Cashla

Civil Parish of Athenry

India Costello Heritage Office Galway County Council

Cashla

Caisle, Cashla

Is situated 4 miles West of Athenry bounded on the North by Lackagh Parish, East by Ballanloughaun and Moor, South by Moor and Barretts Park and West by Carnmore.

The Down Survey 1641 (pre-Cromwell) under the name Grange of the Abby of Knockmoy states that the owner Sir Richard Blake (Catholic). The Down Survery 1670 (post Cromwell) states that the owner was Thomas Lynch (Catholic) and Robert Blake (Protestant).

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books provides various spellings of this townland Cashla, Coisle and Coshla. This source it is the property of Mr. Lambert containing 292 statute acres. All cultivated with exception of a few acres rocky pasture near its N. western centre. The road from Athenry to Galway forms part of the South boundary, and there are several gravel pits towards its South extremity. Near its N. western centre stands a Trigl. Station 108 feet above the level of the sea.

Griffiths Valuation

Walter Lambert leased tenements to the following tenants, Thomas Costello, Patt Hood, William Hart, John Givney, Thaddeus Egan, John Kearney, and Edmund Burke.

Walter Lambert kept £1-0-0 worth of land for himself in fee. Thomas Costello paid £12-5-0 for 79 acres 3 roods 15 perches. Patt Hood paid £1-10-0 for house and land. William Hart paid £1-10-0 for house and land. John Givney paid £1-5-0 for house and land. Thaddeus Egan paid £1-5-0 for house and land. John Kearney paid £16-5-0 for land and Edmund Burke paid £17-0-0 for herd’s house, offices, and land.

1901 Census

In 1901 there was a population of 37 people, 24 females and 13 males. The census was taken on the 3rd of April. There were 8 dwellings all of which were occupied and private dwellings. The walls of each dwelling were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of each house was made of thatch, wood, or some other perishable material. The heads of households were as follows Arabella E Kidd, Brigid Kelly, Patrick Brodrick, Kate Kelly, Thomas Connolly, Thomas Egan, Martin Harte, and Michael Briggs.

Arabella E Kidd (74) was a widowed Farmer. She lived with her 3 children John Kidd (40), M L Kidd (30) and Margaret E (28). All members of the Kidd family were born in Tyrone and Presbyterian. They could all read and write and speak English only. They were also all farmers. They lived with a servant Martin Rooney (20). He was a Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. He could not read but he spoke English as well as Irish. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 4 windows in the front. Arabella Kidd owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 coach house, 2 cow houses, 1 piggery, 1 barn and 1 turf shed.

Brigid Kelly (34) was a retired national teacher. She lived with her 4 children Patrick J (6), Margaret N (5), Annie Teresa (3) and Christina (1). All the children except for Christina were scholars. They also lived with Brigid’s sister Margaret T (23). Margaret and Brigid were born in Co. Derry. Patrick and Margaret N were born in Galway city. Annie and Christina were born in Co. Galway. They also lived with a general domestic servant Margaret Rabbitt (13). She was born in Co. Galway. All members of the household were Roman Catholic. All occupants could read and write except for Christina. Only Margaret Rabbitt could speak Irish as well as English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 5 windows in the front. Brigid Kelly owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 cow house and 1 piggery.

Patrick Brodrick (60) was a farmer married to Margaret (58). They lived with their daughter Ellen (22) and son Patrick (20) who were also farmers. They also lived with a servant Maria O’Gorman (32). All occupants were Roman Catholic and could read and write. They could also all speak Irish and English. Margaret and Maria were born in Co. Tipperary and the rest of the house were born in Co. Galway. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows in the front and 2 rooms. Patrick Brodrick owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house and 1 piggery.

Kate Kelly (60) was a widow who lived with her daughter Mary (28) and son John (29). All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. They also could not read but did speak Irish and English. Both children were married. Mary was a farm servant and John was an agricultural labourer. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front. Kate Kelly owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 piggery.

Thomas Connolly (40) was a farmer married to Honor (40). They lived with their three children John (8), Mary (10) and Sarah (7). All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. All the children were scholars and could read and write. Thomas and Honor could read only. All members of the household could speak English and Irish. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 windows in the front. Thomas Connolly owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

Thomas Egan (25) was a farmer married to Maggie (22). They lived with Thomas’ brother Michael (21) and sister Delia (17). All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. They could also all read and write and speak Irish and English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows in the front and 2 rooms. Thomas Egan owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 cow house and 1 barn.

Martin Harte (35) was a farmer married to Hanoria (35). They lived with their 2 daughters Bridget (3) and Sarah ( 5 months). No member of the household could read. All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. Martin and Hanoria could speak Irish and English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 windows in the front. Martin Harte owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 cow house and 1 barn.

Michael Briggs (60) was a farmer married to Mary (50). They lived with their son John and daughter Catherine (20). All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. Michael could read, Mary could not, John and Catherine could read and write. Michael, Mary, and John spoke Irish as well as English. The children were also farmers. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 windows in the front. Michael Briggs owned the land upon which the house was situated along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery and 1 barn.

