Cullairbawn

Civil Parish of Athenry

Nuala King / Athenry Active Retirement/ Heritage Office Galway County Council

Cullairbawn

Situation:

Cullairbaun is in the Civil Parish of Athenry, in the Barony of Athenry.

It is situated on the N.W. side of Athenry and adjoining the Athenry townland. It is bounded on the North by Moanbaun and Park, East by Ballydavid South and Caherroyan townlands and West by Raheen and Ballygurraun North.

Other townlands adjoining Cullairbawn are:

Athenry, Ballydavid South, Ballygarraun, Caherroyan, Park and Raheen. (Spellings vary for those townlands)

O’Donovan Field Name Books

Irish Name: Cuillear Bán

Translation: White quarry

Other forms of the Name:

Cullear Bán

Cellerbawne (Vestry Book 1826)

The O’Donovan Field Name Books of the 1860’s say Lord Oranmore is the proprietor and it contains 186½ statute acres, all cultivated. It is bounded on the West by the road from Athenry to Tuam which passes through its northern centre, and on the East by a bye road. There is a limestone quarry at its N W. angle.

The Down Survey (1641 pre-Cromwell;1671 post  Cromwell) 

Down Survey Name was Carrowbane with 152 plantation acres. The 1641 Owner was Darby O’Daly (Catholic), and the 1670 owner was Thomas Bourke also a Catholic.

The map of this Barony was destroyed in 1711. No copies have, so far, come to light.

The Tithe Applotment Books of 1827 give the Heads of eight families as and the annual dues as:

Domk. G. Browne      86 acres           £4.09.07

Patt Neyland               1½                   £ 0.02.04 ¼

James Commons         ¼                    £ 0.00  04 ¾

John Burke                  5                     £ 0.07  09 ¾

John Mitchell              10                    £ 0.15  07 ¾

James Barrett              3                     £ 0.04.08 ¼

Michael Barrett           3                     £ 0.04.08 ¼

Barthw Browne           3                     £ 0.04.08 ¼

The Tithes were in Pounds, Shillings and pence and fractions of pence (£.s.d)

The total acreage levied was 111 acres accruing taxes of £9.09.10

 Griffith’s Valuation

This gives the land area at the time (1856) in Acres, Roods and Perches 186.1.32 (including Exemption of the Roman Catholic Chapel) and the rateable annual valuation for land and buildings, in pounds, shillings and pence: £102.03s.0d. Buildings were recorded with a value of £102.05 shillings giving a total annual valuation of rateable property as £204 .08. 00

There are seven recorded Heads of Households:

James Perry

Joseph Barrett

Roman Catholic Chapel (No rent – exemption)

Timothy Kinneen

Michael Tierney

Midland & Great Western Railway

The Griffith Valuation also gives the Immediate Lessors, a description of “the tenement”, the area and rateable annual valuation of the land and buildings in each holding, as well as the total annual valuation of rateable property. The Immediate Lessor for four of the properties was listed as James Perry who was “In fee”, indicating he was the owner subject to the Landlord agreement. James Perry had 104 Acres, 26 Perches with a house, garden, waste land and cottier’s house and garden. The total annual valuation was £129.10 shillings. Joseph Barrett held 9 Acres, 1 Rood and 19 Perches and the rateable valuation of the property was £10.10s. Timothy Kinneen held 3 Acres 3 Roods and 28 Perches with a rateable valuation of £5. Timothy Kinnen was the Lessor for Michael Tierney’s garden of 1 Rood and 2 Perches and the total annual valuation of that rateable property was 8 shillings. Mid & Great Western Railway Co. was the Lessor of the Station House and out office for which they were “in fee”. There was an Exemption for the Roman Catholic Chapel.

1821 Census for Nicholroe Gate, Cullerbawne

There is limited information available on the Nicholroe Gate, Cullerbawne Census entry. There were 5 single story houses with 32 people, 16 males and 16 females.

Hynes’s Michael Hynes (40) Herd and Labourer lived his wife Bridge (33), Son Thomas (6), Son Patt (3) and Daughter Mary 1 year old lived there. Patt Connelly (26) Labourer and Honoria Connolly (18) House Servant lived there too. One and a half acres recorded.

