Carnaun

Civil Parish of Athenry

Anna Bourke/Galway County Council Heritage office

Carnaun

An Carnán, Carnaun

Carnaun is 2¾ miles N.W. from Athenry, is bounded on the North by the parishes of Lackagh and Cussaun, West by Ballybockagh and Tubbernarum, South by Moanvaun and Parkmakle and East by Pullagh and Saintellen.

The Down Survey map provides no record of this townland and indicates the map of the barony of Athenry was destroyed in 1711.

O’Donovan’s Field Name books provide various spellings of this townland: Carnaun, Carnán, Cárnán, Caurnaun B.S. Sketch Map, Carnan Barony Map
Carnan County Map, Carnane County Map, Carnane Vestry Book 1826.

Tithe Applotment Books

The Tithe Applotment books show that Mich J Browne occupied 191 acres of land. He paid £7 5s 10 ½ d in tax. John Dooly paid £1 5s in tax for his 50 acres of terrain. Thady Rabbet [SIC] occupied 50 acres of land and paid £1 5s in tax. The tithes were calculated using pounds, shillings, and pence.

Griffith’s Valuation

According to Griffith’s Valuation 1855, Walter P. Lambert leased tenements to Graveyard, Vaccant[SIC], and Patrick Rabitt[SIC]. Walter P. Lambert was cited as being ‘in Fee’. In fee were freehold tenures, derived from a grant from the crown.

Walter P Lambert paid £115-0-0 in tax for 467acres and 1 rood of land, encompassing herd’s house, offices and land. The grave-yard paid £0-5-0 in tax for 1 rood and 20 perches worth of a graveyard. A vacant house paid £0-10-0 in tax. Patrick Rabbitt’s 18 acres, 2 roods and 20 perches of land, offices, and a house came to £7 in tax. The total annual valuation of rateable property in Carnaun came to £122-15-0 and total acres was 485 with 3 roods, and 20 perches.

1901 Census

There were 16 households in Carnaun in 1901. 16 individuals were listed as head of household. A total of 50 inhabitants were recorded, 28 male and 22 female. All the residents in this townland were from County Galway and Roman Catholic. The census forms which were collected on the 6th of April showed that all the houses were inhabited and were private dwellings. All of the walls of the houses were made from stone, brick or concrete. The roofs were made from thatch, wood, or another perishable material, while one roof was made from slate, Iron or tiles.

Martin Coen (50) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Julia (45) and 3 sons Thomas (11), Patrick (9), and John (6). Only the children could read and write and all three were listed as scholars. Both Martin and Julia were able to speak Irish and English, no language was listed for the children suggesting they spoke English only. They lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Martin owned the land his house, cow house and piggery resided on.

Pat Kennedy (50) was a shepherd. He lived with his wife Julia (36) their 7 sons Pat (15), Denis (14), Martin (12), Michael (8), John (6), Thomas (5), and William (1) and their 3 daughters Ellie (10), Bridget (3), and Julia (2). The youngest 4 children could not read but the rest of the family were able to read and write. Everyone in the family spoke English and Irish but the youngest 7 children. The family of 12 lived in a 2nd class house, with 4 rooms and 3 front windows. Rep. P. J. Lamberkey [SIC] owned the land his house, stable, cow house, and piggery resided on.

John Hession (40) was a single farmer. He could not read and spoke Irish and English. He lived alone in his 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 3 front windows. He owned the land his house, piggery, and fowl house dwelled on.

Michael White (70) was a widowed farmer. He resided with his 2 sons Martin (40) and Pat (34), along with his daughter-in-law Norah (30). Norah was the only family member who was able to read and write as although her husband Martin could read, his father and brother could do neither. Everyone in the house spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Michael owned the land his house, stable, cow house, and piggery resided on.

Philip Fahy (85) was a married farmer. He dwelled with his wife Bridget (80), son William (30), daughter-in-law Julia (23), Grand-daughters Mary Kate (12) and Bridget (1) and finally his grandson Philip (3). Philip (85) could read, Mary Kate could read and write and everyone else could neither read nor write. Everyone in the house spoke both English and Irish but the two youngest children who were too young to speak. Philip owned the land his house, cow house, piggery, and barn resided on.

Martin Monahan (50) was a single farmer. He could read and spoke both English and Irish. He lived alone in his 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. He owned the land his house, cow house, and piggery resided on.

Anne Mulllin (60) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her son James (30), his wife Bridgit (28), their daughters Mary (1) and Annie (5 months) and at the time of the census a visitor Julia Coody. Only James, his wife and the single visitor Julia were able to read and write. Everyone spoke both Irish and English, but the two children who were too young to do so. The family lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Anne owned the land her house, piggery, and barn was built on.

