Ardnageeha

Ard na Gaoithe

Tomas O Flatharta

Tomas O Flatharta
Tomas O Flatharta

Ard na Gaoithe meaning hill of the winds

Names:

According to O’ Donovan’s Field Name Books 1838, the standard name given to the townland was Ardnageeha and Ard na Gaoithe was its official Irish name.  Other names given to the townland were Ardnagueehee (County Cess Collector, Local), Ardnageehee (hard) (as per transcribed from O’ Donovan’s Field Name Books, 1838) (Rev. Michael Waldron, P.P.), Ardnagey (Inquis. Temp. Jac.I) and Ardnagee (Tithe Ledger).

 

According to Coimisiúin na Logainmneacha (logainm.ie), Ardnageeha had two islands, a bay and a rock. The islands were called Golden Island (Oileán Golden) and Great Island (An tOileán Mór).  The bay was called Golden Bay (Bá Golden ).  The rock was called Black Rock (An Charraig Dhubh).  An image of Golden Bay is shown above.

Situation:

This townland is located on the South side of the parish. Ardnageeha is bounded on the north by Croaghrim and Ballinamona.  It was bounded west by Arduan East.  It was bounded south by Lough Corrib.  It was bounded east by Cappaghakogue.

Description:

Down Survey:

The Down Survey was a cadastral survey of Ireland carried out by William Petty, English scientist in 1655 and 1656.  The survey was apparently called the “Down Survey” by Petty because the results were set down in maps ‘‘admeasurement down’ was used; it is referred to by that name in Petty’s will.’ (Wikipedia).  The name used by the Down Survey for this village was Toberbroge, Killinlena, Ardnegee (as per transcribed from the Down Survey). In 1641, the owner for this townland was Sir Thomas Blake who was a Protestant.  In 1670, the owner for Ardnageeha was still Sir Thomas Blake. There was 330 acres of profitable land in this townland, 330 acres were forfeited.

O Donovan’s (1838):

The proprietor for this village was Lord Oranmore, Castlemontgarret (sic.), Co. Mayo.  The agent for Ardnageeha was Laurence Glynn, Castlemontgarret, Co. Mayo. The principal agent for this townland was Gerrard Strickland Esq. Loughglynn.  He pays cess for 130 acres.  This townland was composed of 211 acres, 1 rood and 4 perches according to O’ Donovan’s Field Name Books.  This village was held under lease by Robert Brown, Esq., Portarlington and then sublet to tenants.  The rent was 21 shillings per acre.  The Co. Cess paid 11¼ d. per acre half yearly.  The soil in this village was not good.  It produced middling crops of potatoes, whaeat (as per transcribed from O’ Donovan’s Field Name Books, 1838) and light oats.  Farms ranged from 2 to 10 acres to 20 acres.  There was an antiquity of ruins of a Round Tower on the summit of Ardnageehee hill.  The names of the islands on Lough Corrib according to O’ Donovan’s Field Name Books were Ardillaun, Curaneeskerra and Skellibillaun.  A stream divides Arduan East from Ardnageeha.

Griffiths Valuation

According to Griffith’s Valuation, Ardnageeha had a total acreage of 211 acres, 2 roods and 36 perches. The total valuation for this village was £85.10s.0d.  The immediate lessor for this townland was Benjamin L. Guinness.  This townland was divided into 8 plots.

Plot 1 was composed of 52 acres, 2 roods and 33 perches.  This plot was divided into ten plots labelled a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, and-. a was owned by Myles Costelloe, b was owned by Catherine Costelloe, c was owned by James Flynn, d was owned by Anthony Costelloe, e was owned by Michael Flynn, f was owned by Thomas Farmer, g was owned by Stephen Thornton, h was owned by Martin Varley, i was owned by Thomas Varley and – was owed by Thomas Walsh.  Total valuation for this plot was £19.16s.0d.

Plot 1 a Myles Costelloehad a house and land.  The land was valued at £2.0s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.8s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £2.8s.0d.

