Civil Parish: Ballynakill
Church Parish: Letterfrack
District Electoral Division: Cushkillary
Area: 1556.26 acres / 1556 acres, 1 rood, 1 perch
Overview of Glencraff in 1911.
The 1911 census lists 3 households in Glencraff with 22 persons, 11 male and 11 female. The enumerator was Acting Sergeant Patrick Phelam. The return forms were collected on 11/04/1911. All 3 houses in Glencraff had stone, brick or concrete walls, houses 1 and 3 had slate, iron or tiled roofs and house 2 had thatch, wood or other perishable material for a roof. All are recorded as private dwellings. House 1 had 3 rooms and 5 windows in the front, house 2 had 2 rooms and 2 windows and house 3 had 4 rooms and 3 windows. All houses were occupied with houses 1 and 3 being 2nd class and house 2 being 3rd class dwellings. All together there were 3 stables, 1 coach house, 3 cow houses, 3 piggeries, 1 shed and 1 store.
O’Neill (additional surnames: Joyce)
House 1 in the 1911 census for Glencraff was the home of the O’Neill family. Head of the family was the widower John (74). With him in the house were his son James (38) and his wife Anne (31) who had been married for 8 years and had had 4 children all of whom survived. Their children Sarah J (5), Bridget C (4), and Patrick J. (2) were also in the house along with a Bridget Joyce ((18) who is listed as a servant. The children, Sarah J., Bridget C and Patrick S. could only speak English while the others had both Irish and English. Bridget C. and Patrick S. could not read, Sarah J. could read and the rest could read and write. All were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. Both John and James are listed as being farmers, Sarah J. and Bridget C. are listed as scholars while Bridget Joyce is listed as a domestic servant. They lived in a 2nd class 5, roomed house with a stable, a coach house, a cow house and a piggery. James O’Neill was the landholder.
The Thornton family in house 2 consisted of 3 members. Head of the family was John (50) and Anne (47) who had been married for 14 years and had 1 child, a daughter, Mary (12) who survived and was living in the house. While John and Anne could speak both Irish and English, Mary could only speak English. John could not read but Anne and Mary could both read and write. All three were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway. John is listed as being a farmer and Mary as being a scholar. They lived in a 3rd class, 4 roomed house with a stable, cow house and piggery, and John Thornton was the landholder.
O’Neill (additional surname: Coyne)
The O’Neill household (house 3) had 12 people in the house on the night 02/04/1911. The head of the family was Michael (58) who had been married to his wife Bridget (48) for 30 years and had had 13 children of which 9 survived. With them in the house were their children Kate A. (24), Patrick J. (23), Anna (17), John F. (13), Helena (11), James H. (9), Bridget M. (7), Michael M. (5) and Christopher S. (3), also in the house that night was Stephen Coyne (20). James H., Bridget M., Michael M. and Christopher S. could only speak English with all the others having both Irish and English. Michael M. and Christopher S. could not read, Bridget M. could read only and all the other members of the household could both read and write. All were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. Occupations are listed as Michael being a farmer, Patrick J. as a farmer’s son and Stephen Coyne as a farm labourer. They lived in a 2nd class, 9 roomed house with a stable, cow house, piggery, shed and a store. Michael O’Neill was the landholder.
Overview of Glencraff in 1901.
There were 3 houses listed in the 1901 census for Glencraff but only 2 were inhabited with a total of 12 persons, 6 male and 6 female. Michael O’Neill was the landholder of the uninhabited house 3. All three house were listed as private dwellings. Both house 1 and house 2 had stone, iron or concrete for walls, house 1 had thatch, wood or other perishable material for a roof while house 2 had slate, iron or tiles for roofing. House 1 had 2 rooms with 2 windows and house 2 had 5 rooms and 3 windows.
Head of the household was John (40) and his wife Annie (40) and with them in the house was their daughter Mary (2). Both John and Annie could speak both Irish and English, but only Annie could read only. All three were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. John is listed as being a farmer. They lived in a 3rd class, 3 roomed house and John was the landholder.
O’Neill (additional surname: O’Malley)
Head of the household was Michael (46) and his wife Bridget (37). Also in the house were their children, Katie A. (15), Patrick J. (13), Anne (8), John F. (4) Helena (2) and James H. (1). Also in the house was James O’Malley (19). All with the exception John F., Helena and James H. had both Irish and English Language. John F., Helena and James H. could not read, Anne could read and the rest could read and write. All were members of the Catholic Church and born in Co. Galway. Michael and Bridget are listed as farmers, Katie A and Patrick J are listed as Scholars, and James O’Malley listed as a servant. They lived in a 2nd class, 10 roomed house and Michael was the landholder.
Catherine Thornton – Application No. C16 6421. Catherine’s application was received on 25/10/1916 with an address given as Mrs Catherine Sullivan, Tooreena, Renvyle, Galway. Her parents are listed as Thady and Mary Thornton. The search was returned on 26/10/1916 and a copy was dispatched to the applicants address on 28/10/1916.
Patrick Lyden – Application No. C21 8011. Patrick’s application was received on 28/12/1921 with an address at Derrynaclough, Leenane, Co. Galway. His parents are given as Patrick and Honor Lyden (Coyne). Address given in 1851 is Derrynacleigh, Glencraff. Search was returned on 09/01/1922
In the Griffith’s Valuation (1847-1864) for Glencraff in states that Alexander Thompson leased tenements to 3 persons, Marcus S. Blackden, Patrick O’Neill and Thaddeus Thornton. Marcus S. Blackden leased an area of 300 Acres, 1 Rood and 32 Perches on which he had a herd’s house. For this his annual ratable valuation was £20 for the land and 5s for the building. Patrick O’Neill and Thaddeus Thornton jointly leased and area of land of 375 Acres, 2 Roods and 25 Perches and they both had houses and offices there. For this, their annual rate was, for Patrick, £14 15s for the land and £2 5s for the buildings and Thaddeus paid £13 5s for the land and 15s for the buildings. Patrick O’Neill also leased an area of land of 820 Acres, 3 Roods and 7 Perches on which he had a herd’s house. For this his annual rate was £29 10s for the land and 10s for the building.
The downs survey name for this area was Glancrawe. In 1641 the owner was Edmund O’Flaharty, a Catholic and in 1670 Sir Thomas Meredith was the owner and he was a protestant. There were 2029 plantation acres of unprofitable land, 319 plantation acres of profitable land and 319 acres were forfeited.