Cleggan

An Cloigeann

Roger Harrison / Forum Connemara

Townland:                                  Cleggan

Civil Parish:                                Ballynakill

Barony:                                       Ballynahinch

Church Parish:                          Letterfrack

District Electoral Division:     Cleggan

Area:                                       951.36 acres / 951 acres, 1 rood, 17 perches

 

Baptism and Marriage records for Letterfrack R.C. Parish 1821-1881

Map

Galway Library for Cleggan

Logainm for Cleggan

NUI Galway Digital Collections for Cleggan

 

 

1911 Census for Cleggan

Overview for Cleggan in 1911

According to the 1911 census, Cleggan had 14 houses at that time, 2 of which were uninhabited, houses 13 and 14. Houses 13 and 14 had Julia Holbeaton as the landholder and all the house in Cleggan were listed as private dwellings. All the house were constructed of stone, brick or concrete walls with houses 1 and 2 having thatch, wood or other perishable material for roofing and the rest having slate, iron or tiled roofing. Houses 3, 4 and 13 were 1st class dwellings, House 1 was a 3rd class dwelling and the rest were 2nd class. Houses 1, 6-9, 11 and 12 had 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front, houses 2 and 14 had 2 rooms and 3 windows, house 10 had 3 rooms 5 windows, house 3 had 3 rooms and 6 windows. House 5 had 5 rooms and 3 windows, house 13 had 6 rooms and 7 windows and house 4 had 6 rooms and 15 windows. According to the out-office and farm-steadings return there were a total of 26 out buildings in Cleggan. Those consisted of 4 stables, 2 coach houses, 2 harness rooms, 6 cow houses, 1 calf house, 1 dairy, 4 piggeries, 3 fowl houses, a barn and 2 stores. Looking at the enumerators abstract form it states that there were a total of 67 people, with 35 male and 32 female. 31 male and 24 female were Roman Catholic, 2 male and 1 female were church of Ireland, 1 male and 7 female were other protestant Episcopalians and there was 1 person of other persuasion. The enumerator was Edmund Moloney.

 

Mullen

The head of the Mullen family in house 1 was John (45) and his wife Jennie (35) who had been married for 14 years and had had 5 children that all survived. Those children were John (13), Martin (11), Michael (9), Patrick (6) and May Jane (1). All were Roman Catholic with Jennie being born in Scotland, John (13) in America and the rest in Co. Galway. John (45) is listed as speaking both Irish and English but there was nothing entered for the others which may indicate that they only spoke English. John (45), Patrick and Mary Jane could not read but the rest of the family could read and write. John (45) was a farmer and John (13), Martin and Michael were scholars. Their house was a 2 roomed, 3rd class dwelling with a piggery. John Mullen was the landholder.

 

Churchill

The Churchill family consisted of 10 members with the head of the family being Michael (50) and his wife Honoria (40). They had been married for 18 years and had had 9 children of which 8 survived. Those children lived with them and were Catherine (17), John (16), Michael (14), Valentine (13), Mary Anne (10), Bridget (9), Ellen (7) and William (3). All of the family were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Apart from Bridget, Ellen and William the family spoke both Irish and English. All, with the exception of William, could read and write. Michael (50) was a farmer with Mary Anne, Bridget and Ellen being scholars. The house they shared was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling with a barn. Michael Churchill was the landholder.

 

Scrivenor

The sole occupant of house 3 was Anny[i] Frances (47). She was born in England and was a member of the Church of England. She could read and write and her occupation was listed as an independent. Her house was a 3 roomed, 1st class dwelling with a stable, coach house, cow house, piggery and a fowl house. The landholder was Catherine Irvining.