Michael Cusack (55) was a married farmer. Michael and his wife Mary (50) lived with their 3 daughters Kate (17), Lizzie (12) Ellie (10), and their 1 son Michael (15). All the children could read and write, unlike their parents. Kate was listed as a farmer’s daughter while the rest of the children were scholars. Everyone in the house spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 3 front windows. He owned the land his house resided on along with a cow house, piggery, and fowl house.

John Qualter (60) John was a labourer who was married to Bridget (57). Neither of them could read or write and they both spoke English and Irish. They resided in a single roomed, 3rd class house with 1 front window. He owned the holding his house and piggery were situated.

Thomas Qualter (69) was a widowed farmer. He lived with his granddaughter Mary (13) and they both were able to read and write and spoke Irish and English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. He owned the land his cow house, piggery, and house resided on.

Andrew Gill (70) was listed as a widowed farmer. He resided with his son Thomas (28), daughter in law Bridget (26), and Grandson Patrick (1). Bridget was the only person able to read and write and although both Bridget and her husband Thomas could speak both Irish and English, Andrew only spoke Irish. Thomas was listed as an agricultural labourer. They all lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. His house and piggery were situated on land he owned.

Julia Mahon (70) was widowed farmer. She lived with her son Michael (28), daughter in law Anne (27), grand daughters Honoria (5), Mary (2), Julia (4 months) and grandson John (4). Everyone in the family could not read. All three adults spoke both English and Irish while no language was listed for the children suggesting they spoke English only. All 7 lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 3 front windows. Her cow house, piggery, and house were situated on land she owned.

Mary Williams (70) was listed in the census as a widowed farmer. She resided with her son John (36), daughter-in-law Sarah (27), and granddaughters Mary (3) and Margaret (6 months). Sarah was the only one in the family who was able to read and write. The three adults spoke both English and Irish. They lived in a 3rd class house, with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. Mary owned the holding her house, cow house, and piggery were located.

William Joyce (70) was a married agricultural labourer. He spoke both English and Irish and could not read. He was also listed as being deaf. He lived alone in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. There is no record of his wife in the census. William’s house and fowl house are situated on land held by Rep. P. J. Lamberkey [SIC].

John Joyce (45) was a farmer. He lived with his wife Mary (38), daughter Mary (16), 2 sons Michael (15), Martin (11) and visitor Thomas Gyll. Everyone could read except for Thomas a farm servant and Mary (38). All three children were listed as scholars. Everyone in the house spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house with 2 front windows. John owned the land his house, stable, cow house, and piggery resided on.

Mary Rabbett (70) was a married farmer. She lived with her son John (40). They both spoke Irish and English. It is not noted whether they were able to read and write in the census. John was listed as a single farmers son. Mary and her son lived in a 2 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Mary owned the holding her house and 4 farm-steadings resided on.

1911 Census

There were 11 households in Carnaun in 1911. There were 78 inhabitants, 43 were male and 35 were female. All the occupants were Roman Catholic and originated from County Galway but Dominic Browne who was Agnostic and his two servant who originated from Co Mayo. The heads of households were: Mary Rabbit, John Joyce, John Williams, Julia Coen, Patt Killeen, Michael Cusack, Thomas Gill, William Fahy, John Forde, Patrick Kennedy, and Dominic Browne. The census forms, which were collected on the 5th and 1st April 1911, showed that all the houses were listed as private dwellings. Each house roof but 2 were made of thatch, wood, or another perishable material, while all of the walls were made from stone, brick, or concrete.

Mary Rabbitt (76) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her 2 sons, single John (45), Pat (42), daughter-in-law Sarah (31), 3 grandsons John (6), Pat (4), Thomas (2), granddaughter Mary Ann (1) and an unmarried lodger Michael Martin (73). Only John (6), Sarah, and Pat (42) were able to read. All the adults in the house spoke both Irish and English. No language was listed for the 4 children suggesting they spoke English only. They lived in a 2 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Mary owned the land her house and 2 stables, cow house, piggery, barn and shed resided on.

John Joyce (57) was a married farmer. He had been married to Mary (58) for 27 years at the time of the famine and out of the 5 children they had, 3 had survived to 1911.They lived with their daughter Mary (26) and 2 sons Michael (25) and Martin (20). Everyone could read and write but Mary (58) who could read only. Their 3 single children were listed under farmer’s sons and farmers daughter. Everyone spoke both English and Irish. They resided in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. John owned the holding his house was situated on along with 2 stables, a cow house, 2 piggeries, and a barn.

John Williams (45) was a farmer. He had been married to Sarah for 11 years at the time of the census and they had 6 children together, all living in 1911. He lived with his widowed mother-in-law Margaret Butler (74), daughters Mary (10), Margaret (9), and Kathleen (1) along with 3 sons Patrick (8), John (5) and Richard (3). The only people in the house who were able to read and write were John (45), Mary (10), Margaret (9), and Patrick (8). The 2 parents, mother-in-law and eldest child were all able to speak both Irish and English. No language was listed for the remaining children suggesting they spoke English only. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. John owned the land his house, piggery and shed resided on.

Julia Coen (66) was a widowed farmer. She lived with her 3 sons Thomas (21), Pat (19), and John (16). All three single boys could read and write. They were also all listed as farmers sons. Julia spoke both Irish and English, but no language was listed for the boys suggesting they spoke English only. They inhabited a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. Julia owned the land her house, stable, cow house, piggery, and fowl house resided on.

Patt Killeen (25) was farmer. He had been married To Mary (23) for 2 years and had 1 son with her, Thomas (3 months). Patt and his wife were able to read and write and both spoke English and Irish. They lived in a 1 roomed, 4th class house with no front windows. Pat did own the holding his house and cow house were built on.

Michael Cusack (70) was listed as a farmer. He had been married for 45 years to Mary (64) and they had 10 children, 9 of which were still alive in 1911. They lived with their single son Michael (25) and daughter Kellie (20). Everyone spoke both English and Irish while only the two children could read and write. They resided in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. Michael owned the holding his house resided on along with a stable, cow house, piggery, barn, and shed.

Thomas Gill (40) was listed in the 1911 census as a farmer. He had been married to Bridgit (35) for 13 years, during which time they had 5 children together. All 5 were still alive during the recording of this census. They lived with their 2 sons Patrick (11), Michael (6) and 3 daughters Mary (9), Delia (4) and Norah (2). Bridget, Patrick and Mary were the only people in the household who were able to read and write. Thomas, Bridgit, and Patrick spoke both English and Irish. There is no language listed for the rest of the children suggesting they spoke English only. All 7 lived in a 2 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. His stable, cow house, piggery, and barn were all situated on land he owned.

William Fahy (47) was listed as a farmer. He had been married to his wife Julia (36) for 14 years, and they had 6 children. They lived with their 2 sons Philip (13) and Michael (8) along with their 4 daughters Norah (7), Julia (5), Sarah (2), and Ellie (10 Months). William’s single brother Philip (43) who was a labourer also lived with them. Only Philip (43), and the 2 young boys could read and write. William, Julia (36) and Philip (13) spoke both Irish and English. No language was listed for the rest of the family suggesting they spoke English only. They resided in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. William owned the land his house, stable, cow house, piggery, fowl house, barn, and shed dwelled.

John Forde (50) was a farmer. His wife Julia (45) had been married to him for 20 years, during which they had 9 children together. They lived with their 3 daughters Mary (15), Delia (8), and Julia (6) along with their 5 sons Thomas (12), William (10), Michael (10), John (4), and Martin (1). Mary White (10) also resided with them and was John’s (50) niece. The 3 youngest children could not read or write while Delia, William and Julia (45) could only read. The rest of the family could both read and write. John (50) and his wife Julia could speak both Irish and English. There was no language listed for the children suggesting they spoke English only. All 11 lived in a 2 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. John owned the land his house resided on along with a stable, cow house, 2 piggeries, a fowl house, barn, cart house and shed.

Patrick Kennedy (67) was a widowed farmer. He lived with his 5 sons Patrick (24), Martin (20), Michael (17), Thomas (15) and William (10). He also had 4 daughter that lived with him Ellen (18), Bridgit (13), Julia (11) and Margaret (7). Everyone in the family could read and write but William (10). Patrick and his eldest son Patrick spoke both English and Irish while there was no language listed for the rest of the children suggesting they all spoke English only. They lived in a 3 roomed, 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Patrick owned the land his house, stable, cow house, 2 piggeries, fowl house, barn, shed and cart house resided on.

Dominic Browne (69) was a married farmer he was also an Agnostic. He had been married to his wife Isabella (57) for 28 years at the time of the census. They had 5 children. They lived with their single daughter Alice (25), 2 unmarried sons Nicholas (23), Anthony (19), and 2 single servants Michael Finin [SIC] (42), and Annie Mc Namara (24). Everyone was able to read and write and all spoke English. The 2 servants also originated from County Mayo. They lived in a 13 roomed, 1st class house with 7 front windows. Dominic owned the land his house was situated on along with a stable, coach house, harness room, cow house, calf house, dairy, fowl house, barn, turf shed, and shed.

This page was added on 08/03/2022.

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