Kylemore

An Choill Mhór

Roger Harrison / Forum Connemara

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Townland:                                 Kylemore

Civil Parish:                               Ballynakill

Barony:                                      Ballynahinch

Church Parish:                          Letterfrack

District Electoral Division:     Cushkillary

Area:                                           5032.54 acres / 5032 acres, 2 roods, 6 perches

 

Baptism and Marriage records for Letterfrack R.C. Parish 1821-1881

Map

Galway Library for Kylemore

1670 Down Survey for Kylemore

Logainm for Kylemore

NUI Galway Digital Collections for Kylemore

 

 

1911 Census for Kylemore

Overview of Kylemore in 1911

The 1911 census lists 13 buildings in Kylmore, 12 of which were inhabited and the enumerator was Const. Thomas Casey. House 10 was the national school with all the others recorded as private dwellings. The landholder for the national school was Lord Ardilaun. All the houses had stone, brick or concrete walls. 5 of the house’s (1,2,6,7and 13) had slate, iron or tiles as roofing with the other inhabited dwellings having thatch, wood or other perishable materials for roofing. House’s 1 and 6 were 1st class dwellings with house 1 having 6 rooms and 9 windows in the front and house 6 having 4 rooms and 6 windows. House’s 2,4,5,7,9 and 13 were 2nd class houses with house’s 4,5 and 9 having 2 rooms and 3 windows, house 7 having 2 rooms and 4 windows, house 2 having 3 rooms and 2 windows, house 13 having 2 rooms and 2 windows. There were a total of 60 persons living in Kylemore with 30 each of male and female. Out offices and farm-steadings included 7 stables, 2 coach houses, a harness room, 12 cow houses, 2 piggeries, a fowl house, 4 stores and a boat house.

 

McNabb          (additional surname: McNamara)

House 1 in Kylemore was the residence of Emma McNabb (42) and a boarder, Delia McNamara (24). Emma is listed as having both Irish and English language and both could read and write. Emma was Church of Ireland and Delia Roman Catholic and both were born in Co. Mayo. Emma’s occupation is listed as housekeeper domestic servant and Delia is listed as a national school teacher. The building was a 1st class, 24 roomed building and Lord Ardilaun was the landholder. With the house they also had a stable, coach house, harness room, piggery, barn, 4 stores and a boat house.

 

Cunningham 

Head of the family was George (48) and living with him was his wife Frances Clarence (47) who had been married for 25 years. Both could read and write but language is not listed. George was born in Co. Louth and Francis in Co. Wicklow and both were Church of Ireland. George’s occupation is listed as a land steward. The house they occupied was a 2nd class, 5 roomed house and the landholder was Lord Ardilaun. They also had a cow house and a barn.

 

Conry 

Head of the family was Thomas (58) who had been married to his wife, Mary Anne (50) for 26 years and they had had 10 children, all of whom survived. Their children listed in the house were Mary (23), Norah (17), Ellen (14), Catherine (13), Thomas (11), Stephen (9), Margaret (5) and Julia E. (3). There is no listing under language for Margaret and Julia E. but all the rest had both Irish and English. Mary Anne, Margaret and Julia E. could not read, Stephen could read and the rest could all both read and write. All were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Thomas’ occupation is listed as farmer and Catherine, Thomas and Stephen were scholars. They lived in a 3rd class, 2 roomed house and Thomas Conry was the landholder. In addition they had a stable, cow house and a piggery.

 

Conroy

In house 4 the Conroy family consisted of 6 members with the head of the family being Patt (70) along with his wife Bridget (64) who had been married for 42 years and had had 13 children of which 12 survived. 4 of their children were in the house at this time and they were Michael (25), Maggie (23), Dan (20) and Thomas (18). All could read and write and all had both Irish and English language. They were all born in Co. Galway and Roman Catholic. Patt’s occupation is listed as a farmer and Michael, Dan and Thomas as farmer’s sons. The house they occupied was a 2nd class, 5 roomed dwelling with a stable and 2 cow houses. Patrick Conroy was the landholder.