 

Irvining                                   (additional surnames: Kennedy, West, Jones, Sutherland, Browne, Montgomery, Shea, Pike and Halloran )

All though house 4 is listed as a private dwelling, it seems to be more like a small hospital or

medical centre. Head of the family is listed and Katerine Irvining (53). Others in the house were

Alfred Edmund Kennedy (69), Catherine Helena West (43), Annie Margaret Jones (43), May

Simpson Sutherland (26), Sadie Browne (48), George Edward Montgomery (18), Roland

William Shea (6), Evelyn Mary Pike (24) and Janie Halloran (15). All could read and write but

there was nothing listed under the Irish language column so that may indicate that they all only spoke English. Janie was a Roman Catholic, Roland William was Church of Ireland, Alfred Edmund was a Plymouth Bro (sic) and the rest were Church of England. Catherine and Janie were born in Co. Galway, Roland William was born in Co. Roscommon, May Simpson was born on the Isle Of Man, Annie Margaret was born in Wales and the rest were born in

England.Katherine was a hospital nurse, Alfred Edmund was a MRC SIR CP not practicing and is also listed as a lunatic in the specified illness’ column. Catherine Helena, Annie Margaret, George Edward and Roland William were visitors. May Simpson was a secretary, Sadie was a nurse, Evelyn Mary was a domestic servant house maid and Janie was a domestic servant general. The house was a 6 roomed, 1st class dwelling with a stable, coach house, harness room, cow house, calf house, dairy, piggery and fowl house. Katherine Irvining was the landholder.

 

Firbank

The Firbank family consisted of just the one couple, husband and wife Percy (42) and Beatrice Ada (39) who had been married for 17 years. Both were Church of Ireland and were born in England. Both could read and write. Percy is recorded as being a contractor for public works. Their house was a 5 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and the landholder was Blanche Bailey.

 

Diegan

The head of the Diegan family was Patrick (53) and his wife Sophia (37) who had been married for 13 years and had had 7 children all of which survived. Those children lived with them in the house at that time and they were Ellen Maud (12), William (10), Sophia (8), Henerietta (sic) (6), Patrick (4), George Albert (2) and Joseph (2mths). Patrick (4), George Albert and Joseph could not read but the rest could all read and write. There was nothing listed under Irish language which possibly meant that they only spoke English. Patrick (53) was born in Ovidstown, Co. Kildare, Sophia (37) was born in Common Street, Dublin, Ellen Maud and William were born in Naas, Co. Kildare. Sophia (8) and Henerietta were born in Terenure, Dublin, Patrick and George Albert were born in Clifden Co. Galway and Joseph was born in Ballinakill, Co. Galway. Patrick (53) was a domestic servant coachman and Ellen Maud, William, Sophia and Henerietta were scholars. The house they shared was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and the landholder was Catherine Irvining.

 

Mullen

Head of the Mullen household in house 7 was Thomas (45) and his wife Bridget (40) who had been married for 12 years and had had 3 children all of which survived. Thoase children lived with them at the time and were Bridget (11), Michael (10) and Mary (4). All the family were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway. Thomas and Bridget (40) spoke both Irish and English but nothing was entered for the others so that could indicate that they only spoke English. All, with the exception of Mary, could read and write. Thomas was a boot maker and all three of the children were scholars. Their house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling with a cow house and fowl house. Thomas Mullen was the landholder.

 

Cosgrove

There were just the 2 members of the Cosgrove family. They were husband and wife John J. (50) and Annie M. (44) who had been married for 18 years but had no children. Both were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway. They spoke both Irish and English and could read and write. John J.’s occupation is listed as an independent man. Their house was a 2 roomed 2nd class dwelling and Catherine Irvining was the landholder.

 

Davis

Head of the Davis family in house 9 was Mary (48) who was a widow but had been marries for 25 years and had had 7 children. Six of those children lived with her and they were John (23), Mary (20), Thomas (16), Michael (14), Bridget (10) and Richard (7). All were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Mary (48), John, Thomas and Michael spoke both Irish and English with the others most likely speaking only English. Apart from Mary (48) and Richard they all could read and write. John was listed as being a rural postman, Thomas, a farm servant and Michael, Bridget and Richard were scholars. The house they shared was a 2 roomed, 2nd class house with a stable and a cow house. The landholder was Mary Davis.