Monoughan’s Thomas Monoughan (60) Farmer and Labourer, his wife Mary (50), Flax and Wool Spinner, Son Hugh (24), Labourer, Daughter Margaret (26) Flax and Wool Spinner, Son Martin (15) and Son John (11) all lived together. 11.2 acres recorded.

Burkes John Burke (50), Labourer, Sally (50) his wife, Jane (18) his daughter, Eliza (10) daughter, and Mary a daughter aged 7 lived together, In addition:

Barthley Kelly (34) a lodger and described as a Pensioner lived there as did his family. Anne (20) his wife, Son Thomas (2) and Baby daughter Ellenor.

Hurney’s Thomas Hurney (60) Farmer and Labourer, Thomas (18), his son a labourer, Margaret (22) Daughter, Mary (19) Daughter and Thomas Burke, (4), a grandchild. That completed the household. 4 acres recorded.

Hanniffy’s John Hanniffy (60), Labourer, lived with Catherine (50) his wife and family – Son Theady (25) a Labourer, Daughter Mary (30) a House Servant and his Grandson Michael Burke aged 7.

Census 1901

There were 16 houses / premises in Cullairbawn townland when the 1901 Census was taken on 31st March 1901 and collected on 1st April 1901. Constable M. Ruddy was the enumerator. 10 were inhabited and 6 were uninhabited. There was 1 family in each house. 59 people lived there, 24 males and 35 females. 54 were Roman Catholics and 5 were Church of Ireland.

The inhabited buildings were private premises. The 6 listed uninhabited buildings were: the Station House, the Goods Warehouse, the Engine House, the Signal Cabin, all the property of the Midlands and Great Western Rail Co. The Roman Catholic Chapel and a shop were also unoccupied. J.P. Goodbody is recorded as the landlord on whose land the Catholic Chapel is built.

Houses were classed by the construction type, number of rooms and front windows. The walls of all the houses were made of stone, brick, or concrete. The roof of each dwelling was made of iron, slate or tiles. Houses are classed as 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th Class. The hotel, Monsell’s and Canton’s were 1st Class houses, all others were second class.

Kennedy’s recorded 11 females and 1 male. It was a hotel (Railway Hotel). Maud Josephine Kennedy aged 30, married, was Head of Family. She could read and write and was proprietor of the hotel business. Residing with her were her two daughters Mary Josephine, aged 6 and Ann Mary aged 5. The three of them were born in Co. Dublin and were Roman Catholics.

People recorded in the hotel, all born in Galway unless otherwise stated, were: Annas Waters Maher (38), Servant housekeeper, Single, born in Co Waterford; Susan Leonard (23), Servant bar assistant, Single; Bridget Dempsey (23), Servant waitress; Norah Connolly (21), Servant housemaid; Margaret Kennedy (46), Married, born in Co. Roscommon, Servant cook; Winnifred Leach, (40), Servant; Michael Moran (18), Servant; Margaret Mulligan (28), Servant nurse, born in Co. Kildare; John Fahy, (50), Married, Servant, born in Co. Galway. M. Catherine Doyle, (40) Visitor, born in Co. Wexford. All were Roman Catholics. All, except the 2 children could read and write in English. The Kennedy residence had 6 front windows and 6 outhouses and was deemed a first-class house. Maud Kennedy was the landholder on whose holding the building was situated.

Costello’s  Martin Costello (39) is Head of Family, born in Co. Galway, an RIC Constable. His wife Delia (23), described as wife of Constable, his 3 sons and a visitor were recorded. His sons are Coleman aged 2, Michael aged 1 and infant son Patrick. Norah Feeney, (14), a visitor is a scholar. Martin, Delia and Norah can read and write and can speak Irish and English. All were Roman Catholics. The Census form completed by the RIC Constable is less detailed than the general form.

O’Halloran’s William O’Halloran (35), is Head of Family. Born in County Kerry, a Constable in the RIC. His wife Bridget (28) was born in Co. Longford, and Maurice (3), his son was born in Co. Galway. All Roman Catholics. The 2 adults could read and write in English. The Census form completed by the RIC Constable is less detailed than the general form.