 

Conroy

Another Conroy family lived in house 5 in the 1911 census. Head of the family was the widow Ellen (90) who had been married for 68 years and had had 9 children, of which 7 had survived. In the house with her were her son John (47) and his wife Anne (38) who had been married for 15 years and had had 2 children, both of which had survived. John and Anne’s children, Bridget (14) and Anne (11) also lived in the house. All had both Irish and English and all, except Ellen, could read and write. All the family were Roman Catholic and were born in Co. Galway. John’s occupation is listed as a farmer and Bridget’s is listed as a farmer’s son (for some reason?), with Anne down as a scholar. They had a 2nd class, 3 roomed house and Ellen Conroy was the landholder.

 

Conroy            (additional surnames: King, Walsh)

House 6 was yet another Conroy household. Head of the family here is not listed so was probably absent on the day of the census. The heads wife was Sarah Jane (22) who had been married for 4 years and had 3 children, Daniel Webster (3), Margaret Christina (2) and Angela Nora (1). Also in the house were 2 servants, Bridget King (18) and Colman Walsh (20). Only Bridget and Colman are listed as having a language and both had Irish and English. Sarah Jane, Bridget and Colman could read and write while the others could not. All were Roman Catholic and were born in County Galway and Bridget is listed as a domestic servant and Colman a farm servant. The dwelling was a 1st class, 7 roomed house with a stable, coach house cow house and fowl house. The landholder was Lord Ardilaun.

 

Conroy             (additional surname: Joyce)

The head of this Conroy household was John D. (55) and his wife Honorah (sic) (56) who were married for 23 years and had had 9 children of which 8 survived, their children were John (19), Peter (16), Thomas (9) Daniel J. (7), Patrick Laurence (sic) (1), Delia Agnes (17), Mary Anne (14) and Barbra Ellen (11). All, with the exception of Patrick Larence (sic) had Irish and English language. Patrick Larence (sic) and Honorah (sic) could not read but all the rest could read and write. All the family were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. John D’s occupation is listed as a farmer, John and peters are listed as farmer’s sons and Thomas, Daniel J., Delia Agnes, Mary Anne and Barbra Ellen were scholars. The dwelling was a 2nd class, 3 roomed house and they had a stable and a cow house. Lord Ardilaun was the landholder.

 

Conroy           (additional surnames: Joyce, Nee)

Michael D. (39), a single man was the head of the family. In the house with him were his 2 nephews, Michael H. Joyce (20) and Patrick Joyce (18) as well as his niece Delia A. Nee (20). All could read and write and all had Irish and English language. Michael D, Michael H and Patrick were born in Glencorbet and Delia was born in Lugnanaugh, all were Roman Catholic. Michael D. is listed as a farmer, Michael H. and Patrick are listed as farm servants with Delia being a general servant. The house was a 3rd class, 2 roomed house with 2 cow houses and the landholder was Lord Ardilaun.

 

Walsh 

House 9 in the 1911 census was that of the Walsh family consisting of 9 members. Patrick (50) was the head of the family and married to his wife Honour (sic) (40) for 20 years in which time they had 10 children of which 9 survived. Their children in the house were Anne (16), Michael (13), Patrick (11), Thomas (9), Nora (7), Gregory (5) and James (1). With the exception of Nora, Gregory and James they could all speak Irish and English. Honour (sic) and Gregory could read, James could not read and the others could read and write. All were Roman Catholic and Born in Co. Galway. Patrick (50) is listed as being a farmer and Michael a farmer’s son. Patrick (11), Thomas, Nora and Gregory were scholars. They lived in a 2nd class, 2 roomed house with stable. Patrick Walsh was the landholder.

 

Joyce 

House 11 on the 1911 census for Kylmore was the Joyce household, house 10 was the national school. Head of the family was Thomas (60) a widower. Also living with him was his brother John (58) and his sister-in-law Honor (40), her and john had been married for 8 years and had had 2 children. Those children were also in the house and they were John Joseph (6) and Mary Alice (3). There was also a John Joyce (15) in the house and was listed under ‘relation to head’ as servant. Thomas, John (58), Honor and John (15) had both Irish and English as a language but only Honor could read and write. All were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. Thomas is listed as being a farmer, John (15) as being a farm servant and John Joseph as being a scholar. The house was a 2 roomed, 3rd class building with a stable and a cow house. The landholder was Lord Ardilaun.