 

Burke

Head of the Burke family was William (53) and his wife Sarah (50) who had been married for 32 years and they’d had 13 children of which 11 had survived. The children that were in the house at that time were Joseph (22), Cassandra (20), Patrick (16), John (14), Samuel (11), Evyln (sic) (7) and James (6). Under religion, only William and John are listed and they were Roman Catholic. William was born in Co. Kerry, Sarah in Co. Antrim, Joseph in Co. Clare and Cassandra in Co. Cork. Patrick was born in Co. Mayo, John was born in Co. Down, Samuel in Co. Derry, Evyln (sic) in Co. Kilkenny and John in Kilkenny city. Only William and Sarah were recorded as speaking English and nothing was listed for the others. Only William and John could read and write. William was a foreman of public works, Joseph was a foreman and driver, Patrick is listed as an office boy and John, Samuel, Evyln (sic) and James were scholars. Their house was a 3 roomed 2nd class house with a piggery. Catherine Irvining was the landholder.

 

Faherty                                    (additional surname: Cantwell)

The head of the Faherty family was Thomas (69) and his wife Honar (sic) (73) who had been married for 45 years and had had 4 children of which 3 survived. Also in the house at that time were their Daughter Emily Cantwell (32) who was a widow, Grandson Thomas Cantwell (5) and grandchild Edward Cantwell (6). All were Roman Catholic with Thomas and Honar (sic) being born in Co. Galway, Emily was born in Co. Dublin and Thomas (5) and Edward were born in New York. Thomas (69) and Honar spoke both Irish and English but nothing was entered for the rest of the family so that may indicate that they only spoke English. Honar (sic), Thomas (5) and Edward could read and the other 2 could read and write. Thomas (69) is listed as a farmer and Thomas (5) and Edward are listed as being scholars. The house they lived in was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling with a cow house. The landholder was Thomas Faherty.

 

Knox

The sole occupant of the house 12 was Alexander (52). He was a Presbyterian and was born in Co. Antrim. He could read and write and spoke English. He was listed as being a farmer. His house was a 2 roomed 2nd class dwelling with 2 stores. Julia Holbeaton was the landholder.

 

 

 

1901 Census for Cleggan

Overview of Cleggan in 1901

The 1901 census lets us know that there were 9 buildings in the townland of Cleggan. All the houses were listed as private dwellings although 2 of those houses, houses 8 and 9, were uninhabited. The landholder on all the houses was F. Twining Esq. All the houses were constructed of stone, brick or concrete walls and slate, iron or tiled roofs. Houses 1 and 9 were 1st class dwellings, house 2 was a 3rd class dwelling and the rest were 2nd class. House 1 had 6 rooms and 7 windows in the front, house 2 had 1 room and 2 windows, houses 3, 4 and 6 had 2 rooms and 2 windows, houses 5, 7 and 8 had 2 rooms and 3 windows and house 9 had 4 rooms and 8 windows. There were a total of 31 persons in Cleggan according to the enumerators abstract return form. That consisted of 13 male and 18 female. 12 male and 14 female were Roman Catholic and 1 male and 4 female being Church of Ireland. The enumerator was Const. Thos O’Grady.

 

Twining                                              (additional surnames: Grey, ?eey[ii], Landwith / Sandwith)

Frederick (78) is listed as the head of the family in house 1. Also in the house was his wife Elizabeth (68), the widow Emilie Rache (sic) Grey (52), Isabel (sic) Ra? ?eey[iii] (35) and Ann Eley Landwith / Sandwith[iv] (24). All could read and write but none had Irish as a language. Emilie Rache and Isabel Ra? Were Church of England and Frederick was Irish Church and the other 2 were Church of Ireland. Frederick was born in D? Court, Strand, Landon, Elizabeth was born in Bermuda, Emilie Rache (sic) was born in Wandstead, Essex, Isabel Ra? was born in Buscot, Farrey, Don, Berkshire and Ann Eley was born in Limerick City. Frederick’s occupation is listed as gentleman and Elizabeth’s as gentlewoman. Emilie Rache and Isabel Ra? were nurses and Ann Eley was a cook. The building was a 6 roomed 1st class dwelling and the landholder was F. Twining Esq.

 

Churchill

Head of the Churchill family was Michael (40) and his wife Norah (30)Also in the house were their children Catherine (7), John (6), Michael (5), Valentine (3) and Mary Anne (8mths). All were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway. Only Michael (40) and Norah spoke Irish and English and there was nothing entered for the other members of the family so that may indicate that they only spoke English. Michael (40), Norah and Catherine could read and write, John could read but the others could not read. There were no entries under occupation. Their house was a 1 roomed, 3rd class house and the landholder was F. Twining Esq.

