomas Collings owned the land his house and 6 farm steadings resided on.

Patrick Kenny (55) was a farmer in the 1901 census. He lived with his wife Sabrina (45), son Michael (22), and Matt (13), daughters Kate (19), Norah (17), Mary (11), and Delia (9) along with an unmarried visitor at the time of the census Patrick Sheridan (68) a farm servant. Out of all the people residing in the house only Patrick (58), Sabrina and Patrick (68) were unable to read or write. Everyone but Norah could speak Irish along with English in the household. They lived within 4 rooms of their 2nd class house with 2 front windows. Patrick owned the terrain in which his house and 1 farm steading remained.

 

John Conneely [SIC] (60) was a farmer. He resided with his wife Sarah (57), married son Peter a farmer, daughter in law Norah (30), granddaughter Bridget (12) and grandsons John (11), Thomas (8), Michael (6), and Patrick (3). John (60), Sarah, Peter and Patrick could not read or write, while Michael could only read, and the rest could do both. All but the youngest child Patrick spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows and John owned the land it resided on along with 5 farm steadings.

 

Mary Kelly (60) was a widow. She was cited as having no occupation. She spoke Irish and English and could not read or write. She lived alone in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 1 front window. Thomas Hynes owned the land her house resided on.

 

Mary Hynes (51) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her son Thomas (22), and daughters Nora (20), Maggie (14), Kate (12), May (27) and Julia (18). Mary was the only one in the household who was unable to read and write and everyone in the house spoke both Irish and English. They lived in 3 rooms within their 2nd class house which had 3 front windows. Mary owned the land her house and 5 out offices farm steadings resided.

Michael Fox (65) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Mary (60), 2 sons Martin (28) and Pat (23) and daughter Anne (19). Everyone in the house was able to read and write and they all spoke Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 2 front windows. Michael owned the land his house and 5 farm steadings and out offices resided on.

 

Margaret Hanley (58) was a widowed farmer. She resided with her single sons Patrick (36) and John (28) along with her single daughter Sarah (31).  Margaret and Patrick are cited as being farmers while Sarah and John are farmer’s son and daughter. They all spoke Irish and English.

They lived in a 6 roomed, 2nd class house with 5 front windows. She owned the land her house and 7 out offices and farm steadings resided.

 

Mary Hanley (70) was a retired farmer who lived with his son Malachy (38), daughter in law Annie (29), unmarried son John (32) and single daughter Winnie (30). Everyone could read and write and speak both Irish and English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 3 front windows. She owned the terrain in which her house and 9 farm steadings and out offices resided.

 

John O Brien (40) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Delia (33), single brother Eddie (36) and single sister Ellen (30). They all were able to read and write. And although Delia originated from county Galway, the rest were born in County Clare. All but Ellen spoke Irish and English. They lived in a 5 roomed, 2nd class house with 5 front windows. John owned the land his house and 7 out offices/ farm steadings were located on.

 

Mary A Gaffney (30) was a national school teacher. She was married and lived with her daughter Kate Agnus (2), sons Richard P (1) and Joseph M (2 months) and domestic servant Bridget Lallot [SIC](10). Both Bridget and Mary could read and write and originated from County Mayo. No language was listed for anyone in the family, suggesting all old enough to speak, spoke English only. They lived in a single room, which was owned by John O’Brien.

 

Patrick Walsh (40) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Ellen (39), daughter Mary (10), and sons Patrick (7) and Stephen (3). All could read and write and speak Irish and English but Stephen who was too young. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 4 front windows/ Patrick Walsh owned the land his house and 4 farm steadings or out offices resided on.

 

Edward Clarke (64) was a retired farmer. He lived with his wife Bridget (62), son Martin (27) a farmer, daughter-in-law Mary (21), and granddaughters Delia (2) and Honoria (4 months). Edward, martin and Mary were all able to read and write while the rest could not. Edward, Bridget and Martin all spoke Irish and English while no language was listed for the rest of the occupants suggesting they spoke English only. They lived in a 4 roomed, 2nd class house with 4 front windows. Edward owned the terrain in which his house, stable, cow house, calf house, piggery, fowl house, barn and shed resigned.

 

Thomas Rooney (62) was a carpenter. He lived with his wife Ellen (56), and son Patrick (32) who worked as an agricultural labourer. While Patrick and Ellen spoke both Irish and English, Thomas spoke Irish only. They lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Thomas owned the land his house and fowl house resided on.

 

Michael Silke [SIC] (60) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Mary (38), daughters Bridget (25), Lizzie (23), and Ellen (17) and sons Patrick (20) and Michael (12). All of the children could read and write and Mary could read only while Michael (60) could not. Everyone in the house spoke Irish and English but Michael who spoke Irish only. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Michael owned the land his house dwelled on along with his stable, cow house, piggery, and barn.

 

Michael Kelly (55) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Sarah (42) and a farm servant Thomas Mc Guinness (24). Thomas was the only one who could read and write but everyone could speak Irish and English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 4 rooms and 3 front windows. Michael owned the holding his house, shed, piggery, fowl house and barn resided.