 

Mannion 

The head of the Mannion family was the widow Mary (43) who had been married for 25 years and had had 6 children. With her in the house were her children Thomas (22), Mary Anne (20), John (17), Bridgit (14) and Norah (11). All had both Irish and English language and all, apart from Mary, could read and write. All the family were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Mary’s occupation is listed as a farmer with Thomas being listed as a shepherd and John, Bridgit and Norah were scholars. The building they lived in was a 3rd class, 2 roomed dwelling and had a cow house. Mary Mannion was the landholder.

 

Joyce 

The last house on the 1911 census for Kylemore was that of the Joyce family that consisted of 4 members. The head of the family was Patrick (45) and his wife Barbra E. (sic) (34) and they had been married for 11 years and had 1 child. Their son Michael H (6 mths) also lived with them along with John Joyce (21) who is listed under ‘Relation to Head’ as Servant. All, apart from Michael H. could speak both Irish and English but only Barbra E. (sic) could read and write. Patrick was born in Lesoughter, Co. Galway, Barbra E. and Michael H. were born in Glencorbet, Co. Galway and John in Deravama, Co. Galway. All were Roman Catholic. Patrick is listed as a shepherd and John as a general servant. The building was a 2nd class, 2 roomed house with a cow house. The landholder was Lord Ardilaun.

 

 

1901 Census for Kylemore

Overview of Kylemore in 1901.

The 1901 census lists 12 dwellings in Kylemore, of which 11 were inhabited. The enumerator was Const. Thomas Burke. There were a total of 68 people living there with 31 male and 37 female. They all had stone, brick or concrete walls, with 4 (houses 1,8,11 and 12) having slate, iron or tiles for roofing. The rest had only thatch, wood or other perishable materials for roofing. All houses were listed as private dwellings although house 12 was uninhabited but the landholder was Lord Ardilaun. Houses 3,4,5,6,7,9,and 10 were 3rd class dwellings, houses 1,2 and 8 were 2nd class dwellings and houses 11 and 12 were 1st class dwellings. Houses 3,4,5,6,7,9 and 10 had 2 rooms and 2 windows in the front of the house, houses 2 and 8 2 rooms and 3 windows, house 11 had 6 rooms and 6 windows in the front and house 12 4 rooms and 6 windows.

 

Joyce               (additional surname: Coyne)

House 1 was the Joyce household and the head was Pat (82) along with his wife Alice (80). In the house with them were their grandchildren Bridget Coyne (19) and John Coyne (10). All could speak both Irish and English but none could read or write. All were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. Pat is listed as being a caretaker and Alice as a caretaker’s wife. Bridget was a domestic servant and John a scholar. They had a 2nd class, 6 roomed building and Lord Ardilaun was the landholder.

 

Conroy 

The Conroy household consisted of 10 members. Head of the family was John (27) and his wife Anne (25). With them lived John’s mother Ellen (75) and their children Bridget (3) and Anne (2). Also in the house was John’s cousin Thomas (30) and his wife Mary (25) along with their children Mary (5), Patrick (4) and Ellie (1). John, Anne, Ellen, Thomas and Mary are listed as having both Irish and English and John, Anne, Thomas and Mary could read and write but the others couldn’t. All were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. John and Thomas have their occupations listed as farmer’s, Anne and Mary as farmer’s wives and Ellen as farmer’s mother. They had a 2nd class, 2 roomed house and John Conroy was the landholder.

 

Walsh 

House 3 was the Walsh household of 7 members. The head was Pat (40) and his wife Norah (30) along with their children Mary (8), Anne (6), Kate (4), Michael (3) and Patrick (1). Pat, Norah, Mary and Kate are listed as speaking both Irish and English and, along with Kate, could read and write. All were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Pat’s occupation is listed as a farmer, Norah, a farmer’s wife, Mary, Anne and Kate as farmer’s daughters and Michael and Patrick as farmer’s sons. The building was a 3rd class, 2 roomed dwelling and John Walsh was the landholder.

 

Conry 

The Conry family consisted of 9 members with Patt (57) being the head of the family. With him were his wife Bridget (49) and their children Patrick (22), Norah (20), Peter (17), Michael (15), Margaret (13), Daniel (9) and Thomas (6). All, with the exception of Thomas, could read and write and had both Irish and English, Thomas could read only and only had English. All were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. Patrick is listed as being a farmer, Bridget as a farmer’s wife, Patrick, Peter and Michael as farmer’s sons, Norah as farmers daughter and Margaret, Daniel and Thomas as scholars. They lived in a 2 roomed, 3rd class house and Pat Conry was the landholder.

 

Joyce 

The head of the Joyce family was Tom (48) who lived with his brother John (43) and niece Bridget (15). All had both Irish and English language but only Bridget could read and write. All three were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Tom and John are listed as being farmers and Bridget a servant. The house was a 3rd class, 2 roomed house and Tom Joyce was the landholder.

 

Conry 

House 6 in the 1901 census was that of the 9 members of the Conry family. Head of the family was Thomas (47) and his wife Mary (36). With them in the house were there 7 children, Mary (12), Bridget (10), Anne (9), Norah (8), Elly (7), Kate (6) and Thomas (1). Thomas and the two Mary’s are listed as having both Irish and English but nothing is listed for the others. Mary (36), Elly, Kate and Thomas are listed as ‘cannot read’, the others could both read and write.

All were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Thomas is listed as being a farmer, Mary (36) as a farmer’s wife, Mary (12), Bridget, Anne, Norah, Elly and Kate listed as farmer’s daughters and Thomas (1) as a farmer’s son. The house was a 2nd class, 2 roomed house and the landholder was Thomas Conry.

 

Joyce 

The Joyce family lived what is listed as house 7 and consisted of only 2 members. Head of the family Patrick (33) and his wife Barbra (24). Both could speak Irish and English, Patrick could not read but Barbra could read and write. Both were born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Patrick’s occupation is listed as a herd and Barbra’s as a herd’s wife. Their house was a 2nd class, 2 roomed dwelling and Patrick Joyce was the landholder.

 

Conroy            (additional surname: Joyce)

The Conroy family in house 8 consisted of 8 members. John (34) was the head and his wife Honor (30) along with their children, John (9), Peter (7), Delea (8), Mary Anne (5), Barbara (2) and a sevant, Peter Joyce (12). All had Irish and English and Honor and Barbara could not read, Mary Anne could read only and the rest could read and write. All were Roman Catholic and born in Co. Galway. John’s occupation is listed as a heard and Honor as a heard’s wife. The children, John, Peter, Delea, Mary Anne and Barbara were scholars. Their house was a 2nd class, 8 roomed house and John Conroy was the landholder.

 

Mannion 

The 1901 census lists house 9 in Kylemore as that of the Mannion family. The head of the family was Pat (60) and his wife Mary (40). Their 5 children also lived with them and they were Thomas (13), Martin (11), Mary (10), John (6) and Bridget (2). Pat, Mary (40) and Martin could speak both Irish and English and the others only had English. Thomas, Martin and Mary (10) could read and write and the others could not. The family were all born in Co. Galway and were also all Roman Catholic. Pat is listed as being a farmer, Mary (40), a farmer’s wife while Thomas, Martin, Mary (10) and John were scholars. Their house was a 3rd Class, 2 roomed dwelling and Pat was the landholder.

 

Conroy             (additional Names: Joyce)

House 10 was that of the Conroy family that consisted of 5 members. The head of the family was Honor (56), a widow. With her in the house was her son Michael (28), her daughter Honor Joyce (26), also a widow and her 2 grandsons Michael Joyce (10) and Patrick Joyce (8). Honor (56) could speak both Irish and English but the other members of the family could only speak English, all could read and write. The family were all born in Co. Galway and were Roman Catholic. Honor’s occupation was listed as a farmer with Michael listed as a farmer’s son and Honor Joyce as a farmer’s daughter. Michael and Patrick Joyce were scholars. Their house was a 3rd class 2 roomed dwelling and the landholder was Honor Conroy.