Coyne’s Kate Coyne (49) is Head of Family. Born in Co. Galway, Married, Roman Catholic, works as a housekeeper and charwoman, speaks Irish and English; cannot read or write. Living there (in house No. 2) but recorded on a separate census return form were:

John S. Gradwell (36), Boarder, Civil Engineer, Single, born in Co. Meath, Roman Catholic

James Harney (29), Boarder, Draper, Single, born in Co. Sligo, Roman Catholic

Michael Ryan (37), Boarder, Draper, Single, born in Co. Tipperary, Roman Catholic.

They can read and write.

Monsell’s Frederick William Monsell (43), is Head of Family; born in County Dublin, a Surgeon and Physician. Living with him – on census night – was his wife Kathleen (27), born in South Australia; Ethel Monsell aged 10, a daughter, born in Co. Galway and Victor Monsell aged 6, son, born in Co. Dublin. The children, scholars, are recorded as not being able to read or write and parents and children are Church of Ireland. Also recorded were:

Nora Kelly, (20), single, domestic servant, born in Oranmore, Co. Galway, Roman Catholic, can read and write.

Bridget Mc Donnell, (17), single, domestic servant, born in Clifden, Co. Galway, Roman Catholic, can read and write.

Susan Little, (37), nurse – domestic, married, born in Carnew, Co. Wexford, Church of Ireland.

This house is a private dwelling with 17 front windows and the family occupied 14 rooms. It had five outhouses and was a first-class house.

Hyland’s Peter Hyland, aged 34, Head of Family, a railway worker, born in Co. Meath; his wife Mary aged 29, born in Co. Kildare as were the 2 older children, son John Joe (3), daughter Rosanna (1) while 2 month old baby daughter Mary was born in Co. Galway. They were Roman Catholics and spoke English. This was a private house with two front windows and one outhouse, designated a second-class house and the family occupied 2 rooms. Midland & Great Western Railway Co. was the landholder.

Coen’s Thomas Coen aged 30, Head of Family, Railway signal man, his wife Mary aged 26, a Seamstress, Son P.J. (7), daughter Mary (5), son Michael (4), son Thomas 2 and daughter baby Delia Coen 9 months old. All were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholics. The parents could read and write and spoke English and Irish. The 3 older children were scholars. This was a private house with two front windows and two outhouses, designated a second-class house and the family occupied 3 rooms. Midland & Great Western Railway Co. was the landholder.

MacHale’s Thomas MacHale, aged 32, Head of Family, Station Master, born in Co. Mayo; his wife Essie, aged 28, born in Co. Westmeath; his daughter Elizabeth Mary, 1 year old, born in Co. Roscommon.  Also in residence were Frances Page, (28), Boarder, a Railway Booking Clerk, not married, born in Co. Galway and Kate Monaghan, (18), not married, a Domestic Servant, born in Co. Westmeath. All were Roman Catholics. The Head of Household spoke in English and Irish and all the adults could read and write. This was a private house with six front windows and no recorded outhouse, designated a second-class house. The family occupied 6 rooms. Midland & Great Western Railway Co. was the landholder.

Scully’s Peter Scully, aged 34 was Head of Family, Railway Signalman, his wife Mary Scully aged 29, general domestic servant, his daughter Lucy (3), his son Peter (2) and baby John Scully 7 months old completed that family. John Scully, (27), brother of Head of House, a railway porter not married was recorded there. All were Roman Catholics, all born in Co.  Galway. All the adults could read and write, and Mary could speak in Irish and English. Midland & Great Western Railway Co. was the landholder. The house had 2 front windows and the family occupied 3 rooms. It was deemed a second-class house and it had one out-office.

Donohoe’s Martin Donohoe, aged 66 was Head of Family, a widower and Railway worker. His son Martin (33), Railway Signalman, not married; his son Michael (23), Coachman, not married and Mary Donohoe, daughter (25), not married and listed as a housekeeper. All were born in Co. Galway, and all were Roman Catholics. All could read and write and both Martin senior and Martin junior could speak Irish and English. Midland & Great Western Railway Co. was the landholder. The house had 2 front windows, three rooms occupied and there was 1 out-office.

