Cullairbaun

Civil Parish of Athenry

India Costello/Heritage Office Galway County Council

Cullairbaun

An Coiléar Bán, Cullairbaun, white; lea-ground, grassy

Cullairbaun was situated on the northwest side of Athenry and adjoining the townland. It is bounded on the North by Moanvaun and Parkmakle, East by Ballydavid South, and Caherroyan townlands and West by Raheen and Ballygurraun North.

Down Survey Map 1641 (pre-Cromwell) under the name Carrowbane states that Darby O’Daly (Catholic) was the owner. The Down Survey map 1670 (post Cromwell) states that Thomas Bourke (Catholic) was the owner. There was 73 plantation acres of unprofitable land, 152 plantation acres of profitable land and 152 plantation acres of forfeited land.

O’Donovans Field Name books provides various spellings for the names for this townland Cullairbaun
Cuillear Bán, Cellerbawne, Cullairbaun and Cellerbawn. This source also stated that Lord Oranmore is the proprietor and contains 186½ statute acres, all cultivated. It is bounded on the West by the road from Athenry to Tuam which passes through its northern centre, and on the East by a bye road nearly parallel to the former. Its general surface varies from 158 to 189 feet above the sea at low water of O.S. tides, and in its Northwest angle is a Limestone Quarry.

Tithe Applotment Books 1827

Dom G Browne held 86 acres of land worth £4-9-7. Patt Neyland held 1 ½ acres of land worth £0-2-4. James Commons held ¼ acres worth £0-0-4 ¼. John Burke held 5 acres of land worth £0-7-9. John Mitchell held 10 acres worth £0-15-7 ½. Michael Barret held 3 acres of land worth £0-4-8 ¼. Barth Browne held 3 acres worth £0-4-8 ¼.

Griffith’s Valuation

James Perry leased tenements to Joseph Barrett and Timothy Kinneen. James Perry kept 104 acres 0 roods 20 perches of house, offices and land, 1 acre 0 rood 21 perches of house, office, garden and waste land, 0 aces 1 rood 16 perches of cottier’s house and garden and 0 acres 2 roods 21 perches of garden all worth £129-10-0 in fee for himself. Joseph Barrett paid £10-10-0 for 9 acres 1 rood 19 perches of land. Timothy Kinneen paid £5-0-0 for 3 acres 3 roods 28 perches of land. Timothy Kinneed leased tenements to Michael Tierney. Michael Tierney paid £0-8-0 for 0 acres 1 rood 2 perches of garden. Mid G.W. Railway held 5 acres 2 roods 7 perches of railway worth £1-15-0 in fee. They also kept a station house and office worth £35-0-0 in fee. There was an R.C. Chapel and land worth £24-0-0.

1901 Census

There were 14 dwellings in Cullairbaun in 1901. Only 12 of the dwellings were inhabited. There was a population of 49 people, 20 males and 29 females. Dwellings 7-9 on the form B.1 House and Building Return consisted of a Railway Station, Goods Warehouse and Engine House all owned by M.G.W. Railway. The 12th dwelling was a chapel [sic] owned by J.P. Goodbody. The 13th dwelling was a signal cabin owned by M.G.W Railway. The 14th dwelling was a signal cabinet owned by M.G.W. Railway. . The walls of each dwelling were made out of stone, brick, or concrete. The census was collected on the 1st of April. The roof of each house was made from slate, iron, or tile. The heads of households were as follows Maud Josephine Kennedy, Martin Costello, Kate Coyne, John S Gradwell, William O’Halloran, Fred M Monsell, Peter Hyland, Thomas Coen, Thomas McHale, Peter Scully, Martin Donohoe, and Joseph Canton.

Maud Josephine Kennedy (30) was a hotel owner and proprietor [sic]. This dwelling was a hotel. She had 2 daughters Mary Josephine (6) and Ann Mary (5). Maud could read and write but her daughters could not. The 3 members of the Kennedy family were born in Co. Dublin. There were also 9 employees. Anna Waters Maher (38) was the housekeeper. Susan Leonard (23) was a bar assistant. Bridget Dempsey (23) was a waitress. Norah Connolly (21) was a house maid. Margaret Kennedy (46) was a cook. Winifred Leach (40) was a kitchen maid. Michael Moran’s (18) occupation was listed as boots [sic]. Margaret Mulligan (28) was a nurse. John Fahy (50) was a yard man. There was also a visitor the night of the census, M. Catherine Doyle (40) who was born in Co. Wexford. All occupants were Roman Catholic. Anna Waters Maher was born in Co. Waterford. Margaret Kennedy was born in Co. Roscommon and Margaret Mulligan was born in Co. Kildare. The rest of the occupants were born in Co. Galway. Only Winifred Leach and John Fahy spoke Irish as well as English, but they could not read. Margaret Kennedy and Michael Moran could read only. The rest of the inhabitants could read and write. It was a 1st class house with 6 rooms and 6 windows in the front. Maud Josephine Kennedy owned the land upon which the house was built along.

Martin Costello (39) was a constable in the Royal Irish Constabulary. He was married to Delia (23). They lived with their 3 sons Coleman (2), Michael (1) and Patrick (1 month). There was also a visitor the night of the census Norah Feeney (14). She was a scholar. All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. The 3 eldest residents could read and write and also speak Irish as well as English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front.

Kate Coyne (49) was a housekeeper and charwoman [sic]. She was born in Co. Galway and was Roman Catholic. She could not read but spoke Irish and English. She lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 window in the front.

John S Gradwell (36) was a civil engineer. He was born in Co. Meath. He lived with 2 other boarders, James Harney (29) who was a draper born in Sligo and Michael Ryan (37) who was a draper born in Co. Tipperary. They could all read and write. They were all Roman Catholic. They were boarders in the hotel owned by Maud Josephine Kennedy.

William O’Halloran (35) was a constable in the RIC. He was married to Bridget (28). They lived with their son Maurice (3). All occupants were Roman Catholic. William was born in Co.Kerry, Bridget was born in Co. Longford and Maurice was born in Co. Galway. William and Bridget could read and write. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front.

Fred M Monsell [sic] (43) was a surgeon and physician born in Co. Dublin. He was married to Kathleen (27) who was born in South Australia. They lived with their 2 children Victor (6) and Ethel (10 months).Victor was born in Co. Dublin and Ethel was born in Athenry, Co. Galway. They also lived with 2 servants Nora Kelly (20) and Bridget McDonnell (17). Nora was born in Oranmore, Co. Galway and Bridget was born in Clifden, Co. Galway. They also lived with a nurse Susan Little (37) who was born in Carnea, Co. Wicklow. All occupants were Church of Ireland apart from Nora and Bridget who were Roman Catholic. All occupants could read and write apart from Victor and Ethel. They lived in a 1st class house with 6 rooms and 17 [sic] windows in the front.

Peter Hyland (34) was a railway porter married to Mary (29) who was a general domestic servant. They lived with their 3 children John Joe (3), Rosanna (1) and Mary (0). All occupants were Roman Catholic. Peter was born in Co. Meath and Mary (0) was born in Co. Galway. The rest of the household were born in Co. Kildare. Only Peter and Mary (29) could read and write. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front. M.G.W. Railway owned the land upon which the house was built.

Thomas Coen (30) was a railway sign man married to Mary (26) who was a seamstress.  They lived with their 5 children PJ (7), Mary (5), Michael (4), Thomas (2) and Delia (9 months). The 3 eldest children were scholars. All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. Only the 3 eldest members of the family could read and write. Thomas and Mary spoke Irish as well as English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front. M.G.W. Railway owned the land upon which the house was built.

Thomas MacHale (32) was a station master married to Essie (28). They lived with their daughter Elizabeth Mary (1). They also had a boarder Frances Page (28) who was a railway booking clerk. They lived with a servant Kate Monaghan (18). All occupants were Roman Catholic. Thomas was born in Co. Mayo, Essie and Kate were born in Co. Westmeath. Elizabeth Mary was born in Co. Roscommon and Frances was born in Co. Galway. All members of the household could read and write apart from Elizabeth Mary. Only Thomas spoke Irish as well as English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 6 windows in the front. M.G.W. Railway owned the land upon which the house was built.

Peter Scully (34) was a railway sign man married to Mary (29) who was a general domestic servant. They lived with their 3 children Lucy (3), Peter (2) and John (7 months). They also lived with Peter’s brother John (27) who was a railway porter. All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. Peter, Mary, and John (27) could all read and write. Only Mary could speak Irish as well as English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front. M.G.W. Railway owned the land upon which the house was built.

Martin Donohoe (66) was a widowed railway porter. He lived with his 3 children Martin (33) who was a railway sign man, Michael (23) who was a coachman and Mary (25) who was a housekeeper. All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. All residents could read and write. Martin (66) and Martin (33) could speak Irish as well as English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front. M.G.W. Railway owned the land upon which the house was built.

Joseph Canton (50) was a roman catholic parish priest. He lived with a housekeeper Mary Jordan (21). The night of the census his sister Mary Canton was visiting. All occupants were Roman Catholic. Joseph and Mary Canton were born in Co. Mayo. Mary Jordan was born in Co. Galway. All residents could read and write. Only Joseph could speak Irish as well as English. They lived in a 1st class house with 4 rooms and 6 windows in the front. Rev. J. Canton owned the land upon which the house was built.

 

1911 Census

There were 12 dwellings in Cullairbaun in 1911. Only 9 of the dwellings were inhabited. There was a total population of 55 people, 21 males and 34 females. All members of the population were Roman Catholic apart from the residents of John George Crawford’s house and Radcliff Peter Roe’s household. Household no. 3 was a Roman Catholic Church. Household no. 4 was Convent School. The 12th household was a railway station owned by the railway company. The walls of each dwelling were made out of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of each house was made from slate, iron, or tile. The census was collected on the 10th of April 1911. The heads of households were as follows Ellen Twomey, Joseph Canton, John Byrne, Michael Howley, Joseph Gains, Peter Scully, John George Crawford, Maria McMery and Radcliff Peter Roe.

 

Ellen Twomey (44) was born in Kerry. In this household there was 6 presentation nurses Kate Costello (46), Sabina Costello (45), Sarah McEirlly (33), Agnes Walshe (25), Jane O Neil (19) and Mary O Keeffe (35). There was also a teacher Eileen O Halloran (22). Kate, Sabina, and Jane were born in Co. Galway. Sarah and Agnes were born in Co. Mayo. Mary was born in Queens Co. The occupation for each resident in this household was recorded as “member of religious community” apart from Eileen O Halloran who was a lay teacher. All occupants could read and write. Only Sabina could speak Irish as well as English. All residents were single. They lived in a 2nd class house with 4 rooms and 5 windows in the front. Joseph Canton owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 fowl house and 1 turf house.

Joseph Canton (60) was the parish priest. He lived with his 2 sisters Mary (57) and Kate (51). All occupants were born in Castlebar, Co. Mayo. All residents could read and write. Only Joseph could speak Irish as well as English. They lived in a 1st class house with 5 rooms and 5 windows in the front. Joseph Canton owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 cow house.

John Byrne (33) was railway sign man married to Margaret (32). In 1911 they had been married for 14 years, had 9 children, 4 of whom were still living. They lived with their 4 children Margaret (12), Kathleen (10), Maria (2) and James (4 months). John was born in Co. Sligo and James was born in Co. Galway. The rest of the house was born in Co. Mayo. The 4 eldest members of the household could read and write and speak Irish and English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front. The railway company owned the land upon which the house was built.

Michael Howley (32) was a railway sign man married to Annie (28). In 1911 they had been married for 12 years, had 4 children, all of whom were still living. They lived with their 4 children Charles (11), Thomas Joseph (10), Annie (8) and William (7). Michael was born in Ballina, Co. Mayo, Annie (28) was born in Boyle, Co. Roscommon, Thomas Joseph was born in Co. Longford. The rest of the household was born in Co. Roscommon. The 4 children were all scholars. All occupants could read and write. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front. The Railway Company owned the land upon which the house was built.

Joseph Gains (35) was a railway porter  married to Annie (30). In 1911 they had been married for 11 years, had 5 children all of whom were still living. They lived with 3 of their children Mary (8), John (5) and Michael (4). Joseph was born in Dublin City. The rest of the house was born in Co. Meath. The children were all scholars. All occupants could read and write apart from Michael who could read only. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front. The Railway Company owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 piggery.

Peter Scully (45) was a railway sign man married to Mary (40). In 1911 they had been married for 14 years, had 7 children, 5 of whom were still living. They lived with their 5 children Louie (12), Peter (10), Mary (9), Catherine (5) and Patrick (3). They also lived with Peter’s brother John (40) who was a railway porter. All occupants were born in Co. Galway. All members of the household could read and write along with Patrick. All residents could speak Irish and English apart from Catherine and Patrick. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front. The Railway Company owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 piggery.

John George Crawford (39) was a railway station master. He lived with his son Robert Francis Crawford (1). They also lived with a nurse/domestic servant Helen Morrison Hendry (28). All occupants were presbyterian. John was born in Co Leitrim. Robert Francis was born in Dublin. Helen was born in Edinburgh. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 5 windows in the front. The Railway Company owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 fowl house.

Maria McMery [sic] (45) was a hotel manageress born in Co. Limerick. This household was a hotel. There were 7 employees. Kathleen Darcy (21) was a hotel bookkeeper born in Co. Roscommon. Alice Farrell (21) was a hotel bar maid born in Co Westmeath. Margaret Mulligan (38) was a hotel waitress born in Co. Kildare. Dorothy Crown (21) was a hotel cook Co. Tipperary. Kate Kelly (19) was a hotel house maid born in Co. Westmeath. John Fahey (62) was a gardener born in Co. Galway. George Fahy’s (30) occupation was listed as hotel boots [sic] and he was born in Co. Galway. There was a visitor the night of the census William Murphy (28). He was a commercial traveller. All residents could read and write apart from John Fahey. However, he was the only occupant who could speak Irish as well as English. It was a 1st class house with 6 rooms and 17 windows in the front. John Hackett owned the land upon which the house was built along with 3 stables, 1 coach house, 1 harness room, 1 fowl house and 1 shed.

Radcliff Peter Roe (50) was a Rector of the Church of Ireland married to Amy (37). In 1911 they had been married for 11 years, had 3 children all of whom were still living. They lived with their 3 children Anna Helen Kathleen (10), William Radcliff (9) and Amy Emily Millicent (7) who were all scholars. There was also a visitor the night of the census Ida Bradshaw (29). They also lived with a domestic servant Margaret Mary (18). Radcliff Peter was born in Co. Mayo. Amy was born in Co. Kilkenny. Anna, William, and Ida were born in Co. Kerry. Amy and Margaret were born in Co. Galway. All occupants could read and write. They lived in a 1st class house with 6 rooms and 16 windows in the front. Radcliff P. Roe owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 dairy, 1 fowl house and 1 turf house.

This page was added on 07/04/2022.

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