 

McNab 

The 4 members of the McNab family had Thomas (66) as their head. His wife Honor (64) and their 2 daughters, Emma (34) and Margaret (29) also lived in the house. They could all read and write although only Thomas and Honor are listed with a language and that was only English. All were born in Co. Mayo and their religion is listed as Episcopalian. Thomas was a farmer and Honor a farmer’s wife with Emma listed as a house keeper. Their house was a 1st class, 14 roomed house and the landholder was Lord Ardilaun.

 

 

Old Pension Census (1841-1851) for Kylemore

 

Thomas Conroy (Ellen) – Application No. C21 7140. Thomas’ application was dated 16/11/1921 and gave an address of Kylemore Co. Galway. His parents are listed as Patrick and Honor Conroy (Mannion) There are two addresses are given on the application for 1851. (A) was Kylemore in the parish of Ballynakill, in the barony of Ballynahinch in the County of Galway. (B) was Kylemore in the parish of Ballynakill, the barony of Leitrim in the county of Galway. A cross was entered under the first address. 7 names are hand written in the left column, they are Barbara 5 yrs, Patrick 8 yrs then Bridget, Mary, Honor, Ellen and John but no ages for those. Search was returned on 02/12/1921 saying ‘found married 1840 ? son Thomas ?. Thomas was awarded a pension of 3s.

 

 

Griffith’s Valuation (1847-1864) for Kylemore

Thomas Eyre leased an area of land of 328 Acres, 1 Rood and 28 Perches to the Rev. Joseph Duncan on which he had a hotel and office. For this there was an annual ratable valuation of £5 for the land and £18 for the buildings. In addition, Rev. Duncan had a schoolhouse and land of 1 Acre, 1 Rood and 18 Perches for which had a ratable valuation of 7s for the land and £1 8s for the building. These charges were exempt from payment however. Patrick O’Neill leased an area of land of 907 Acres, 1 Rood and 29 Perches from Thomas Eyre for which he paid £21 annually.

John Hillaun, Patrick Lyden and Michael Conroy jointly leased an area of land 1030 Acres, 1 Rood and 24 Perches from Thomas Eyre. John Hillaun had a house and offices on the land for which he paid £10 10s for the land and 10s for the buildings. Patrick Lyden and Michael Conroy had a house each on the land and they paid £5 5s each for the land and 10s each for the buildings. William Joyce also leased land, house and offices from Thomas Eyre of an area of 105 Acres and 17 Perches. For this he paid £5 for the land and 15s for the buildings. Martin Joyce leased an area of land of 187 Acres and 3 Roods, again, from Thomas Eyre for an annual rate of £7 10s. Next was Austin Gibbons who leased an area of 238 Acres, 0 roods and 38 Perches on which he had a herd’s house. For this he paid £5 10s for the land and 5s for the building. Thomas Eyre leased an area of 417 Acres 3 Roods and 33 Perches jointly to Thad Prendergast, John Mullin, Patrick Browne and Patrick McDonnell. They had no buildings so Thad, John and Patrick paid £4 5s for their share and Patrick paid £3 5s for his. Thadeus Prendergast and Partners leased a herd’s house from Thomas Eyre and 5s per year. 466 Acres, 2 Roods and 19 Perches were leased from Thomas Eyre jointly by Patrick Conroy, Patrick Manning, John Manning, Daniel Conroy, John Conroy and Edward Diamond. On this land Patrick Manning had a house, John Manning had a house and office and John Conroy had a herd’s house. Patrick Conroy, Patrick Manning and John Manning paid £2 for the land and Patrick and John Manning paid 10s each for the buildings. Daniel Conroy, John Conroy and Edward Diamond paid £2 5s each for their share of the land and John Conroy paid 5s for the herd’s house. Peter Lyden, John Manning, John Hillaun and Patrick Lyden leased equally from Thomas Eyre and area of land of 1334 Acres, 3 Roods and 34 Perches for which they paid £4 each, there no buildings. Also in Kylemore there was 18 Acres, 1 Rood and 7 Perches of water.

This page was added on 17/07/2018.

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