Canton’s Joseph Canton aged 50, a Roman Catholic, was Head of Household, born in Co. Mayo; Roman Catholic Parish Priest, not married.  Mary Canton, aged 41 his sister, not married, described as residing with her brother, born in Co. Mayo. Mary Jordan, aged 21, Housekeeper and domestic servant, not married and born in Co. Galway. All could read and write, and the Head of Household could speak Irish and English. There were 9 rooms occupied and the house had 6 front windows and 4 out offices. It was a 1st Class house.

 1911 Census

11 houses in the townland, 9 inhabited, 2 uninhabited.  One family in each house. 55 people, 21 Males and 34 Females. Census taken on Sunday 2nd April 1911 and collected on 10th April 2011. The two unoccupied buildings were the Roman Catholic Church and the Convent School. The Railway Station was also listed as uninhabited.

Twomey’s (Presentation Convent) Ellen Twomey, a Presentation Nun, aged 44 Head of Family, this family being a convent of Presentation Sisters (nuns). She was Single, as were all the other residents. She was born in Co. Kerry.  Kate Costello aged 46. Presentation Nun. Born in Co. Galway. Sabina Costello, aged 45, Presentation Nun. Speaks both English and Irish. Born in Co. Galway. Sarah McEvilly, aged 33. Presentation Nun. Born in Co. Mayo. Agnes Walsh aged 25. Presentation Nun, Born in Co. Mayo. Jane O’Neill aged 19, Presentation Nun. Born in Co. Galway. Mary O’Keeffe, aged 35, Presentation Nun. Born in Queen’s County (Co. Laoise). Eileen O’Halloran aged 22 Teacher. Born in Co. Limerick. All members of the household could read and write, and all are Roman Catholics. The walls of this private dwelling were made of stone, brick or concrete and the roof was made of slate, iron or tiles and had 5 front windows. 8 rooms were occupied. There were 4 out-offices and farm-steadings – a stable, cowhouse, fowl-house and turf shed. It was a second-class house.

Canton’s Joseph Canton aged 60 Head of Family. Single. Born in Co. Mayo. Roman Catholic Parish Priest, Athenry. Reads and writes and speaks English and Irish. Mary Canton, aged 57, born in Co. Mayo and reads and writes. Kate Canton aged 51.  Born in Co. Mayo and reads and writes. These were sisters of Joseph Canton. The walls of this private dwelling were made of stone, brick or concrete and the roof was made of slate, iron or tiles and had 5 front windows – a first class house. 10 rooms were occupied. There was 1 out-office.

Byrne’s John Byrne, aged 33, Head of Family, Railway Signalman. Married. Born in Co. Sligo. Margaret Byrne, aged 32, his Wife of 14 years was born in Co. Mayo. Both can read and write and speak Irish and English.  His three daughters Margaret (12), Kathleen (10) and Maria (2) were born in Co. Mayo and the 2 older girls were scholars and could read and write and speak Irish and English. His infant son, James was 4 months and born in Co. Galway. They had 9 children born alive and 4 children still living. The walls of this private dwelling were made of stone, brick or concrete and the roof was made of slate, iron or tiles and had 2 front windows. 3 rooms were occupied. There was no recorded out-office. It was a second-class house. The Railway Company was the landholder on which the house was situated.

Howley’s Michael Howley (32), Head of Family, Railway Signalman. Married, born in Co. Mayo. Annie Howley, (28), his Wife of 12 years was born in Co. Roscommon. Both can read and write as can his 4 children.  His son Charles (11), born in Co. Longford. Thomas Joseph, his son aged (10) was born in Co. Roscommon, Annie (8) his daughter and William his son aged 7 were born in Co. Roscommon. The 4 children were scholars.  They had 4 children born alive and 4 children still living. The family was Roman Catholic. The walls of this private dwelling were made of stone, brick or concrete and the roof was made of slate, iron or tiles and had 2 front windows. 3 rooms were occupied. There was no recorded out-office. It was a second-class house. The Railway Company was the landholder on which the house was situated.