Plot 1 b Catherine Costelloehad a house and land.  The land was valued at £2.0s.0d.and the buildings were valued at £0.5s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £2.5s.0d.

Plot 1 c James Flynnhad a house and land.  The land was valued at £1.10s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.4s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £1.14s.0d.

Plot 1 d Anthony Costelloe had a house and land.  The land was valued at £1.3s.0d.and the buildings were valued at £0.3s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £1.6s.0d.

Plot 1 e Michael Flynnhad a house and land.  The land was valued at £2.0s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.5s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £2.5s.0d.

Plot 1 f Thomas Farmerhad a house and land.  The land was valued at £2.15s.0d.and the buildings were valued at £0.5s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £3.0s.0d.

Plot 1 g Stephen Thorntonhad a house and land.  The land was valued at £1.8s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.4s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £1.12s.0d.

Plot 1 h Martin Varleyhad a house, office and land.  The land was valued at £1.4s.0d.and the buildings were valued at £0.8s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £1.12s.0d.

Plot 1 i Thomas Varleyhad a house, office and land.  The land was valued at £1.4s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.8s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £1.12s.0d.

Plot 1 Thomas Walsh had land valued at £2.2s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £2.2s.0d.

 

Plot 2 comprised of 12 acres, 3 roods and 27 perches.  This plot was divided into two unlabelled plots.  The first plot was owned by John Varley and the second plot was owned by Myles Varley.  Total valuation for this plot was £5.10s.0d.

Plot 2 John Varleyhad land valued at £2.15s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £2.15s.0d.

Plot 2 Myles Varleyhad land valued at £2.15s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £2.15s.0d.

 

Plot 3 was composed of 9 acres, 2 roods and 12 perches.  This plot was divided into three unlabelled plots.  The first plot was owned by Patrick Ryan, the second plot was owned by Thomas Walsh and the last plot was owned by Mary Walsh.  Total valuation for this plot was £3.10s.0d.

Plot 3 Patrick Ryanhad a house, office and land.  The land was valued at £0.15s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.5s.0d.  Total valuation for this plot was £1.0s.0d.

Plot 3 Thomas Walshhad land valued at £1.5s.0d.   Total valuation for this plot was £1.5s.0d.

Plot 3 Mary Walshhad land valued at £1.5s.0d.  Total valuation for this plot was £1.5s.0d.

 

Plot 4 comprised of 24 acres, 1 rood and 7 perches.  This plot was divided into three sub-plots labelled a, b and c. a was owned by Patrick Janson, b was owned by Martin Mahony and c was owned by John O’Day. Total valuation for this plot was £11.5s.0d.

Plot 4 a Patrick Jansonhad a house and land.  The land was valued at £3.8s.0d.  and the buildings were valued at £0.7s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £3.15s.0d.

Plot 4 b Martin Mahonyhad a house and land.  The land was valued at £3.8s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.7s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £3.15s.0d.

Plot 4 c John O’Dayhad a house and land.  The land was valued at £3.8s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.7s.0d.  Total valuation for this sub-plot was £3.15s.0d.

 

Plot 5 was composed of 5 acres, 0 roods and 36 perches.  This plot was divided into two unlabelled plots.  The first plot was owned by Martin Varley and the second plot was owned by Thomas Varley.  Total valuation for this plot was £2.10s.0d.

Plot 5 Martin Varleyhad land valued at £1.5s.0d. Total valuation for this plot was £1.5s.0d.

Plot 5 Thomas Varleyhad land valued at £1.5s.0d.  Total valuation for this plot was £1.5s.0d.

 

Plot 6 was comprised of 34 acres, 3 roods and 17 perches.  This plot belonged to John Duffy.  Total valuation for this plot was £13.0s.0d.

Plot 6 John Duffyhad a office and land. The land was valued at £12.15s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.5s.0d.  Total valuation for this plot was £13.0s.0d.

 

Plot 7 was composed of 39 acres, 1 rood and 24 perches.  This plot belonged to Patrick Donohoe.  Total valuation for this plot was £16.0s.0d.

Plot 7 Patrick Donohoehad a house and land.  The land was valued at £15.10s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.10s.0d. Total valuation for this plot was £16.0s.0d.

 

Plot 8 was comprised of 32 acres, 3 roods and 0 perches.  This plot was divided into three plots labelled a, b and c.  a belonged to Michael Kearney, b was owned by Michael Morrin and c was owned by Michael Waldron.  Total valuation for this plot was £13.19s.0d.

Plot 8 a Michael Kearneyhad a house and land.  The land was valued at £3.5s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.7s.0d.  Total valuation for this plot was £3.12s.0d.

Plot 8 b Michael Morrinhad a house and land.  The land was valued at £3.5s.0d.  and the buildings were valued at £0.7s.0d.  Total valuation for this plot was £3.12s.0d.

Plot 8 c Michael Waldronhad a house and land.  The land was valued at £6.10s.0d. and the buildings were valued at £0.5s.0d.  Total valuation for this plot was £6.15s.0d.

Census 1901

The Census of 1901 states there was 11 houses in this village and 10 of them were inhabited. House numbered 11 was not inhabited and was owned by Lord Ardilaun.  There was nineteen males and fourteen females in this village and everyone in this village was Roman Catholic according to the Enumerator’s Abstract (Form N). There were fourteen outhouses in this village.  There was one stable, six cow houses, four piggeries, two barns and one shed in this village according to the Return of Out-Offices and Farm-Steadings Return (Form B2).

 

House 1 Mary Costello

Mary Costello(45) resided in house 1 with her sister, Bridget (35).  Mary was a farmer and Bridget was a spinster.  Mary and Bridget could not read or write and spoke Irish only. Everyone in this household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 3rdclass house with two rooms.  They had a cow house.

 

House 2-John and Anne Costello

John (52) and Anne (56) Costello resided in house 2 with their son, Patrick(21).  John was a farmer and Patrick was a labourer. Everyone in this household could read and write.  Anne spoke Irish only.  John and Patrick spoke Irish and English.  Everyone in this household was from Galway.  They lived in a 3rdclass house with two rooms.  They had a barn.

 

House 3-John Farmer

John Farmer (80) lived in house 3 with his son, daughter-in-law and three grandchildren.  His son was William(28).  His daughter-in-law was Mary Costello(28).  His grandchildren were Michael(4), John(2) and William(1).  John (Snr.) was a farmer and William (Snr.) was a labourer. Mary could read and write. William (Snr.) could read only. The rest of the household could not read or write.  John (Snr.) spoke Irish only.  William (Snr.) and Mary spoke Irish and English.  The rest of the household was too young to talk or spoke English only. Everyone in this household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 2ndclass house with two rooms.  They had a cow house, a piggery and a barn.

 

House 4- John and Catherine Sarsfield

John (69) and Catherine (64) Sarsfieldresided in house 4 with their son, Anthony(22).  John was a farmer.  Anthony was a labourer. Anthony could read and write.  John could read only.  Catherine could not read or write.  Everyone in this household spoke Irish and English.  Everyone in this household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 2ndclass house with three rooms.  They had a cow house and a piggery.

 

House 5-Timothy Mahony

Timothy Mahony (31) resided in house 5. Timothy was a farmer.  Timothy could read only.  He spoke Irish and English.  Timothy was born in Galway.  They lived in a 2ndclass house with three rooms.  They had a cow house.  The landlord for this house was Thos. O Halloran. 

 

House 6-Patrick and Mary Lewscon (called Looskin in 1901)

Patrick(32) and Mary (20) Lewscon lived in house 6 with their four children and Patrick’s aunt.  Their children were Honora (6), Michael(4),John(2) and Patrick(1).  Patrick’s aunt was Anne Grymes(70).  Patrick (Snr.) was a farmer.  Mary could read and write.  Patrick (Snr.) could read only.  The rest of the household could not read or write. Patrick (Snr.), Mary, Honora and Michael spoke Irish and English.  John and Patrick were too young to talk or spoke English only.  Everyone in this household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 2ndclass house with three rooms.  They had a cow house and a piggery.

 

House 7-Patrick and Catherine O’Dea

Patrick(34) and Catherine (32) O’Dea  resided in house 7 with their three children and their servant,  Patrick Duffy(16),.  Their children were David(8), Honora(6) and James(4).  Patrick (34) was a farmer and Patrick was a labourer and domestic servant.  The parents could read and write.  James could not read or write.  The rest of the household could read only.  James spoke English only, the rest of the household spoke Irish and English.  Patrick (16) was born in Mayo, the rest of the household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 2ndclass house with three rooms.  They had a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a shed.

 

House 8-Sarah Duffey

Sarah Duffey (70) lived in house 8 with her niece, Sarah Holian(13).  Sarah (70) was a caretaker andSarah was a scholar.  Sarah (70) could not read or write and Sarah could read and write. Everyone in this household spoke Irish and English.  Sarah (70) was born in Galway and Sarah was born in Mayo.  They lived in a 2ndclass house with three rooms.  They had no out-offices or farm-steadings.  The landlord for this house was John Holian.

 

House 9-Bridget Comer

Bridget Comer (82) lived in house numbered 9 with her grandson, Patrick Canny(16).  Bridget was a farmer and Patrick was a labourer.  Neither Bridget nor Patrick could read or write.  Bridget spoke Irish only.  Patrick spoke English and Irish.  Both of  them were born in Galway.  They lived in a 3rdclass house with two rooms.  They had no out-offices or farm-steadings.

 

House 10- Ellen Sweeney

Ellen Sweeney (60) lived in house numbered 10.  Ellen was a seamstress.  Ellen could not read or write.  Ellen spoke Irish only.  Ellen was born in Galway.  She lived in a 3rdclass house with three rooms.  She had no out-offices or farm steadings.  The landlord for this house was Michael Kenneavy.

 

Census 1911

Ten years later the census questions were expanded to include the following: Particulars as to Marriage (which included – completed years the present marriage has lasted, children born alive to present marriage, total children born alive to this marriage, and children still living).   There were nine houses in this village, eight of them were inhabited in 1911. The house that was not inhabited was numbered house 9 and was owned by John Holian.  There was a stable and a cow house belonging to this household. There was no mention of households numbered 5, 8 and 10 in 1901 in this census.  These households were the Mahony, Duffey and Sweeney households. There was a new household in this village, this household was the Kineavey household numbered household 6 in 1901.   Everyone in this household was Roman Catholic.  There were 35 outhouses in this village.  There were seven stables, six cow houses, two calf houses, seven piggeries, five fowl houses, five barns and three sheds.

 

House 1- John Costello

John Costello (70) resided in house 1, previously numbered house 2, with his son, Patrick(32).  There was no mention of Anne in this 1911 census.  John was a widower.  John was a farmer.  Patrick was a farm labourer.  John and Patrick could read and write.  Everyone in this household spoke Irish and English.  Everyone in this household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 3rdclass house with three rooms.  They had a stable, a piggery, a fowl house, a barn and a shed.

 

House 2- Mary Costello

Mary Costello (74) lived in house 2, previously numbered house 1, with her sister , Bridget Costello(70).  Mary was a farmer.  Neither Mary nor Bridget could read or write.  Mary spoke Irish and English.  Bridget spoke Irish only.  Both Mary and Bridget were born in Galway.  They lived in a 3rdclass house with two rooms.  They had a stable, a piggery and a barn.

 

House 3-William and Mary Farmer

William(47) and Mary (54) Farmer resided in house 3, previously numbered house 3, with their six children.  Mary Farmer was called Mary Costello in 1901.  Their children were Michael(16), John(14), William(13), Patrick (8),Mary-Anne(6) and Florence(6).  There was no mention of John(80) in this census. William (Snr.) and Mary were married for seventeen years, had eight children and six of them survived until 1911. William (Snr.) was a farmer. John, William and Patrick were scholars. Mary-Anne and Florence could not read or write, the rest of the household could read and write. Patrick, Mary-Anne and Florence spoke English only.  The rest of the household spoke Irish and English.  Mary was born in Mayo, the rest of the household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 3rdclass house with three rooms.  They had a stable, a cow house, a piggery and a fowl house.

 

House 4- Patrick Canny

Patrick Canny (26) lived in house 4, previously numbered house 9,.  There was no mention of Bridget Comer in this census.  Patrick was an agricultural labourer.  Patrick could not read or write.  Patrick spoke Irish and English.  Patrick was born in Galway.  He lived in a 3rdclass house with two rooms.  He had no out-offices or farm –steadings.

 

House 5- John and Kate Sarsfield

John (80) and Kate (called Catherine in 1901)(77) Sarsfield resided in house 5, previously numbered house 4, with their son, daughter in law and three grandchildren.  Their son was James(44).  Their daughter in law was Mary(40).  Their grandchildren were Mary(5), Catherine(1) and John (2).  There was no mention of Anthony in this census.  John (Snr.) and Kate were married for fifty years, had twelve children and eight of them survived until 1911.  James and Mary were married for eight years, had three children and three of them survived until 1911.  John (Snr.) was a farmer.  John (Snr.), James and Mary (40) could read and write, the rest of the household could not read or write.  Mary (5), Catherine and John (Jnr.) were too young to talk or spoke English only, the rest of the household spoke Irish and English.  Everyone in this household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 2ndclass house with three rooms.  They had two stables, a cow house, a calf house, a piggery, a fowl house, a barn and a shed.

 

House 6- Martin and Anne Kineavey

Martin (40) and Anne (35)  Kineavey lived in house 6, this was a new household in Ardnageeha, with their five children.  Their children were Mary-Anne(5), John(4),Michael(3), Kate(1) and Julia (under one month).  Martin was a farmer.  The parents could read and write, the rest of the household could not read or write. The parents spoke Irish and English, the rest of the household spoke English only or were too young to talk. Anne was born in Mayo, the rest of the household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 3rdclass house with four rooms.  They had a cow house and a piggery.

 

House 7- Patrick and Mary Looskin (previously called Lewscon in 1901)

Patrick(42) and Mary (39) Looskin lived in house 7, previously numbered house 6, with their nine children.  Their children were Norah (called Honora in 1901) (16), Micheal (called Michael in 1901) (14), John(13), Patrick(11), Davit(9),James(7), Bertie (4), Thomas(3) and Mary(4 months).   There was no mention of Anne Grymes in this census.  She had previously been recorded in the 1901 census.  Patrick (Snr.) and Mary (Snr.) were married for seventeen years, had eleven children and nine of them survived until 1911.  Patrick (Snr.) was a farmer.  Micheal, John, Patrick, Davit and James were scholars.  Bertie, Thomas and Mary (Jnr.) could not read or write, the rest of the household could read and write.  Bertie, Thomas and Mary (Jnr.) spoke English only or were too young to talk.  The rest of the household spoke Irish and English.  Everyone in this household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 2ndclass house with three rooms.  They had a cow house, a calf house, a piggery, a fowl house and a barn.

 

House 8- Patrick and Kate O Dea (called O’Dea in 1901)

Patrick(48) and Kate (called Catherine in 1901)(53) O Dea occupied house numbered 8, previously numbered house 7, with their three children.  Their children were David (19), Norah (called Honora in 1901) (16) and James(14).  There was no mention of Patrick Duffy in this census.  He had previously been recorded in the 1901 census.  Patrick and Kate were married for 21 years, had four children and three of them survived until 1911.  Patrick was a farmer.  Everyone in this household could read and write.  Everyone in this household spoke Irish and English.  Everyone in this household was born in Galway.  They lived in a 2ndclass house with three rooms.  They had a stable, a cow house, a piggery, a fowl house, a barn and a shed.

  

This page was added on 02/10/2018.

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