1911 Census

In 1911 there was a population of 43 people, 23 females and 20 males. The census was taken on the 11th of April. There were 9 dwellings all of which were occupied. The walls of each dwelling were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of each house was made of slate, iron, tile, thatch, wood, or some other perishable material. The heads of households were as follows Thomas Egan, John Kydd, Mary L Kydd, Michael Leonard, Mary Briggs, Thomas Connolly, Martin Hart, Patrick Brodrick and John Kelly.

Thomas Egan (41) was a farmer married to Margaret (35). In 1911 they had been married for 10 years, had 6 children, 6 of whom were still living in 1911. They lived with their 6 children Mary Jane (6), Thady (5), Margaret (4), Norah (3), Bridget (20) and Ellen (1). All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. The two eldest children were scholars. The four eldest members of the family could read and write and speak Irish as well as English. The rest of the house spoke English only and could not read. They lived in a 1st class house with 4 rooms and 6 windows in the front. Thomas Egan owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 2 piggeries, 1 fowl house and 1 barn. This was the only dwelling that was a public house.

John Kydd (60) was a farmer married to Enid Clare Kydd (42). In 1911 they had been married for 9 years, had 3 children, 3 of whom were still living in 1911. John was born in Co. Tyrone and Enid was born in Scotland. They could both read and write. They lived with their 3 sons, Joseph Thomas (8), John (6) and William Farrington (3). They were all scholars and born in Co. Galway. They also lived with Enid’s mother Elizabeth Farrington (77). She was born in England. She was a widow and could read and write. All members of the household were presbyterian except for Elizabeth whose religion was listed as independent. They also lived with a servant Martin Rooney (38). He was a farm servant who was born in Co. Galway. He was roman catholic and spoke Irish as well as English. He could not read. They lived in a 1st class house with 8 rooms and 5 windows in the front. John Kydd owned the land upon which the land was built along with 1 stable, 2 cow houses, 1 calf house, 1 fowl house, 1 boiling house, 1 barn and 1 shed.

Mary L Kydd (36) was born in Co. Tyrone. She could read and write. She was a presbyterian. She lived in a 2nd class house with 4 rooms and 3 windows in the front. John Kydd owned the land upon which the house was built.

Michael Leonard (39) was a farmer. He lived with his 3 brothers John (45), James (41) and Francis (37). All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. They could all read and write and spoke Irish and English. They were all farmers. They lived in a 1st class house with 7 rooms and 7 windows in the front. Michael Leonard owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 2 piggeries, 1 barn, 1 potato house and 1 store.

Mary Briggs (55) was a widow who lived with her son John (33), daughter Catherine (29) and niece Mary Molloy (7). John was a farmer. All members of the house were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. All occupants could also read and write. The three eldest occupants could speak Irish and English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 3 windows in the front. Mary Briggs owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 calf house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn and 1 shed.

Thomas Connolly (52) was a farmer married to Nora (58). In 1911 they had been married for 22 years and had 4 children, 4 of whom were still alive in 1911. They lived with their 4 children, Mary (20), John (18), Sarah (16) and Thomas (10). All occupants were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. They could not read and write. All members of the Connolly family could speak Irish and English. Thomas (10) was a scholar and John was a farmer. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 3 windows in the front. Thomas Connolly owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable,1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house, 1 barn, 1 shed and 1 cart house.

Martin Hart (41) was a farmer married to Hanoria (38). In 1911 they had been married for 15 years and had 4 children, 3 of whom were still living. They lived with their 3 daughters Delia (13), Sarah (11) and Maggie (9). All occupants were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. All members of the house could read and write except for Martin who could not read. Martin and Honoria were the only members of the house that could speak Irish as well as English. The parents were both farmers and all children were scholars. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 3 windows in the front. Martin Hart owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable.

Patrick Brodrick (71) was married to Margaret (70). His occupation was listed as herd. In 1911 they had been married for 40 years and had 5 children, 5 of whom were still alive in 1911. They lived with their daughter Helen (25), son Patrick (24) and grand son Patrick Francis (10). All members of the household were born in Co. Galway apart from Margaret who was born in Co. Tipperary. Patrick was a herder’s son and Patrick Francis was a scholar. All members of the family could also read and write and speak Irish and English. They also lived with a servant Maria O’Gorman (43). She was born in Co. Tipperary. She could read and write and speak Irish as well as English. All occupants were Roman Catholic. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 3 windows in the front. Patrick Brodrick owned the land upon which the house was built along with 1 stable, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 fowl house and 1 barn.

John Kelly (50) was a farmer married to Mary (40). In 1911 they had been married for 20 years. They were both born in Co. Galway and Roman Catholic. They could not read or write but they both spoke Irish as well as English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front. John Kelly owned the land upon which the house was built along with 2 piggeries.

This page was added on 05/04/2022.

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