 

Hubert Lardner [SIC] (50) was a married farmer. He lived with his wife Maggie (60), daughter Lizzie (18), son John (16), and brother John (40) a domestic servant. Only Lizzie and john could read and write and although Hubert, Lizzie and John (16) spoke both Irish and English, Maggie and John (40) spoke Irish only. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Hubert owned the land his house, 2 stables, 2 cow houses, piggery, fowl house, barn and shed occupied.

 

Mary Rooney (60) was a married mendicant. She could not read and spoke only Irish. She lived alone in a single room. Her 4th class house with 0 front windows resided on land held by John Conneely [SIC].

 

1911 Census, Carnmore West

 

Peter Fahy (80) was a farmer. He was married to his wife Honor, who he had been married to for 60 years at the time of the census. Out of the 13 children they had during this time, 4 were still living at the time of the census. They lived with their son John (40) who had been married to their daughter-in-law Mary (40) for 9 years during which time they had 4 children together, 3 of them still alive in 1911, grandsons Peter (16), and Michael (5) and granddaughter Mary (3). Peter (16) was the only one in the house who was able to read and write. Everyone spoke Irish and English but the two youngest children as they were too young and Honor who could speak only Irish. They lived in a 2 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Peter owned the holding his house, cow house, and piggery resided.

 

Peter Flaherty (49) was a farmer. He had been married for 21 years to his wife Sarah (47). Out of the 9 children they had together 8 were still alive in 1911. They lived with their daughters Sarah (12), Winnie (10), Anne (8), Kate (5), and Millie [SIC] (3). Sarah (12), Winnie and Annie were the only 3 who were able to read and write. Everyone in the house spoke Irish and English but the 2 youngest girls. They lived in a 1 roomed, 3rd class house with 1 front window that resided on land that Peter owned. Peter also owned a cow house and a piggery.

 

Patrick Lally (52) was a married farmer. He had been married to Maggie (51) for 30 years during which time they had 6 children together, all still alive in 1911. He lived with his wife, daughters Mary (27), and Maggie (14), sons Michael (23), Thomas (21), John (19), Edward (12), and his widowed mother Bridget (86). Everyone but Bridget was able to read and write and although she spoke Irish only the rest of the family spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Pat owned the land his house resided along with his stable, cow house, piggery, and turf shed.

 

Bridget Grealish (48) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her single sons Martin (17), and Pat (14), and daughter Mary (11). Everyone spoke Irish and English and although Bridget could not read or write, the rest of the family could. They lived in a 2 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Bridget owned the land her house, stable, cow house, and piggery resided on.

 

Patrick Cooney [SIC] (42) was a farmer. His wife Bridget (32) had been married to him for 8 years and they had 4 children together. They lived with his widowed mother Honor (69), 3 sons Tom (97), Patt (5), and John (1) and daughter Norah (3). Bridget, Honor and Tom were the only ones in the house who were able to read and write. Patrick, Bridget and Honor all spoke Irish and English. There is no language listed for the rest of the family suggesting that they spoke English only. They lived in 2 rooms, within their 3rd class house, with 2 front windows. He owned the land his house, stable, cow house, and piggery dwelled.

 

James Carr (40) was a married farmer. He and his wife Norah (34) had been married for 5 years and had 3 children.They lived with their daughters Mary(4), Sarah (3) and Delia(1). Norah was the only one in the house who was able to read and write and although her and her husband James spoke Irish and English, no language was listed for any of the children suggesting they spoke English only. They lived together in a 2 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. James owned the land his house, cow house and piggery resided on.

 

Mathew Donoghue [SIC] (79) was a widowed farm labourer. He was able to read and write and spoke both Irish and English. He lived in a single room within his 3rd class house with 1 front window. James Carr owned the holdings his house dwelled.

 

John Carr (62) was a widowed farmer. He lived with his son Patrick (35) who was married to his daughter-in-law Margaret (35) for 4 years, and grandsons Michael (3), John (2), and Patrick (6 months). All three adults spoke both Irish and English and only Patrick (35) and Margaret could read and write. They lived in a 2 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. He owned the terrain in which his house, stable, cow house, and turf shed existed.

 

John Higgins (28) was a single farmer. He was able to read and write and spoke Irish and English. He lived alone in his 1 roomed, 3rd class house with 1 front window. He owned the land his cow house, piggery and house resided on.

 

James Michael Grealish (71) was a married farmer. He had been married to his wife Catherine a housekeeper for 31 years at the time of the census and out of the 10 children they had together during this time 9 were still alive. They lived with their unmarried sons Michael (30), James (27), John (25), and Roger (18) and single daughters Bridget (20) and Nora (16) who were all listed as doing farm work. Everyone in the house could speak both Irish and English and were able to read and write. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 4 front windows. He owned the land his house, stable, cow house, calf house, piggery, fowl house, and barn dwelled on.

 

James Grealish (71) was a farmer. He had been married to Kate (62) for 39 years. They had 8 children together but 7 of them are still alive in 1911. They lived with their son Michael (31), daughters Katherine (23), and Ellie (17), nephew Michael (48) a carpenter, farmers servants David (37) and Patrick (14).  Everyone in the house but James could read and write. Everyone spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 4 front windows. James owned the land his house, stable, cow house, calf house, piggery, and fowl house resided on.

 

 

This page was added on 06/04/2022.

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