 

Mullen

House 3 was the Mullen household and the head of the family was Thomas (30) and his wife Bridget (28). Also in the house at that time was their daughter Bridget (1). Apart from baby Bridget, they could all speak Irish and English and read and write. All were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Thomas was a boot maker. Their house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and the landholder was F. Twining Esq.

 

Mullen                        (additional surname: Nee)

The widow Mary (80) was the head of this family. Living with her was her sister Margt (sic) Nee (71) and her nephew Martin Nee (34). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All spoke both Irish and English but only Martin could read and write. Martin was listed as being a labourer. Their house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and F. Twining Esq. was the landholder.

 

Davis

Head of the Davis family in house 5 was Rodger (43) and his wife Mary (35). Also in the house at that time were, 6 of the children, John (14), Anne (12), Mary (10), Thos (sic) (6), Michael (4) and Bridget (8mths). They were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Rodger, Mary (35) and John spoke both Irish and English but nothing was entered for the others which may indicate that they only spoke English. Michael and Bridget could not read, Thos (sic) could read and the rest could read and write. Rodger is listed as being a herd and John, Anne, Mary (10) and Thos (sic) were scholars. Their house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and the landholder was F. Twining Esq.

 

Churchill                                 (additional surnames: Conneely)

The head of this family in house 6 was John (80) and his wife Mary (70) and also in the house was Niece Maggie Conneely (34). All were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. All spoke both Irish and English but only Maggie could read and write. There were no occupations listed. Their house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and F. Twining Esq. was the landholder.

 

Faherty

House 7 was the home of the Faherty couple, husband and wife Thomas (55) and Hanah (65). Both spoke both Irish and English but only Thomas could read and write. Both were Roman Catholic and born in Cleggan, Co. Galway. Thomas was listed as being the harbour master. Their house was a 2 roomed, 2nd class dwelling and the landholder was F. Twining Esq.

 

 

Old Pension Census (1841-1851) for Cleggan

Winifred Coyne – Application No. C/16 4616. The application was received on 11/08/1916. Winifred’s address at that time was given as The Secy (sic), L.G.B. Edinburgh. Her Parents names were given as Michael and Barbara Coyne (Lacey) with an Uncle by the name of William Burke also given. The search was returned on 14/08/1916 with the note saying “Neither family found”

 

John Blakney King – Application No. C/21 1680. The application was received on 26/02/1921. The applicants name is given as John Blakney King (14 June 1838), with an address of Rev B.L. Jackson, The Rectory, Belmullet, Co. Mayo. John’s parents are given as Thomas and Elizabeth King. The search was returned on 19/03/1921 with not “not found 1851 or 1841”

 

Griffith’s Valuation (1847-1864) for Cleggan

According to the Griffith’s Valuation (1847-1864) the townland of Cleggan was owned by Frederick Twining who leased tenements to a number of people. The area of land he had was 869 Acres and 22 Perches. On that he had a house, steward’s house, and offices (exclusive of recent improvements valued at £60 and exempt from taxation until 1860) He paid £160 for the land and £20 for the buildings. He then leased houses to James Lilly, _Roberts, _Roberts and William Pagin for £1 each. Richard Farrington and Peter Reidy leased houses from Frederick for £1 5s annually and James Mahon leased a house for 15s from Frederick Twining. There was also 20 Acres and 10 Perches of water.

 

1670 Down Survey for Cleggan

The name for this area in the 1670 Down Survey was Cleggin. The owner in 1641 was the Catholic Bryan McMurrough O’Flahartye and in 1670 the owners were John Brown and Nicholas Bayly, both Protestant. There were 702 plantation acres of unprofitable land, 415 plantation acres of profitable land and 415 plantation acres were forfeited.

 

[i] Possibly Amy

[ii] This name is unreadable.

[iii] This name is unreadable.

[iv] Hard to tell if this surname is Landwith or Sandwith as both are surnames.

This page was added on 12/06/2018.

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