Gains Joseph Gains (35), Head of Family, Railway Porter. Married. Born in Dublin City. Annie Gains, (30), his Wife of 11 years was born in Co. Meath. Both can read and write as can his 2 older children.  His daughter Mary (8) a scholar and son Michael (4) recorded as able to read. They had 5 children born alive and 5 children still living. The family was Roman Catholic. The walls of this private dwelling were made of stone, brick or concrete and the roof was made of slate, iron or tiles and had 2 front windows. 3 rooms were occupied. There was 1 out-office or farm-steading described as a piggery. It was a second-class house. The Railway Company was the landholder on which the house was situated.

Scully’s Peter Scully, (45) was Head of Family, Railway Signalman, his wife of 14 years was Mary Scully (40). His daughter Louie (12), his son Peter (10), his daughters Mary (9) and Catherine (5), his son Patrick (3) lived there.  John Scully, (40), brother of Head of House, a railway porter, not married was recorded there. All were Roman Catholics, all born in Co.  Galway. All could read and write and could speak in Irish and English except for the 2 young children Catherine and Patrick. 7 children were born alive and 5 are still living. Midland & Great Western Railway Co. was the landholder. The house had 2 front windows and the family occupied 3 rooms. It was deemed a second-class house and it had one out-office – a piggery.

Crawford’s John George Crawford, (39) was Head of Family and married. He was Railway Station Master and born in Co. Leitrim. Recorded with him were his son Robert Francis aged 1 year, born in Dublin and Helen Morrison Hendry, (28) born in Edinburgh, Scotland Nurse – Domestic Servant, not married. All were Presbyterian Denomination. The 2 adults could read and write. Midland & Great Western Railway Co. was the landholder. The house had 5 front windows and the family occupied 6 rooms. It was deemed a second-class house and it had one out-office – a piggery.

McEnery –Hotel Maria McEnery (45) was Head of Family, Hotel Manageress, born in Co. Limerick, Roman Catholic, Single and can read and write. Kathleen Darcy, (21), Servant Hotel Bookkeeper born in Co. Roscommon, Roman Catholic, Single and can read and write. Alice Farrell (21) Servant Hotel Barmaid, born in Co. Westmeath, Roman Catholic, Single and can read and write. Margaret Mulligan, (38), Servant Hotel Waitress, born in Co. Kildare, Catholic, Single and can read and write. Dorethy Crowe, (21) Servant Hotel Cook, born in Co. Tipperary, Roman Catholic, Single and can read and write. Kate Kelly, (19) Servant Hotel Housemaid, born in Co. Westmeath, Roman Catholic, Single and can read and write.

John Fahey, (62) Servant Hotel Gardener, born in Co. Galway, Roman Catholic, Married and cannot read and write, speaks Irish and English. George Fahey, (30) Servant Hotel Boots born in Co. Galway, Roman Catholic, Single and can read and write. William Murphy, (28), Visitor, Commercial Traveller, Roman Catholic, Single, can read and write and was born in Co. Galway. John Hackett was the landowner of the hotel site, and the residence was deemed a first-class building.

Roe’s  Radcliff Peter Roe, aged 50 was Head of Family and married. He was Rector, Church of Ireland and born in Co. Mayo. His wife of 11 years, Amy Roe aged 37, was born in Co. Kilkenny, there were 3 children, all living. Daughter Anna Helen Kathleen aged 10, born in Co. Kerry; Son William Radcliff, (9) born in Co. Kerry and daughter Amy Emily Milicent (7), born in Co. Galway, all Scholars. All 5 were Church of Ireland. Ida Bradshaw (29), Unmarried, Church of Ireland, was a visitor, born in Co. Kerry. Margaret Mary White, (18), Single, Roman Catholic, was a domestic servant, born in Co. Galway. All occupants could read and write. The householder was the site owner. The walls of this private dwelling were made of stone, brick or concrete and the roof was made of slate, iron or tiles. There were 16 front windows and 16 rooms occupied.  There were 6 out-offices and farm-steadings – a stable, cowhouse, calf house, dairy, fowl-house and turf shed. It was a first-class house.

This page was added on 25/08/2022.

No Comments

Start the ball rolling by posting a comment on this page!

Add a comment about this page

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *